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The China National Survey of Chronic Kidney disease was a cross-sectional study to evaluate the prevalence of CKD and associated factors in Chinese adults between 2007 and 2010.CKD has become an important public health issue in China, maybe as a consequence of increased diabetes and hypertension. Because of the rapid change in lifestyle in China, there is concern that diabetes may become epidemic. A nationally representative sample of 46,239 adults, 20 years of age or older, from 14 provinces and municipalities participated in the study. These results indicate that diabetes has become a major public health problem in China and that strategies aimed at the prevention and treatment of diabetes are needed.
This study assessed whether CKD should be considered as a chronic heart disease equivalent.
In a population eligible for JUPITER, we established whether coronary artery calcium (CAC) might further stratify risk; additionally we compared hsCRP with CAC for risk prediction across the range of low and high hsCRP values. Clinical and epidemiologic studies have consistently shown that low levels of high-density lipoprotein (HDL) cholesterol are strongly associated with an increase in the risk of coronary artery disease. Hyperlipidemia has been suggested as a risk factor for stenosis of the aortic valve, but lipid-lowering studies have had conflicting results. We conducted a randomized, double-blind trial involving 1873 patients with mild-tomoderate, asymptomatic aortic stenosis.
Simvastatin and ezetimibe did not reduce the composite outcome of combined aorticvalve events and ischemic events in patients with aortic stenosis.
In GPRD data, current use of sulphonylureas only (with active or inactive metabolites) was associated with an increased risk of hypoglycaemic events, as compared with current use of metformin.
Recent outcome trials of novel antidiabetic drugs shed new light on why diabetes patients develop heart disease.
Out of 18 biomarkers, Lp-PLA2 and adiponectin were independently associated with a decreased risk for T2DM. CVD risk factor burden was examined up to 30 years before diabetes diagnosis among individuals from the Framingham Heart Study Offspring cohort who did and did not develop diabetes.
Prof John Betteridge, London, discusses the evolution of diabetes therapy, the epidemic rise in diabetes, current and emerging diabetes therapies. The Cardio Diabetes Master Classes are dedicated to improve the clinical management of patients with diabetes and  cardiovascular disease. The key services offered include protocol design and Core Lab facilities for advanced imaging technologies such as ultrasound assessment of brachial artery FMD and MRI.
Associated with clinical study groups all over Europe, the Academic Medical Centre Amsterdam, and the Core Lab research group of Prof. Lately there has been a flurry of media reports focusing on America's obesity epidemic, and how costs associated with America's gradual shift to a fat society will inundate the already strapped budget in the form of shadow taxation and other direct and indirect costs, which are, to put it simply, unsustainable.
Unsurprisingly, high-income countries spent vastly more on diabetes-related costs in 2011 than lower-income countries. Select your preferred way to display the comments and click "Save settings" to activate your changes. Vitamin A deficiency affects the immune system, leading to illness and frequently to blindness. Yet today, 14 years later, it still has not been licensed to growers anywhere in the world. It is surprising to find that an effective solution to the problem consistently rated by experts as the poor world’s highest priority has been stubbornly opposed by so many pressure groups supposedly acting on behalf of the poor. And of course we can toss in some good old propaganda, like milk for strong bones and teeth. I love reading anything to the contrary that access to calories and sedentary lifestyle are the underlying causes.
For 10 weeks, Mark Haub, a professor of human nutrition at Kansas State University, ate one of these sugary cakelets every three hours, instead of meals. His premise: That in weight loss, pure calorie counting is what matters most -- not the nutritional value of the food. Oh but processed food is evil lets go back to 1649, down with all mass producers of food products.
Yeah, but have him keep eating that diet for 5 years to see how beneficial it is to his health. Haub's "bad" cholesterol, or LDL, dropped 20 percent and his "good" cholesterol, or HDL, increased by 20 percent. I use many metrics to view what we call "health" and I can assure you, a long term diet of twinkies, crackers, and cookies is a death sentence. We as americans, and I would go further and say most westerners, will go to great lengths to prove that the diet they prefer is healthy. Obesity is not only the health epidemic in the first world it is also the topic of this article. These threads invariably contain inaccurate information that if people just ate healthier foods with the same caloric intake that they largely would not be obese and that is false.
Heathly whole food does not have the same caloric density as heavily processed, calorie laden food. When you eat a diet that has the bulk of the calories is obtained from whole vegetables, fruits, and nuts and seeds, you almost cannot overeat.
The second reason is due to the catabolic processes that our body undertakes when we are not digesting food. So as soon as your body starts to process toxins and heal, we feel like shit and grab something to make us feel better.
You do make a good point with the supplement and diet industry being mainly destructive to health.
A diet high in nutrients obtained from a whole food diet where no more than 5-10% of calories are obtained from animal products virtually guarantees you to be cancer, heart disease, and other chronic disease free. But I think most people would start to feel a bit sick of the Swedish berry and Beef jerky nightly. Sorry mate, this is not quite the shining example you might have been looking for if you wanted to point out red tape killing off some new development. Of course, we have a long history of making shortsighted and destructive moves because they were profitable to a handful of people at the time. Moreover, genetic tampering is truly the gift that keeps on giving - long long after the original profits have been eaten and forgotten, long after the very civilization that brought them about is gone and forgotten, still the consequences remain. I had type 2 , it takes about 30 days to get rid of it if you sort your diet out , I no longer have it , it really is a no brainer . And as any American can tell you, there are many people who would rather pay for insulin and inject themselves in the stomach, than give up twinkies and Doritos. Is there any liability for Monsanto if a blight or something wipes out all crops using their seeds as a result of lack of variety?
It is so scary, solve one problem and another arises, so I guess that means that famine is preferable. It depends on whether the genetic manipulation is a smart missile, targeted to a specific gene that they want to express, or a carpet-bombing approach (using poison) that they continue until the wheat grown from the mutated seeds displays the characteristics that they want it to (as alleged by William Davis). Sure, they eventually got their RoundUp resistance in wheat, but what other changes did the uncontrolled mutations cause?  Since they can't possibly know, the only reasonable thing to do is to shove as much of it down our gullet as possible, right? 415 million people have diabetes in the world and almost 153 million people in the WP Region; by 2040 this will rise to 215 million. The figure describes which age groups in the population have the highest proportions of diabetes. IDF in partnership with its member associations developed the first Global Diabetes Scorecard designed to track the progress that national governments are making on diabetes and other non-communicable diseases (NCDs). Subscribe to our China Spotlight weekly news feed - a complimentary email newsletter that matters to your China strategy. Printer-friendly versionGlobalData’s new report - Diabetes Care Devices: Emerging Countries (China, India, Brazil) Opportunity Assessment, Competitive Landscape and Market Forecasts to 2016 - provides key data, information and analysis on the diabetes care devices market in China and India. The report provides market landscape, competitive landscape and market trends information the diabetes care devices market.
The combined diabetes care devices market for China, India and Brazil was valued at $1 billion in 2009. Recent advances in insulin pens, jet injectors and continuous glucose monitors (CGM) has made diabetes care devices less invasive. Given the size of the population in emerging countries, there is a growing body of evidence that the cost of diabetes to these countries can be reduced through education.
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According to the highly respected medical journal The Lancet, China now has more diabetics than any other country, and the disease has reached epidemic proportions in the adult Chinese population. As incomes rise, China’s children are developing eating habits more akin to their western counterparts; consequently, childhood obesity is on the rise. Although food and beverage choices may be contributing to some new health issues in China, they’re also being used to create positive outcomes.
More importantly, because of this tradition, the idea of eating certain foods to remove toxins, boost one’s stamina, provide energy and so on is actually old news to Chinese. However consumers choose to intake their nutrients and nourishment, whether it be food, beverage—or capsule form—the Chinese market provides some unique challenges for retailers to present product in ways that are appealing to potential customers. An article in the International Journal of Obesity reports that BMI and overall obesity has been leveling-off but waist circumference and abdominal obesity, which are independent risk factors for cardiovascular disease, have continued to rise. Americans tend to think that obesity is a home-grown phenomenon, a reflection of our consumer-oriented society.
Greenland sees changes in physical activity among the native Inuit people who are experiencing rapid social transition.
A study from western Iran found the incidence of type 2 diabetes was increased by obesity at all ages and by extreme leanness in childhood. A study of 14,425 subjects in Nepal found that 32% were obese, 28% were overweight, 6.3% were diabetic and 34% had hypertension. As we have previously reported, rising rates of obesity in China are a major concern, not only to that country but globally. A new study from Shanghai indicates China’s problem with childhood obesity continues to grow. Global rates of obesity have been growing, particularly in urban areas undergoing a transition to a Western lifestyle.
China has the largest number of people with diabetes in the world, according to a new study conducted by the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) and Chinese Diabetes Society (CDS). The age-standardized prevalences of total diabetes (which included both previously diagnosed diabetes and previously undiagnosed diabetes) and prediabetes were 10% (11% among men and 9% among women) and 16% (16% among men and 15% among women), respectively. Especially alarming is the finding that the majority of cases of diabetes (61%) are undiagnosed and untreated.1 This may be equally true for India and other low and middle income countries (LMICs). The CDS and IDF estimate that 13% of total medical expenditures in China are directly caused by diabetes (RMB 173 billion or US $25 billion).
The economic burden will increase rapidly over the next 10 to 20 years when approximately 50 million Chinese with undiagnosed diabetes enter medical care, in addition to the 50 million who are already diagnosed and are receiving care.
The Chinese Ministry of Health has introduced large-scale diabetes awareness and education programs to address diabetes, driven by the CDS. These findings are further proof that diabetes represents a major barrier to development in low and middle-income countries, as well as emerging economic powerhouses such as India. Disclaimer : Please note that the content on CADI Research Foundation attempts to define practices that meet the needs of most patients in most circumstances.
We conducted a national study from June 2007 through May 2008 to estimate the prevalence of diabetes among Chinese adults. Data from a population-based cohort were analyzed, comparing the incidence of heart attacks and death in patients with chronic kidney disease, diabetes, at least one previous heart attack, or a combination of these risk factors. Mean levels of total and LDL cholesterol and triglycerides are much higher than previously reported in the general Chinese adult population. The patients received either 40 mg of simvastatin plus 10 mg of ezetimibe or placebo daily. Secondary outcomes were events related to aortic-valve stenosis and ischemic cardiovascular events.
Deanfield in London, EuroVascs mission is to bring demanding, high quality studies to our partners throughout Europe. As the first chart below shows, the primary cost center associated with the obese conditions - diabetes - has certainly gripped a substantial portion of the US population, at last count affecting at least 10% of the population.
In general, as countries become richer, people eat a more sugar- and fat-rich diet and are less physical active — and the incidence of diabetes rises.
But in middle-income countries, the highest prevalence is in younger people — the most productive age groups. In 2011, the disease caused more than 3.5 million deaths in middle-income countries, of which more than 1 million were in China and just less than a million were in India. In developing countries, the looming costs in human lives, healthcare expenditure and lost productivity threatens to undo recent economic gains. It probably causes more deaths than malaria, HIV or tuberculosis, killing as many people every single day as the Fukushima tsunami.
Painstaking negotiations led to companies waiving their patent rights so the plant could be grown and regrown free by anybody. Joel Fuhrman (Eat to Live) has a persuasive explanation for the phenomenon of vitamin A supplementation actually being detrimental to health.
Circa 1990 the world was supposed to run out of food and now largely thanks to those who the imbeciles despise the world is getting obese. To add variety in his steady stream of Hostess and Little Debbie snacks, Haub munched on Doritos chips, sugary cereals and Oreos, too. These GMOs from monsanto and pals are some of the purest concentrated evil you will find on this planet today. Your children will curse your name and your miserable desperation for a few extra bucks, struggling to live in the world you left them, and it will be just that much worse with these kind of crops. Some hard core card and weight lifting has been shown to make cells more receptive to insulin therefore you need less. That's why slaughter due to the spread of infection amongst livestock is near zero because mother nature makes better bugs. The report provides comprehensive information on the key trends affecting the market, and key analytical content on the market dynamics.
The growing prevalence of diabetes in emerging countries of India, China and Brazil will increase the demand for diabetes care devices in the coming years. Quality of life has become a significant factor in defining the patient’s choice of diabetes management devices.
The emerging countries of India, China and Brazil have started large scale awareness programs to educate the general population about the growing epidemic of diabetes. With a large undiagnosed and diagnosed diabetes population, India is expected to be the diabetes capital of the world in the near future. Given China’s vast population, this might not surprise some but when you consider the relatively healthy diets most Chinese consume, it comes as a shock.
Previously, this was never a problem but dietary changes and the sedentary lifestyle brought about by computers and smartphones means China’s children are eating more and moving less. As a westerner, what’s fascinating is that Chinese culture has been promoting functional foods for millennia—they just hadn’t coin a nifty marketing term for it.
What’s new is that what’s historically been based on personal food consumption can now be found in packaged foods, liquid, powder or capsule form. The authors opine that the obesity transition epidemic in rapidly developing countries may be much faster than in Western societies.
Yet, obesity is a global phenomenon and not only in other Western industrialized countries. It was noted in the study that mothers of obese and overweight children had less education and worked more.
Now, there is a review article of the epidemics of obesity, diabetes and the metabolic syndrome The emerging epidemic of obesity, diabetes… [Cardiol Res Pract. Compared to traditional hunters and fishermen, women in the latest stage of change engage in less domestic physical activity; men in less occupational physical activity. A national survey has found a strong association between obesity and hypertension in Uzbekistan. The positive association between BMI and diabetes prevalence was observed in all cohorts and all subgroups, although the association was stronger for younger individuals. This article from Australia implies that China’s one-child population control policy may have resulted in parent’s over-indulging their only child as a sign of love. Now research is coming out of a less industrialized area of China indicating high rates of overweight and obesity among school children. This figure is twice as many people with diabetes than previously estimated.1 The prevalence however, varies by age and body mass index (BMI).
People with diabetes in China report 3 to 4 times more in-patient care, out-patient visits, and emergency room visits than people without diabetes of the same age and sex.


Preventable diabetic complications such as stroke, blindness, and kidney disease would further double or triple the medical expenditure. For example, the health expenditure for Chinese who have had diabetes for 10 or more years are 460% higher than for people who have had diabetes for less than 2 years.
However, China has a window of opportunity to prevent an epidemic of serious diabetes complications, which will decrease the health spending dramatically. Since smoking doubles the risk of diabetes complications, quitting cigarettes is another effective strategy of preventing complications. High prevalence of diabetes and cardiovascular risk factors associated with urbanization in India. However, everyone is unique, and the extent to which the information applies specifically to you should be a key point of discussion between you and your cardiologist or health care provider. The prevalence of diabetes was higher among urban residents than among rural residents (11.4% vs. More attention should be paid to the prevention and control of chronic diseases, such as hyperlipidemia and associated atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases in China. EuroVasc supports academia, the pharmaceutical industry and principal investigators in protocol development, centre selection, final data analysis and reporting as well as manuscript writing, FMD training for sites and Core Lab facilities (FMD, MRI). Yet as chart #2 shows, America, with its $23.7 million diabetes cases, actually has it good. On average, nearly 8% of adults living in high-income countries (see map for country classification) have diabetes. As these people age, and as life expectancies increase, prevalence in older age groups will rise further.
It can be solved by eating green vegetables and meat, but for many poor Asians, who can afford only rice, that remains an impossible dream.
Any unbalanced diet is unhealthy but a balanced diet of equal caloric intake will still result in obesity which is the current first world health epidemic. Not only because of the legal trojan horse they represent, not only because of the orwellian methods of enforcement of 'intellectual property', but also even more fundamentally, through shortsighted pollution of the gene pools of the species tampered with and the disruption of whole ecosystems where they are planted. Many middle- and low-income countries have more people under the age of 60 with diabetes compared to the world average. The report also reviews the competitive landscape, key pipeline products and technology offerings. Diabetes and other lifestyle diseases are set to replace infectious diseases and malnutrition as the main cause of morbidity and mortality in emerging countries.
Non-compliance among patients is a big concern due to the discomfort caused by the old generation devices. The Chinese awareness program started in November 2004 with a projected budget of $2.6m and was targeted at 8,600 healthcare professionals, doctors and nurses from 36 cities and 300 counties.
China and Brazil which have implemented National Awareness programs and Guidelines towards the treatment of diabetes will see a consistent growth in the market over the next seven years. The government is acutely aware of the epidemic and is actively trying to educate the public to raise awareness of the disease’s prevalence and has issued calls from health providers for early detection.
If you’ve ever tried Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) you know that TCM doctors recommend you avoid harmful foods and consume more healthful foods. First, prevalence among boys was increasing much faster than among girls, contrary to studies from the West and even Japan. In fact, obesity is occurring throughout the world at a rapid pace and in a lot of countries you might not expect. And here’s something you don’t find in many studies: prevalence was increased by green tea and opium consumption. Among 2,000 primary and secondary students in Macao, 18% of boys and 20% of girls were overweight or obese with a significant proportion having cardiometabolic risk factors. The ultimate judgment regarding your care must be made by you and your healthcare provider together, in light of circumstances specific to you as a patient. Because when compared to countries without a social safety net, such as China and India, the US diabetes problem is child's play.
It is, however, upper-middle and middle-income countries that have the highest prevalence of diabetes; over 10% of adults in these countries have the condition. Mortality rates are much lower in high-income countries with the greater healthcare recourses, but those tolls are still high: approximately 180,000 people died in the United States in 2011, for example. Meanwhile, for high-income countries, a growing population over the age of 60 makes up the largest proportion of diabetes prevalence.
This report is built using data and information sourced from proprietary databases, primary and secondary research and in-house analysis by GlobalData’s team of industry experts. Lifestyle changes are increasing the prevalence of chronic, non-communicable disease like diabetes at an alarming rate. For instance, blood glucose monitoring devices are associated with considerable discomfort caused by finger pricking for the extraction of blood. Doctors and healthcare workers were taught about the National Diabetes Prevention and Treatment Guidelines which are aimed at improving diabetes care in China. Although considerable numbers of elderly patients prefer alternative ways to treat their diabetes, a growing middle class in these countries will be able to afford previously unaffordable new technologies such as insulin pumps and artificial pancreas. The objective of the three portals is to competently and efficiently support consultants and decision makers in management, sales and marketing in the search for worldwide market research. Their recommendations are tailored to each individual’s condition, and just like one’s health, conditions can change.
The prevalence of isolated impaired glucose tolerance was higher than that of isolated impaired fasting glucose (11.0% vs.
Kastelein in November 2007, with the aim of providing the industry with decades of academic experience, clinical research capabilities and access to a broad network of clinical research centres, for the conduct of complex, multi-centre clinical trials in the field of cardiovascular research in Europe. With 90 million diabetes cases in China, and 61.3 million in India, or nearly half of the total 346 million worldwide diabetes cases, perhaps it is time for the developing world to worry how they plan on funding the billions of associated costs, as they assimilate more and more of the worst American habits. The WHO predicts that India and China will respectively lose $237 billion and $558 billion of their national income to diabetes and cardiovascular disease between 2005 and 2015. Insulin syringes require vials and mixing of fast acting and slow acting insulin in the correct ratio which would be difficult for patients who are old or visually impaired.
Brazil, which started a National Awareness Program in the late 1980’s, aims to improve diabetes treatment in 51 low-income medium sized cities across Brazil.
With the entry of local companies, price are expected to come down, leading to market penetration of these devices from urban patients to rural patients. Prospective buyers can look into more than 60,000 market surveys from more than 200 international publishers, current market data for more than 6,000 branches worldwide, 10,000 company profiles as well as a free-of-charge research and recommendation service for individual market research. I’ve alternately been told I had too much “heat” or too much “wind.” I’m not sure what that means, but apparently I’m supposed to abstain from drinking alcohol or caffeine.
2011] – PubMed result  Predictably, another study found higher obesity was associated with increases in blood pressure in Chinese children and adolescents. Read James Howard Kunstler blog archives for a summary of what was happening to his body under a strict vegan diet. The governments of Brazil, India and China have recognized this growing epidemic and have now introduced measures to increase awareness and add treatment centers to treat diabetes. Insulin syringes are also associated with pain at the site of injection, usually in the lower abdomen. India has yet to start an awareness program, but has identified it as one of the key steps the government needs to counter the growing diabetes epidemic.
This, the authors note, “ has profound implications for the expected number of diabetes patients who will be diagnosed in this region in future decades. This will lead to growth in the utilization of glucose monitors and insulin delivery devices for diabetes management. This has led to a greater use of insulin pens and the development of novel devices for use by patients who lack manual dexterity or suffer from visual problems.
Diabetes awareness programs are essential in increasing the understanding of the disease and have helped in the prevention and diagnosis of the general population.
As living standards rise in the emerging countries, patient affordability for pens and jet injectors increases, leading to greater adoption of these devices over traditional insulin syringes.
Awareness is set to encourage more people to use diabetes care devices to test and better manage their diabetes.



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Comments

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    06.05.2016

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    06.05.2016

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    06.05.2016