10.08.2014

Psychosocial cancer journals

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Presentation about the psychosocial impact of the breast cancer patients, speccially in the post-mastectomy, and the importance of the nursing role.
The Oncology Psychosocial Services Program is staffed by an expert team of psychologists, social workers, child-life specialists, creative arts therapists, chaplains and teachers who support cancer patients, families and medical staff at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Every September, thousands of people come together on the Benjamin Franklin Parkway in Philadelphia to raise money for pediatric cancer research and care at The Children's Hospital of Philadelphia.
Provincial Health Services Authority (PHSA) improves the health of British Columbians by seeking province-wide solutions to specialized health care needs in collaboration with BC health authorities and other partners.
You have to learn the influence techniques for other people to develop a more and more positive attitude toward you.
You’re all interpersonal relations skills directly related with friends, family, business, coworkers, and employees. There’s no need of hurry negative emotion like anger or hatred, for instance about a person. Instead of the negative emotion and telling people they are doing wrong, Ask them why they done?
This will help quickly more effectively clear the air and allow everyone to move on next level relations. Caroline Haniak works as the Teenage Cancer Trust Youth Support Coordinator for the North West of England.
Although an estimated 44 million adults and 13.7 million children in America have a diagnosable mental disorder each year, the issue of mental health remains surrounded by stigma and misunderstanding. Despite the prevalence of mental illness, the stigma is so profound that many consider mental health problems to be the result of personal character flaws rather than real illnesses, like heart disease or diabetes. Creating a comprehensive therapeutic approach that combines culturally competent, psychotherapeutic approaches with medication, if indicated. Sex differences in mental illness take several forms, including in the prevalence of the types of disorders that impact men and women. Children and young adults are also at high risk for developing mental disorders, with 13 percent of youth in the United States under the age of 18 meeting the criteria for one of the six most prevalent mental illnesses: generalized anxiety disorder, panic disorder, eating disorders, depression, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder and behavioral disorders. Understanding the factors that contribute to mental illness is the first step; the second is to shatter the stigma that surrounds seeking help for mental illness, a stigma that is very pervasive in most cultures. A strategy to decrease this stigma is to educate the public that mental disorders have a biological and neurological basis, and are not a character flaw or personal weakness. Low rates of diagnosis are confounded by the fact that doctors may fail to detect mental illness even when patients seek help. Roberta is a bright, high-energy, fun-loving, career-oriented woman in her early 30s who worked as a pharmaceutical sales representative. On one winter day while traveling to see a client, Robertaa€™s car slid on a patch of ice, went off the road, and crashed into a ditch.
After several months of ongoing headaches, fatigue, difficulty concentrating, and decreased motivation to return to work, her family started to wonder what was wrong with Roberta.
Brain injury is increasingly recognized as a health concern with lifelong implications; however, it continues to be referred to as the a€?silent epidemic,a€? perhaps because awareness about brain injury, although improving, continues to be limited.
Because the brain is responsible for many functions, once an individual experiences a brain injury, his or her life is often drastically affected.
Similarly, family members of these patients often experience significant stress, including the development of significant psychological symptoms as well as the loss of social support (Vangel, Rapport, & Hanks, 2011). All social workers should be equipped to recognize and refer individuals who might be struggling with a brain injury. Individuals who have been involved in violence, dangerous occupations or hobbies, or who were athletes, veterans, or substance abusers should be considered as possibly having suffered a brain injury.
While a history of coma indicates the likelihood of a brain injury and the potential for long-term impairment, short losses of consciousness, or alterations, can also indicate the presence of a brain injury.
There is no medical test that can predict a persona€™s prognosis based on a specific injury. If a brain injury is suspected, social workers can ask several questions during an interview that may shed light on the persona€™s history of head trauma. If an event with the potential to cause head trauma is found, social workers should follow up with questions about the immediate effect of the trauma, including amnesia, disorientation, or confusion, and then with questions about its impact on functioning in the following weeks, months, and even years.
Children with brain injuries can qualify for specialized services until the age of 21 through their school districts with an individualized education plan.


School social workers should also be aware of the special situation concussions can pose for students and schools. With brain injury becoming more common, especially with more veterans returning home from war, it is important for social workers to understand this condition and know the best means for helping their clients get the treatment they need to successfully function from day to day. Substance use can have consequences for the user, their social network, their community and society. Consequences can range from cognitive damage, physical health problems, injury and violence. The level of harm to the user and society varies by substance type.  For example, crack cocaine and heroin cause the most harm to the user, but alcohol causes the most harm to others. There is a direct relationship between alcohol consumption and death rates in a population. Drug overdoses occur when an individual consumes more of a drug than their body can physically tolerate.  When different substances are used in combination with each other they may interact and cause an overdose due to their synergistic effects on the body. This May marks the 63rd anniversary of Mental Health Month, but the problem of mental illness requires greater attention as a major 21st-century public health challenge. However, not all demographic groups are affected equally by various categories of mental disorders. For instance, depression and PTSD are more common in women while other disorders, like alcoholism and antisocial personality disorder, are more common in men. Although there is some controversy about whether disorders like ADHD and bipolar disorder are over-diagnosed in American children, youth are at a very real risk for mental health problems that can be exacerbated by environmental factors, such as abuse and neglect, a stressful learning environment and media influences that propagate ideal body types. Primary care physicians are not trained to be mental health providers, and few mental health providers work in the primary care setting. A brain injury can be caused by an outside force, such as a bump, blow, or jolt to the head related to an accident, fall, or violence, or to a change in air pressure, such as a blast injury. An individuala€™s identity in his or her family, friendships, and workplace are often affected.
Social workers can play a vital role in helping individuals and their families to accept and learn how to adapt to the inevitable changes that result from brain injury. It is important to understand that even if an MRI or CT scan does not reveal any physical brain changes, the injury may still affect the person.
These organizations often have online resources that contain provider information, family support services, and general brain injury education.
This information is imperative for school social workers to know so they can educate parents, teachers, coaches, colleagues, and students.
While a child can completely recover from a concussion, it is often recommended that a childa€™s return to school be gradual, following a period of complete rest at home. Doing so will prove beneficial not only for the client but for family and friends as well. The effects of substances such as alcohol on the brain persist beyond the drinking episode and permanently damage the brain.
The amount of the drug that is consumed, how often it is consumed, and its potential for psychological impairment influence risks associated with it.
Ask questions to them, Try to put special focus on them its fast way to gain the close friendship. Her role is to provide psychosocial support and help them maintain a sense of ‘normality’ whilst they go through treatment.I remember the day I went for my interview to be a Youth Support Coordinator.
The causes for these gender differences are in part linked to biological factors, such as the impact of hormones.
Only 2 in every 5 people experiencing a mood, anxiety or substance abuse disorder seek assistance in the year of the onset of the illness. Public health education campaigns should encourage people to recognize signs of mental illness in their loved ones and urge them to seek help.
Thus, less than half of those who meet diagnostic criteria for mental disorders are identified by their physicians. Brain injuries can also result from neurologic diseases, lack of oxygen to the brain, or penetrating wounds like gunshots (Rutland-Brown, Langlois, Thomas, & Xi, 2006). Brain injuries are most likely to occur in the very young (under the age of 5), followed by adolescents (ages 15 to 19) and adults over the age of 75 (Coronado et al.). Alarmingly, it is estimated that 60% of people with brain injuries are never able to return to their prior employment (van Velzen, van Bennekom, Edelaar, Sluiter, & Frings-Dresen, 2009). The social worker should take into consideration a clienta€™s history, as there may have been instances of head trauma not documented in the persona€™s medical record, as well as look for possible symptoms of brain injury.


I remember walking in to the ‘Cancer Hospital’, walking through a waiting room filled with people with head scarfs on and in wheelchairs and I remember thinking “Can I do this?”I didn’t know much about cancer, except that it had killed my grandpa when I was 5. There are also other risk factors for mental disorders that disproportionately affect women, including violence, low socioeconomic status, income inequality, subordinate status within society and the stress of multiple roles including work and child care responsibilities. Campaigns that engage celebrities, athletes and community members who have been affected by a mental illness to come forward as role models for those who are silently struggling can be very helpful.
A recent study found that primary care providers fail to recognize almost two-thirds of their patients who have a mental disorder. What her family didna€™t understand was that Robertaa€™s symptoms were related to her concussion and that Roberta had actually sustained a brain injury. Brain injury has a higher prevalence than HIV, breast cancer, and multiple sclerosis combined. I had borrowed the film My Sister’s Keeper to help me prep for my interview but hadn’t actually got round to watching it, which I realise now was probably fate intervening.
Given these circumstances, women are more likely to suffer from specific mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, and are also 50 percent less likely to use mental health services than men. Doctors are often unable to identify the diagnostic criteria for a majority of the most prevalent mental illnesses.
People with a brain injury often experience and report social isolation, feelings of loneliness, and loss of friendships as a primary problem (Temkin, Corrigan, Dikmen, & Machamer, 2009) as well as an inability to participate in their hobbies and leisure activities. To this day I believe that if I had watched that film before my interview I would have been a no show; I was a complete and utter emotional wreck after watching it. Primary care physicians and nurses must be better educated in the early detection of mental illness and be able to refer patients to qualified mental health professionals. Mental illnesses often complicate treatment of other illnesses like cancer or chronic diabetes, in part because the patient has lost emotional resilience. By detecting mental illness early, primary care professionals have the potential to dramatically change the quality of life of the patient and decrease the effects of co-morbidity with other illnesses. Incidence of traumatic brain injury across the full disease spectrum: A population-based medical record review study. I’ve climbed 30ft poles and jumped off, I’ve abseiled down a cliff face, I’ve sailed on a yacht in Scotland, I’ve met some celebrities, and even been on stage at the Royal Albert Hall, all of which have been alongside our patients.The biggest challenge, however, has been working with the young people when they are going through the worst of it. Trying to reassure a 21-year-old girl that her boyfriend will still love her even though she has no hair. Listening to a young man on the phone to his cousin, pretending to be at work when he was actually hooked up to chemotherapy, because he didn’t want him to worry. Trying to help a 24 year old come to terms with the fact that he will never naturally father a child.
Watching a young mum having to FaceTime her 3 year old daughter because she’s too radioactive to see her. Having a 19-year-old ask me what heaven will be like when he gets there and me not knowing how best to answer that question.It’s through these challenges that I’ve learnt a lot about myself and in reflection I believe fate has led me into a job which has honestly changed my life (as corny as that sounds!). If this job has taught me anything it’s the fact that in order to have memories you first have to live your life.So I’ve made more of an effort in the last two years. I entered myself into a dance competition and placed 3rd, I went on an amazing spontaneous holiday in a yurt (even though I hated the idea of camping!), I went to watch my first opera, I decided to make Christmas Dinner for 10 people for the first time in my life last year, I went on my dream holiday to Paris (despite the cost) and took up the immense challenge of making my own bridesmaid dresses for my wedding this November.I’ve learnt to appreciate what I have in my own life and make the most of it whilst I have it. I almost feel like I owe it to those young people who don’t survive their cancer journey or who have to live with a life limiting disease. I’ve learnt to take risks, to be a bit more fearless in life and to create the memories now…today…in this moment. When a young girl who has been bed bound for 6 months because of a brain tumour pushes herself to learn how to walk again during one of our residential trips.
When a young man, who knows his life will be too short, giggles uncontrollably with his sister at one of our family days. When a 19-year-old girl, who continues to battle depression, speaks out about her journey to a newspaper in order to raise awareness of cancer for other young girls.
When a self-conscious young lady builds up the confidence to take her wig off in public at our social group.So what is it you are putting off? Make each day count, take on that challenge, plan that holiday, enter that competition, make that event happen and push your own boundaries.



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