25.03.2014

Traditional medicine zambia online

Central Europe – if that’s how we should think of the mountainous region of western Ukraine – is an area with few international visitors, but already a sustainable model of tourism is being developed in the area.
Visitors can spend their time walking in the polonyas, the mountain meadows where cool breezes waft across the long grasses. On a walk with the village’s herbalist, the parched plains of northeastern Tanzania soon appear less bare than when you first looked across their expanse of wiry plants. No specifics are guaranteed, however, as these aren’t displays put on for your benefit but a rare chance to interact with local villagers, observing and taking part in whatever they’re doing. People2People will customize a safari to suit your needs, which can also include more traditional activities such as wildlife-watching and trekking.
To understand what daily life is really like in an African rural community, a stay in Kawaza village, on the edge of Zambia’s South Luangwa National Park, offers an authentic introduction to its rigours and rhythms. From the moment your dreadlocked host greets you with a gentle knock of his clenched fist against yours and an exclamation of “Irie” (roughly meaning “respect”), you know this isn’t going to be your typical township tour. In 2003, tired of being perceived as dope-smoking outcasts, the Rastafarian community in Khayalethu – a township between the outskirts of Knysna and the surrounding forest – went to the local tourism board with a proposal. Nhoma, a simple tented camp owned and run in partnership with the nearby Bushman village of Nhoq’ma, on the border of Khaudum National Park, offers guests a chance to get back to their primeval roots. After a morning spent hunting spring hares or porcupines with the Bushmen, learning how to make small traps from twigs and animal sinews, there’s usually time in the afternoon to join in their games and perhaps buy a few souvenir ostrich-shell necklaces. On the border of La Paz and Beni, Mapajo Lodge is owned and operated by the communities of the Quiquibey River, who offer four- to six-day guided tours through the Pilon Lajas Reserve, a dense jungle of forests, streams and unexplored mountains packed with wildlife. To help you understand more about the biological and cultural diversity of the reserve, the lodge runs a visitor centre with a library and a small exhibition of arts and crafts.
The Huaorani have long inhabited the headwaters of the Ecuadorian Amazon, hunting game with blowpipes and gathering food from the forest. On this trip you are taken to meet the small community of Quehueri’ono (“Cannibal River”), hunter-gatherers who live in the northwestern part of the Huaorani territory.
A hundred or so goats head off bleating their complaints in one direction, while a herd of cows tramps off in another.
A typical day on a trip with Ger to Ger, a non-profit organization that promotes grassroots tourism development, starts with a journey on horse or oxcart from the ger where you spent the night onto your next resting post. It’s far too easy to visit Thailand and come away feeling that you never really got to see what life for Thais is like outside of the tourist centres. Ko Pet is a village like many others in the region, with the difference that it has built a lodge so that small-scale tourism can supplement incomes from rice and vegetable cultivation. The activities on offer – joining elders foraging for edible insects or mushrooms, learning how to weave baskets from raffia, seeing silk being produced – are not staged, since they comprise what the villagers would be doing anyway.
But for the Mekong River on whose banks it stands, the village of Yoi Hai is cut off from the world, with no road cut through the dense jungle that surrounds it.
Thanks to their relationship with the nearby Kamu Lodge, however, the future doesn’t look quite so bleak for the Khmu. When people talk of visiting hill tribes, Bangladesh is rarely the destination that comes to mind. For the visitors that do come, however, Bangladesh Ecotours takes guests into the Chittagong Hill Tracts region (pictured at the top of the article) to stay with tribes, sharing in traditional feasts, shopping for handicrafts, and often finding themselves the audience for an impromptu song-and-dance given in their honour.
Customary Samoan hospitality has helped simple, family-run tourist lodges to prosper as locals have turned their beachside huts into guesthouses. During the day the men venture off into the milky blue sea to spearfish from outrigger canoes, a coconut-leaf basket ready for the catch. Over a week spent living with a Maasai family in the village of Olturuto, in the Kajiado district 30km from Nairobi, you’ll become immersed in all aspects of daily life of the herders and their families. Assisted at all times by a translator, you’ll also get the chance to talk with elders and medicine men and spend two days on a more traditional tourist activity on safari in nearby Amboseli National Park, home to elephants, lions and giraffes.
GSE Ecotours organizes homestays (lasting four to fourteen days) in five villages in the Great Rift Valley and Central and Eastern provinces. Posted on 13 November, 2015 by News Desk in Conservation, Wildlife and the News Desk post series. GRI Wildlife Veterinary Project has assisted ZAWA in releasing four of the pangolins back into wild in Kafue National Park. Pangolins are often trafficked because their scales are prized in traditional Chinese medicine.
CITES (the Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora) has reported that these scaly anteaters are now the most hunted animal on the planet. GRI Wildlife Crime Prevention Project provides operational support to the ZAWA Intelligence and Investigations Unit involved in these anti-trafficking operations to deter and prevent the illegal wildlife trade in Zambia. Africa Geographic publishes a premier online magazine and blog for our sophisticated international audience. We offer powerful, cost-effective advertising and social media activation campaigns across all devices and screen sizes to brands, agencies and the travel trade.
In history, Santeria has been consistently but incorrectly vilified as witchcraft and demon worship. Like most African traditional religions, the Shona have a monotheistic religion, or what Nathaniel Samuel Murrell calls in Afro-Caribbean Religions: An introduction to their historical, cultural and sacred traditions a “diffused monotheism”. It is important to point out that while most African traditional religions are “diffused monotheisms”, Santeria is based off of West African cultures. Santeria is mostly found in Cuba and Puerto Rico, where a large population of Yoruba people was imported.
To dissuade their Catholic oppressors, orisha took on the guises, or “cross-dressed”, as Catholic saints.
As one can see, Santeria is a rich and vibrant religious culture that has survived years of persecution.
The Rural Green Tourism Association (RGTA), set up in 1996, is a community-run volunteer organization that helps villagers earn extra income through hosting guests. After a day’s hiking, expect to be liberally plied with food and drink, all made and prepared by the villagers, such as banosh (a mixture of sweetcorn, bacon and sour cream). Every few minutes he bends a different branch down from a tree, offering a leaf to rub between your fingers to smell.
Accompanied by a translator, guests embark on customizable tours to visit and stay with members of four different tribal groups in Tanzania. In rural Africa time is fluid, and you may well spend several hours simply sitting under some welcome shade chatting with the elders. Guests can drop in for the day or stay as long as they like; on arrival, you’ll have a chat with your guides to plan a programme that suits.


The Kunda people, former hunters who now mostly survive through subsistence farming, have seen how low-impact tourism can protect them against the vagaries of farming in extreme conditions. While the representatives of the House of Judah, the local church, come and introduce themselves, you notice that all the houses are painted in striking tones of crimson, yellow and emerald. They wanted to show tourists what their life was really like, and to protect to the richness of their local forest.
At night, after dinner back at camp, guests can trek back through the dark dunes to sit and watch the Bushmen gather to dance and sing, with their shaman often falling into a trance which, they say, enables him to communicate with their ancestors.
Itineraries on offer include boat trips along the river to indigenous villages, where guests can learn traditional fishing methods, watch locals crafting bows and arrows, baskets and textiles, or go on canoe excursions by night.
Accommodation is rustic: there are four twin-bed thatched cabins with hot-water showers, shared bathrooms (one cabin has a private bathroom) and a hammock, while water is piped in from a natural spring. They were the last of Ecuador’s indigenous peoples to be contacted by missionaries – in 1956 – and they now mostly live in permanent settlements, though at least one clan continues to shun all contact with the outside world. Such a unique encounter is the result of years of consultation between their chief Moi Enomenga and an Ecuadorian travel company, Tropic EcoTours. If you’re curious, then a visit to the tranquil rice-growing village of Ko Pet in the northeastern Isan region may be just what you’re looking for. Guests (a maximum of six at a time) stay in the locally built three-bedroom Lamai guesthouse at one end of Ko Pet, surrounded by a garden of palms and mango trees, and are always accompanied by two of the villagers on visits into the village – who are there to provide translation and keep tours unobtrusive. Guides ensure these are rotated between the twenty or so participating families, so there is little disruption of routine and income is spread evenly.
Living here, surrounded by the cloud-covered heights of the hills, are the Khmu – an animist tribe who worship spirits in the trees and rocks that surround them.
The lodge – comprising twenty comfortable two-person safari tents and a thatched pagoda restaurant topped with solar panels – employs staff from local communities, is responsible for building a school and also pays a monthly community fund. Yet in the dense rainforests that line the country’s southeastern border with Burma and India, there are half a million indigenous people belonging to fourteen different tribes – and unlike in Laos, Thailand or Cambodia, very few tourists make the effort to visit the villages.
In return for their hospitality, the company provides the tribes with funds for education and medical aid, promoting conservation projects such as reforestation and handicraft development. Now, on both of the two main islands (Upolu and Savaii), for US$40 or so, you can spend the night on a mattress on the floor of a little open-sided fale, with a mosquito net and maybe a locker for valuables.
Women weave mats from sun-dried pandanus leaves or hack at coconuts to extract the flesh for copra. Helping with the chores may not seem like a holiday, but a few days grinding maize to make flour, milking the cows or collecting water from the borehole is the best way to learn what life’s really like in an African village.
And while the chance to see a lion from the back of a jeep is what brings most tourists to Kenya, very few get the chance to experience the simple rhythms of life as a Maasai. These scaly anteaters had been illegally captured from the wild by poachers, and were being sold as part of the illegal wildlife trade. Sadly two died as a result of their capture, one of which was a premature newborn whose mother gave birth due to stress. In Zambia it has been reported that some cultures put a pangolin scale in their business cash box to protect their money. Making matters worse, the female pangolin only gestates once per year, so opportunities for reproduction are limited. On multiple occasions, the media in Cuba, where Santeria is most prevalent, has used the religion as a scapegoat for kidnappings and disappearances of prominent or white community members. Shona believe in a supreme God, Mwari, however they can only interact with Mwari through their ancestral spirits, vadzimu, who help influence the lives of the Shona. The person may appear ill or near death and should consult a n’anga, a medium, to learn the wants of the spirit. Through rituals, devotees interact and speak with the orisha, divining their wishes and requesting aid. Animal sacrifices are often used in important ceremonies and offerings for an orisha’s aid. While both religions ritualistic cultures are uniquely different, note that in their most basic element, there exists similarities. Ceremonies, known as bembe, gathe the community for feasting, song, and dance in order to honor orisha, celebrate and intiation or birth, dhwo gratitude to the orisha, or recognize an important accomplishment in the community. In fact, the name “Santeria” was originally a derogatory term used by Catholic priests to distance the practice from Catholicism, association it to the worship of saints. For example you could stay in the wooden houses of the Hutsul people in villages like Vorokhta or Yavoriv.
Hospitality is unceasingly friendly and you’ll probably get a chance to watch or join in traditional dances (typically accompanied by the alp-horn-like trembita and the sopika, a form of flute) or to listen to their plaintive folk songs. You might join a Maasai warrior bringing his cattle in at dusk, help gather the harvest on a Bantu farm, or hunt for spring hares and grapple with the curious clicking languages of the Khoisan. Then again, you may be lucky enough to be there for a special occasion such as a wedding, where distant family members will assemble from across the region and beyond, gathering for days of celebration and feasting. Visitors are encouraged to get as involved as they can, whether it’s learning about traditional herbal medicine, fishing in wooden dugout canoes or simply helping to prepare traditional meals. Villagers who provide services to guests are given a monthly salary and the remaining profit is ploughed back into the community, improving facilities at the school and helping those most in need.
It’s not exactly eco-chic, but then the focus here is not on staying indoors – it’s on discovering the unknown. For twelve years, Tropic has run hiking tours with Moi, employing Quehueri’ono villagers as guides – a sign of its success is that a permanent ecolodge, used as a base for village trips, has now been built, with five cabins equipped with twin bed, shower and flush toilet.
All around smoke rises from the fifteen or so gers spread across this high plain, surrounded by a ring of forested hills. That could mean helping them collect the sheep at dusk, milking horses (the local tipple is Airag, fermented mare’s milk only slightly less alcoholic than vodka) or being taught how to use a bow and arrow. Ko Pet may be in one of the more remote areas of Thailand but the scheme here is showing the way forward for rural tourism in Asia. Until recently the population was even more isolated, but in 2000 the government decreed that they, and all the other hill tribes, had to form new towns on lower ground, partly in a bid to stamp out the opium trade and partly to improve access to healthcare and education.
You’ll get the chance to meet the people whom the lodge is helping – they will show you round the village, teach you how to cast a net into the river or how to pan in its waters for gold. Your hosts will prepare dinner and a tropical breakfast and can arrange for you to go off on hikes or join in with cousins and aunties in their chores if you wish. Perhaps, if you’re lucky, you may get to witness a traditional tattooing session, using sharpened pigs’ teeth and ink made from candlenut soot.
The reality is that most of your day is spent not working as we know it, but slowly passing time – catching up on local gossip, making arrows, weaving baskets or simply taking some time to contemplate the vastness of your surroundings.


Other cultures believe that if the pangolin is fed special food for a few days, a diamond will be found inside if it is then killed and opened. With references of these religions made in TV shows like Law and Order: SVU and True Blood, and the ever still popular Sublime song, popular culture has maintained this image without accurately portraying these religions. While there are over 400 orisha known in the Yoruba religion, only about 20 have survived in Santeria.
This aspect of the religion often comes under much criticism from the public, especially because organization like PETA and governmental institutions label it as an unsanitary practice and cruel to animals.
Drum, music is of high importance, regulating the temp or fo the celbration, calling the orisha to the bemebe and overall providing another outlet of communication with the spiritual world.
While popular culture more readily identifies with the term Santeria, practitioners know it as regal de ocha or Lucumi.
For every such root or leaf he explains, by motioning to a part of his body, what ailment the particular plant is used against, such as the pepper bark tree, whose rough, black bark is used to treat malaria. Whatever you see, it will be a different Africa from the one seen through binoculars from the back of a jeep.
And at Kawaza visitors don’t just get the chance to see the school their money has helped fund – they are encouraged to help with some teaching too.
Guests now make visits to people’s homes and are led on guided nature tours through the surrounding fynbos ecosystem, a complex ground-level array of succulents and heathers, most seen nowhere else in the world. For several days a Huaorani guide leads you through the rainforest, demonstrating how they use plants for medicine, shelter and clothes, and how to hunt monkeys by climbing up trees and firing poisoned darts from blowpipes. Here in the Terelj National Park, fewer than 100km from the Mongolian capital Ulaan Bator, the only signs of industrialization are the occasional solar panel or motorbike.
However, many tribal peoples have struggled to adapt to these more urban communities, with alcoholism and drug abuse on the increase. By night, as the sea laps at the stilts of your simple fale, you can sit and read Stevenson under the wide and starry sky. Deeply rooted in African traditions and closely associated with Catholicism and Christianity, Afro-Caribbean religions are anchors in the creole culture of the Caribbean. One may respectfully decline the possession of a shavi but must accept the possession of the ancestral vudzimu. Thus, the African influences in many Afro-Caribbean religions are based in West African traditions. However, in the U.S, practitioners have argued that their sacrifices are treated better than most animals slotted for slaughter. Divination, or Ifa, is the most direct way devotees can speak with orisha, usually using painted cowrie shells as a medium. Ingrained within the religion are both the Yoruba and Spanish languages, a testament to its history and the important position it holds within the Cuban creole culture. Those keen to hang around a little longer than a few hours can stay in one of the families’ homes. He’ll also point out an astonishing variety of wildlife, including blue morpho butterflies, greater and lesser kiskadees and several species of Amazonian kingfishers. With no translator you have to communicate with a Mongolian phrasebook and any props such as family photographs you might have with you. After one dies, their spirit is believed to wander around until it is called back to protect its children. Most prominently represented is the Yoruba culture located in modern day Nigeria and Benin. In addition to using most of the animal and sharing the meat with the community, they have also claimed that restricting animal slaughter violates their first amendment rights. The pope is the leader of Church, followed by cardinals, then bishops, priests, and finally the laymen and general public.
But for anyone keen to get a taste of what travel was like before everyone spoke English and booked online, a few days riding across Mongolia should suffice. As a byproduct of colonialism and slavery, many displaced Africans were forced to adopt Christianity as their religion. This return is initiated through the kurova guva ceremony, around 6 – 12 months after death.
Medium and n’anga are used by the community to help discern the ants fo the spirits, explaining hardships and asking for fortune. Under a looming fear of an uprising, laws regarding slaves became stricter as they were not allowed to play drums or commune without a Catholic priest present.
While Jekesai chooses Catholicism outright, African slaves in the Americas found ways to appropriate Christian symbols and rituals into their traditional faith practices. Beer is poured over the deceased’s grave and the family invites the spirit to return home, protect its children, and continue its existence through its progeny.
Much like the vudzimu are mediators between the living and the supreme God, Mwari, orisha are mediators between the Yoruba and their supreme God, Olodumare. Under these strictures, Santeria was born as a way to unite the displaced peoples and to maintain their ancestral traditions. The practices of Santeria show the similarities between African traditional religions and Roman Catholicism and the bond that brought together displaces peoples in a new and harsh world. It is important to note that sprits remain vadzimu, or singularly mudzimu, so long as their existence is remembered by the descendants. Orisha are aspects of Olodumare and each represent a different identity and help the Yoruba in different ways.
According to the Central Intelligence Agency, Christianity is still prominent in Zimbabwe, however 50% of Zimbabweans practice a syncretic belief system, practicing Christianity and Shona Traditions at the same time. As the orisha take on the visages of saints, they also adopt their saint’s days as important days of worship. However, while Catholic priesthood is distinctly vertical, olosha can be separated into 9 different categories, each with their own specific rank, responsibility, title, and authority.
Santeria similarly worships a pantheon of deities that are mediums between the living and a higher power.
It places high importance in drums and possession as ways of communication with the deities. However, the deities themselves are represented differently, along with emphasis on different rituals.



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