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Diabetes mellitus causes many diseases where high blood glucose of sugar levels may do damage to the kidney, eyes, nerves as well as blood vessels.
Because of constriction of blood vessels and the harm to the immune system from the diabetes, the wounds have problems healing. There are several risk factors which can increase the individual with diabetes chances for developing foot problems as well as diabetic infections of the feet and legs.
Those diabetics with diabetes that is poorly controlled or have had the disease for a long time have the risk of developing peripheral neuropathy which is nerve damage. Athletea€™s foot which is a fungal infection of the toenails or skin can lead to more serious bacterial infections. Smoking – Smoking causes damage to the smallest blood vessels in the legs as well as feet. Pain, swelling or redness surrounding a toenail a€“ could be an ingrown toenail which is the main cause of foot infections as well as amputation for diabetics.
Relentless pain in the legs or feet is sometimes a sign of sharp circulation loss, severe infection or can be due to nerve damage which is severe. Cuts to the legs or feet that significantly bleed and goes all the way thru the skin needs cleansing properly as well as repair to aid healing.
Ulcers or wounds which are more than 1 inch across on the feet or legs can be associated with limb-threatening infection. Red streaks or redness spreading away from a wound or ulcer on the legs or feet are a sign of infection.
Fever more than 101.5 F when connected with swelling, redness, warmth or any ulcer or wound on the legs.

Alteration in mental status a€“ confusion a€“ can be a sign of life-threatening infection which can lead to loss of a leg or foot especially if associated with a foot ulcer or a leg wound.
Exercise a€“ Regular exercise improves bone and joint health, improves circulation to the legs and stabilizes your blood sugar levels.
Diabetes control a€“ A diabetic needs to follow a regimen prescribed by a physician of diet, medications, and exercising. Antibiotics a€“ You doctor will decide if a wound or ulcer on the feet or legs is infected or there is a high risk of becoming infected. Referral to wound care center a€“ Some community hospitals have wound care centers specializing in treatment of diabetic wounds in lower extremity as well as ulcers along with other difficult to treat wounds. Referral to podiatrist or orthopedic surgeon a€“ You might be referred to a foot specialist if there is bone-related problems, toenail problems, calluses or corns, hammertoes, bunions, flat feet, heel spurs, arthritis or difficulty with finding shoes which fit well. Home health care a€“ A home health nurse or aide may need to help with wound care and dressing, monitor blood sugar as well as help the diabetic with antibiotics as well as other medications.
This website is for informational purposes only and Is not a substitute for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. Although joint complications are relatively less than other types of diabetes complications, they can be severe in nature. Diabetic patients have an increased risk of developing osteoarthritis due to osteoporosis caused as a consequence of reduced osteoblast production in human body.
Image Collection: Color Atlas & Synopsis of Pediatric Dermatology Kay Shou-Mei Kane, Jen Bissonette Ryder, Richard Allen Johnson, Howard P.
Delirium is a medical condition that causes a temporary problem with mental function. In elderly people, delirium is often the presenting symptom of another underlying illness.

In a person who is more vulnerable due to issues like dementia or a previous stroke, a very mild and seemingly insignificant change in their health such as a change in medication, constipation  or a mild infection  can lead to delirium. Doctors and nurses will try to find the underlying cause(s) delirium by doing a careful assessment including a number of tests.
During recovery stages, patients will often be less confused and disorientated in their own home.  Recovery may take days to months and unfortunately, not everyone with delirium recovers or returns to their usual state.
Charcot foot causes swelling and inflammation of foot joints and sometimes results in deformity. Most of these diseases are indirectly related to diabetic neuropathy and altered metabolism in diabetic patients.
Moderate to severe pain is experienced by patients suffering from Charcot foot with diabetes.
The infection may start in other parts of the body and spread to bone through blood causing severe inflammation. This results in severe pain with movement of joints and cause continuous discomfort in affected joints as a consequence.

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