Treatment after rectal cancer surgery

Patient information: See related handout on the side effects of radiation therapy, written by the author of this article. Fever, chills, pain while urinating, itching and burning sensation are some of the common symptoms of fistula. Treatment for fistula varies depending on the severity of the problem and the area in which abscess have developed. Herbal medicine treatments provided by our clinic for prostate related treatments such as prostate cancer, acute prostatitis, chronic prostatitis, calcified prostate, enlarged prostate, infected prostate, benign prostatic hyperplasia, epididymitis, epididymal cyst, infected and swollen vas deferens, infected and swollen seminal vesicles, infected urethra, etc. Colonoscopy is a test which allows a doctor to look at the large intestine?s inner lining by making use of a flexible and thin tube which is called colonoscope.? Colonoscopy treatment helps in locating or finding colon polyps, ulcers and tumors. There is a fixed and appropriate time to get colonoscopy done and a female must be aware of when it should be performed. If you are a woman who has a history of certain health problems, illnesses or diseases, then you can even consider getting colonoscopy done before the age of 50.? Some problems which require a colonoscopy test to be done before 50 years of age include inflammatory bowel disease, family history of colon cancer and lynch syndrome.
It is always advisable to schedule for a colonoscopy test in the morning time.? This is important because for this test, one has to be on a clear liquid diet, for which morning is surely the best time.
The preparation for colonoscopy requires a person to be close to the bathroom, so it is recommended that you take an off from work the previous day. The doctor will advise you certain type of an enema which will be used to clear out the colon.
You wouldn’t possibly be allowed to drive after getting colonoscopy, so you must arrange for someone to drive you back after the test. The doctor will ask you to stop eating at a certain time before the test and it is recommended that you follow this advice as well. Laser treatment for benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) is therapy that removes obstructing prostatic tissue from the urethra. Other names for laser prostate therapy include: photoselective vaporization of the prostate, laser prostatectomy, laser prostate ablation, or laser enucleation of the prostate.

Given the increased use of radiation therapy and the growing number of cancer survivors, family physicians will increasingly care for patients experiencing adverse effects of radiation. During the process of colonoscopy, samples of tissues are collected and this can therefore be used as a screening test to detect cancer or growth of rectum or colon. All material provided on this website is provided for informational or educational purposes only. They are one of the most experienced practices performing in-office laser prostate ablation on the west coast. Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors have been shown to significantly improve symptoms of depression in patients undergoing chemotherapy, although they have little effect on cancer-related fatigue. Healthy, noncancerous cells usually recover after radiation therapy, whereas cancerous cells are often unable to repair the radiation-induced damage.
Some studies identify smoking as a risk for pneumonitis,19 whereas others suggest smoking may lessen the risk.20Symptoms of radiation pneumonitis, including low-grade fever, congestion, dry cough, pleuritic chest pain, and a sensation of chest fullness, usually develop one to three months after completion of radiation therapy.
Pilocarpine is more effective than artificial saliva, although its effectiveness may not be seen until 12 weeks of therapy.23 Mucositis from radiation damage of the oral epithelium responds to topical anesthetics.
The pocket like cavity gets filled with urine or stool and hence it becomes difficult to heal.
A doctor will detect fistula on physical examination of the affected area and by testing procedures like colonoscopy and upper endoscopy. For some persons, the doctor would suggest enternal dieting method in which nutritional diet is given by feeding tube. Temporary ileostomy is done on the affected person through which fecal particles gets collected in separate bag like structure thereby healing fistulas.
Laser therapy is minimally invasive and therefore can be performed in the office setting or in the outpatient surgical setting.
Careful treatment planning, including the use of radiosensitizers and radioprotectants, aims to limit radiation exposure to noncancerous cells, thus limiting adverse effects.

Pain from the procedure is minimal and patients rarely need pain medication after laser therapy.
Amifostine (Ethyol), a free-radical scavenger radioprotectant, is beneficial in preventing and treating xerostomia, but there is insufficient evidence to support its use for radiation-induced mucositis and esophagitis.24Radiation esophagitis is a common, dose-limiting, early adverse effect of radiation treatment of thoracic tumors. The day following the procedure, most patients notice improved urinary stream, better bladder emptying and reduced urinary symptoms. Cardiovascular disease is a well-established adverse effect in patients receiving radiation therapy, although there are no consensus recommendations for cardiovascular screening in this population.
Its incidence is greater with higher radiation dose and concurrent chemotherapy.25,26 Early symptoms, usually following two to three weeks of treatment, include dysphagia and odynophagia. Fistulas are classified into 4 categories depending on the body part in which it is formed.
Radiation esophagitis is treated with dietary modification, proton pump inhibitors, promotility agents, and viscous lidocaine.
Early adverse effects occur during treatment or just after its completion, and usually resolve within four to six weeks. Chronic symptoms begin three months or more after completion of radiation therapy and may last indefinitely. Late adverse effects are noted months to years after treatment completion and are often permanent. Symptomatic treatments for chronic 5-hydroxytryptamine3 radiation cystitis include anticholinergic agents and phenazopyridine.
Sexual dysfunction from radiation therapy includes erectile dysfunction and vaginal stenosis, which are treated with phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors and vaginal dilators, respectively.

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