09.10.2015

Medical tourism for chinese

Flight -> Pre-procedure care nursing -> Procedure ->Post-procedure care nursing -> Flight home.
Cardiovascular disease is the number one killer in Europe, and 16.7 million die yearly worldwide from CVD. Cancer is the second leading killer in the developed world, and treatment is often prohibitively expensive.
2.5 million people die of obesity associated deaths yearly, and the annual healthcare bill is massive. Joint Commission International (JCI) accreditation for hospitals and individual doctors is a good indicator of developed world quality healthcare, wherever it is. 50 Books Every Nurse Should Read10 Collectible Barbie Dolls Inspired by NursingWhy Is Psychology Important for Nursing?
Medical tourism is not just the act of traveling across an international border for healthcare, but also traveling across state lines. Although medical tourism has just reached the Malcolm Gladwell definition of the tipping point, misconceptions abound: Are  the hospitals safe and clean?  Are they certified and accredited?
In the past, people almost exclusively received medical treatment in their country or region of origin.
It is still uncommon for the working class to travel for healthcare purposes, but the middle class, who formerly only received domestic healthcare, is now known to embrace the practice of medical tourism. As a developing nation, citizens and residents of Thailand can benefit a great deal by traveling in order to receive healthcare services. Canada’s medical services are purported to be some of the best anywhere on the globe.
Not everyone in Thailand has the means to travel, but those who do should consider the benefits of medical tourism, especially to countries with reputations for good health practices such as Canada.
Thailand has a reputation for providing decent healthcare services to its residents and citizens. The country of Thailand has been providing public healthcare to its residents and citizens since 2001. The reforms that were initiated in 2001 made a great deal of difference to the people of Thailand.
Thailand is a country that has some infectious and non-infectious diseases contained and treated, while others are still a major risk factor.
The reason the Canadian healthcare system works so well is because it is balanced intelligently between funding from citizens and residents as well as funding from the public sector. Canadians pay premiums on their health insurance. Canada is considered a model country for public healthcare, and the best executor of a public healthcare system within North America. Medical tourism is a phenomenon that has seen a great deal of growth around the world in recent years. When it comes to the rising trend of medical tourism Thailand offers reasons to stay and reasons to go. For a highly organized and professional medical treatment experience, Thailand residents should consider travelling to Canada.
Thailand certainly has specialty medical areas of its own, but when Thai residents require healthcare services that are more complete and more organized, they should consider travel to Canada. 4) Brazil – Although prices vary widely, Brazil is home to some of the best-known medical centers for plastic surgery.  It is home to the highest number of practicing cosmetic surgeons per capita in the world, and according to The International Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery (ISAPS), Brazil also reigns #3 in terms of countries with the most surgical and non-surgical cosmetic procedures (USA is #1). If taking in beautiful views or catching some sun while seeking medical treatment sounds like a great idea, be sure to check the JCI (Joint Commission International) to ensure the hospital is accredited and therefor safe.
Medical tourism involves international travel with the intent of addressing medical care needs of the traveler that occurs outside of arranged cross-border care.
The practice of medical tourism raises important questions for the safety of patients, creates uncertainties about impacts on patients’ home countries and destination countries, and creates ethical issues both for people who have and have not participated in medical tourism. The aim of this website is to disseminate research on medical tourism conducted by our research group. Interested in medical tourism research but dona€™t have the time to read our full reports and publications? In a country where 62% of all bankruptcies are the result of skyrocketing healthcare bills, it’s clear that the U.S. Medical tourism is the process of traveling to another country for medical procedures that may not be offered in one’s home country or are too expensive in the country an individual resides in.
Medical tourism offers many people an alternative to their healthcare plan’s coverage, especially for those individuals who find that their conventional healthcare options aren’t the most effective or rational. In India, people are offered the option of having a hip resurfacing surgery instead of a hip replacement surgery.
Medical tourism also provides a faster option for undergoing medical procedures than in the United States.
Though going abroad for medical procedures has its drawbacks, it is mostly beneficial for those coming in from other countries to have procedures done.
In China, India, and Moldova, to get organs for organ transplantation, people are reimbursed for giving up their organs. President Obama’s healthcare plans, however, may dramatically change the market for medical tourism. We at Patients Beyond Borders share your assessment that US healthcare reform is not likely to slow the growth of US-outbound medical tourism. With better prostheses, and prices up to 80% lower than in the states, orthopedic surgery is a good reason to be a medical tourist. Its coverage in newspapers, magazines and on television continues to attract a great deal of attention not only from the medical community, but also corporate America, including insurance companies, and the public at large.
The two major misconceptions of healthcare in America today are that there are no wait lists and that America has the best healthcare in the world.
Obamacare might force more interest in competition amongst healthcare providers state-by-state, which in turn creates motive for healthcare seekers to become migrant. One only has to look at the number of Indian and other foreign doctors in American hospitals to understand the high degree of training one receives in a foreign country when it comes to medicine. It was only aristocracy and the independently wealthy who were able to do any type of traveling for healthcare purposes. This shows a wider acceptance growing for receiving healthcare out of a foreign country or state. A great many people cannot afford healthcare in their own country, let alone in a foreign country. Thailand has a solid, well acclaimed healthcare system of its own, but some of what it offers is limited. Across the Pacific Ocean from Thailand, Canada is welcoming of medical tourists from all over the world, including Thailand. Canadian physicians are highly trained and receive the most thorough of medical educations. Medical tourism increases the connection between countries, encourages the free exchange of information and helps the global economy. People living in Thailand are largely satisfied with their public healthcare system and are appreciative that it is socialized and accessible. Though there are some criticisms of the system, over 99-percent of the population is covered by universal healthcare, which makes Thailand a leader among middle income countries with a socialized healthcare system.
Citizens and residents pay a co-payment in order to access public healthcare services, but most of the funding for the Thai healthcare system comes from public sector.


Not only has it been a solid public healthcare system for many years, it is also considered one of the leading nations in medical science and advancement.
When a resident of one country travels to another country to take advantage of medical services, that person is a medical tourist. It has become popular to travel to Thailand for cosmetic procedures, such as plastic surgery and liposuction, however, for serious medical procedures, Thailand has its disadvantages.
A large number of Thai citizens have already discovered the benefits of traveling to Canada for the purpose of using the healthcare system. There are many foreign healthcare policies available to foreigners coming to Canada, as well as world class healthcare services.
Those who take advantage of the health services in the country will see that Panama is an ideal place for medical tourism with highly trained physicians and hospitals” said Minister of Tourism of Panama and Director of the ATP, Solomon Shamah. Ensuring quality has been approved, even on your medical vacation, could save you from unnecessary trauma. The concept of traveling for healthcare initially began as a way for people from less developed countries to receive medical treatment that was not yet available in their own countries by traveling to more developed countries.
For those who do not have health insurance, it allows for a much less expensive option than traditional healthcare. Hip resurfacing surgery, which has not yet been approved by the FDA, allows for a shorter recovery period than hip replacement surgery as well as increased mobility compared to traditional hip replacement [4]. In cases where waiting lists for certain procedures are rather long, it is often much quicker (and in many cases, cheaper) to go to a foreign country and get the procedure done there. If any complications from the procedure arise after the patient has returned to their home country there is little they can do.
Yet, the development of medical tourism has had an adverse impact on lower income families that are native to the countries providing services for medical tourism.
While people are not actually paid for their organs, they are reimbursed for expenses that they incur as well as for loss of earnings as a result of the surgery.
Since the healthcare bill requires that a majority of Americans have insurance by 2014, this seems to predict a fall in medical tourism as a whole. As globalization becomes a more common phenomenon, it becomes increasingly clear that no profession is nationally exclusive. Where medical tourism is a new and rising phenomenon for Americans, US-outbound represents less than 20% of worldwide patient flows. But now many other small to medium scale companies have started software and product development and started entering into outsourcing software product development. In many ways this coverage is beneficial, bringing to light the pros and cons of seeking intricate and often life-saving surgery thousands of miles from home.The rise in popularity of medical tourism forces nurses to consider what kind of influence it might have on the future of our field.
A large aging population has actually started to create wait lists that average 4 months (sometimes even longer in rural areas) for heart and orthopedic procedures. Medical tourists are also seeking care that is not covered by insurance, such as fertility, stem cell, certain transplants, etc. Furthermore, we read a lot about medical tourism, but have yet to read about large amounts of terrific outcomes from quality destinations that reputable medical tourism companies, such as PlanetHospital work with. Travel costs are only going to minimize as the world continues to rely more and more on international travel for personal and business commuting, which means we can expect to see medical tourism grow in popularity. Every nation practices different types of medicine, and every nation has strengths and weaknesses in their medical practices.
Medical tourism will not be accessible to every demographic in the near future, but it is increasingly becoming accessible to more and more demographics. As a middle income country, the funding, science and advancements are not quite what they would be in a first world nation.
Medical tourism has become a prominent part of Canada’s medical and travel industries. Canada is home to some of the world’s premiere physicians, as well as a wide range of expert specialists, ranging in skill sets from hepatology to endocrinology to dermatology. Enabling people to travel to the healthcare services they need most in the world is the way of the future. There are very few other middle income countries that have gone to a socialized healthcare system.
Canadians are reported to be some of the happiest citizens on earth as far as their healthcare is concerned, and its not hard to see why. Since medical tourism emerged with the advent of convenient travel around the globe, many have taken advantage of Canada’s advanced medical system. Most physicians in Thailand are specialists rather than general practitioners, so they are not always the best at diagnosing general ailments. This is because the Canadian healthcare system can prove highly efficient when compared to other countries. Specific interventions include necessary surgeries, cosmetic surgeries, reproductive treatments, organ transplantation, and travel for experimental treatments such as stem cell transfers and CCSVI treatment for multiple sclerosis. Our research is ongoing, so please check back on this page from time to time to see our latest work. Combine that with some of the worst mortality rates in the developed world, and you start to understand how Americans are in a lose-lose situation when it comes to healthcare options. Now, however, people from more developed countries like the United States are actually traveling to less developed countries for medical procedures [2].
In fact, medical procedures in countries such as India, Thailand, and South America, are a fraction of the cost of medical procedures in the United States. For example, people can go to a foreign country under the guise of a vacation, undergo cosmetic or sexual reassignment surgery, and then return to their home country with no one the wiser.
Often wait times for certain surgeries can be up to eighteen months in a home country, while the same surgery in India or Thailand could be completed within a week and the patient would be home within two weeks [2]. There are no laws or regulations concerning international medical procedures, and in effect, those who do partake in medical tourism do so at their own risk. While medical facilities are targeting their business to foreigners, medical care for those who actually reside in the country are being put on back burners.
If more Americans have insurance, then it seems logical to conclude that less Americans will have to turn to foreign countries for medical procedures that they cannot afford otherwise.
Not only do American companies not have to hire American workers, but Americans can also choose not to use American healthcare. Dental will continue to rise especially for procedures such as All-on-4 (4 dental implants and full bridge) and All-on-6 dental implants, which can cost upwards of 60,000 USD for full mouth reconstruction with dental implants in the US.
It is considered that, increase in business will be around 100% in offshore outsourcing product development. In the long term, the outcomes could prove far-reaching on what hospitals, doctors, nurses and patients expect in the ways of healthcare services and outcomes. Also, medical tourism is not just an America to other destination industry, but rather a point to point industry.
If bypass surgery in India is just not your cup of tea, PlanetHospital works with more mainstream destinations, such as Australia, Belgium, Singapore, among others. As the convenience and frequency of travel becomes more and more normal to the average person, the opportunity to travel for the purpose of receiving healthcare is also becoming more and more commonplace. Why wouldn’t people go to the country that offers the most expertise in the condition or ailment they are afflicted with? Those who can travel for healthcare should, as it benefits the world economy and the personal health of the traveler.


Those Thailand residents and citizens who are able to travel internationally have a major advantage when it comes to accessing quality healthcare. Economically speaking, any country that attracts medical tourists has a lot to gain, which is certainly the case for Canadians. It is agreed that there is still a great deal of progress that can be made in the healthcare system of Thailand, as well as in the personal health practices of Thai residents and citizens, but all things considered, healthcare in Thailand is a successful endeavor.
With one of the most stable and well-established healthcare systems in the Western world, Canada is a prime destination for medical tourists. In addition to provincial health insurance, private insurance policies are available to residents and citizens. Many are also traveling medical specialists without a permanent location to practice out of, so reaching them after treatment can prove very difficult. Insurance policies for travelers give Thai residents access to general practitioners, specialists, surgeons, naturopaths, mental health professionals and addiction treatment services, all under a highly organized medical system that has been called one of the best in the world. Our research team is particularly interested in Canadians’ travel for elective surgeries that do not involve purchased human organs.
We are also interested in identifying pressing ethical issues in the practice of medical tourism and their local and global outcomes.
In contrast, countries like India, China and Thailand offer healthcare procedures of the same caliber of the United States at up to one tenth of the cost.
In these less developed countries, people are able to have medical procedures done at a fraction of the cost it would have taken back home, and often they receive better patient care than they would at home.
For instance, while open heart surgery would cost up to $150,000 in the United States, it ranges from only $10,000 in Iran. Medical tourism also allows people the option of having surgeries and medical practices that aren’t approved in their home country.
If medical malpractice occurs in the foreign country that an individual has decided to have the procedure in, they would have to try the case in that foreign country, a process that is often long and laborious [5]. In the case of India, medical facilities are being expanded and the government is putting even more money into the medical tourism sector, and at the same time they are ignoring the lack of medical facilities in remote regions of the country [3,6]. Yet while aspects of medical tourism are unethical with respect to the individuals native to these foreign countries, this doesn’t seem to be slowing the growth of medical tourism.
The balance of the world is shifting in a way that is equalizing all nations, and this change is going to occur in all fields of work.
Historically, the United States has been a destination for people from foreign countries coming in search of treatment that was unavailable or in limited access in their home countries. Therefore, medical tourism becomes an attractive alternative for those who must have surgery.
For example, Planethospital has an office in Russia and sends patients from Russia to South Korea and India.
If someone has cancer, they should go to the region of the world that has experienced the most success in defeating cancer.
As a world leader in medical innovation, Canada can offer a medical tourist state of the art medical facilities, expert physicians and advanced medicine.
People have complained about inequalities, duplication of resources and rising costs within the system.
It stands alone in its region of Asia as the only middle income country to offer socialized medicine. Canadians also put taxes dollars toward the public health insurance fund to keep it viable. These options can be more costly than receiving healthcare in one’s country of origin, but it can be worth it to receive the premium healthcare within a medical specialty.
In addition, patients find it attractive that many of these countries offer procedures that have not yet been approved by the FDA. Cosmetic surgeries in Costa Rica are normally a third of the cost that they are in the United States [3], and procedures in India can be as low as 10% of the cost of procedures in the United States [2].
To make matters worse, many patients are asked to sign liability forms that prevent them from being able to take foreign clinics to court. So while medical tourism might be helping the economy of less developed countries grow it has a negative impact on the native population of the region.
A shift to government sponsored healthcare could also lead to a further increase in wait times for medical procedures. This shows a steady rise for the demand for global healthcare, and it is unlikely that a health care reform will drastically change those numbers. The fact is that dental tourism enables people from around the world to receive dental treatments that they otherwise would or could not, due to financial considerations. Yes, America does have the best healthcare in the world…if you can afford it.  And what about the myriad US-invented breakthrough healthcare treatments and other diagnostic innovations that are still unapproved by the FDA and only available in other parts of the world? If someone has hepatitis, they should travel to the region of the world with the best understanding of liver conditions. There are certain medical services provided by Canadian healthcare practitioners that are considered the best in the world. The procedures in foreign countries aren’t as strictly mandated, and while this allows them to offer procedures that are not offered in other countries, it also means that there is less of a concern for patient safety.
As a result, the demand for medical tourism could remain high, as foreign healthcare services would be much more prompt than procedures in the U.S.
When both insured and uninsured Americans were surveyed on whether they would consider going abroad for medical treatment if it was recommended to them by a doctor, 28% of the uninsured individuals said they wouldn’t consider it, compared to 22% of the insured individuals [7]. This shows that though cheaper healthcare might be one of the key reasons that individuals go to foreign countries for medical procedures, it is not the only reason, and the advent of more insured individuals may not result in a fall in the numbers of medical tourism. This seems like a reasonable conclusion to make, as it is the current situation in countries like Canada and the UK, who do have government sponsored healthcare [2]. As foreign countries have upgraded, expanded and improved their homegrown and imported talent, they have developed hospitals that appear poised and ready to compete with the American care model. For example, many foreign hospitals have assertively adopted JCI (Joint Commission International) accreditation, which is the nonprofit, international arm of the Joint Commission.A Significant Cost Difference There are many reasons why a person would choose to participate in medical tourism instead of seeking treatment stateside.
The most common reasons are cost, convenience (believe it or not), quality of care, and the ability to combine the procedure with a vacation.
Some of the more popular destinations for medical tourism are (in no particular order of importance) Mexico, Costa Rica, Brazil, Argentina, South Africa, India, Thailand, Malaysia and Singapore.The cost difference can be significant.
Thus one can see why many individuals may find it attractive and sensible to seek treatment outside the United States.
Some countries have gone one step beyond in supporting medical tourism, where a patient might expect to find hospitals that are like luxury hotels, bringing state-of-the-art medical equipment alongside a feeling of being cared for at a spa or resort.
In some cases, the patient can schedule a pre- or post-surgery tour of the country, organized by the same concierge team that arranged their medical care.
At that time the doctors at the 4th Army Field Hospital were not equipped to provided the corrective surgery that two of my children needed.
Clavreul, RN, PhD, is a healthcare management consultant who has experience as a director of nursing and as a teacher of nursing management.



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