29.06.2016

Medicinal plants in india and their uses ppt

Tip: To turn text into a link, highlight the text, then click on a page or file from the list above. Hey Marcus you have a great start the plant example you need different pictures not one big picture. The same way that you have individual pictures of animals do the same thing for the plants.
Indian medicinal plant, Alarka essentially grows in vast tracts of Indian subcontinent, bearing odorous flowers.
The Indian medicinal plant Alarka bears within itself specific fundamental qualities of being hardy, erect and appears like a pubescent evergreen shrub with soft and corky bark. Flowers of the Alarka medicinal plant varies from white to pink in colour and is also spotted or tinged with purple. Alarka is a cardinal Indian medicinal plant that quite palpably bears umpteen medicative properties and uses.
Iksvakuh is a large, pubescent, climbing or trailing herb, having stout, 5-angled stems and also bifid tendrils.
Iksvakuh has a large number of medicinal properties and usages and it is being used in various purposes in all over India. The fruit of the Iksvakuh plant is considered tonic to the liver, vulnerary, antiperiodic in Unani medicine and it is useful for relieving muscular pain and dry cough, as well.
The Indian people apply the fruit pulp of Iksvakuh plant to the soles of their feet for getting relief from burning and they also used the seeds as an anthelmintic.
Alarka is very similar in appearance to Calotropis gigantea, but is distinguished by its more compact form, of more oblong leaves.
Its corolla lobes appear erect and silvery from outside with a strong odour; its flowers are borne in long-peduncled umbellate cymes which are cottony-pubescent in its young stages.
The parts of the plant used and their medicinal properties are the same as those for Calotropis gigantea.
Iksvakuh is actually the Sanskrit name of the plant and this plant is also known as Katatumbi in Sanskrit. The large leaves of the plant have a diameter of up to 15 cm and the ovate or orbicular leaves' base is cordate, with margins dentate.
Two varieties (sweet- and bitter-fruited) of the plant have been distinguished in traditional Indian medicine.
The ash of the fruit rind is styptic and vulnerary, while the flowers of the bitter-fruit variety are considered cooling in Unani practice.


Both the seeds and roots are used to treat dropsy, while the seed oil is applied externally to relieve headache.
Cold Deserts temperature in winter ranges from -2 to 4° C and in the summer 21 to 26° C a year. When you talk about it in your paragraph talk about the plants and animals in general your pictures then are examples the links will provide the sources of for where you got the information. The Indian medicinal plant Alarka is wholly native to India, common on a variety of soils almost throughout the country. The plant's flowers emanate a strong fragrance, with its leaves bearing characteristics of being broadly elliptical in shape, ovate-oblong, elliptic or obovate, acute or mucronate, slightly cordate and auricled at base. This specific Indian medicinal plant's fruits or follicle appear as sub-globose, ellipsoid or ovoid, which are re-curved is generally 10 to 14 centimetre in length. The numerous smooth seeds of the plant are of white colour, having a length of 1.6-2 cm and they are horizontally compressed with marginal groove.
The Ayurvedic practitioners use the stem and fruit of the sweet-fruit variety in treating biliousness, and it is used for treating leucorrhoea, also. The flowers are considered useful for treating ophthalmia and toothache, and the fruits are considered useful for treating bronchitis, also.
Apart from that, the Indian people give a mixture of a decoction of the plant's leaves and sugar for treating jaundice, as well. It can be found to bloom in an altitude of 1000 metres, ranging from places like Punjab and Rajasthan to West Bengal and Assam and even southwards through peninsular India.
In its young stages, Alarka is pretty cottony and pubescent; however, with passing years the Indian medicinal plant turns glabrous. In southern West Bengal, a paste prepared from the roots mixed with leaves of Ocimum sanctum (Lamiaceae) is administered to treat menorrhagia. The plant is quite commonly found in all over India and its cultivated form is considered to be indigenous to India. The leaves of the bitter-fruit variety are commonly used in the treatment of jaundice, leucorrhoea, vaginal and uterine complaints and earache.
The plant possesses a length varying between 5 to 23 centimetres and breadth within 4 to 9 centimetres. The seeds are light brown in colour, with a white tuft of silky hair (coma) at the pointed end.
The root bark of Alarka is reportedly used in the treatment of leprosy among the Rabaris in the Barda Hills of Gujarat.


The flowers of Iksvakuh or Kaddu are large, white-coloured, solitary, and monoecious or dioecious.
The plant is mainly found throughout India in its wild state, and cultivated for its fruits that are eaten as a vegetable. The fruit of the bitter-fruit variety is also used in treating asthma, bronchitis, inflammations, oedema, ulcers and pains.
A mixture of the fruit juice and lime juice is used as an application for pimples and it also used to treat rheumatism, after being boiled in oil. The plant occurs in open habitats like cultivated fields, roadsides, grazing lands and other disturbed or degraded sites throughout the drier parts of its range. The outer appearance of Alarka is wide, pale green in the above and white and tawny beneath. Flowers and fruits of Alarka blossom almost throughout the year and are primarily found in central Indian deciduous forests. The Indian people apply a mixture of the ashes of the fruit and honey to the eyes to treat night blindness. Flowering occurs largely from December to February and fruiting between February and April.
Among the tribal inhabitants of Prakasam District in southern Andhra Pradesh, a paste of the dried Alarka flowers is administered orally to treat gonorrhoea. The sub-campanulate calyx tube is of a funnel-shape, and it has 5 narrow teeth and 5 free petals.
The flowers, mixed with honey, are apparently used by rural inhabitants of Bhavnagar District in Gujarat to cure cold, asthma and cough. The petals are obovate, having a length of 2.5-5 cm and they are crumpled and hairy on both sides. In this region the latex of Alarka is also used to prepare a paste with boiled milk and sugar that is taken internally as an anti-malarial drug.



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