27.08.2015

Animal products in traditional chinese medicine

This year marks the 60th anniversary of the founding of the World Health Organization (WHO) and the 30th anniversary of the Alma-Ata Declaration, which for the first time called upon governments and organizations to include traditional medicine in their primary health care systems. To commemorate these anniversaries and to support countries as they work toward the goals of Alma-Ata, WHO is cosponsoring (with the Ministry of Health of China and the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine of China) a Summit Congress on Traditional Medicine in November in Beijing, China.
According to the World Health Organization, nearly 80 percent of the world’s population depends for its primary health care needs on medicines derived from plants and animals. TCM is a health care system in which patients are treated with natural plant, animal, and mineral remedies. TCM uses approximately 1,000 plant and 36 animal species, including the tiger, rhinoceros, black bear, musk deer, and sea horse; the tiger, rhinoceros, and sea horse are endangered.
In TCM the bones of Panthera tigris have been used in wines, plasters, and manufactured medicines to treat arthritis and other joint ailments.
In 1993, China banned the domestic trade of tiger bones, and TCM removed tiger bone from its official pharmacopoeia. Surveys in 2006 by TRAFFIC, the wildlife trade monitoring network, showed that less than 3 percent of 663 medicine shops and dealers in 26 cities across China claimed to stock tiger bone. In June 2007, under pressure from tiger farm owners, China announced a plan to lift its trade ban on parts from farmed tigers. Bear bile is used in TCM to treat a wide variety of illnesses and injuries, including liver ailments and headaches.
Musk from the musk deer is the basis of some 300 TCM prescriptions, of various remedies in Western homeopathic medicine, and of some perfumes.
The seahorse, used as a treatment for kidney ailments, circulatory problems, and impotence, has been a feature of TCM for centuries.
Thirty-two countries and regions are involved in harvesting some 20,000,000 seahorses each year; yet production already is failing to meet a worldwide demand that had reached 500 tons annually by the beginning of the 21st century.
Although the use of animal parts in TCM is deeply engrained and such practices are slow to change, dialogue between conservationists and TCM practitioners is underway.
Mending the Web of Life: Chinese Medicine and Species Conservation, launched in September 2006 at the Third International Congress of Traditional Medicine in Toronto, is the book for anyone concerned about the use of endangered animals and plants in traditional Chinese medicine (TCM). Other sections of the book include the results of a peer-reviewed survey of practitioners discussing medicinal alternatives for species used in traditional concoctions, a chapter on the importance of cultivation in conserving plant species, an overview of laws and treaties of the United States governing the import and export of endangered species, and a list of suggested actions intended to foster a sense of direction in conservation efforts.
The approach to species protection that is described in the book can be applied to any species threatened by extinction and also provides a perspective on our own responsibility to preserve biodiversity.
I love Traditional Chinese Medicine, I often used Traditional Chinese Medicine if I in sick. I believe the chinese also need to look at the type of food they eat – to desist from eating shark fin soup etc.
This is a dirty human practice.How could someone kill the innocent animals for their own sake. I think it’s horrible that black bears are tortured for their bile and live a life of imprisonment and agony when there are substitutes for bear bile that work just as well and don’t hurt animals such as rhubarb! Written by Unprecedented Proposals for Animal Welfare in China – Advocacy For Animals on March 11, 2011. I would like to have partnership with your organization more especially on complementary medicine and projects support for sustainability on research of herbal medicine related to indigenous knowledge.
The animal shapes in marble and stone are, basically, designed to mark them as a show piece to adorn your room or cabin.
Some of animal sculptures may not have exactly realistic looking but have abstract approaches to the art. Our featured marble animal sculptures include elephant sculpture, dragon sculpture, cat sculpture, estate lion sculpture, Chinese lion sculpture, horse sculpture, dog sculpture, bird sculpture, gargoyle statue and sculpture. The Chinese character ? (fo) stands for Buddha and is a term phonetically translated from Sanskrit, an ancient Indian language.
In ?, the meaning is provided by ? (ren) on the left, which is a variant of the character ? (ren), referring to humankind, people, or a human being. When the term ? was first introduced in China, it was phonetically translated into Chinese as ?? (fo tuo), ?? (fu tuo), ?? (fo tu), or ?? (fu tu), among other variations. Buddha means “an enlightened being,” one who has become enlightened through cultivating (improving) one’s character and attained immense wisdom.
Such a sentient being has a complete understanding of the entire universe, including the mysteries of life, humanity, and every dimension of existence, and is truly able to distinguish good from bad, righteous from evil. The Buddha School of cultivation practice is called ?? (fo jia), or the family (?, jia) of Buddha.
It explains that the energy emitted from the bodies of those who cultivate the Buddha Fa can rectify all abnormal conditions. Recent CommentsQuinoa - A Delicious Superfood - on Quinoa for Breakfast?Quinoa for Breakfast?
Find out about some of the unique dishes of a nation who are willing to eat just about anything.


Following the Alma-Ata Declaration, WHO established its own Traditional Medicine Programme. Because animal products are a significant component of some traditional Chinese medicine (TCM), Advocacy for Animals is rerunning our October 2007 article a€?Traditional Chinese Medicine and Endangered Animalsa€? as the Congress approaches.
Shennong, born in the 28th century BCE, according to legend, is credited with compiling a catalogue of 365 species of medicinal plants that became the basis of later herbological studies. There is little doubt that the trade in tiger bones for medicinal purposes was a major factor behind the tiger conservation crisis of the 1980s and ’90s.
Many TCM practitioners now refuse to use medicines that contain tiger parts, preferring alternative remedies instead.
This plan is being opposed by India, Nepal, Bhutan, and Indonesia as well as by tiger conservation groups around the world. Its popularity has been a major factor in the reduction of the rhinoceros population in Africa and Asia.
In fact, it was mentioned in the famous work Bencao gangmu (1578; a€?Great Pharmacopoeiaa€?), a description of nearly 2,000 drugs. China’s demand alone was 200a€“250 tons per year, 95 percent of which had to be imported.
Chinaa€™s Hainan province, whose coastal areas near Yaxian (called Sanya locally) provide ideal living conditions for the seahorse, is making significant investments in seahorse farming.
The Third International Congress of Traditional Medicine, held in Toronto in September 2006, is one example of this.
But they cannot replace constant and aggressive vigilance against poachers of endangered species who continue their illegal activity.
It begins with a look at international conservation agreements, moves to a discussion of the concept of sustainable use, and then continues with a review of the identification of species and the effects of identification on the trade of these animals. We’ve talked about some of those people and organizations in the pages of Advocacy for Animals. Some of the animal figurines designed from this raw material have traditional significance too. Marble animal statues placed next to the trees or bushes, near the water ponds and pools or even in the lawn will enhance the natural themes to the outdoor environments. Moreover, these intricately designed carvings are matchless in beauty as well as range and are impeccably crafted with utmost attention to intricacy and detail. In the Buddha School, to return to one’s innate goodness, one cultivates the Buddha Fa (??, fo fa), or simply Fa (?, fa), the Truth of the universe. Chinese food is famous all over the world, but you may be shocked by its surprising range and variety of ingredients if you’ve only eaten in Chinese restaurants abroad.
With thousands of years’ development, China has its own unique dinning culture and etiquette, which foreign visitors may find quite different from what they are used to, and even consider weird. Increasingly, however, modern medicines and remedies also contain animal and plant derivatives. Most medical literature, however, is founded on the Neijing (3rd century BCE; a€?Esoteric classica€?), which is still regarded as a great authority.
Today there are as few as 5,000 to 7,000 tigers in the wild; they are designated as endangered on the 2007 World Conservation Union Red List of Threatened Species. One of the most promising alternatives, according to presenters at The First International Symposium on Endangered Species Used in Traditional East Asian Medicine in Hong Kong in 1997, is the bone of a wild mole rat, Mysospalax baileyi or sailing; other possibilities discussed were the bones of dogs, cows, goats, and other domestic animals. Back in 1996a€“97, 43 percent of medicine shops surveyed by TRAFFIC in Chinese communities in North America were still offering tiger bone products for sale; this figure jumped to 50 percent when medicines claiming to contain rhinoceros or leopard products were included. If China legalizes trade in parts from farmed tigers, experts agree, the poaching of wild tigers will increase. According to the World Wildlife Fund, only about 3,100 black rhinos in Africa and 2,800 of all three Asian species (Sumatran, Javan, and Indian) in Asia still survive.
Because of the significant reduction in the population of wild Asiatic black bears that has resulted, bear farming was introduced in China in 1984. TRAFFIC reports that China’s demand for musk is estimated at 500a€“1,000 kilograms per year, which requires the musk glands of at least 100,000 deer. Today approximately 90 health and medicine products containing seahorses are sold in China and elsewhere. The rising demand, according to the World Nature Foundation, had resulted, already in 1996, in the reduction of populations of the known 35 varieties of seahorses by more than half.
Sponsored by the International Fund for Animal Welfare, the Congress was organized around the belief that the ecosystems on which TCM was built must be preserved. Because poaching can be as lucrative as the narcotics trade, offenders are often willing to take great risks to be involved.
Utilizing the principles of TCM itself, the book was created with TCM practitioners in mind. The picture is of seahorses in a basket on the counter in a store–is that what you were asking?


It’s important to be fair, I think, and acknowledge that people are basically the same all over the world. Animal sculptures are mostly made in marble but can also be in sandstone, limestone, granite or travertine. The emphasis is on fresh, seasonal ingredients, prepared with a minimum of fuss and beautifully balanced for color, texture, and presentation. See our most recommended Chinese food tours, which combine must-see attractions in China with meals in carefully selected restaurants. Given growing populations, increasing wealth, and the spreading popularity of natural remedies around the world, the demand for these medicines and remedies is rising. TCM is all about restoring smooth movement of vital energy and the balance between yin and yang forces in its patients. During its centuries of development, TCM spread throughout China and then into Japan, Korea, and Southeast Asia.
Black, Sumatran, and Javan rhinos are designated as critically endangered on the 2007 World Conservation Union Red List of Threatened Species, the Indian as endangered, and the African White variety as near threatened.
On these farms bears are confined to small cages where their bile is extracted through catheters, a painful and sometimes deadly ordeal.
Currently the seahorse is not listed as endangered and there are no international regulations on trade, a tragedy in the making. Regulations, where lacking, must be put in place, and enforcement by governments and international agencies must be swift. Hopefully one day someone like me, probably myself, will kill themselves and take down as many … like these chinese as i possibly can before i die. Asian Restaurants have a high demand for exotic rare species, Elephant Ivory is in high demand in China, and Rhino Horn is used as a medicine in Asia.
Superior workmanship of our master sculptors ensures the likeness of each marble animal we sculpture. The rising demand, combined with reduced habitat, has caused an alarming increase in the number of plant and animal species (used for medicinal purposes) at risk.
It has been a major part of traditional Chinese culture and continues to play an important role in medical treatment in China today.
Despite protective laws, poaching continuesa€”still motivated by the Asian market for rhinoceros horn. Most important, TCM practitioners and patients must continue to reject remedies that contain parts of endangered and protected animals. I know Americans that have gone to China and tell me that yes a person such as myself could never go they have dog markets and I read about the eating of the dog in china and they believe the crueler the slaughter of the dog the more it’s a aphrodisiac.
This article highlights some of the threatened and endangered animal species used in traditional Chinese medicine, the most widely practiced traditional system. Captive-breeding is now the only hope for some species until protection can be provided in the wild.
Farming, which China claims to have success with, and medicinal alternatives may help save the musk deer. Now the Slaughter of almost extinct wildlife is at Epidemic Proportions because of 4 Million Chinese in Africa POACHING and KILLING amongst their other professions of Mining and Construction. Please don’t somebody comment on how every culture has this or that because I know but the asian market is responsible for the sharks on the way to extinction. The three main alternatives under consideration in China, according to presenters at the international symposium in Hong Kong referred to above, are the muskrat, two species of civet, and synthetic materials. Understand NOW WHY we have to take fast Action and STOP THEM from WIPING OUT all the f***ing wildlife! How nice put a bear in a cage stick an enema up his but because you believe it’s medicine. He calls on the United States, specifically, to pass national legislation to protect bears in this country and to inhibit international trading in bear parts.
The implications of harvesting large numbers of these animals for medicinal purposes, however, have not been fully explored. Some day man will pay for the wrong he has done onto this planet and it’s beautiful animals who bother no one.
This is heartbreaking I’m so ashamed to be part of a civilization that practices such harmful and cruel acts to animals.
Instead they are shoved in fishing crates and die a slow painful and extremely terrifying death. Someday we are all going to pay for this because we are all part of the circle of life and you take out one part of that and the part that animal played in the eco-system will die and so forth.



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