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Diabetes is a disease where your body cannot control its blood sugar levels properly – either because your body doesn’t make enough (or any) insulin, or because your cells have become resistant to insulin. Insulin is produced in the pancreas, it is important because it helps your body process sugars. Diabetes can affect the body in many other ways, including eye disease, foot ulceration, kidney failure, amputation and a higher risk of heart disease. Keeping your blood sugar at a safe level means you’re less likely to experience other health problems.
If diabetes is diagnosed and managed effectively, you can still live a long and happy life as long as you stay in control. There are also many people in Fiji living with diabetes who may not even know it because they don’t have the symptoms, it is important to get your blood sugar tested regularly to avoid Diabetes related complications further down the track.
The 2002 STEPS survey identified that out of the 16% diabetics, 50% of them were previously unrecognised which is an alarmingly high number. Given the fact that 30% of Fijians have Diabetes, you have a 1 in 3 chance of having or developing diabetes. Early detection and treatment of diabetes can decrease the risk of developing the complications of diabetes. The best way to check if you have diabetes or are at risk is to visit your local health centre. This chart shows the different levels of blood glucose, what are safe levels and what are dangerous levels depending on when you last ate. Even if you have no symptoms at all, it is important to get tested as you may still have diabetes. You can prevent or delay the onset of Type 2 diabetes through adopting a healthy lifestyle. By changing your diet, increasing your level of physical activity and maintaining a healthy weight, you can stay healthier, live longer and reduce your risk of Type 2 Diabetes.
Type 2 diabetes occurs when your cells have become insulin resistant or your body doesn’t produce enough insulin to keep you healthy. Fasting blood glucose is a measure of the quantity of glucose present in an individual’s blood stream after abstaining from eating for at least eight hours.1 This test is used to screen for diabetes. The chart below provides fasting blood sugar numbers and descriptions as provided by the American Diabetes Association.


For a comprehensive overview of Diabetes, see our Diabetes section under medical health issues. HDL Cholesterol and LDL Cholesterol The two basic types of cholesterol with which we are concerned with are LDL and HDL cholesterol. Shown below is a Blood Sugar Level Chart, simply designed for basic glucose and blood sugar testing.
For more nutritional information, charts, health stats, worksheets, and other free printable items, visit any of the links shown on this page.
Click this link to exit the Blood Sugar Level Chart page, and visit the Main Health Info Page.Hit this link for a collection of Great American Recipes. Insulin pens come in 2 basic styles: prefilled which you discard after the insulin is used, or refillable. Before you decide to use a pen or not, you must first determine if the insulin you are using comes in one. The initial outlay for a refillable pen may cost more (around $40), and cartridges or disposable pens cost more per mL than vials. Next you need to determine the pet's average insulin needs, and how precise the dose must be.
This 1998 study[6], aimed at discovering the accuracy of insulin pens to deliver small doses (less than 5 units) of U100 insulin to children, concluded that there can be problems with the accuracy of some pens regarding small insulin dosages. Not leaving the needle in place for 5-10 seconds after injecting insulin may result in less insulin being delivered than the planned dose. Insulin from any sort of cartridge device (refillable or disposable pens) is dispensed more slowly than when using syringes, because of the necessary compression action of all pens on cartridges.
Low-dose insulin patients who switch from using syringes to pens may experience a significant change in insulin dosage. Children are more at risk of receiving accidental intramuscular injections, which results in faster absorption. The availability of U40 insulin would decrease the risks of hypoglycemia, as U40 insulins are able to be given in small doses with more accuracy than U100 insulins. Most pens are now designed to hold 300 units (3ml) of insulin and do not need refrigeration after being started. All "cloudy" (NPH, NPH Mixes, Analog Mixes) insulins available in pen form need to be re-suspended before use, just like their vialed counterparts.


Fill the syringe with air, empty it into the pen, then (with pen above syringe), suck the same amount of insulin back out.
Here's why -- as you remove the insulin from the Flexpen, the pressure inside the cartridge will drop, which will pull on the pen's screw-and-plunger mechanism, which doesn't expect to be pulled. Finally, don't ever try actually using the Flexpen again as a pen once you've begun this process!
Both BD[9] and ReliOn[10] produce "universal" pen needles which fit all major brands of pens in the US. This Diabetes Health Guide compares all currently marketed (US) insulin pens--refillable and disposable.
Currently almost 1 in every 3 Fijians is being diagnosed with diabetes, that’s 30% of the population.
You can always visit your nearest diabetes hub to get your sugar checked ad learn how to stay in control of your diabetes. They can check your blood glucose (sugar) levels there and assess any symptoms you may have.
On the other hand, in the case where the insulin is expensive and expires quickly, as with Lantus, you may find yourself throwing away a lot of expired insulin -- it can then be cheaper to use pens, with their small 3ml cartridges.
Novo Nordisk's Flexpen), and need the extra precision of a syringe, things get a little tricker.
Do it this way whether you're transferring to a vial, extracting 1ml at a time, or just using the pen every day as a vial. Type 2 diabetes is more common than Type 1, it is also more easily avoided if the correct healthy lifestyle is adopted. However, some people with Type 2 diabetes have symptoms so mild that they go unnoticed so it is always best to get your blood sugar levels tested by a medical professional. If you decide on a refillable pen, keep in mind that Lilly insulin cartridges don't fit Novo's pens, and so on.



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