Chinese herbalist gold coast guard

From 1851, payable gold was discovered first in New South Wales, then in Victoria and, over the following decades, in the other Australian colonies.
Bustling towns appeared almost overnight, and governments struggled to maintain law and order. James Lamsey was an immigrant from China who arrived in Australia in 1853 and settled in Bendigo in the 1870s. George Duncan Guthrie's water filters, patented after 1886, often featured the Australian coat of arms, as does this one.
The Lachlan River rises near Gunning, in the New South Wales southern highlands, and travels west until it meets the Murrumbidgee River near Oxley, hundreds of kilometres away. In 1862 near Eugowra, Frank Gardiner and a group of eight or nine others held up the Lachlan 'gold escort', a coach bound from Forbes to Sydney. In the same Eugowra region, in 1863, bushrangers Ben Hall, John Gilbert and John O'Meally raided and besieged the Goimbla homestead. The bushrangers set fire to the barn and stable, but in the many exchanges of gunfire between the bandits and the Campbell family, bushranger John O'Meally was killed. At the time this was seen as a major victory for the community over the lawlessness perpetrated by bushrangers.

A coffee urn presented to Amelia Campbell in gratitude for her courage in assisting her husband during the raid on Goimbla is on show in Landmarks.
The ladies of Upper & Middle Adelong present this token of esteem to Mrs Campbell as an appreciation of her heroic conduct displayed during the attack at Goimbla by bushrangers on 19th Nov. Landmarks also features a handwritten note, addressed to a 'Mrs Thornycroft', which was probably sent during the early gold rush at Grenfell, which was briefly called Emu Creek. Join today and you can easily save your favourite articles, join in the conversation and comment, plus select which news your want direct to your inbox. ON THE corner of Bourke and King streets, tucked at the foot of a towering skyscraper, stands a nondescript tree with a gnarled trunk that is now officially considered ''exceptional''.Legend has it that this Chinese honey locust - the only one of its species in Victoria - was planted by a Chinese herbalist during the gold rush, and it is now one of 178 rare or unusual trees on private land that the City of Melbourne will include in a new ''exceptional'' tree register. They include a venerable pear tree in the courtyard of the Royal Melbourne Hotel, three huge plane trees in the courtyard of the private Melbourne Club, a spreading golden elm at the front of St Patrick's Cathedral and a 150-year-old Moreton Bay fig at the Melbourne Zoo.The register has been compiled with tips from the public, aborists and an expert panel, and includes trees that are rare, old, large, have a curious form, commemorate a special occasion or are an outstanding habitat for indigenous animals. The council will apply to Planning Minister Matthew Guy for interim protection for the trees and it wants to amend the planning scheme so that a permit would be needed to remove or lop a registered tree or do building works nearby.City of Melbourne urban landscapes manager Ian Shears said the council was not trying to protect the trees against landowners' wishes, rather the register was a ''celebration'' of the importance of trees and greenery in urban places.
People abandoned their jobs and rushed to the diggings, where they were soon joined by thousands of new immigrants. In these chaotic communities, people began imagining new forms of society, challenging the rule of the authorities and demanding a greater say in their governments.

George Duncan Guthrie arrived from Scotland in 1857 and stumbled not upon gold but deposits of fine clay. His success was built on his business as a herbalist, and he became a wealthy and respected leader of the Chinese community in Bendigo.
Goldfields sprang up in the Lachlan River region at Lambing Flat in 1860, Forbes in 1861 and Emu Creek (Grenfell) in 1866.
The Lachlan's stockmen and small landholders, already hostile to pastoralists and badly served by government, felt a growing sense of deprivation. Guthrie transformed his find into a business that, by the 1880s, grew to rival the great Staffordshire potteries of 19th century England. Muddy water was filtered through charcoal pieces or limestone shells to make it more drinkable. Some became bushrangers, raiding properties, holding up shopkeepers and publicans, and stealing the gold and cash bumping its way along the isolated roads to Sydney.

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