26.10.2014

Preventive medicine journal abbreviation

People's risk of developing heart disease depends on biological factors, such as their age and gender, but it also tends to vary based on where they live. Researchers at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention looked at medical data of nearly 300,000 people ages 30 to 74, to estimate people's risk of developing heart disease over the next 10 years.
The risk was higher among blacks than among people of other racial and ethnic groups, according to the study. Heart disease and its related conditions are the leading cause of death in the United States.
The new findings could help inform the government's public health initiatives, such as the Healthy People 2020 and the Million Hearts initiatives, which are working to reduce deaths from heart disease and stroke, the researchers said. Public health officials hope to reduce heart disease rates by promoting healthy lifestyles and addressing medical conditions that are major risk factors for heart disease.
Another major risk factor for heart disease and stroke is diabetes, a condition that has become more common and is predicted to affect one-third of Americans by 2050 if current trends continue. Bahar Gholipour is a staff reporter for Live Science covering neuroscience, odd medical cases and all things health.
A study published in the American Journal of Preventive Medicine had 1,685 overweight or obese U.S adults as participants. Keeping a food journal heightens your awareness of what you eat, how much you are eating, and why you eat the way you do. Alcohol causes 7 types of tumors, and people drinking even low to intermediate quantities are at risk, according to new analysis. Health specialists endorsed the conclusions and said they revealed that ministers should start more education initiatives in order to deal with widespread public ignorance about how closely alcohol and cancer are linked. Fresh analysis of evidence collected over recent years links booze in the development of breast, colon, liver and other types of cancer.
The research study, released in the scientific journal Addiction, concludes that there is more than simply a link or analytical association between alcohol and tumors that could be explained by something else. Connor arrived at her conclusions after studying evaluations carried out over the past 10 years by the World Cancer Research Fund, the Worldwide Agency for Research on Cancer, the World Health Organization’s cancer body, and other reliable bodies.


In February Prof Dame Sally Davies, the chief medical officer for England, caused a stir by advising women that drinking alcohol could cause breast cancer.
Davies played an essential part in drawing up new government standards on safe alcohol consumption limits, released in January, which suggested that men reduce their maximum weekly consumption of booze from 21 to 14 units, or seven pints of beer a week, which is the longstanding limit that females are advised not to exceed. The increasing proof of alcohol’s function in causing cancer, highlighted by a report by the UK Council on Carcinogenicity, was a crucial factor behind Davies and her fellows in Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland releasing guidance that some claimed was impractical and would be disregarded.
A recent CRUK study found that when people were shown a list of different cancers, only one in five of them knew that breast cancer could be caused by drinking, compared with four out of 5 people who knew that alcohol could cause liver cancer. The risk was calculated by looking at a number of risk factors, including high blood pressure and cholesterol, smoking habits, obesity and low consumption of fruits and vegetables. People with a higher heart disease risk tended to live in the Southeastern states, and people with a lower risk tended to live in Northwestern states. Moreover, people with less than a high school education and those with household incomes below $35,000 had a higher risk than other groups of developing heart disease over the next 10 years. Nearly 800,000 people die each year from heart disease and stroke, and at least 200,000 of these deaths are preventable, according to the CDC.
Knowing how people's risks break down by state can help public health researchers focus more efforts on states where the risk is highest, the researchers said.
For example, high blood pressure, or hypertension, is one condition that can lead to heart disease and stroke, and it affects about 1 in 3 U.S. They were tasked to keep food diaries and encouraged to eat healthy and exercise regularly. By being self-aware, you can pinpoint circumstances or behaviors that lead to overeating, emotional eating, and other habits that lead to obesity. It’s important to be as accurate as possible when noting down your portions, so try practicing portion control at home with measuring cups, spoons or scales. By preparing your own meals, you’re more in control of what goes in your food and how much of it you consume. The report sparked renewed calls for frequent drinkers to be encouraged to have alcohol-free days, and for alcohol packaging to carry warning labels.


There is now sufficient reputable proof to say conclusively that alcohol consumption is a direct cause of the disease, according to Jennie Connor, of the preventive and social medicine team at Otago University in New Zealand. Adhering to the new guidelines would help keep drinkers’ threat of cancer reduced, the advocates said. No government wants to be the one to reveal the truth that alcohol causes cancer because people get very upset when you try to take away their drug of choice. More than half of preventable heart disease and stroke deaths occur in people younger than 65. Maintaining a healthy diet, losing excess weight and exercising can markedly lower people's risk of developing diabetes, studies have shown. She has worked as a research assistant at the Laboratoire de Neurosciences Cognitives at ENS.
Results showed that those who updated their food journals for six days a week lost twice as much weight, compared to those who only updated once or twice a week. If you’re more comfortable doing it on an excel spreadsheet on your laptop, or on a food journal app on your smartphone, go for it.
However, if you are serious about reducing your risk then you should stop drinking completely rather than live through the hell that is moderation. A recent study found that Minnesotans reported the lowest rate of hypertension (21 percent), whereas the rate was highest (36 percent) in Mississippi. Apart from self-awareness, keeping a record of what you eat makes also makes you accountable for your eating behaviours. Only half of the Americans who have hypertension have their condition under control by taking medication, according to the CDC.



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