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Type 2 diabetes: What is it?Diabetes is a chronic condition that affects the body's ability to convert sugar into energy.
To provide even greater transparency and choice, we are working on a number of other cookie-related enhancements. The BBC recently led its UK national news with a story about the National Health Service (NHS) launching a Diabetes Prevention Programme in conjunction with Public Health England and Diabetes UK.
Yet the shocking truth is that Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus (T2DM) can be delayed or prevented in a huge 58% of cases. For many people, T2DM can go undiagnosed for many years as some individuals display no symptoms, whereas for others the symptoms occur gradually, including blurred eyesight, slow healing, tingling and numbness in the feet. The first line of approach for diabetes prevention is lifestyle changes, including following a nutritious eating plan, being physically active in as many ways as you can and having regular health checks, particularly if you are aged over 45 or have a family history of diabetes. The amount of carbohydrate in a meal is a very important consideration in meal planning for people with diabetes. Contrary to popular belief, carbohydrates are not only found in the breads and cereals core food group (breads, cereals, rice, and pasta) and potatoes, but in all the 5 food groups, including vegetables (particularly potato, cassava and corn), meat alternatives (legumes), dairy (milk and yoghurt), and fruit. Looking at the GI alone is not adequate in predicting the effect of a food on blood sugar levels, but serves as a very useful starting point.
To find out how much carbohydrates you should be consuming throughout the day as well as to plan a suitable diet to better manage your blood sugar levels, speak to an Accredited Practising Dietitian. 2 – Regular meals with the incorporation of healthy snacks between meals (if you are hungry). 3 – Limit intake of unhealthy, saturated fats by choosing lean meats, low fat dairy, and avoiding fried or creamy restaurant and takeaway meals, desserts and processed snacks such as chips. 4 – Avoid alcohol, but if you choose to drink, limit it to 1-2 standard drinks per night and have at least 2 alcohol-free nights each week. To find out more about Katherine Baqleh, Accredited Practising Dietitian and founder of Health Victory Nutrition Experts, please visit her WatchFit profile page.
Katherine Baqleh is an Accredited Practising Dietitian and Accredited Nutritionist that specialises in medical nutrition therapy for weight management and a range of chronic diseases. She is a member of the Dietitians Association of Australia, and is the owner and founder of Health Victory Nutrition Experts. Latests numbers released by the International Diabetes Federation have revealed that the number of Australian adults diagnosed with diabetes has reached almost 1.7 million - or one in ten. The data also estimates that at the end of 2012, over 46 per cent of type two diabetes patients people with type two diabetes were not achieving their blood glucose goals. Poor blood glucose control can lead to a variety of serious diabetes complications, such as cardiovascular disease, blindness, kidney failure and amputation of limbs. The latest IDF numbers support the data in an Australian report released last year, entitled Diabetes: the silent pandemic and its impact on Australia. It is expected that by 2025, type 2 diabetes - Australia’s fastest growing chronic disease - will triple in prevalence, with three million Australians diagnosed. According to the American Diabetes Association, more than 86 million Americans over the age of 20 have prediabetes, a condition in which blood sugar levels are higher than normal. If you need assistance in managing prediabetes or would like to talk to a dietitian about a healthy eating plan, please contact Renown Health Improvement Programs at 775-982-5073. Subscribe to get a weekly roundup of hand-picked articles delivered directly to your inbox.
A person with diabetes and one lower extremity amputation has a 50% chance of developing a limb-threatening condition on the contra-lateral limb within two years, and the five year mortality rate after diabetes-related lower extremity amputation is nearly 50%. This allows sugar levels to build up in the blood, which can lead to heart disease, blindness and other serious complications. It is intended for general information purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It plans to address the largely preventable disease of Type 2 diabetes which costs the NHS 10% of its annual budget – ?10billion! Given that one person is diagnosed every 5 minutes, it is important that we are made aware of the actions that can be taken to reduce this burden. Eating low GI foods in suitable portions will help you maintain consistent blood glucose levels.
Eating according to appetite a meal that contains high-fibre low-GI carbohydrates, good quality proteins, plenty of vegetables and healthy fats will improve the blood sugar readings after a meal.


The report was researched and written by Baker IDI Heart & Diabetes Institute in partnership with Diabetes Australia, the Juvenile Diabetes Research Foundation and Novo Nordisk. Although the blood sugar levels in prediabetes are not high enough to be classified as diabetes, you could be damaging your heart and circulatory system. Plan meals that limit (not eliminate) foods that contain carbohydrates, which raises your blood sugar. A small decrease in your weight can drastically decrease your risk of developing diabetes in the future. Schedule an appointment with your primary care provider at least once a year so you can track your health together. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health. Current trends point to 1 in 3 people being obese and 1 in 10 Type 2 diabetic in less than 20 years. Carbohydrates include starches, fruits, milk, yogurt, starchy vegetables (corn, peas, potatoes) and sweets. Thus, people that don’t get adequate sleep are at an increased risk for developing type 2 diabetes. Diabetes UK estimates that over 600,000 people with type 2 diabetes don't know they have it. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the BootsWebMD Site. Diabetes may not have symptomsIn most cases type 2 diabetes doesn't cause any symptoms, or the symptoms are mild, which is why many people have it for years without knowing it, and why it's important to get tested. Warning sign: ThirstOne of the first symptoms of type 2 diabetes may be an increase in thirst. This is often accompanied by additional problems, including dry mouth, increased appetite, frequent urination – sometimes as often as every hour -- and unusual weight loss or gain.
Warning sign: Blurred visionAs blood sugar levels become more abnormal, additional symptoms may include headaches, blurred vision and fatigue. Warning sign: InfectionsIn most cases, type 2 diabetes is not discovered until it takes a noticeable toll on health. Diabetes can cause damage to blood vessels and nerve endings in the genitals, leading to a loss of feeling and making orgasm difficult.
Risk factors you can controlYour habits and lifestyle can affect your odds of developing type 2 diabetes. Risk factors for womenHaving gestational diabetes when you're pregnant puts you seven times at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes later on.
Having a history of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) can also cause insulin resistance that can lead to diabetes. Type 2 diabetes in childrenAlthough older people have a higher risk of getting type 2 diabetes, the condition is affecting more young people.
Diabetes UK says around 35,000 children and young people in the UK have diabetes, with around 700 of these having type 2 diabetes. The leading risk factor for children is being overweight, often connected with an unhealthy diet and lack of physical activity. Once children are overweight, their chances of developing type 2 diabetes more than doubles. Often a urine test is carried out first, and if it contains glucose, or a person is at risk of diabetes, one or more blood tests to check levels of glucose in the blood are performed.
How does insulin work?In healthy people, after a meal, food is broken down into a sugar called glucose, which is carried by the blood to cells throughout the body.
Cells use the hormone insulin, made in the pancreas, to help them process blood glucose into energy. People develop type 2 diabetes because the cells in the muscles, liver and fat cannot use insulin properly, called insulin resistance.
Type 2 Diabetes: Metabolism mishapsIn type 2 diabetes, the cells cannot absorb glucose properly. If you've developed a condition called insulin resistance, the body makes insulin, but the muscle, liver and fat cells cannot use insulin, or do not respond to the insulin, properly.
With long-standing, uncontrolled type 2 diabetes, the pancreas will reduce the amount of insulin it produces.


Managing diabetes: DietFortunately, people with type 2 diabetes can significantly reduce the risk of damage to their bodies, including damage to the heart, kidneys, eyes and feet. People with type 2 diabetes should carefully monitor carbohydrate consumption, as well as total fat and protein intake and reduce calories. Managing diabetes: ExerciseModerate exercise, such as strength training or walking, improves the body's use of insulin and can lower blood sugar levels in people with type 2 diabetes. Being active also helps reduce body fat, lower blood pressure and protect against heart disease. Try to do at least 150 minutes of exercise a week, with some exercise on most days of the week. It can also increase glucose levels in your blood as part of your "fight or flight" response.
Instead of letting stress take its toll, try relaxation techniques such as deep breathing, meditation or just talking to a friend or relative.
Managing diabetes: MedicationWhen people with type 2 diabetes are unable to control blood sugar sufficiently with diet and exercise, medication can help. There are many types of diabetes medicines available and they are often used in combination. Some work by stimulating the pancreas to make more insulin, while others improve the effectiveness of insulin, or reduce the liver's production of glucose, or block the digestion of starches.
Managing diabetes: InsulinMany people with type 2 diabetes eventually develop 'beta-cell failure'.
This means the cells in the pancreas no longer produce insulin in response to high blood sugar levels. In this case, insulin therapy – injections or an insulin pump – must become part of the daily routine. Whereas insulin pulls glucose into the cells, these medications cause the body to release insulin to control blood sugar levels. Glucose testingTesting your blood glucose level will let you know how controlled your blood sugars are and if you need to take action to change your treatment plan.
How often and when you test will be based on how controlled your diabetes is, the type of therapy used to control your diabetes and whether you are experiencing symptoms of fluctuating sugars.
Your diabetes team will suggest how often you should use a glucose meter to check your blood sugar.
Common testing times are first thing in the morning, before and after meals and exercise and before bedtime. Long-term damage: ArteriesOver time, untreated type 2 diabetes can damage many of the body's systems.
People with diabetes are likely to develop plaque in their arteries, which reduces blood flow and increases the risk of clots.
People with diabetes are up to five times more likely to develop heart disease or have a stroke. Long-term damage: KidneysThe longer you have untreated diabetes, the greater the risk of developing kidney disease or kidney failure. Long-term damage: EyesHigh blood sugar can damage the tiny blood vessels that bring oxygen and nutrients to the retina, a critical part of the eye. This is known as diabetic retinopathy and it can cause progressive, irreversible vision loss.
People with diabetes are up to 20 times more likely to go blind than those without diabetes.
Long-Term Damage: Nerve PainOver time, uncontrolled diabetes and elevated blood sugars create a very real risk of nerve damage. Symptoms can include tingling, numbness, pain and a pins and needles sensation -- often in the fingers, hands, toes or feet. Preventing type 2 diabetesOne of the most astonishing things about type 2 diabetes is that such a life-altering condition is often preventable.



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    29.03.2014

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    29.03.2014

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    29.03.2014