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Gestational diabetes also known as Gestational Diabetes Mellitus (GDM) is a condition in which a woman who normally doesn’t have elevated levels of blood sugar, gets diabetic during her pregnancy. On the bright side, usually the expecting mother has nothing to worry about her delivery process or her child, as long as she keeps the sugar levels under control, usually by following the appropriate diet menu. A hormone called insulin is responsible for getting the glucose from the blood into the cells of your body.
If the gestational diabetes is in the mild stages, then it can be controlled purely through proper gestational diabetes diet. Your physician will know exactly what to do, and when a special diet needs to be followed, they will draft out the diet taking into account your present eating habits and making sure that you get all the necessary vitamins and nutrients. According to the American Diabetes Association, less than 30% of the total calorie count should come from fats, no more than 10% to 20% of the total calorie count from proteins, and around 50% of the calories should come from carbohydrates and fiber rich food stuffs like whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
A day’s calorie intake, as recommended for each menu, can be divided into six smaller meals to make sure that the calories are distributed evenly throughout the day.
This kind of more balanced diet menu created for a gestational diabetic produces better results in controlling the effects of the disease.
Vegetable sticks with a low calorie dip, whole wheat crackers, and small servings of fruits or cottage cheese will be ideal for the second meal of your day.
Choose a meal that is rich in proteins like garden vegetable salad or whole grain pasta or pita bread. When you are up for more than three hours after having your dinner, you sugar levels will start to dip. As you would have probably heard so many times by now, with proper gestational diabetes diet, carefully planned daily menu and exercise, as advised by your doctor and the rest of the medical team, it is easy to keep the gestational diabetes in check. Diabetes acquired during gestation period, a period of fetal development in the uterus from conception to birth is termed as gestational diabetes or gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM). Being one of the most common health problems for pregnant women, gestational diabetes affects about 18% of pregnant women, as per the records of American Diabetes Association. Since, the rise in blood sugar levels occur after the development of the body of the fetus, no birth defects or body deformities are observed, unlike babies who are born to women who have been diagnosed of diabetes prior to pregnancy. High levels of insulin interfere with fat metabolism, leading to an increase in the size of the baby and the formation of macrosomia or a “fat baby”. Elevated levels of glucose can also affect the lungs of the newborns, thus requiring more oxygen and causing breathing problems, commonly termed as respiratory distress syndrome. Often women are subjected to constant hormonal fluctuations, more so during pregnancy, which in turn, affects the functioning of insulin. However, the transfer from the blood and the utilization of glucose by cells requires a hormone called insulin that is released by the pancreas. Failure of the pancreatic beta cells to produce adequate amounts of insulin or insulin resistance developed by the body’s cells in pregnant women does not allow her body to counteract the effect of the rise in the blood sugar levels, thus leading to hyperglycemia and gestational diabetes.
No symptoms have been identified so far for gestational diabetes, which makes it mandatory for conducting glucose-screening tests during the 24-28 weeks of pregnancy. She is then made to drink large quantities of a sugar drink and the measurement of the blood sugar levels is done two hours after the consumption of the drink. If left untreated, gestational diabetes can pose serious health problems for both the baby and the mother. Once you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, a team of health care providers including a gynecologist, a registered dietician, a diabetes specialist or a diabetes educator can advice you on the different ways of bringing your blood sugar levels under control. Frequent breast feeding or feeding using a feeding tube that goes directly into the stomach of the baby is one of the most effective ways of keeping blood sugar levels at an optimum level in babies. Yet another treatment involves the intravenous infusions of glucose in the infants to make up for the low levels of glucose. Even though, it is normal to gain weight during pregnancy, it is advisable to keep your blood sugar levels under control by balancing your intake of protein, fat and carbohydrates. Consult a professional nutritionist, who will help you design a well-balanced diet including the correct ratio of proteins, fats and carbohydrates.
Gestational diabetes is a temporary phase and pregnant women, generally do not remain diabetic after the delivery.
Diabetes mellitus, commonly referred to as sugar diabetes, is a growing problem globally largely associated with a more sedentary lifestyle and obesity.
Ask a Doctor Online Now!Diabetes mellitus can drastically reduce the quality of life if left untreated and eventually lead to life-threatening complications.
Stimulating organs like the liver to convert glucose into its storage form known as glycogen. It is therefore the responsibility of organs like the pancreas to maintain the balance of glucose available in the bloodstream. Complications are the consequences of a disease that is either progressive, left untreated or poorly managed or has existed for a very long period of time.
The complications of diabetes mellitus does not occur overnight – it develops gradually over years and decades. Diabetes mellitus can lead to nerve dysfunction and damage which is known as diabetic neuropathy..
Diabetes mellitus contributes to high blood pressure and hyperlipidemia (increased blood fats) which damages the walls of the blood vessels.
Kidney dysfunction arises as the tiny blood vessels which carries blood to be filtered is damaged and parts of the filtration membranes thicken. The impaired blood flow and nerve damage associated with diabetes mellitus, as discussed above, impacts the most on the lower limbs.
Most cases of gestational diabetes (pregnancy diabetes) are mild and medication is not necessary. The signs and symptoms of untreated diabetes mellitus or poorly managed diabetes mellitus depends on the conditions that arise. Some of the symptoms can be attributed to diabetic complications but cannot be easily differentiated from the clinical presentation of diabetes mellitus itself. Please note that any information or feedback on this website is not intended to replace a consultation with a health care professional and will not constitute a medical diagnosis. The exact cause of gestational diabetes is not known but it is believed that the hormones produced by the placenta blocks the insulin activity, thus increasing the blood sugar. Gestational diabetes can lead to early birth of a baby when the mother goes into labor earlier than the usual expected time. If a women is suffering from gestational diabetes, the baby born to such women have low blood sugar.
One of the main complications of diabetes in pregnant women is high birth weight of the baby born. However, due to gestational diabetes, the bilirubin is not broken down and the condition leads to jaundice.
If a pregnant woman is suffering from gestational diabetes, there is a danger of diabetes for future pregnancy. Do you suffer from low blood sugar and need a blood glucose level chart just so that you can keep up with all of the numbers? Low blood sugar can occur when you do not have enough sugar in your body or your body doesn’t make enough glucose for your body and organs to remain equally functioning.


A blood glucose level chart or blood glucose level graph comes in handy especially for new diabetics as it allows them to see normal ranges and where their levels should be to keep their organs and bodies working together and functioning smoothly. A blood glucose level chart can be found in a wide variety of places ranging from your doctor or physician, the local library or online.
In early 2012 college memes were flooding my Facebook newsfeed – photos with captions representing funny moments and day to day college life. At first, our goal for the page was to share a laugh with others who were dealing with type 1 diabetes, whether a person with diabetes, a spouse or parent. After some time passed, Meredith and I started a weekly caption contest that has been our signature mark.
We have also created the Type 1 Diabetes Meme Online Store in connection with the page (with over 20 uniquely type 1 diabetes designs), so that the community and laughter can go beyond the computer screen. The inspiration and motivation for keeping Type 1 Diabetes Memes alive comes in many forms. Kayla Brown is from London, Ontario, Canada.  She graduated from the University of Western Ontario with a Bachelor of English. The Diabetes Media Foundation is a 501(c)(3) tax-exempt nonprofit media organization devoted to informing, educating, and generating community around living a healthy life with diabetes. This diabetic condition now occurs widely throughout the world and close to 5% of all pregnant women have been diagnosed as gestational diabetic. Close and careful monitoring strategies ensure that any complications during the delivery period will be avoided.
If you are diabetic, then your body is not producing as much insulin as required, or your cells are not using it the way it should be used. In some cases where the illness is in a more progressed state you may have to take insulin to bring your blood sugar levels under control. We are looking to reduce the amount of fat, simple sucrose and salt consumption and to increase the amount of complex carbohydrates and fiber rich foods. To start your day, a small high protein meal that includes meat and a food that is rich in carbohydrates like whole grain toast will be good. Vegetable or fruit juices with a dash of cheese and whole grain bagel will make a quick, tasty and healthy snack.
You can dress this up with a drizzle of a salad of your choice or you can treat yourself with a sugar free cookie.
An apple or a whole grain muffin or a few peanut crackers with a cup of milk will be an ideal bed time snack. Women who have never experienced diabetes and have been diagnosed with abnormal blood sugar levels only during pregnancy suffer from gestational diabetes.
However, insulin imbalances in the mother can certainly affect the metabolism of glucose in the growing fetus. This not only predisposes newborns to obesity and diabetes but also subjects them to many birth traumas like collar bone fracture, damaged shoulder nerves, etc. Excess production of red blood cells gives a flushed and red appearance to the newborn babies skin and makes them more prone to jaundice. Reduction in the levels of minerals is yet another sign of a hypoglycemic newborn, which manifests itself in the form of muscle twitching and cramping. Our body converts carbohydrates from the diet into glucose and releases it into the bloodstream. The hormones released by the placenta, a channel used for the movement of nutrients, blood and water from the mother to the fetus, render the insulin dysfunctional, thereby requiring three times more than the normal levels that are maintained in the mother’s body. Strong family history of diabetes, obesity, an age over 35, high blood pressure, an unexplained still birth in the past, etc., can also increase the risk of developing gestational diabetes in pregnant women. An oral glucose tolerance test is conducted to test for the ability of the woman’s body to metabolize sugar. A higher than normal range of glucose levels indicates a higher susceptibility of the pregnant women to develop gestational diabetes and makes it extremely important for her to constantly monitor her blood sugar levels.
Hence, maintaining a healthy weight through a healthy diet and exercise can help a woman suffering from gestational diabetes in controlling her blood sugar levels and giving birth to a healthy baby. Physical activity or moderate exercises during pregnancy including walking for about 30 minutes a day, yoga and light aerobic exercises that do not place a lot of strain on your abdominal area can mimic the effects of insulin in driving the movement of glucose into the cells from the bloodstream. Moreover, studies have found that breast feeding has a strong impact on glucose metabolism in babies and hence can help in stabilizing the blood sugar levels.
Babies diagnosed with respiratory distress syndrome require an external source of oxygen or a breathing tube to enable the proper functioning of their lungs.
Make healthy food choices and stay active to allow your body to utilize glucose more efficiently. In order to stabilize your glucose levels, do not skip meals and avoid foods containing animal fat, trans fatty acids, refined sugar and other high sugar containing foods like cakes, ice creams, candies, cookies , chocolates, soft drinks and soda.
It can, however, put them at a higher risk of developing diabetes during the next pregnancy or diabetes mellitus during the later stages of their lives.
Despite it being one of the more common chronic conditions in most populations, there is still widespread ignorance about the serious nature of this disease and the consequences if the condition is left untreated. The presence of diabetes mellitus even when well managed increases the risk of many other serious diseases. The body has several ways of regulating the different levels of various substances in the body. The bloodstream is being constantly monitored throughout the day and should the glucose levels rise too high, the pancreas releases insulin into the bloodstream. The body is in a constant need of energy to fuel all the different process that is constantly occurring including basic life processes like breathing and pumping of blood by the heart. Therefore the effects of untreated diabetes mellitus is actually the complications that arise, usually in the long term. However, severe hyperglycemia (high blood glucose levels) or hypoglycemia (low blood glucose levels) has immediate effects known as diabetic emergencies.
The onset of these conditions is largely individualistic meaning that one diabetic may experience certain complications sooner compared to another diabetic. This may be caused by the narrowing of blood vessels supplying the nerve cells with oxygen and nutrient rich blood. It leads to plaques forming in the blood vessel wall (atherosclerosis) and increases the risk of clots forming in the vessels. This causes a host of problems in the foot in particular and is therefore known as diabetic foot.
Dietary changes and moderate exercise may be sufficient to manage the diabetes which often resolves after childbirth.
Firstly the symptoms of diabetes mellitus itself worsens so it is important to be familiar with these signs and symptoms. Due to gestational diabetes, the baby has high insulin production immediately after birth and this causes decrease in blood sugar, also known as hypoglycemia.
If the baby suffers from jaundice, it needs careful monitoring and treatment so that it does not lead to any serious health problem. People who are diabetic have many things that they need to monitor and keep up with such as medications, insulin and also their blood glucose levels. For many if they are new diabetics they will need to have a fasting blood sugar chart in which they can look at while taking their fasting blood sugar until they reach the point that they know what numbers are normal for them and what a normal range is for them.


A blood glucose level chart is a great handy tool to have around if you need help remembering the numbers at first or you need help by other people on keeping your numbers regulated. What Meredith and I didn’t realize was how significant this page was going to be, that that we were creating an online diabetes community like no other. Now with almost 30,000 ‘likes’ on Facebook, we are working on ways to grow the community in order to reach and help more people living with diabetes feel connected.
Meredith and I both live with type 1 diabetes, and the memes are created from all the day to day or funny diabetes experiences we have.
Depending on the exact nature of this imbalance in your body, there are several types of diabetes that can be manifested, gestational type being one of them.
Even though, insulin cannot cross the placenta, glucose and other nutrients can pass through, leading to the accumulation of glucose in the blood of the fetus, which forces the fetus’s pancreas to produce ample amount of insulin for metabolizing glucose.
Moreover, delivery becomes possible only through a cesarean operation, which causes discomfort to the mother during her post-delivery period. Other prominent symptoms of hypoglycemic newborns include poor suck, refusal to feed, jitteriness, high pitched cry, lethargy, temperature instability, hypothermia, listlessness, etc. Glucose enters the cells and is metabolized further, to be used as a primary source of energy. After being made to fast for 4-6 hours, the blood sugar levels of the expectant women are measured.
Besides monitoring the mother’s glucose levels, it is just as important to frequently regulate and monitor the blood sugar levels in infants to avoid complications like seizures. Keep a track of your calorie and sugar intake and constantly monitor your glucose levels using a glucose meter or strips. If the blood glucose levels remain high, despite a change in your eating habits, you should consider consulting a doctor and taking oral medication or insulin injections for controlling blood sugar levels. Moreover, regulating blood glucose levels in pregnant women plays a crucial role in preventing obesity, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, among other things in children. Since diabetes is largely asymptomatic in the early stages and eventually presents with several mild symptoms, there is a misconception that it is not a dangerous condition.
The most severe complications in diabetes is seen in long term cases that are poorly controlled but there are several diabetic emergencies that can suddenly arise which can be equally as dangerous even in a person who has been diabetic for just a short period of time.
This is largely controlled by the endocrine system – hormones that are secreted from different glands. This means that pancreas is either not producing enough insulin (insulin deficiency) or that all the cells in the body are not responding as it normally should to insulin (insulin resistance).
Even a person who has well managed diabetes mellitus is at risk of developing these complications.
The main organs and structures that are affected are the eyes, nerves, kidneys, blood vessels and heart. High quantities of glucose within the nerve cells affects the normal processes responsible for nerve function. This can progress to a stroke or heart attack (myocardial infarction) as the blood supply to the brain and heart is compromised respectively. Injury to the foot is often the trigger event that then progresses to more severe complications as a result of poor wound healing and weakened immune activity. Gestational diabetes has many complications, which can be dangerous for the health of baby as well as mother.
Sometimes, the baby becomes very big in size and it needs early delivery to resolve the situation. Sometimes, even if the baby is born on normal due date, it can have breathing problems caused by gestational diabetes. The baby can have injuries during the birth and sometimes, it may need C-section birth to take out the baby. In normal conditions, bilirubin is formed during the recycling of old and worn out red blood cells. Low blood sugar can simply be treated by making sure that you add more sugar to your daily intake so that you can keep your body regulated. A blood glucose level chart or blood glucose level graph is also handy to have in case you are dealing with the elderly who is a new diabetic and has trouble with remembering things. After humming and hawing over the idea, I decided to take the plunge and created a page, Type 1 Diabetes Memes. Type 1 Diabetes Memes became the place where people could laugh and bond over their frustrations, like their pump tubing getting caught on door handles, or someone asking them if they ate too much sugar as a child. The messages we receive from ours fans are our driving force for creating more memes, and building the community. Do not adhere to crash diets that deplete your body of all the essential nutrients, vitamins and minerals. It damages cells in the body in various ways and by doing so it leads to several other diseases in the long term or increases the risk of developing certain diseases.
Eventually the blood glucose levels are at a higher level than is the norm (hyperglycemia) and damages different parts of the body over months and years.
Should medication not be commenced in diabetes mellitus or used as prescribed, and if a person does not undertake dietary changes and start exercising, the blood glucose levels are out of control. However, these emergencies are more likely to arise in a person with poorly managed diabetes mellitus or with incorrect use of diabetes medication. The narrowed arteries and weakened veins especially to the legs leads to sluggish circulation with a host of problems that subsequently develops in the legs and feet. The pregnant woman can suffer from serious symptoms that can be dangerous for the women as well as the baby.
I posted a couple meme ideas that I had, such as one about wondering if the Coke that I got at a restaurant was actually diet, or those times when you have low blood sugar and there is no good food in the house. Type 1 Diabetes Memes also became a place to poke fun at a disease that can be so daunting and frustrating. Fans are encouraged to post their own original memes on our Facebook wall for us to share with our followers. We are an international page that shares one common aspect, we all live with type 1 diabetes.
While the pancreas produces and secretes digestive enzymes into the gut, it also has a crucial role to play in producing and secreting the hormones that control the blood sugar levels. It tends to remain high most of the time with episodes of very low blood glucose levels (hypoglycemia).
Laughter really is the best medicine for living with type 1 diabetes, second to insulin, of course. Both hyperglycemia and hypoglycemia have serious consequences and can lead to life-threatening complications in the short and long term. It wasn’t until my friend Meredith Miller, a fellow university student I’d met at a type 1 diabetes event in Ontario, joined me that the page truly grew beyond any expectation I’d ever had for it.



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