21.12.2014

Cancer screening and warning signs articles

In this picture, even though the mole is a darker color, the border between mole and normal skin is. Updated November 09, 2010 How much should I expect to pay attention for skin cancer moles pictures?. If found to be cancerous, the entire mole and a rim of normal skin around it will be removed and. Print Email Like many other types of cancer, colorectal cancer may not have obvious symptoms in the early stages of the disease.
Two common warning signs of colon cancer include changes in bowel movements and blood in the stools. People who are at the highest risk for developing skin cancer are those who are fair skinned and have light hair and eyes and have had exposure to ultraviolet radiation either outside or from indoor tanning.
The providers at Dermatology Services are experienced at performing skin exams for skin cancer screening.
A new study shows that giving people a picture of their moles helps them spot potentially dangerous changes that may be an early sign of skin cancer. Overview: Cancerous lesions, precancerous lesions, and moles are commonly found on sun-exposed skin. It is exceptionally important to know one?s body so as to watch out for signs of any changes, and this is. This is why cancer screening procedures, such as colonoscopies, are important in individuals who are in the high risk groups for colorectal cancer. Changes in bowel movements, which can either involve diarrhea or constipation, are nonspecific symptoms that can be caused by many different medical problems, including irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
All of the symptoms can be caused by multiple gastrointestinal conditions; colorectal cancer is only one possibility. You can view our HIPAA Privacy Notice, which follows the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA). These are more common in people with fair skin and occur more often in people over the age of 40.  Approximately 10% of actinic keratosis can progress on to become invasive squamous cell carcinoma.


It can occur anywhere on the body, but its most common locations include the upper back, trunk, lower legs, and neck.
Risk factors for melanoma include: fair skin, greater than 50 moles or large or atypical moles, a family history of melanoma and a history of melanoma or non-melanoma skin cancer. Early detection of pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions and removal is important to avoid complications in the future. Blood in the stools is a less common occurrence, but it can sometimes be mistaken for bleeding hemorrhoids, especially if the blood is coming from the rectum as opposed to further up in the colon. Other conditions that can cause these types of symptoms include irritable bowel syndrome, diverticulitis, intestinal ulcers, and inflammatory bowel diseases like Crohn’s disease or ulcerative colitis.
Basal cell and squamous cell carcinomas are the most common types of skin cancer and are referred to as non-melanoma skin cancers. Actinic keratosis can be treated in a variety of different ways including using liquid nitrogen, with topical creams and with light therapy.
Early detection is critical because it can commonly spread to the lymph nodes and internal organs. If you have a suspicious looking mole, changing mole, or a lesion you are concerned about, call our office to schedule an appointment to have it examined. Over time, some polyps turn into cancer.Images courtesy of Cancer Care Manitoba How is colon cancer affecting Nova Scotians?Colon cancer is the second leading cause of cancer death in Nova Scotia. Blood in the stools can appear as bright red if it is caused by rectal bleeding, or very dark if it is caused by bleeding further up in the colon. At Dermatology Services, we offer BLU-U PDT  photodynamic treatment as an option in the treatment of actinic keratosis.
It is very important to recognize any new, rapidly growing lesion or lesions that bleed or have changed in color as these could be early warning signs of melanoma or other skin cancers. Approximately 1000 men and women are diagnosed with colon cancer every year, and about 350 of them will die from the disease.What are the warning signs of colon cancer?Colon cancer grows slowly and often has no warning signs until the cancer is more advanced. Other common symptoms that may occur with colon cancer include abdominal pain, intestinal cramping and gas.


If nothing can be found by these tests, the most likely cause of the symptoms is irritable bowel syndrome. While generally they spread very slowly, if left untreated they may involve surgical removals, which may be disfiguring.
It is now available in all District Health Authorities.What information does the Program keep?We keep the information from the Participant Form that people complete with their screening test, the results of the screening test (FIT) so that we know who needs follow-up tests, and the results of any follow-up tests such as a colonoscopy. In some cases, weight loss that is not explained by other factors may occur, but not everyone who has colon cancer loses weight. How is my information kept private?We are required to follow the Cancer Care Nova Scotia Privacy Policy. Who should be screened for colon cancer?All healthy people aged 50 - 74, with no family history of colon cancer, should be screened every two years. In order to offer this crucial screening program to the people of Nova Scotia, the Nova Scotia Department of Health and Wellness has provided Cancer Care Nova Scotia with the names and addresses of people between the ages of 50 and 74 from existing Department of Health and Wellness information sources. How do I get a screening test?The Colon Cancer Prevention Program will be mailing screening tests to everyone in Nova Scotia aged 50 – 74 years old. You simply place a sample of your stool on a test card and return it, along with the Participant Form, to the lab in the postage-paid envelope.
Images courtesy of Cancer Care Manitoba A doctor examines the lining of the colon and can remove polyps using tiny tools passed through the scope.
For most people, a colonoscopy is a straightforward procedure; however, on rare occasion, some people may have bleeding or other complications such as a perforation (tear) that may require a hospital stay.



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