06.01.2015

Occupational health and safety in chinese

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The answer to this question may seem obvious, but supposed obvious hazards can be easily overlooked. There can be many hazards in the workplace, and being able to identify these hazards can help prevent accidental injury or illness.
The work environment might include extreme noise, flammable or combustible atmospheres, or poor workstation design.
Employees might be fatigued, distracted in some way, or otherwise lack the mental or physical capacity to accomplish work safely. A proactive supervisor should encourage employees to report any potential hazards immediately. Ignition sources must be identified in order to ensure proper precautions can be taken to prevent hazards. It is necessary to establish the reasonable foreseeability of the general workplace hazard, rather than the particular hazard which led to the accident. A titanium dust fire may have spread from one room to another only because an open can of gasoline was in a second room. All these activities to identify hazards in the workplace are so important to the overall effectiveness of your safety management system.
Now that we have learned about hazards in general, let's take a closer look at some specific workplace hazards you need to be aware of.
A fall hazard is anything in the workplace that could cause an unintended loss of balance or bodily support and result in a fall. Here is a real-life example involving a company cited for violations related to fall hazards. In this example, the company had several violations that contributed to the worker's injuries. The purpose of evaluating fall hazards is to determine how to eliminate or control them before they cause injuries. As part of the hazard identification process, evaluate each task you will be performing and look for anything that might expose you to a fall hazard.
Perform construction work on the ground before lifting or tilting it to an elevated position.
Install permanent stairs early in the project so that workers don't need to use ladders between floors.
The use of safety equipment, such as this fall-restraint device, can help reduce the potential for workplace accidents. If you can't eliminate fall hazards, you need to prevent falls or control them so workers who may fall are not injured. Ways to prevent falls include covers, guardrails, handrails, perimeter safety cables, and personal fall-restraint systems. Ways to control falls include personal fall-arrest systems, positioning-device systems, and safety-net systems.
Portable ladders, supported scaffolds, and aerial lifts let you get to a work area and support you while you work.


We use ladders to do all sorts of tasks, so it's not surprising that many types of ladders are available. Musculoskeletal disorders in the workplace are common and often the result of poor ergonomics. Workers come in all shapes and sizes, each with unique attributes that present certain ergonomic risk factors to a given job. Finally, the workplace environment, within which the worker and job exist, may also contain exposures to risk factors. Musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) include a group of conditions that involve the nerves, tendons, muscles, and supporting structures such as intervertebral discs. Contributing factors are aspects of work tasks that can lead to fatigue, MSD symptoms and injuries, or other types of problems.
There are also environmental factors associated with the workplace that can cause problems.
Sprains and strains was the leading nature of injury and illness in every major industry sector. Trade, transportation, and utilities reported 157,380 sprains and strains; 33 percent of the total. Workers on the job 5 years or more had a decrease of 27 percent for these kinds of illnesses. A 40 year old male meter technician had just completed a seven week basic lineman training course.
Do not work overtime performing hazardous tasks that are not part of your normal assignments.
Overhead power lines represent a serious hazard and require specialized training and precautions. In the past, 80% of all lineman deaths were caused by contacting a live wire with a bare hand. Shocks and electrocutions occur where physical barriers are not in place to prevent contact with the wires. Working in wet conditions is hazardous because you may become an easy path for electrical current.
14.What was the leading cause of injury and illness in every major industry sector in 2006? The Occupational Safety and Health Administration, also known as OSHA, is a part of the United States Department of Labor. The benefit of taking your OSHA 30 hour training course online is that the learning takes place in the comfort of your own home.  There is flexibility and ease that comes with the online course because you can attend to your studies when you are able and you can absorb the information you are learning in a familiar environment instead of in an unfamiliar and sterile classroom. This program is easy to use and there is absolutely no computer experience necessary in order to operate the OSHA 30 hour training courses. Paying attention to ergonomics pays offBy James Anderson, Lista InternationalWorkplace ergonomics is getting a lot of attention nationwide in response to a sharp increase in incidents of repetitive strain injuries resulting in musculoskeletal disorders, such as carpal tunnel syndrome.
It highlights the importance of wearing the PPE which has been provided, wearing it correctly and looking after it properly. Types of PPEThere are many types of PPE which protect different parts of your body from different hazards. Safety SignsSafety signs are an important means of communication for health and safety information. In addition, brief in-course questionnaires guide the user through the sections of the training, and are designed to reinforce learning and ensure maximum user engagement throughout.
It is necessary only to prove that the fire hazard, in this case due to the presence of titanium dust, was reasonably foreseeable. Ergonomics is the science of fitting workplace conditions and job demands to the capabilities of workers. If you contact a defective electrical device that is not grounded (or grounded improperly); you will be shocked.


Basically they are in charge of monitoring and enforcing the safety standards and regulations in the work place. Once you have a firm grasp on the concepts and materials presented you can print out a temporary record of completion. Instead this course is a convenient and easy way to obtain an OSHA 30 card through online instruction that is self-paced and flexible, allowing you to start and stop your instruction in the course whenever it is necessary.  Taking an OSHA 30 card course online is also a great way to save on traveling expenses and a better way to manage your time so that you are still available to follow your regular schedule and master the course at the same time.
The entire purpose of the program is to give you the easiest and most informative training experience possible so that the material is absorbed, thereby keeping your workplace as safe as possible.
In this section we are looking at each area of the body and the protection that is available. Therefore, OSHA 30 hour training courses were created to instruct workers in safety standards such as how to recognize and avoid potential work place hazards. When the course is completed you will receive your official OSHA 30 card from the Department of Labor. This course was developed by the leaders in the online safety training realm and therefore you are guaranteed to receive the very best training information that is currently available. These courses also provide the information needed in regard to employer’s responsibility, workers’ rights, and the proper way to fail complaints. This course has benefited thousands of those in the construction work field and has often been recommended by former trainees as the easiest and best way to not only qualify for an OSHA 30 card but to really grasp the safety measures necessary at the office and on the construction site.
Comfortable employees stay at their desks or work stations longer, and complete more work in a given shift. This course is geared more toward supervisors, construction workers and any personnel that are responsible for any construction-related projects but is a great course for anyone that is in need of an OSHA 30 card. Employers who pay attention to these four simple steps are well on their way to gaining these rewards.Ergonomics – designing the job to fit the workerErgonomics is the science of designing a job to fit the worker, rather than physically forcing the worker’s body to fit the job.
This online course will allow you a more flexible and more comfortable training experience as you will be able to learn from your own home and at your own pace.
This are the topics have been identified as the most concerning and this course will teach you how to avoid safety hazards and how to respond to any hazards that may occur. This can make a tremendous difference, since occupational safety professionals estimate that reducing physical stresses could eliminate as much as half the serious injuries that happen each year.
Predicting what might go wrong and modifying tools and the work environment to make tasks safer for workers is the first step to reducing problems. However, it should be noted that, although personal equipment may reduce the duration, frequency, or intensity of exposure to risk, their effectiveness in injury reduction is considered inconclusive by National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). After identifying the likely risk factors in an operation, develop a safer work environment by carefully selecting the tools and work stations workers will use.
These are the horizontal and vertical areas that a worker can reach with minimal arm, head, or trunk movement. Precision work usually requires a higher work surface, while heavier work demands a lower work surface. With such a bench, users can adjust the bench height with the simple turn of a crank or with a motor drive, and the work surface can move between approximately 27 and 38 inches. A final consideration, and one that is becoming more and more important, is the location of computer monitors.
With the rise of flat panel monitors, employers are finding swing arms a useful tool for properly positioning monitors to avoid strain. The use of a negative-tilt keyboard tray is also recommended for reducing wrist strain.Case closed – ergonomic issues solvedNonin Medical Inc.
The work stations can be configured in a variety of heights and lengths to suit unique needs.



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