Article testicular cancer

International Journal of Impotence Research - Figure 1 for article: Testicular metastasis as isolated recurrence after radical prostatectomy. This journal is a member of and subscribes to the principles of the Committee on Publication Ethics. Testicular torsion occurs when a testicle torts on the spermatic cord resulting in the cutting off of blood supply. Providing a co-ordinated approach and a single source of quality assured health information for the public in Scotland.
Cancer of the testicles, also known as testicular cancer, is one of the less common cancers. The testicles are the two oval-shaped male sex organs that sit inside the scrotum on either side of the penis.
The testicles are an important part of the male reproductive system because they produce sperm and the hormone testosterone, which plays a major role in male sexual development.
The different types of testicular cancer are classified by the type of cells the cancer first begins in. The most common type of testicular cancer is known as ‘germ cell testicular cancer’, which accounts for around 95% of all cases.
Seminomas and non-seminomas tend to respond well to chemotherapy, a treatment that uses medication to kill cancer cells.

Testicular cancer is relatively uncommon, accounting for just 1% of all cancers that occur in men. Each year in the UK around 2,300 men are diagnosed with testicular cancer, according to Cancer Research UK. Testicular cancer is unusual compared to other cancers because it tends to affect younger men.
The number of cases of testicular cancer that are diagnosed each year in the UK has roughly doubled since the mid-1970s. The cause or causes of testicular cancer are unknown, but a number of things have been identified that increase the chance of developing the condition. Even cases of more advanced testicular cancer, where the cancer has spread outside the testicles to nearby tissue, have an 80% chance of being cured. Treatment for testicular cancer includes the surgical removal of the affected testicle (which should not affect fertility or the ability to have sex), and chemotherapy. If you smoke, giving up will halve your risk of developing testicular cancer, as well as reduce your risk of getting many other serious health conditions, such as lung cancer and heart disease. If you decide to stop smoking, see your GP or call the Smokeline helpline on 0800 84 84 84. If you are committed to giving up smoking but do not want to be referred to a stop smoking service, your GP should be able to prescribe medical treatment to help with withdrawal symptoms you may have.

Teratomas of the testis in post-pubertal patients are histologically diverse tumors that often coexist with other types of germ cell tumors. Testicular teratoma typically consists of heterogeneous mixtures of diverse epithelial and stromal components.
The fibrous stroma of testicular teratomas frequently has genetic abnormalities similar to those of the epithelial components.
Concordant chromosome 12p alterations between the fibrous stroma and epithelial elements provide further evidence that both epithelial and fibrous components of teratoma are derived from a common progenitor.
As a result, although relatively uncommon overall, testicular cancer is the most common type of cancer to affect men between the ages of 15 and 49.
Less commonly, radiotherapy (a treatment that uses radiation to kill cancer cells) may be used for seminomas.

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