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Please enable JavaScript in your browser to experience all the custom features of our site, including the ability to make a purchase. You must have JavaScript enabled in your browser to utilize the functionality of this website. Ulcers occur when the skin breaks down allowing air and bacteria to get into the underlying tissue.
Associated symptoms of a venous leg ulcer are caused by blood not flowing properly through your veins. Years of research have shown that the usual causes of leg ulcers are not a problem with the skin itself, but rather with the underlying blood supply to the skin. Because blood supply to the skin is crucial, ulcers can occur as a result of poor circulation and so it is also mostly associated with disorders that affect circulation, such as diabetes, rheumatoid arthritis and hypertension. Diagnosis is usually made based on symptoms, location and the way the surrounding skin of the ulcer looks. Leg ulcers usually occur in the elderly more so than any other age group, due to poor circulation in aging limbs. Two conditions that add to the complications of leg ulcers in the elderly are obesity and diabetes.
Venous (Varicose) Ulcers mostly occur due to improper functioning of the valves connecting the superficial and deep veins. Arterial (Ischemic) Ulcers are caused by poor blood circulation as a result of narrowed arteries or by damage to the small blood vessels from diabetes. Treatment for leg ulcers should include weight loss if you are overweight and regular exercise to promote good circulation. Once the causes of leg ulcers are under control, (for example the blood sugar level in diabetes) the ulcer should heal by itself.
If an underlying disease is one of the causes of leg ulcers, it's important that it is treated - for example hardening of the arteries. Sit with your legs raised whenever you have the opportunity - above heart level if possible.
If your work requires a lot of standing or sitting, try to vary your stance as much as possible. Hypochromic anemia, which results in the red blood cells lacking the normal level of hemoglobin, is one potential cause of green skin.
Those who have discolored skin that is unrelated to injury or lasts more than several days should have a complete blood count run by their doctor. Some of the most common causes of green skin are anemia and discoloration from wearing certain kinds of jewelry. Hypochromic anemia, once commonly known as chlorosis, is one potential cause of green skin. Another potential cause of green skin is bruising, which generally involves internal bleeding into extracellular space within the skin. Though anemia and bruising can cause greenish skin colors, they typically won't result in a very bright green hue. Copper can really change your skin quite dramatically f it reacts badly to your particular set of chemicals.
I find it interesting that anemia and wearing copper jewelry both turn your skin green; even more interesting that they thus end up in the same article. Cold Feet, Many CulpritsIf your toes are always cold, one reason could be poor blood flow -- a circulatory problem sometimes linked to smoking, high blood pressure, or heart disease. Ingrown toenail develops due to number of factors, but in majority wearing small sized shoes is the common cause.
Whenever you walk or run, it puts some amount of pressure on the toes and gradually toenail suffers. For diabetic people, treating ingrown toenail may create some problem and continuous monitoring is needed. Before trimming the nails, you should keep the foot in warm water so that the nails would soften. While most of us have a vague idea that diabetic feet need special care, we usually don’t look into the details until it’s absolutely necessary—in other words, when things are already going wrong. That’s why I encourage you—whether you’ve experienced trouble with your feet to date or not—to take a moment to learn about foot health with diabetes. If you have already experienced noticeable pain or discomfort in your feet, it’s imperative that you see an endocrinologist or podiatrist right away. If your insurance permits it, you might go straight to the foot specialist (podiatrist), rather than wasting time getting screened first by a general practitioner (also called a “primary care” or “family doctor”). To locate a podiatrist near you, try using Local Podiatry or In Your Area by plugging in your zip code.
Treatments depend a lot on your symptoms and the type of neuropathy you have, but the first order of business will be to work on lowering your A1c (the test that measures your blood sugar levels over time). Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), which is a type of therapy that attempts to reduce pain by applying brief pulses of electricity to nerve endings in the skin. Bonus tip: Excellent resources are available at the “Take the Next Step” program for helping individuals manage diabetic foot pain. Symptoms of gout in the foot are due to the formation of uric acid crystals in the body which eventually store themselves in the person’s toes, ankles or into the foot as a whole. Gout is primarily caused by too much uric acid present in the blood, or medically known as hyperuricemia.
These are the common causes of gout, and because of these, symptoms of gout in the foot such as tingling, pain, tenderness, swelling and redness would develop.
Symptoms of gout in the foot may really impede our ability to do our normal day to day activities. This website is purely for information purpose and gives information that is general in nature. Also termed as “peripheral neuropathy”, this disease is marked by the destruction of the axons of the peripheral neurons found outside the brain and spinal cord, especially affecting the hands and the feet.
Even though, diabetes is considered as the leading cause of neuropathy of feet and is also assumed by many as the only cause of neuropathy, there are many other causes that can lead to this debilitating condition. Vascular abnormalities like endothelial hyperplasia, capillary membrane thickening, hypertension, hypercholestrerolemia, hypertriglyceridemia and hypoxia can cause vasoconstriction and decrease the supply of oxygen to the nerves leading to nerve ischemia.
The remaining cases of neuropathies known as acquired neuropathy occur due to exposure to toxins and heavy metals, nutritional deficiencies, traumatic injuries to the nerves, infections, tumors, thyroid problems, kidney and liver damage, cigarette smoking, alcohol consumption, autoimmune diseases like rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis, etc. In general, the symptoms start with a change in the sensation of the feet, which can be as mild as numbness, tingling, pin or needle sensation, shooting to as severe as a burning sensation, frozen feet, stabbing pain and a complete loss of sensation in the feet.
Moreover, these symptoms can be extremely unpleasant, especially because they get worse during the night and lead to sleep disturbances and broken sleep patterns. The numbness, tingling and foot pain progressively increases with rising blood sugar levels and hence, constant monitoring and controlling glucose levels is one of the most important steps for treating neuropathic foot pain. Begin by self-care at home and use heat or cold therapy by applying heat pads or a warm towel and ice packs to the affected feet areas. Foot massaging using a lotion or a rolling massager that is available at drug stores, for about 15-20 minutes on a daily basis can dramatically increase blood flow to the feet and reverse the symptoms of neuropathy. Stay extremely vigilant and avoid hurting or injuring your feet since poor circulation of blood to the feet hinders the natural healing abilities of the body.
Moreover, poor blood flow does not allow antibiotics to reach the site of the infection at a faster rate, thus further delaying the healing process.
Protect your feet by wearing cushioned shoes and do not walk around bare-foot to avoid getting injured in the first place. Therefore successful prevention for leg ulcers and successful treatment for leg ulcers must be directed at correcting the underlying cause, not the ulcer itself.
A diagnosis is determined by the patient’s medical history, a thorough physical examination by a wound specialist or physician, and laboratory tests, which may include X-rays, MRIs, CT scans and noninvasive vascular studies to help develop a treatment plan.
Ulcers in the elderly affect their quality of life, especially if they are affected by them chronically. Since many elderly individuals spend a majority of their time sitting, one of the best remedies is to keep their legs elevated, preferably above the heart.


The failure of these valves causes blood to improper flow of the veins, causing varicose veins.
Decreased circulation from diabetes is the main reason for the development of diadetic leg ulcers. Treatment may involve wound cleansing, anti-inflammatory treatment and application of dressings. Leg and foot ulcers have a tendency to recur in elderly people, and sometimes may require years of therapy. In some cases, this condition can also be associated with severe health problems, such as multiple organ failure. This condition results in the red blood cells lacking the normal level of hemoglobin that normally gives them their red color. Bruises often initially appear reddish-blue or purple, which is due to the red pigmentation present in the blood's hemoglobin. There have, however, been instances of skin taking on such a vibrant tone after multiple organ failure.
It looks kind of like a bruise or dirt, but almost never goes away, and when it does, it usually comes back within a matter of days.
After all, we know that people who eat very large amounts of tomatoes (or tomato soup or paste) every day slowly but surely get an orange color. If you're younger and haven't been growing a beard for that long, it might be that your hair has just gotten thicker and darker over time. I shave everyday and recently, I start noticing that my beard and mustache area are discolored. I get iron infusions weekly, but even before the infusions started, my skin was far from ever turning even a hint of green. I don't know how else you would organize that information; I guess I just wouldn't have expected it.
I have had it a couple of times, though I try very hard to maintain a healthy hemoglobin count. It is intended for general informational purposes only and does not address individual circumstances. It very often develops on the corner of the nail and bends down touching the skin surface till the toe. By wearing tight shoes, you are forcing the toes and in turn the nails forward and hence the skin gets infected and swelling develops. She is the founder and editor-in-chief of Diabetes Mine and co-authored the book Know Your Numbers, Outlive Your Diabetes.
You might be surprised to hear that prescription meds used to treat pain from neuropathy are also commonly prescribed for treating depression?including tricyclic antidepressants, duloxetine hydrochloride, and medicines that control seizures, such as pregabalin and gabapentin.
Be careful using heat or ice, as neuropathy can make it hard for you to feel changes in temperature.
Usually, the person feels a tingling sensation and tenderness that start on the toes and make their way up the entire foot. The parents may have a defective metabolism of the uric acid which causes its buildup in the system. You should stay away from purine rich foods such as sardines, shellfish, scallops, beans, and too much red meat, to name a few. In order to battle this inconvenience, taking the extra steps to prevent or manage this disease would greatly help in overcoming the painful symptoms. Please contact your health care provider for specialized medical advice, diagnosis and treatment. As a result, the nerves innervating the feet do not function properly and lose the ability to transmit nerve impulses, thereby blocking the communication from the brain.
Elevated levels of glucose can deplete the levels of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant in the body that leads to the accumulation of reactive oxygen species, which attack and damage the nerves. About 30% of neuropathic cases occur due to unknown reasons and are termed as idiopathic neuropathy. Damage to motor neurons leads to muscle weakness, cramps, paralysis, loss of coordination and a change in the body posture since patients tend to place more pressure on one side of the leg while walking. The sharp, electric-like pain, numbness and tingling in the feet gradually spreads upwards to the legs and hands.
This in turn, leads to fatigue and tiredness during the day, thus declining cognitive faculties like focus, concentration and attention. Neuropathy affects about 20 million people in the United States, out of which, 50% of the cases occur in diabetic patients.
This is supported by the fact that about 86,000 leg amputations in the US are carried out every year in patients suffering from diabetic neuropathy.
You can also soak your feet in hot water for about 20-30 minutes daily by adding a tablespoon of Epsom salt to it. Despite using these home-based therapies, if you continue to experience the tingling and pain in our feet, then it is high time for you to consult a doctor to avoid leg ulcers and amputations. Many minor injuries in the feet and legs like cuts and bruises go unnoticed due to the loss of sensation of pain or numbness in the feet. Hence, it is important to practice regular exercise like walking, aerobics, cardiovascular diseases, which not only promote blood circulation but also help in restoring the strength and flexibility of the leg muscles. Use a footrest as often as you can so as to place your feet on an elevated level to improve blood circulation. Many elderly individuals are inactive, making it very hard to treat ulcers in a traditional manner. Treatment for leg ulcers greatly depends on the factors that cause the ulcer or have prevented healing. So long as there is no arterial disease, venous leg and foot ulcers will benefit from elevation and compression dressings.
It is also possible for green skin to simply be the result of bruising, though skin discolored in this way will generally be highly localized and exhibit a range of hues as it heals.
Consequently, people with hypochromic anemia sometimes exhibit a green pallor to their skin. This then breaks down into compounds like biliverdin, biliruben, and hemosiderin, each of which has a different color. In cases such as multiple organ failure, or sepsis, it may become possible for food dyes to be absorbed into the extracellular space.
Perspiration from the skin may react with the copper, in effect corroding the surface of the jewelry and resulting in the same type of copper salts that cause copper-based items, like the U.S.
However, for the last two months, I have not been getting them, as I have shifted to an iron rich diet, but without iron supplementation.
There are special craft sealants you can get, like resin, but if you want a quick and easy do-it-yourself solution I'm pretty sure that clear nail polish will do it. It's not like you would mistake them for a martian with a green skin color, but I have definitely seen people go so pale from sickness that they looked faintly green. I think sometimes we get a bruise but we don't even realize it for a couple of days. I don't know about other people, but my bruises always go from purple to green to yellow and it usually takes a week for it to completely heal. I can't imagine not noticing the other symptoms, like tiredness and low appetite, long enough for your skin to turn green. It is not a substitute for professional medical advice, diagnosis or treatment and should not be relied on to make decisions about your health.
Likewise, if you trim your nails too short, then it projects the toe outside subjecting it to wear and tear.
You will frequently find her speaking at diabetes, health, and social media events across the country. Due to the inflammation, the foot would look red and somewhat shiny, and feels slightly painful at first and becomes severe if unattended. Damage to the sensory nerves is manifested in the form of tingling, burning or freezing sensation and a loss of sensation of pain. Despite the excruciating pain, most people delay the treatment until the pain interferes with their walking abilities, sleep, travelling and social life.


Hence, early diagnosis and treating the underlying cause of neuropathic pain can gradually improve its symptoms with time.
Other non-pharmacological treatments include acupuncture, meditation, guided imagery, visualization, distraction techniques like slow, rhythmic breathing, etc. This weakens the muscles and enables the infection to spread to the bone, eventually leading to ulcers and lower leg amputations. Also, avoid wearing tight fitting socks and shoes to allow continuous blood flow to the feet. Hence, self-care at home involving the above-mentioned remedies can help you avoid further complications like leg ulcers and amputations associated with neuropathy.
Unless the discoloration is obviously localized to a bruise or linked to wearing jewelry, only a medical professional can properly diagnose the problem. Other symptoms of the condition can include shortness of breath, headaches, and a lack of appetite, while potential causes include B6 deficiency, low iron absorption, certain types of infections, or even lead poisoning.
Biliverdin in particular can have a greenish hue, and its presence in a bruise can cause the skin to appear green. So if I don't realize I have a bruise until two or three days after I get it, I come across a green area. A doctor can look for any underlying problems -- or let you know that you simply have cold feet. Never ignore professional medical advice in seeking treatment because of something you have read on the WebMD Site.
For some patients, doctor may administer electric current or surgical tools for removing the part of nail that is bent. Heat promotes blood circulation and aids in dilating the blood vessels, thereby re-establishing a connection between the nerves and the blood vessels. A bruise often has many of these compounds present at any time during the healing process, so colors such as red, blue, green, yellow, and golden brown can all be present in a bruise. Food dyes are deemed safe for human consumption based partially on not being absorbable, but in cases where multiple organ failure or sepsis are present, they may be absorbed.
What can I do to get rid of this discoloration? Also, I have a couple of brown moles which have a slightly greenish-bluish color around them. However, you just have to find ways to manage the pain and tenderness before they get worse. If it doesn't go away, then it might be something else and you should see a doctor in that case.
Is it possible to eat certain foods with green pigments in very large amounts and slowly accumulate the pigment in or under the skin? But pain that’s not due to sky-high heels may come from a stress fracture, a small crack in a bone. One possible cause: Exercise that was too intense, particularly high-impact sports like basketball and distance running. Red, White, and Blue ToesRaynaud’s disease can cause toes to turn white, then bluish, and then redden again and return to their natural tone. Stress or changes in temperature can trigger vasospasms, which usually don’t lead to other health concerns. Raynaud’s may also be related to rheumatoid arthritis, Sjogren’s disease, or thyroid problems. Heel PainThe most common cause of heel pain is plantar fasciitis, inflammation where this long ligament attaches to the heel bone. Arthritis, excessive exercise, and poorly fitting shoes also can cause heel pain, as can tendonitis.
Less common causes include a bone spur on the bottom of the heel, a bone infection, tumor, or fracture.
Dragging Your FeetSometimes the first sign of a problem is a change in the way you walk -- a wider gait or slight foot dragging. The cause may be the slow loss of normal sensation in your feet, brought on by peripheral nerve damage.
Other possible causes for foot dragging include problems with the brain, spinal cord, or muscles. Lung disease is the most common underlying cause, but it also can be caused by heart disease, liver and digestive disorders, or certain infections.
Swollen FeetThis is usually a temporary nuisance caused by standing too long or a long flight -- especially if you are pregnant.
Burning FeetA burning sensation in the feet is common among diabetics with peripheral nerve damage.
It can also be caused by a vitamin B deficiency, athlete’s foot, chronic kidney disease, poor circulation in the legs and feet (peripheral arterial disease), or hypothyroidism.  Sores That Don't HealFoot sores that will not heal are a major warning sign for diabetes.
Diabetes can impair sensation in the feet, circulation, and normal wound healing, so even a blister can become a troublesome wound.
Slow-healing of sores also can be caused by poor circulation from conditions such as peripheral artery disease. Pain in the Big ToeGout is a notorious cause of sudden pain in the big toe joint, along with redness and swelling (seen here).
If the joint is rigid, it may be hallux rigidus, a complication of arthritis where a bone spur develops.
Pain in the Smaller ToesIf you feel like you're walking on a marble, or if pain burns in the ball of your foot and radiates to the toes, you may have Morton’s neuroma, a thickening of tissue around a nerve, usually between the third and fourth toes.
A reaction to chemicals or skin care products -- called contact dermatitis -- can cause itching, too, along with redness and dry patches.
If the skin on itchy feet is thick and pimple-like, it may be psoriasis, an over-reaction of the immune system.
Claw ToeThis foot deformity can be caused by shoes that are tight and pinch your toes or by a disease that damages nerves, such as diabetes, alcoholism, or other neurological disorder.
Your toes will be bent upward as they extend from the ball of the foot, then downward from the middle joint, resembling a claw.
They may respond to stretching and exercises of the toes or you may need special shoes or even surgery. Foot SpasmsA sudden, sharp pain in the foot is the hallmark of a muscle spasm or cramp, which can last many minutes.
Other causes include poor circulation, dehydration, or imbalances in potassium, magnesium, calcium, or vitamin D levels in the body. Dark Spot on the FootWe associate skin cancer with the sun, so we’re not as likely to check our feet for unusual spots. However, a melanoma, the most dangerous form of skin cancer, can develop in areas that are not regularly exposed to the sun.
Thick, yellow nails also can be a sign of an underlying disease, including lymphedema (swelling related to the lymphatic system), lung problems, psoriasis, or rheumatoid arthritis.
Spoon-shaped ToenailsSometimes an injury to the nail or frequent exposure to petroleum-based solvents can create a concave, spoon-like shape. White NailsInjury to the nail or illness anywhere in the body can cause white areas in the nails. If part or all of a nail separates from the nail bed (shown here), it can appear white -- and may be due to an injury, nail infection, or psoriasis. If the nail is intact and most of it is white, it can sometimes be a sign of a more serious condition including liver disease, congestive heart failure, or kidney disease. Pitting of the NailsPitting, or punctured-looking depressions in the surface of the nail, is caused by a disruption in the growth of the nail at the nail plate.



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