24.08.2013

Herbs used in tudor medicine

Nietrudno wiec dzisiaj trafic w sklepach i aptekach na ziola w roznej postaci: swieze, suszone, przetworzone w rozne formy nalewek, tabletek i olejkow. Echinacea czyli jezowka, choc powszechnie znana jako roslina o dobroczynnych wlasciwosciach leczniczych, jest coraz rzadziej rozpoznawana w przydomowych ogrodach sposrod innych roslin ozdobnych.
Zapominamy o tym, jak wyglada kozlek lekarski [Valeriana officinalis], w sredniowieczu uwazany za lek na wszelkie dolegliwosci, obecnie zas stosowany przede wszystkim jako skladnik lekow uspokajajacych, niewywolujacych ciazacego zmeczenia. Coraz rzadziej siegamy po pokrzywe [Urtica dioica], ktora ma pomagac w poprawie funkcjonowaniu organizmu, oczyszcza z toksyn, usprawnia uklad trawienny. Wymagaja pewnej wiedzy i umiejetnosci, czasu na poznanie odpowiednich proporcji, w jakich sie je stosuje, regularnosci stosowania i cierpliwosci w oczekiwaniu na efekty.
Nienasycone kwasy tluszczowe z grupy omega-3 sa absolutnie niezbednym elementem diety potrzebnej do zachowania zdrowia (sa bowiem budulcem blon komorkowych!).
Infant mortality was high in all families (even Catherine of Aragon lost five of her six children in infancy). For those who reached adulthood, there were famines and plagues to deal with.However, some people survived into their 50s or early 60s and a few into their 70s or even 80s. Although there was a big difference between the diet of the rich and the poor, neither diet was healthy.The rich diet lacked fibre and was high in fat and sugars.
Poor diets left people more prone to catching infections.When people had little to eat, they were more likely to catch infectious diseases. A lack of fresh food meant they were often short of vitamins, which led to diseases like scurvy, making their teeth fall out and giving them sores. Tudor people were aware of the need for personal hygiene.Most people tried to keep themselves clean, but it was difficult to keep free of vermin.
In villages, the majority of peasants lived in basic dirt houses, infested with rats and lice. In some towns, people were supposed to clean the street in front their houses once a week but it was a losing battle. Many people also died of smallpox.This was a disease that could leave people disfigured (badly scarred) or blind (Queen Elizabeth I almost died of this). If, for example, you had a headache, the advice was to drink a herbal cure made of lavender, sage, marjoram, roses and rue or to press a hangman’s rope to your head. Doctors still believed illness was caused when 'the humours' in a person's body were not balanced. The four main components or humours that made up the body were thought to be blood, phlegm, black bile and yellow bile.
Doctors also believed that illnesses, like the plague, were passed on through smells.These smells, or poisonous 'vapours', were thought to be absorbed through the skin.
Plague doctors wore all-over leather protective clothes and put bergamot oil (thought to protect against boils) in the long beaks of their face masks. Others rubbed their teeth with a boiled mixture of white wine, vinegar and honey, or just used a wet piece of linen. As well as private visits to the rich, barber-surgeons would attend fairs and pull out teeth publicly. Tobacco was first introduced to Britain.In 1492, the explorer Christopher Columbus landed on the island of Cuba and came into contact with people smoking what came to be known as tobacco. Physicians claimed that tobacco was good for all kinds of illnesses.These included toothache, worms, bad breath, lockjaw and cancer! Thomas Hariot (a friend of Sir Walter Raleigh) wrote that tobacco smoke preserved the body, was a remedy for sores, wounds, throat and chest infections and the plague.
Melita Thomas of Tudor Times shares some insight into the gardening techniques of King Henry VIII and his royal household. The garden was also a medicine chest when plants and herbs were the first line of defence against illness.


For the better off, there might be sufficient space to grow plants for purely ornamental purposes, although plants we think of as purely decorative were frequently used in the home. Finally, as with everything in the Tudor world, ornamental gardens were a symbol of status. It became fashionable to admire gardens – courtiers shared tips and seeds and sent each other grafts.
Melita Thomas is the Director of Tudor Times, the online repository for all things Tudor and Stewart (1485–1603). Sign me up to receive emails on the latest news, exclusive offers and competitions to your inbox. The winner of our competition will enjoy a ticket for a VIP tour of the Crown Jewels at the Tower of London and a two-night stay for two people at the Great Northern Hotel, a luxury boutique hotel. To advertise with Britain magazine, our website and email newsletters, email Natasha Syed or call us on + 44 (0) 20 7349 3700. Britain Magazine would like to place cookies on your computer to help us make the website better.To find out more about the cookies, see our Privacy Policy. Kiedys umiejetnosc wlasciwego ziololecznictwa wiazano z umiejetnosciami czarodziejskimi, w sredniowieczu ich uprawa i zastosowanie zostaly zglebione w przyklasztornych ogrodach i opisane w upowszechnianych ksiegach ziol (slynna maksyma Bernarda z Nursii – ora et labora, czyli modl sie i pracuj – ustanowila przyklasztorne ogrodnictwo), a dzisiaj ziola regularnie stosuje sie w leczeniu zarowno ludzi jak i zwierzat. Coraz mniej osob jednak wie, skad tak naprawde biora sie poszczegolne gatunki, jak sie je uprawia, gdzie sa dostepne w naturze, jak wygladaja, i do czego sluza. Picie naparu z pokrzyw poleca sie rowniez przy zmianach zwyrodnieniowych stawow i nie trzeba wcale siegac po gotowe herbatki ziolowe, ale wystarczy zaparzyc wiosna i jesienia swieze pedy roslin.
In Elizabethan times, corporations eventually set up 'muck hills' and fines were imposed on those who did not use them. Rats and other vermin were common and lived off the rubbish dumped close to people's homes. Sweating sickness (possibly influenza) also caused many deaths, with a severe outbreak in 1558. For example, the spots on lungwort were thought to resemble the lungs, so the plant was used in the preparation of medicines to treat lung ailments. Ginger or Chervil (a herb that smells of aniseed) was put in scented balls called pomanders that people carried with them to smell. They sprinkled themselves with vinegar and chewed the sweet herb angelica to fight off infection before visiting their patients.
Trusted female friends and relatives came round to give the woman support and encouragement. Richer women made their cheeks pink with rouge, painted their lips red, dyed their hair fair and made sure their teeth appeared white.
Elizabeth I sucked sugared violets to keep her breath fresh, which caused her teeth to rot even more. Some people deliberately blackened their front teeth, so others would think they were rich.
He became a heavy smoker and died of a cancerous ulcer in his nose, becoming probably the first person in England to die of a smoking-related disease. They were  made with dried herbs and spices bound together with gums and resins to make a hard bead that could be put inside lockets or pomanders and carried around. With space often limited, the more plants in the garden that could be used for several purposes, the better. Roses, a great favourite, were used in cookery, for making rosehip wine and also for perfumes, flower arrangements and potpourri mixtures to keep rooms smelling sweet.
The development of theories of architecture and design in Italy in the 15th century influenced the kings and nobles of the next generation to take a personal interest in design, layout and planting. King Henry VIII spent both time and money in his privy gardens – he would stroll through, alone or with his wife or daughter Mary (whose accounts show she frequently tipped gardeners for bringing her flowers or fruit).


Mowi sie, ze dobrze doprawione danie moze przywrocic chec do zycia a wzbogacony smak pobudza soki trawienne.
Osoby z problemami skornymi pijace napar z bratka pisza czasem, ze trzeba calego roku, aby uzyskac efekt kuracji. Elsewhere, toilets or 'privies' were just a piece of wood over a bowl or a hole in the ground. However, by the end of Elizabeth I's reign, others were beginning to think of ways to prevent disease and make cities more hygienic. Most people could not afford doctors and relied on treatments from the apothecary or a village wise-woman. Doctors would cut a vein or use leeches (creatures that fix themselves on the skin and suck out blood).
Midwives were licensed by the Church and had to take an oath to look after rich and poor people, not to use medical tools to deliver babies, not to swap them after they had been born and not to practise witchcraft. People didn’t wash themselves or their clothes nearly as often as we do now, so things could get a little smelly.
When only seasonal produce, or food preserved during a glut was available, the ability to grow a range of foodstuffs throughout the year could mean the difference between starvation and survival. Queen Katherine (or Catherine) Parr was particularly fond of fresh flowers; ordering them for her rooms at Hampton Court.
The Tudor age loved order and structure – the signature knot garden, where everything is in its place, reflects the culture of bending nature to useful production and the garden as a symbol of control and purity in a wild and disordered world.
Henry was sufficiently interested in the nitty-gritty of gardening to give orders for the weeding of his strawberry beds; arranging for new gardens and orchards at his palace at Greenwich was one of his last acts.
Z bogactwa swiezych roslin przyprawowych slyna kuchnie srodziemnomorskie i azjatyckie, cieszace sie obecnie rosnaca popularnoscia.
Czesto brakuje nam czasu na podobne czekanie, chcemy efektu jak najszybszego i jak najwiekszego.
Rich Tudors had a cunning plan though–they used to carry round sweet smelling herbs, spices and pomanders to sniff at when things got bad.
It can then be worn round your neck or attached to your belt and sniffed if ever you happen to be passing something disgusting (like your brothers smelly socks). Rosemary, a popular herb for culinary purposes, also formed the basis of astringent medicines and lotions. Zainteresowanie to wynika zarowno z niepowtarzalnego smaku potraw pochodzacych z tych rejonow, jak rowniez z powszechnej juz obecnie swiadomosci, ze mieszkancy Azji oraz basenu Morza Srodziemnomorskiego dzieki swojej kuchni, unikaja wielu chorob cywilizacyjnych, w szczegolnosci tych zwiazanych z problemami krazenia i wydolnosci organizmu.
Hair dyes included such dangerous substances as sulphuric acid; fortunately, many women wore wigs. Lavender was even more useful – culinary and medicinal, it was additionally used for freshening linens and clothes, and even scattered in the rushes underfoot to keep them sweet.
Mimo wszystko ziola posiadaja jednak wyjatkowa ceche – odpowiednio stosowane zgodnie z recepturami znanymi od tysiecy lat, sa lagodne dla naszego organizmu.
Nie ingeruja w stan naszych organow wewnetrznych, nie maja niezliczonych skutkow ubocznych.
Ziololecznictwo odbywa sie zgodnie z rytmem, o ktorym juz dawno nasza cywilizacja zapomniala. Cud ziololecznictwa moze polegac nie tylko na efektach wypracowanych w trakcie stosowania tej metody, ale na samym skupianiu sie na wszystkich czesciach tego procesu i poznawaniu uroku spokojnego oczekiwania.



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