10.04.2014

Breast cancer nursing care and management

Angelina Jolie underwent a preventive double mastectomy after doctors estimated she had an 87% chance of developing breast cancer.
But what are the chances of getting breast cancer if you don't have a mutated gene?It is already "the top cancer in women both in the developed and the developing world", according to the World Health Organization - and in many countries, it's becoming more common.
In the UK, the chance of developing breast cancer before the age of 30 is roughly 0.05% (one in 2,000).
The fundamental cause of cancer is damaged or faulty genes - the instructions that tell our cells what to do. The most common symptom of breast cancer in men is a hard, painless lump that develops on one of the breasts. A 19-year-old man has been charged with the murder of a US tourist, and five other attempted murders, following a knife attack in London's Russell Square.
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There have been several studies linking vigorous exercise and an active lifestyle with reduced risk of breast cancer in women, but this research, conducted by the American Cancer Society, claims to be the first to study the effect of moderate exercise on the disease.
In the study – published in the October issue of the journal Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention – the researchers analyzed 73,615 post-menopausal women with an average age of 63.


During the 17-year follow-up, 4,760 of the women studied were diagnosed with breast cancer.
For post-menopausal women who may not be physically able to do strenuous exercise or have especially active lifestyles for whatever reason, these findings show that the risk of breast cancer can evidently still be reduced through moderate exercise like walking.
Whether you’re looking to lower your risk of breast cancer of just stay fit and healthy, walking is excellent, safe exercise to do at any age – and all you need is a comfortable pair of shoes.
The organizations represented in the links below are in no way associated with Chicagoland Methodist Senior Services and the views expressed within do not necessarily represent those of Chicagoland Methodist Senior Services or any of its affiliates. How was that figure calculated and how does it differ from other women's risk of getting the disease?Jolie's chances of developing breast cancer were so high because she inherited a mutated BRCA 1 gene from her mother, Marcheline Bertrand, who died of ovarian cancer at the age of 56.The BRCA1 is present in everyone but only mutates in one in 1,000 people. It goes up to 2% (one in 50) before the age of 50 and 7.7% (one in 13) before the age of 70. Genes are encoded within DNA, so anything that damages DNA can increase the risk of cancer. Cancers that are directly caused by specific genetic faults inherited from a parent are rare.
African women are four times less likely to get the disease because they have children at a younger age, have more of them and breastfeed them for longer.
We have an assortment of courses that will inform you about the different types of cancers, risk factors, sign, symptoms and treatment options.
According to the findings of a new study, women who walk for one hour a day can lower their risk of having breast cancer by 14 percent. Approximately nine percent of the women were not active and partook in no physical leisure activity, while 47 percent reported walking as the sole form of exercise. Women who walked for at least one hour a day were 14% less likely to have developed breast cancer, and women who engaged in strenuous exercise saw their risk lowered by 25 percent.


An hour walk may be too much to do at once, so try taking a few shorter walks throughout the day. But we all have subtle variations in our genes that may increase or reduce our risk of cancer by a small amount. Overall, a woman living in the UK has a 12% chance of getting breast cancer during her lifetime.
On the other hand, recovery rates are higher in developed countries."Breast cancer survival rates [range] from 80% or over in North America, Sweden and Japan to around 60% in middle-income countries and below 40% in low-income countries," according the WHO.But with the number of cases of breast cancer rising in the UK, and in many other countries, how many women are taking the dramatic decision that Angelina Jolie was faced with - to have a mastectomy? Although navigators are new to the healthcare industry, programs have been started in hospitals across the United States. Other factors, such as time spent sitting, use of hormone replacement therapy and weight, did not appear to affect the likelihood of developing breast cancer. This is partly explained by the fact that people are living longer and cancer is generally a disease that affects people in later life.
If you can find a friend who likes walking too, plan regular walks together to keep each other motivated.
We know that women's lifestyles are changing and being overweight and drinking a lot of alcohol is linked to breast cancer risk," says Arney.Changes in reproductive habits are also a factor. According to Cancer Research UK, the relative risk of developing breast cancer is estimated to increase by 3% for each year an adult woman delays becoming a mother.



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