27.05.2015

Traditional schizophrenia treatment uk

Abnormal behavior may be defined as behavior that is disturbing (socially unacceptable), distressing, maladaptive (or self-defeating), and often the result of distorted thoughts (cognition's).
Identify the major theoreticaland professional perspectives in psychology and their basic assumptions.3.
Medical perspective- Those who hold a medical perspective focus on biological and physiological factors as causes of abnormal behavior, which is treated as a disease, or mental illness, and is diagnosed through symptoms and cured through treatment. Describe what constitutes valid and reliable observation especially with regards to operationalizing variables, experimenter bias, demand characteristics, and unobtrusive measures.5. Describe the differences between correlational and experimental research especially with respect to issues of causality and prediction.6.
Behavioral perspective- Those espousing a behavioral perspective contend that abnormal behavior results from faulty or ineffective learning and conditioning. Construct an experiment from a given hypothesis and identify the independent and dependent variables.8.


Describe stimulus generalization, higher order conditioning, discrimination, and extinction in classical conditioning.16. Describe the application of the principles of classical conditioning to the therapeutic situation (systematic desensitization and aversive counter conditioning).17. Identify and describe positive and negative reinforcement, positive and negative punishment, the different schedules of reinforcement, discriminative stimuli, and shaping.19. Describe the application of the principles of instrumental conditioning to the therapeutic situation (behavior modification). Describe the structure of personality as Freud views it (id, ego, superego), his concept of defense, and his theory of development.23. Describe the therapeutic concepts of therapeutic neutrality, free association, interpretation, and transference.26.
Summarize the difference between a non-directive and directive therapy and explain why Rogers' approach is non-directive.27.


Describe the attitude of the client-centered therapist (congruence, empathy, and unconditional positive regard).28.
Distinguish between the various definitional and theoretical models of abnormal behavior.29. Describe the symptoms and possible causes for the following disorders: phobic disorders, generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder, somatoform disorders, dissociative disorders, schizophrenic disorders, and mood disor31-4131. Describe Piaget's theory of intellectual development with special regard to the following: assimilation and accommodation, object concept in the sensorimotor stage, the symbolic function in the pre-operational stage, conservation in the concrete oper32. Describe the characteristics of short and long term memory and the theories of forgetting.38.



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