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A stroke is basically injury to the brain or spinal cord (yes, spinal cords can stroke) caused by lack of blood to that tissue. If you ever witness somebody having sudden stroke symptoms, DO NOT put anything in their mouth, and DO NOT give them aspirin.  About 20 percent of strokes can be the bleeding type, and giving aspirin can potentially make them worse.
I would like to know more about strokes and the difference between a heart attack and a stroke. A heart attack is due to blocked blood vessels to the heart, which causes a part of the heart to die. Two of the most common causes of senior hospitalizations are the overuse of medications and not taking the medication as prescribed. The list should include the medication name, the dose, how often you take it, why you take it, the name and phone number of your pharmacy, your doctor and all allergies. Fewer pills can mean lower bills, so ask your doctor or pharmacist whether you can take a higher dose of your medication once a day instead of a lower dose more than once a day. This allows your pharmacist to double check all drug interactions and allergies every time you get a prescription filled.
Keep track of all side effects in a journal and don’t be afraid to call your doctor or pharmacist if you are experiencing any negative side effects.
Don’t chew, crush or break capsules or tablets unless your doctor or pharmacist has instructed you that it is safe. Make sure you finish all the doses prescribed for medications like antibiotics and antivirals. I can certainly see where keeping your medications straight gets complicated when you have a chronic illness or multiple health issues. To leave a comment please enable JavaScript in your browser settings!Yes, add me to your mailing list. Pig cells could be used to deliver insulin to Type 1 diabetes patients via an implant under the skin, potentially freeing sufferers from the need to have regular insulin injections, according to researchers from Glasgow Caledonian University. Because sufferers of Type 1 diabetes are unable to produce the hormone insulin in their pancreas to regulate blood sugar levels they need regular insulin injections. One New Zealand company is exploring this technique using cells from pigs that are bred in an environment free from common viruses.
But while the Glasgow research also employs the idea of xeno-transplantation, where living cells, tissues or organs are transferred from one species to another, rather than implanting cells from the pancreas, they want to deliver it through the skin. Dr Linda Scobie, a Reader in Clinical Virology at Glasgow Caledonian, said: “The implant would have significant advantages over other treatments.
Scobie said the implant would be made from an alginate matrix which, when it was placed under the skin, would be vascularised by the body.
The research comes on the back of the Xenome project, which had funding from the EU to develop genetically engineered pigs that could be used in the field of transplantation.
But pig-cell insulin implants are still some way off – the project has only just received funding for pre-clinical (non-human trials) and work to produce genetically modified pigs free from viruses or other health problems is also ongoing. Paul Johnson, Professor and Director of the Islet Transplant Programme in the Oxford Centre for Diabetes, said the use of pig islets for islet transplantation was one of the two main areas of investigation in the search for a ready supply of islets of Langerhans (the pancreatic cells that secrete hormones, including insulin, into the blood) to transplant into Type 1 diabetes patients.
The project is yet another strand of work using pigs in human health, which has included the idea of transplanting whole pig organs into humans or even growing human organs inside pigs for use in transplant operations to tackle a shortage of human donor organs.
In 2012, South Korean scientists said they had transplanted the heart of a cloned pig into a monkey.
But xeno-transplantation is controversial for ethical as well as biological and regulatory reasons, and research in this field is banned in Australia. However, a 2003 survey found that respondents were more positive towards the idea of receiving animal cells than a whole organ.
Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure in which a long, thin tube called a catheter is guided into the heart, usually through a blood vessel in the leg or arm. By gaining access to the beating heart, cardiac catheters allow a physician to check the internal blood pressure of the heart, assess blood supply, view the coronary arteries on the surface of the heart and (depending on where the catheter is placed) the aorta, monitor the electrical activity in the heart, and check the level of oxygen in the blood.
During cardiac catheterization, the catheter is inserted through a very small cut made by the physician (in the groin, arm or wrist), then guided up through the blood vessel to the heart. Cardiac catheterization is a minimally invasive procedure in which a long, thin tube called a catheter is guided into the heart, most commonly passed through an artery in the groin. By gaining access to the beating heart, cardiac catheters can provide valuable information. During the cardiac catheterization, a physician inserts the catheter into a patient’s blood vessel (usually in the groin) and passes the tube toward the heart. The other basic reason cardiac catheterization would be done is to help make a diagnosis of a suspected cardiac problem, especially coronary artery disease.
Physicians generally advise their patients to continue taking all medications except anticoagulants (e.g. Immediately before the test, patients will be asked various questions about their medical history.
Cardiac catheterization may be performed as either an inpatient or outpatient procedure (sometimes referred to as an ambulatory cardiac catheterization).
On the day of the procedure, the patient is taken to a cool and sterile catheterization laboratory that, to a patient, may resemble an operating room with its many monitoring devices, video display equipment and x-ray cameras. The physician will position the catheter in the left ventricle of the heart (although some physicians may choose to begin with the coronary arteries).
If the groin area was used as the point of catheter insertion, then patients will be instructed to lie in bed with legs out straight. If the wrist or arm was used as the point of catheter insertion, then the patient does not need to stay in bed and can be discharged in two hours.
The actual movement of the catheter should be painless and the risk of complications during this procedure is below 1 percent for the most serious complications. Patients are encouraged to talk with their cardiologist about all aspects of this test, including complications, alternatives, risks and benefits. People are encouraged to speak with their physician if they have any questions or concerns about this very common and minimally invasive technique. Magnetic resonance angiogram (MRA) has reached a very sophisticated level, such that blood flow through the coronary (heart) arteries can be viewed without the use of a cardiac catheterization.


As this technology becomes more widely available, MRAs may become the preferred alternative to cardiac catheterization. The management of chronic non-healing wounds does not have to be a complicated and time-consuming process. Strokes can be due to blockage of blood vessels feeding the brain, or from the rupture of blood vessels causing bleeding in the brain. Well, 795,000 Americans have strokes every year and approximately 180,000 die from their strokes.  Every 40 seconds, someone in the United States has a stroke. Ideally, we can all exercise, eat right, and see our doctors regularly to treat stroke risk factors. Typical symptoms are chest pain, pain in the left arm with sweating and shortness of breath.
Liraglutide is a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist that helps the pancreas release more insulin after a meal to keep a person’s blood sugar levels under control. Seniors are more likely to have drug-related problems because as people get older they tend to have more medical problems and may also be on multiple medications to treat those problems. Keep a current list of all your medications with you (and give a copy to your spouse or relative). Bring all your medications with you in their original containers when you visit the doctor. Don’t stop a medication because it is too expensive, ask your doctor for a cheaper alternative.
All brand name medications are under a patent with the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) to be the exclusive maker of that particular medication so they can make money to compensate them for research and development.
If you must use two pharmacies for some reason, make sure the local pharmacy has a list of the other medications.
Never start a nutritional supplement or over-the-counter product without getting your doctor’s or pharmacist’s approval first.
For medications that do not have expiration dates on them, it is best to discard after one year.
Always accept the offer to speak to the pharmacist, especially when filling a new prescription. They should tell you both the brand and generic name of your medication, why you are taking it, how you should take it, what the most common side effects are and what you can expect for results. I work with amazing people who do amazing things every day, and it’s my job to tell people about it. The technique – called islet transplantation - takes cells from the pancreas of a dead human donor which are then implanted into the liver of a Type 1 patient where they begin to produce insulin. The team is building on an earlier study, which suggested that in primates, microcapsules implanted under the skin could correct diabetes for up to six months. In 2004, researchers were surprised to find that cells could fuse; pigs that were given human stem cells while foetuses later had pig, human and hybrid cells. Once inside the heart, it can be used to diagnose a problem (diagnostic uses) or to treat a problem (therapeutic uses). It is also used to evaluate the ability of the pumping chambers to contract, as well as to assess the function of heart valves. The physician tracks the course of the catheter by watching it on a fluoroscope, an x-ray machine that displays the catheter and blood vessels in real time on a screen.
Once inside the heart, it can be used for diagnostic purposes to assess blood supply to the heart as well as the function of the heart’s main pumping chamber (left ventricle). Using a catheter, a physician can check the internal blood pressure of the heart, get a good look at the coronary arteries on the surface of the heart, and (depending on where the catheter is positioned) the aorta. Depending on where the catheter is placed, and which test is performed, the test can yield a wide range of information about the arteries connected to the heart and the structures of the heart itself. This part of the catheterization involves the injection of a special dye (contrast medium) through the catheter and into the coronary arteries, which allows for very clear x-rays of the coronary arteries to be taken.
Similar to the coronary angiogram, this part of the catheterization involves the injection of the contrast medium through the catheter and into the left ventricle (one of the lower chambers of the heart).
The first reason is to gain critical information about the heart and major arteries before surgery, as well as to clearly see the source of the problem in the patient.
A condition when the pulmonic valve, which regulates blood flow from the right ventricle to the pulmonary arteries, is partially blocked.
Cardiac catheterization can be used to confirm certain heart defects present at birth, including tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great arteries, tricuspid regurgitation and ventricular septal defect, atrial septal defect.
An EKG is a recording of the heart’s electrical activity as a graph on a moving strip of paper. An EKG is performed while the patient exercises in a controlled manner on a treadmill or stationary bicycle at varied speeds and elevations. This test uses x-ray technology and multiple sensors to create very accurate, three-dimensional images of the heart.
However, the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology stress that this test should be done in a hospital’s catheterization laboratory to be sure that appropriate resources are available should problems arise. A nurse or physician will explain what is going to happen and the patient is encouraged to ask any questions that he or she may have.
Whichever area is chosen will be cleaned, shaved, swabbed with germ-killing solution and numbed (with a local anesthetic).
When the catheter is correctly positioned in the left ventricle (and, if measuring the right heart pressure, another catheter is placed in the pulmonary artery), blood pressure measurements will be taken.
The physician positions a different catheter in the coronary arteries and completes the coronary angiogram. This part of the catheterization gives a clear image of the aorta (the main artery carrying oxygen-rich blood from the heart to the rest of the body).
The physician may choose to use one of two techniques for removing the sheath that was placed at the initiation of the procedure.
Patients are reminded to refrain from lifting heavy objects and engaging in strenuous exercise or sexual activity for 24 hours after the procedure. Both physicians and the American Heart Association strongly recommend that cardiac catheterization be performed in a hospital’s catheterization lab, where emergency equipment and trained personnel are close by, if necessary.
Instead, the noninvasive MRA scan is used to take three-dimensional images of the heart and blood flow, so the physician can detect any damage to the vessel walls.The test takes less time than a cardiac catheterization, requires no recovery period and does not entail the same risks as a more invasive procedure.


Stroke is the number one cause of disability and recently became the number four cause of death in the United States. A stroke is due to lack of blood to a part of the brain which causes a part of the brain to die. The medication is currently available as a once-daily injection (VictozaPen), but an oral form of Victoza is undergoing testing.Victoza stimulates the production of insulin as needed, based on the body’s blood glucose level to decrease post-meal hyperglycemia.
This leads to drug resistance (super bugs) and re-infection because the medication wasn’t given the chance to completely destroy the infection. However, the treatment is expensive (though in the UK it is available for a few on the NHS) and patients also need to take drugs to suppress the immune system to stop the cells being rejected, which can have unpleasant side effects.
Cardiac catheterization is one of the most accurate tests in the diagnosis of coronary artery disease, and over a million of them are done each year. A variety of measurements may be performed when the catheter is in place, and then the catheter is removed. Catheters are also used to monitor the electrical activity in the heart to diagnose arrhythmias and plan treatments. The procedure can help a physician identify narrowed or clogged arteries, evaluate the heart’s four valves, and assess for any congenital heart defects. This dye allows for very clear x-rays to be taken of the left ventricle, which gives the physician information about how blood is flowing through the ventricles. The highly sensitive electrocardiograph machine helps detect heart irregularities, disease and damage by measuring the heart’s rhythms and electrical impulses. A moving image of the patient’s beating heart is displayed on a video monitor, where a physician can study the heart’s thickness, size and function. Advances in CT technology have made this an important diagnostic tool that, together with magnetic resonance imaging (see below), has reduced the need for cardiac catheterizations. The traditional technique is to wait until the effects of the anticoagulant have passed (four to six hours) and then to apply pressure while removing the sheath from the femoral artery. Throughout the post-catheterization monitoring, the point of catheter entrance will be checked for bleeding, swelling or inflammation. Patient symptoms can include sudden onset weakness of usually one side of the body, vision loss, speech and language problems, or coordination problems.
More people die from cardiac disease, cancer, and pulmonary disease, but stroke is still a major problem in our population. The medication is active for 12 hours after the injection to provide benefits through all of the patient’s mealtimes.Victoza is made by a company called Novo Nordisk, which is one of the largest and broadest-reaching pharmaceutical companies that produce medications for diabetic patients in the world. Once a patent has expired, other companies can apply to the FDA to make a similar generic medication. Cardiac catheters can also be used to measure the blood pressure within the heart itself, or measure the amount of oxygen in the blood. The image also shows the motion pattern and structure of the four heart valves, revealing any potential leakage regurgitation. This test may be done in conjunction with an echocardiogram (as described above) or nuclear imaging (a nuclear stress test). These medications interfere with normal blood clotting and may be reduced or discontinued at some point before the test. Small devices will be taped to the patient’s body, which allow the physician to monitor heart rate and rhythm. While the catheter is still in place in the left ventricle, a left ventriculogram may be performed to gain a clear picture of the left ventricle’s structure and functioning. The entire test may take between 20 minutes and an hour depending upon factors such as physician experience. It is common to use a hemostatic device that allows the placement of a stitch or plug in the artery wall. Patients are encouraged to drink plenty of extra fluids during this period of rest to help flush the dye from their body. It is also seeing increased use in diagnosing stenosis (narrowing) of the renal (kidney) arteries. Its generic name is liraglutide, but the generic counterpart of this medication has not yet been approved for sale.
Generic drugs can cost 25 to 80 percent less than their brand-name counterparts, and because they must pass the same FDA tests, generics are safe. During this test, a Doppler ultrasound may be done to evaluate blood flow through the heart valves. Diabetic patients who need additional guidance should ask their physician about any specific instructions. To perform the ventriculogram, a special dye (contrast medium) is injected through the catheter and into the left ventricle.
It is a newer medication when compared with some of the other treatments available to patients with type 2 diabetes and it should not be used to treat any other form of diabetes or hypoglycemia. Finally, patients are encouraged to bring copies of any previous tests done by their primary physician, such as an electrocardiogram (EKG).
Liraglutide should be used with other therapies for diabetes treatment, including exercise and healthy eating habits.Victoza UsesAt this time, Victoza is used as part of a complete treatment and prevention plan for patients with type 2 diabetes. Individuals with this condition do not produce enough insulin on their own to control the levels of glucose, or sugar, in their blood. Victoza works with the pancreas and digestive system to prevent either of these potentially life-threatening conditions from occurring.
Because Victoza is still a new medication, other possible uses, as well as side effects are still unknown. This medication also slows the time it takes for food to leave the stomach, thereby helping to keep patients’ appetites under control and sometimes even helping them to lose weight. Patients should not be concerned with hypoglycemia, or low blood sugar, because the medication is specially designed to respond only to high levels of sugar in the blood.Victoza is taken once daily at the same time each day by injection and is 97% similar to the naturally occurring hormone in the body that signals natural insulin production.
It is not recommended to be the first medication used to fight type 2 diabetes, but it is a wonderful alternative for patients who do not respond to more conventional therapies.




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Can type 2 diabetics eat whatever they want


Comments

  1. LiYa

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    11.12.2013

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    11.12.2013

  3. Santa_Claus

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    11.12.2013

  4. RIHANNA

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    11.12.2013

  5. YA_IZ_BAKU

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    11.12.2013