20.03.2014

Herbal medicine vs pharmaceutical drugs

Bachelor in Holistic Health Sciencesqualifies for the ‘HHP – Holistic Health Practitioner’ certification by the AADP. Bachelor to PhD in Natural Medicine Trackqualifies for the ‘DNM – Doctor in Natural Medicine’ certification by the BNMDP.
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One of the biggest factors bringing about the sharp decline in the number of tigers has been the rising income in Asians.
These days many Chinese and Koreans have been educated about the costs of the tiger-based medicine but at the same time many more who are not educated about such matters or don't care are getting money to buy tiger-based medicines.
Indian officials have blamed Chinese medicine for “fueling tiger poaching” in their country. One reason there so many tigers were poached in the late 1980s and early 1990s is that there was explosive demand for tiger-based Chinese medicines that coincided with expansion of the Chinese economy Between 1990 and 1994, China reportedly exported more than 70 tons of tiger bones from 5,600 tigers (more than the number of tigers that remain in the wild). Some people in China have suggested raising tigers in captivity---tiger farming if you will---to supply the traditional medicine market, but conservationist argue that this wouldn't work because there is no way to tell the difference between bones from captive and wild animals.
An estimated 4,000 tigers are being raised in “tiger” farms in China to supply the Chinese medicine trade in violation of international CITES agreement which prohibits such practices.
Poster urging Tibetans not to buy tiger partsAccording to Korean immigration statistics, 8787 pounds of tigers bones was imported d from Indonesia between 1970 and 1993. A survey found dozens of tiger bone medicines widely available in Chinatown's in North American cities such as San Francisco, New York and Vancouver.
In the mid-2000s there was a thriving trade in Tibet, run by organized crime groups, for tigers poached in India and both the Indian and Chinese governments were criticized for not doing enough to contain it.
The market will continue to expand unless the governments take a strong stand against the trade, said Debbie Banks, head of Environmental Investigation Agency's tiger campaign.
Ashok Kumar, of the Wildlife Trust of India, a conservation organisation, said that any relaxation of Chinese rules would have a catastrophic effect on the Indian tiger population. Jake Adelstein wrote in The Daily Beast, “While eating endangered animals may be in bad taste, as it were, it’s not always illegal. In many places poachers are armed with automatic weapons, which are effective at killing animals and people, while rangers only have antiquated bolt-action rifles. In India, it is estimated that 1,500 Bengal tigers were killed in between 1986 and 1995, reducing the population by a third to 3,000. Many of the tigers are shot with ancient muzzleloaders by farmers trying to protect their sheep and goats and, in some cases, to make a profit. Ranthambhore National Park (near the town of Sawai Madaipur, a three hour train ride from Jaipur) has traditionally been regarded as the best place in the world to see tigers in the wild, both because there has traditionally been a lot of tigers here and the thin brush is conducive for viewing wildlife.
At Ranthambhore in the mid 1980s, it was not unusual for tourists to see nine different tigers in a single day. Living inside the park are about 100,000 people, whose animals have caused degradation of the tigers habitat.
At another reserve, in Assam, 30 of the 90 tigers in the park were killed four months in the early 1990s.
Rama Lakshmi wrote in the Washington Post, In 2010 “a 13-nation study by the wildlife trade monitoring watchdog called TRAFFIC reported that at least 1,069 tigers were killed in the past decade to procure bones, claws and skin. In Nagarhole, a team recently found that a dead tiger’s claws had been removed by villagers.
Rampant poaching reduced the number of tigers in the northern Indian Sariska National Park to zero in 2004, from 25 in the previous year, setting off national alarm. Reportedly from Sariska Tiger Reserve, India, Mark Magnier wrote in the Los Angeles Times, “Wildlife experts say they're making progress against poachers. Though bureaucrats blamed the poachers for the animals' demise, India's equivalent of the FBI and a blue-ribbon panel said the overarching problem was poor administration, incompetence and corruption that gave the thieves free rein.
In particular, patrols and local intelligence networks weren't maintained, critics and insiders say, and officials were allowed to think more about their careers than their charges. Countries like China, South Korea and Japan have had success reducing the demand for tiger bones.
Conservationists have worked with Chinese medicine practitioners to find substitutes for tiger-based medicine. In a raid in Srinigar in the early 1990s, 36 police burst into the house of Kashmiri trader and seized $1 million worth of the skins and garments made from 1,366 endangered animals, including tigers, snow leopards and clouded leopards.
There are punishments for poachers but they are generally light and never even carried out. Text Sources: National Geographic, Natural History magazine, Smithsonian magazine, Wikipedia, New York Times, Washington Post, Los Angeles Times, Times of London, The Guardian, Top Secret Animal Attack Files website, The New Yorker, Time, Newsweek, Reuters, AP, AFP, The Economist, BBC, and various books and other publications. This site contains copyrighted material the use of which has not always been authorized by the copyright owner.
In a benign tumour the cells do not spread to other parts of the body and so are not cancerous.
In a malignant tumour the cancer cells have the ability to spread beyond the original area of the body. Liver cancer is a serious condition because it can disrupt these functions or cause them to fail completely. Over the past few decades, rates of liver cancer in the UK have risen sharply as a result of  increased levels of alcohol misuse and obesity. It is estimated there will be 30, 640 new cases and deaths from liver and intrahepatic bile duct cancer in the United States in 2013.
Liver cancer is usually diagnosed after a consultation with a GP and a referral to a hospital specialist for further tests.
However, regular check-ups for liver cancer (known as ‘surveillance’) are recommended for people known to have a high risk of developing the condition, such as those with a confirmed hepatitis C infection or those who have had cirrhosis. If you are in a high-risk group for developing liver cancer, having regular check-ups will help ensure the condition is diagnosed early.
Cancer of the liver does not usually cause  noticeable symptoms until it has reached an advanced stage.
Also, you should contact your GP if you have previously been diagnosed with a condition known to affect the liver, such as cirrhosis or a hepatitis C infection, and your health suddenly deteriorates. Although the exact cause of liver cancer is unknown, it has been linked to damage and scarring of the liver (cirrhosis). Cancer is a condition where cells in a specific part of the body grow and reproduce uncontrollably, producing a lump of tissue known as a tumour. Cirrhosis is a medical term which means the tissue of the liver has become scarred and cannot perform many of its usual functions. Every time you drink alcohol, your liver filters out the poisonous alcohol from your blood and some of the liver cells die. Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease occurs when small deposits of fat build up inside the tissue of the liver. The exact cause of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is unclear, but it is associated with obesity and type 2 diabetes.
Hepatitis B is a virus that can be spread via contaminated blood and other types of bodily fluids, such as saliva, semen and vaginal fluids. A small number of people have severe symptoms similar to those of liver cancer, and can develop extensive scarring of their liver. The risk of someone with a hepatitis B infection developing liver cancer appears to be influenced by ethnicity. People of other ethnic backgrounds only seem to have an increased risk of liver cancer if they also develop cirrhosis or another related liver condition, such as hepatitis C. People with haemochromatosis-related cirrhosis have a 1 in 10 chance of developing liver cancer. Autoimmune hepatitis is a rare, genetic condition thought to affect 1 in every 7,150 people.
In autoimmune hepatitis, your immune system (the body’s natural defence against infection) attacks the cells of the liver as if they are a ‘foreign’ infection. If you have autoimmune hepatitis, the risk of developing liver cancer is smaller than if you have cirrhosis from one of the other common causes.


One of the main functions of the liver is to create a fluid called bile, used by the body to help break down fat. For reasons that are unclear, in cases of primary biliary cirrhosis, the bile ducts are gradually damaged.
People with advanced primary biliary cirrhosis are estimated to have a 1 in 20 chance of developing liver cancer in any given year. Avoid all foods that are high in unhealthy saturated and trans- fats, hydrogenated and partially-hydrogenated fats and oils, margarine, and shortening. Empower yourself, and choose a diet emphasizing organic whole foods, including plenty of fresh, raw fruits and vegetables, oats, whole grains, such as brown rice, quinoa and buckwheat.
The raw food diet is a food plan that can be of great benefit if you suffer from kidney cancer. The diet mainly consists of raw fruits, vegetables, and soaked and sprouted nuts and seeds, supplemented with daily consumption of fresh green juices made from a variety of vegetables such as celery, romaine lettuce, spinach, carrot, kale, parsley, and an ever rotating seasonal selection of other organic veggies. Compounds found in green tea interfere with the supply of energy to cancer cells and help starve them to death, the A.P.
The trace mineral selenium may interfere with the activity of genes involved in cancer cell growth and may also induce cancer cell death, according to the A.P. Research now shows that massage can be very beneficial to those with cancer, specifically for managing pain and depression. Essential aromatherapy oils, which contain concentrated compounds from flowers, bark, leaves and seeds, promote healing and balancing. Rosemary, or Rosmarinus officinalis, is a common culinary herb, that is also a nutritious essential oil.
To ensure positive results, always check that the essential oil is a 100% pure plant distillation and that it comes from a reputable source.
Garlic:  Many cultures have used garlic for its medicinal and culinary properties for thousands of years. Cumin:  Cumin, a seed-like fruit of a plant in the family Apiaceae, has been shown to suppress hepatoma, a malignant tumor of the liver, and metastasis in animal research models, but hasn’t yet shown effects in people, the Rockefeller University reports.
I incorporated flax seed into my diet many years ago when I read an article about it promising numerous health benefits as well as being a strong measure to reduce your risk with heart disease, cancer, stroke and diabetes.
This year I was introduced to chia seeds – the highly-proclaimed ‘super food’ by many, allowing you to eat your way to health.
At the end of the day the choice is yours…pick one you feel would be easiest to add to your daily routine. Es mA?s, muchos recomiendan que lo ideal es consumirlo varias veces al dA­a para que las propiedades de los mismos sean incorporadas en raciones A?tiles para el organismo.
The whiskers are consumed for toothaches and strength; the eyes are taken to reduce convulsions and as treatment for epilepsy, malaria, nervousness and cataracts.
In December 2007, a small zoo---the Three Gorges Forest Wild Animal World---in Yichang in Hubei Province was forced to close down after two stillborn Bengal tiger cubs were found in the zoo’s refrigerator a week after a beheaded adult Siberian tiger with its skin and legs missing was reported at the same zoo. The tiger trade in India is believed to be controlled by organized crime that also is involved in drugs and weapons. Unlike tiger skin, they can be crushed and made odorless and can be disguised as other types of bones. In the 1990s you could get a cured tiger skin there for $2,000 dollars and 15 kilograms of tiger bones for $12,000. Many more people in countries like China, Korea, and Taiwan, who couldn’t before, now can afford expensive tiger medicines, which has created more demand and caused prices to rise on the supply end. One reason so many tigers were poached in the late 1980s and early 1990s was that many Chinese could afford tiger-based Chinese medicines as the Chinese economy began to take off. During the winter of 1993 it was estimated that about one quarter of the population of 400 rare Amur Siberian tigers, and nearly as many were killed in the winter of 1994. There were reports in newspapers that the tigers were going to be raised like cattle for meat. Such pelts are traditionally prized among Tibetans to embellish robes for ceremonial occasions.
The Chinese State Forestry Administration had issued a document allowing trade in legally obtained tiger and leopard skins in December 2007, but with such little fanfare that it barely rated a mention in the domestic media.
China’s State Council banned the production and use of traditional Chinese medicine containing tiger bones in 1993, but it is legal to breed the animals, and at least 150 companies have received authorization from China’s Forestry Administration to sell the parts, including skins, of tigers that die in captivity, according to a report by the Environmental Investigation Agency. It is most active in India where there are the most tigers and has existed since the ban on hunting them was imposed in the early 1970s. Many have been killed by poachers who sprinkled poison on a kill that the animal had temporarily left on the ground. Middlemen pay hunters about $75 to $100 a piece for each tiger, which may be equal to a year's salary to the farmer. Eugene Linden wrote in Time magazine that he met an Indian man named Raju living outside Nagarhole Park who was hired by a landlord to kill a tiger, "One evening last spring, Ruju, the landlord, and two other poachers hid near a water hole," wrote Linden.
So well hidden were the hunters, Raju says, that they had no fear of the tiger's turning on them if the shot missed.
The park covers 116 square miles (392 square kilometers) and set around Ranthambhore Fort, built a around 1,000 years ago on a 750-foot high rock plateau.
Tigers are poached in India, and the products move via Nepal, Bangladesh and Bhutan, and sold in China, Korea and Taiwan,” said Samir Sinha, head of TRAFFIC-India. One tiger claw fetches $12 locally but is sold for 10 times as much in the international market.
Notorious kingpin Sansar Chand, 51, who, with family members, is blamed for wiping out Sariska's last 22 tigers, is serving a five-year prison sentence. One option si to it to substitute the bones of an Asian rodent called the sailong, which is common in China and reportedly offers the same benefits as tiger bone products. Even among those involved in the illegal tiger trade, A Muslim butcher who was arrested for selling tiger parts told the Washington Post: "I am all for the tiger saved.
In the 1970s, the den of one raided poacher contained 89 tiger and leopards skins.1988, Nepalese postal workers seized 550 pounds of tiger bones near the border as they were mailed to Tibet. Many of the apprehended smugglers and dealers are never punished as there cases drag on the Indian courts for decades. Such material is made available in an effort to advance understanding of country or topic discussed in the article. However, they may carry on growing at the original site, and may cause a problem by pressing on surrounding organs. Although they are more likely to be the result of a more common condition, such as an infection, rather than liver cancer, it’s best to have them checked. However, it appears that damage to the liver, such as the condition cirrhosis, can increase the risk of liver cancer. The liver can regenerate new cells, but if you drink heavily for many years, your liver will lose the ability to do this. In England, most people infected by hepatitis C develop the infection by using contaminated needles or other drug equipment, such as mixing spoons when injecting drugs like heroin.
People of Asian origin infected with hepatitis B have a higher-than-average chance of developing liver cancer, regardless of whether they have also developed cirrhosis of the liver. This risk decreases to 0.1 in 10 once treatment to remove the excess iron from the body begins.
This may be because most cases of autoimmune hepatitis can be treated with immunosuppressant drugs that help prevent your immune system from damaging your liver. This eventually leads to a build-up of bile inside the liver, which damages the liver and causes cirrhosis. Eliminate refined white flour, which is found in the majority of foods found on a typical grocery store shelf, including bread, bagels, crackers, cakes, cookies, and other baked good, pasta.
Include a variety of preferably soaked, nuts and seeds, especially pumpkin and sunflower seeds. Using the guidelines outlined above as a base camp for a clean and healthy diet, one can then transition into a raw food diet as desired. Raw foodists enjoy salads, dehydrated flax crackers, seed and nut pates, blended soups, smoothies, and marinated veggies, often mixed with soaked sea vegetables. The gentle massage used during an aromatherapy massage promotes relaxation and helps to eliminate toxins from the body. Essential oils from different sources have many physical, mental and emotional health benefits. Chamomile oil, which is pressed from the flowers of the plant with the same name, is used in aromatherapy and is made into a tea for relaxing and reducing stress. The content of ginsenoside and its various compounds, such as glycyrrhizin, is considerably greater in the root of American ginseng and may aid in the recover of liver-cancer tumors, according to the University of Maryland Medical center. Scientists believe that sulfur-containing compounds from garlic, notably allicin and alliin, may inhibit the proliferation and migration of liver cancer cells, according to Rockefeller University. This herb may aid in reducing liver cancer tumors by apoptosis, or programmed cell death, in hepatoma cell lines. I found it easy to add to my diet by sprinkling it on everything from oatmeal to yogurt to eggs to a salad. While for me I find it easy to incorporate a second seed into my diet, many like to chose just one.
Every individual needs are different, so when choosing a seed it is important to know what your body needs. But surprisingly, most of the time the same pattern of therapeutic behavior is just transposed into the natural medicine practice without even preceding it with any kind of evaluation.
De hecho, para conseguir mayor eficacia en la absorciA?n de las propiedades se recomienda beberlo asiduamente. They can make a profit of $10,000 per tiger, buy the tigers from middlemen and preparing the bones and organs for smugglers, who take the tiger parts across the border to Nepal, Burma or Tibet, sometimes by Himalayan yak caravans.


They were traditionally smuggled by air and rail to the Himalayan towns Simla, Srinigar and Ladahk and then across 15,000 foot passes to Tibet and Nepal. In small tiger part production factory, the bones are cleaned and bleached and the organs are dried and packaged. One newspaper reported that a place called “Love World” on Hainan Island planned to offer tiger meats dishes while people watched tigers roaming around. That means if the bones were genuine, about 435 tigers were killed or found dead to fill those orders. One of the most horrible photographs ever taken showed a tiger bound inside a cage in Taiwan just before it was cut up for food an medicine.
Almost every reference was subsequently erased from the Internet, apparently amid official concerns of damage to China’s reputation before the 2008 Olympics in Beijing.
In the late 1990s and early 2000s when tigers were being killed at a rate of around 300 a year, mostly by poachers. One man came across a tiger corpse surrounded by 150 dead vultures that had also been poisoned by the tiger's tainted kill. In 1961, Prince Philip, the Duke of Edinburgh (Queen Elizabeth’s husband) shot a tiger there while a guest of the Maharaja of Jaipur. They have complained that "animals are more important than people" and efforts are no being made to direct money earned form the park into programs that help the local people. In January, eight countries in the region formed the South Asia Wildlife Enforcement Network jointly clamp down on poachers and traffickers.
Chand and his gang reportedly befriended villagers at Sariska's periphery -- Meena and others in his village of Indok deny they ever made deals with him -- who then informed the poachers when a tiger attacked their livestock, providing valuable information on the animal's whereabouts. In 1993 Delhi police recovered 850 pounds of tiger bones (from the equivalent of 42 tigers) in two raids. One tiger specialist believes its the shame and inconvenience of the court proceedings is a deterrent more than the punishments themselves. This constitutes 'fair use' of any such copyrighted material as provided for in section 107 of the US Copyright Law.
In order for you to see this page as it is meant to appear, we ask that you please re-enable your Javascript! Although cells in different parts of the body may look and work differently, most repair and reproduce themselves in the same way. The number of people affected by liver cancer rises sharply with age, about 70% of cases involve people 65 years of age or older.
That being said, it’s a safe assumption that following a small diet of anti-cancer foods may be very beneficial. Also avoid alcohol, caffeine, simple carbohydrates, sugars and sugar products, foods that are overly spicy, and all processed and commercial “junk” food. Minimize your intake of red meat; though be sure to consume adequate amounts of organic, free-range poultry, bison and wild-caught fish.
Raw food generates rapid results because of its ability to thoroughly detoxify and liberate your body’s previously untapped energy. Since little to no cooked food is consumed, the raw diet has the advantage of instantly eliminating many common allergens. More times than not the raw food diet presents itself as an incredible tool that can be used to quickly transition from a serious health challenge into a healing process, ultimately resulting in greater health and well-being. Additionally, an early study into the relationship between liver cancer and choline, published in the October 1984 issue of “Carconogenesis” found that mice that were fed a diet deficient in choline were more likely to develop liver cancer. An article published in the October 2010 issue of “Nutrition and Cancer” also notes that extracts of green tea and chemicals found in green tea, known as polyphenols, may inhibit the formation and development of tumors. The Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center also notes that selenium can help to reduce treatment-related side effects.
The University of Maryland Medical Center notes that benefits can increase relaxation, improve concentration, boost mood, strengthen the immune system, open and cleanse the respiratory passageways, aid digestion and improve liver function.
It is also used in lotions and creams to soothe itching skin caused by inflammation, allergies, eczema and dryness.
The antiviral and antibacterial properties of this herbal essential oil also help improve liver function and health. However, most of these claims aren’t well substantiated and are largely based on animal, rather than human, studies. Flax seed oil is great in a shake or as part of a dressing, or you can take it as a supplement – easy as can be. So I did a bit of research to determine which of the two seeds would win in a battle of goodness. A few major benefits of chia seeds include diabetes prevention, increased fibre and omega-3’s, strengthens your teeth and bones, high in protein, fights belly fat and has been known to improve heart health. Chia seeds on the other hand can be eaten whole – makes things a bit easier for a busy lifestyle. By changing only a component of the equation by using natural products instead of a pharmaceutical compound, some practitioners assume that everything is fine and there is no need for proper education and training. Tiger part traders often say what a tragedy it is for a tiger to get killed but they are absolved of all responsibility because they did not kill the animals. The good thing about poaching compared to loss of habitat is that the tigers can recover of they are left alone. Four raids in January 2000 netted 12 tiger skins, 132 claws from eight tigers, and 385 pounds of animals bones.
But despite the liver’s resilience, prolonged alcohol misuse over many years can damage it. Stay clear of all inorganic pasteurized milk and dairy products, including yogurt and cheese; best to eat only raw, organic dairy products. Eat generous quantities of both raw and lightly steamed organic vegetables and large fresh salads daily.
No cooked wheat or wheat by-products are consumed, and generally dairy is omitted, though some might choose to eat moderate quantities of raw goat or sheep milk products, often in the form of a fermented food, such as homemade raw kefir or yogurt. Green tea is usually consumed as a beverage, but it is also available in capsule and tablet form. Essential oils can be used through aromatherapy, diffusion, or inhalation, and they may be incorporated into foods and brewed into teas and tonics. A few other benefits to flaxseed of course are their high anti-oxidant benefits, improved blood pressure, cardio-vascular benefits, anti-inflammatory benefits, cancer prevention and digestive health. Whichever one you choose, there are lots of ways to add them to your meals, by sprinkling them in and on as much as you can.
Modern products include the Nourish the Ovary Defer Decrepitude pills and Only Smart-Brain Liquid.
Some are the victims of encroachment by villagers and grazing animals that right outside the park.
Experts say that trying convince Chinese medicine users that Chinese medicine is a bunch of superstitious nonsense is a policy hat is doomed to failure considering its popularity and long tradition of use. But if for some reason the process gets out of control, the cells carry on dividing and develop into a lump called a tumour. The lymphatic system is part of the immune system – the body’s natural defence against infection and disease. It is likely safe for most adults, but high doses or long-term use may cause side effects including an upset stomach, irritability and anxiety.
The poachers skinned it on the spot." The police soon learned about the tiger kill by word of mouth. In one notorious poaching spree between 1989 and 1992, 18 tigers were los, even though 60 guards were patrolling the forest. If you wish to use copyrighted material from this site for purposes of your own that go beyond 'fair use', you must obtain permission from the copyright owner.
Some guidelines and recommendations for a cancer-friendly diet include avoiding sugar, eating little to no meat (or, if you must eat meat, stick with fish), eat tofu, beans, eggs, nuts and mushrooms, avoid cold or bitter foods and do not eat foods that create damp cold or damp heat.
Throughout the day, drink plenty of pure, filtered water, and avoid drinking—as well as bathing, and showering in—unfiltered tap water, as tap water contains heavy metals and pesticide residues that can settle in high concentrations in the body. RxList notes that it is likely safe for most adults but high doses may cause side effects including sweating, vomiting and diarrhea.
Talk to your doctor before using selenium supplements as high doses may deplete vitamin C levels. Doctors can tell if a tumour is benign or malignant by removing a piece of tissue (biopsy) and examining a small sample of cells under a microscope. The lymph nodes throughout the body are connected by a network of tiny lymphatic tubes (ducts). The deaths however seems to have been more the result of neglect (the zoo had 100 species of animal but only five employees) than deliberate attempt to make money from selling animal parts. The lymphatic system has two main roles: it helps to protect the body from infection and it drains fluid from the tissues.
Even tiger feces are taken as a treatment for boils, hemorrhoids, epilepsy, malaria, and ulcers.
No scientific evidence says they work.A bowl of tiger soup, selling for as much as $320 a bowl in Taiwan, is thought to enhance sexual prowess. Balms and pills with tiger parts are taken as remedies for rat bites, typhoid fever, dysentery, strong teeth, strong will, and to keep centipedes away.



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