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1160 Maurice de Sully (named Bishop of Paris), orders the original cathedral to be demolished. Though several organs were installed in the cathedral over time, the earliest ones were inadequate for the building.
The first noteworthy organ was finished in the 18th century by the noted builder FranA§ois-Henri Clicquot.
Some of Clicquot's original pipework in the pedal division continues to sound from the organ today. Its sculptures and stained glass show the heavy influence of naturalism, unlike that of earlier Romanesque architecture. In December 1992, work was completed on the organ that fully computerized the organ under three LANs (Local Area Networks). In 1160, because the church in Paris had become the "parisian church of the kings of Europe", Bishop Maurice de Sully deemed the previous Paris cathedral, Saint-A‰tienne (St Stephen's), which had been founded in the 4th century, unworthy of its lofty role, and had it demolished shortly after he assumed the title of Bishop of Paris. As with most foundation myths, this account needs to be taken with a grain of salt; archeological excavations in the 20th century suggested that the Merovingian Cathedral replaced by Sully was itself a massive structure, with a five-aisled nave and a faA§ade some 36m across. It seems likely therefore that the faults with the previous structure were exaggerated by the Bishop to help justify the rebuilding in a newer style. According to legend, Sully had a vision of a glorious new cathedral for Paris, and sketched it on the ground outside the original church.
To begin the construction, the bishop had several houses demolished and had a new road built in order to transport materials for the rest of the cathedral.


During the reigns of Louis XIV and Louis XV, the cathedral underwent major alterations as part of an ongoing attempt to modernize cathedrals throughout Europe. Bishop de Sully went on to devote most of his life and wealth to the cathedral's construction. The north and south rose windows were spared this fate.In 1793, during the French Revolution, the cathedral was rededicated to the Cult of Reason, and then to the Cult of the Supreme Being.
Construction of the choir took from 1163 until around 1177 and the new High Altar was consecrated in 1182 (it was normal practice for the eastern end of a new church to be completed first, so that a temporary wall could be erected at the west of the choir, allowing the chapter to use it without interruption while the rest of the building slowly took shape).
During this time, many of the treasures of the cathedral were either destroyed or plundered.
After Bishop Maurice de Sully's death in 1196, his successor, Eudes de Sully (no relation) oversaw the completion of the transepts and pressed ahead with the nave, which was nearing completion at the time of his own death in 1208. The statues of biblical kings of Judah (erroneously thought to be kings of France) were beheaded. Between 1210 and 1220, the fourth architect oversaw the construction of the level with the rose window and the great halls beneath the towers. The most signifiant change in design came in the mid 13th century, when the transepts were remodelled in the latest Rayonnant style; in the late 1240s Jean de Chelles added a gabled portal to the north transept topped off by a spectacular rose window. A restoration program was initiated in 1845, overseen by architects Jean-Baptiste-Antoine Lassus and EugA?ne Viollet-le-Duc. Shortly afterwards (from 1258) Pierre de Montreuil executed a similar scheme on the South transept.


The restoration lasted twenty five years and included the construction of a flA?che (a type of spire) as well as the addition of the chimeras on the Galerie des ChimA?res. Both these transept portals were richly embellished with sculpture; the south portal features scenes from the lives of St Stephen and of various local saints, while the north portal featured the infancy of Christ and the story of Theophilus in the tympanum, with a highly influential statue of the Virgin and Child in the trumeau. Whether that was so or not, the cathedral survived the Commune period essentially unscathed. In 1939, at the beginning of World War II, it was feared that German bombers could destroy the windows; as a result, on 11 September 1939, they were removed, and then restored at the end of the war. In 1991, a major program of maintenance and restoration was initiated, which was intended to last ten years, but is still in progress as of 2009, the cleaning and restoration of old sculptures being an exceedingly delicate matter. The great bourdon bell, Emmanuel, is located in the South Tower, weighs just over 13 tons, and is tolled to mark the hours of the day and for various occasions and services. The bells were once rung manually, but are currently rung by electric motors, when it was discovered that the size of the bells could cause the entire building to vibrate, which threatened its integrity they were taken out of use.



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