15.07.2015

Chinese breast cancer rates bodybuilders

Statistics of breast cancer: Breast cancer is a type of cancer originating from breast tissue 1. Stage 0 is a pre-cancerous or marker condition, either ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS). The difference between the two classifications of grade and stage is that the former views the status from pathology and the latter views it from the cancer cell migration.
Cancer cells with some or all positive receptors may respond to some drugs and generally have a better prognosis. Age: Nearly half (48%) of female breast cancer cases is diagnosed in the 50-69 age group 15. Genetic risk factors: The most common cause of hereditary breast cancer is an inherited mutation in the BRCA1 and BRCA2 genes. Dense breast tissue: Women with dense breasts (more more glandular and fibrous tissue and less fatty tissue) may have a higher risk of breast cancer than women with less dense breasts.
Certain benign breast conditions, such as breast benign tumors, cyst, fat necrosis, calcification, Radial scar, atypical hyperplasia, etc.
Menstrual periods: Women who have had more menstrual cycles have a slightly higher risk of breast cancer. Having children: Women who have had no children or who had their first child after age 30 have a slightly higher breast cancer risk.
Birth control and hormone therapy after menopause: Drugs for birth control and menopause may increase the risk of breast cancer.
Alcohol and smoke: The use of alcohol and tobacco smoke is linked to an increased risk of developing breast cancer.
Chemicals in the environment: Pesticides on vegetables and fruits, preservatives in foods, some chemicals in drinking water, breathing air, plastics, certain cosmetics and personal care products may increase risk of cancer in animal tests. Stress: Although the difficulty of measuring stress makes it difficult to demonstrate a tangible relationship between stress and breast cancer, studies reveal that stress is related to breast cancer in various ways 17. As a result GPs were advised to prescribe it on a short-term basis only to combat menopausal symptoms such as hot flushes and night sweats. The researchers also said the name Million Women Study implies an authority beyond criticism or refutation.
The views expressed in the contents above are those of our users and do not necessarily reflect the views of MailOnline. Researchers are analyzing bats, including this Chinese micro bat David's myotis, to try to develop better treatments of human diseases.
The genes of virus-resistant and long-living bats may eventually help researchers develop new treatments for cancer and viruses or even prevent them, a study released Friday says. Bats are known to carry deadly viruses, such as SARS and Ebola, but don't often die from them, Cowled said.
A study of nearly 500,000 middle-aged people found that those who ate a spicy meal every one or two days were far less likely to die than those who infrequently ate the foodThe research, published in the British Medical Journal, was based on a study of 487,000 Chinese people, each aged between the ages of 30 and 79.A Each participant was questioned about their general health and eating habits, and then tracked over the following seven years, in which time 20,224 of them died. Scientists suspect that capsaicin a€” a chemical contained in chili peppers a€” has anti-obesity, antioxidant, anti-inflammation and cancer fighting properties.
Since the high incidence of the breast cancer in the world, research on it is active and many types of breast cancer are classified for its treatments and prognosis.


In pathology, grading compares the appearance of the breast cancer cells to the appearance of normal breast tissue. Breast cancer staging using the TNM system is based on the size of the tumor (T), whether or not the tumor has spread to the lymph nodes (N) in the armpits, and whether the tumor has metastasized (M) (i.e.
Breast cancer cells may or may not have three important receptors: estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (PR), and human epidermal growth factor receptor 2 (HER2). When the cancer cells migrate from the place where they first started to another place in the body, it is called metastasis (Fig.3, 10). Other gene mutations can also lead to inherited breast cancers, including ATM, TP53, CHEK2, PTEN, CDH1, STK11, etc.
This could be from the similar lifestyles and similar genetic responses to the risk factors.
Due to the difficulties of study with a limitation on a certain food for a long time, the results may show an inconsistency. The current standard therapies for breast cancer are surgery, chemotherapy and radiation therapy.
It was one of three major pieces of research which undermined the confidence of women and doctors in the therapy. They were also told not to use it as a treatment for the bone thinning disease osteoporosis a€“ which can lead to deadly fractures. Scientists at Cancer Research UKa€™s Epidemiology Unit at Oxford, who carried out the MWS, said HRT doubled the risk of breast cancer and blamed it for an extra 20,000 British cases over the decade.However, the new review led by Professor Samuel Shapiro, a leading epidemiologist at Cape Town Medical School, South Africa, says the size of the study was irrelevant because the design was flawed and this skewed its findings. As all eyes turn to the Rio Olympics, 15 fabulous Latin American foods that win GOLD for flavour! Those genes, including P53, are involved in the development of cancer or the detection and repair of damaged DNA, the study said.
Most breast cancers are derived from the epithelium lining the ducts or lobules (Fig.2, 6,7), and these cancers are classified as ductal or lobular carcinoma. Breast cancer primarily metastasizes distantly to the bone, lungs, liver and brain, with the most common site being the bone. If there is a link, a diet high in fat, high in red meat and processed meat, and low in fruits and vegetables might lead to health problems, including to the risk of breast cancer. The 5-year survival rate refers to the percentage of patients who live at least 5 years after their cancer is found. Professor Shapiro claims the study failed on a number of criteria accepted in good quality research.
Carcinoma in situ is the growth of cancer cells within a particular tissue compartment such as the mammary duct without invasion of the surrounding tissue.
Larger size, nodal spread, and metastasis have a larger stage number and a worse prognosis. However, since family members share a proportion of their genes and, often, their environment, it is possible that the large number of cancer cases seen in these families may be due in part to other genetic or environmental factors. Lymph node metastasis into the sentinel node and few surrounding nodes is regarded as a treatable local event.
This may be due to the interactions of wound and wound healing capacity inside the body 4.


In contrast, invasive carcinoma does not confine itself to the initial tissue compartment [1]. Their nuclei become less uniform, their divisions become faster, their shapes become irregular and they grow in all directions without confinement. Therefore, risk estimates that are based on families with many affected members may not accurately reflect the levels of risk for BRCA1 and BRCA2 mutation carriers in the general population 9. The incidence rate is increasing: in 2009, the number of new cases of breast cancer diagnosed in Australian women increased to 13,668, from 5,317 in 1982, and in 2020, this number is estimated to increase to 17,210.
If the cancer is ductal carcinoma in situ or has not spread to the lymph nodes, the 5-year survival rates with treatment are up to 98%.
Pathologists describe cells as well differentiated (low grade), moderately differentiated (intermediate grade), and poorly differentiated (high grade) as the cells progressively lose the features seen in normal breast cells. The standard therapies are the most effective methods to remove and inactivate the breast cancer mass.
In 2010, breast cancer was the second leading cause of cancer-related death in Australian women, accounting for 15.3 per cent of all cancer deaths in Australian women, although the mortality rate decreased 30% since 1994.
Poorly differentiated cancers (the ones whose tissue is least like normal breast tissue) have a worse prognosis [1].
Sometimes the metastasis may be found first but the primary tumor cannot be found, despite extensive tests. They earn the time for body’s natural healing power to adjust the imbalanced metabolisms back to normal. If the cancer has spread (metastasized) to other sites (most often the lung, liver, and bone), the average 5-year survival rate is 27% 8.
As the techniques are constantly improving, the number of cases of this unknown primary origin is going down.
However, to prevent the recurrence and metastasis after the standard therapies, the cancer survivor must limit the above risk factors as much as possible to avoid the imbalanced metabolisms. These decreases are thought to be the result of treatment advances, earlier detection through screening, and increased awareness.
Bilateral breast cancer has an overall incidence of 4–20% in patients with primary operable breast cancer 12. In this situation, Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), can play very important roles in breast cancer treatments, including relief of side effects and complications from standard therapies, increasing the quality of life and especially the prevention of recurrence and metastasis (Table-2), since TCM can adjust the formulas according to the TCM indications, leading the metabolisms to the homeostasis. The tumors of the two sides can be from the same clone (one metastasized from the other) or two different clones of tumor cells (two primaries).
About 5-10% of breast cancers can be linked to gene mutations (abnormal changes) inherited from one’s mother or father. Metastasis occurs more likely than two primary tumors, especially in those synchronous bilateral breast cancers (two sides of breast cancer found at the same time) 13. Women with these mutations have up to an 80% risk of developing breast cancer during their lifetime 5.



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