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The best way to monitor your doga€™s diabetes is with home blood glucose testing, which is a lot easier to do than you might think! This type of testing gives you the most information about your doga€™s blood glucose levels and is the only way to determine at home whether his blood sugar level is too low. People who have diabetes monitor their blood sugar with a small portable meter that tests a tiny drop of blood for the amount of glucose it contains. Meters that have been frequently and successfully used to test a doga€™s blood sugar include the OneTouch Ultra, Ascensia Contour, Freestyle, and Precision Xtra.
In addition to purchasing these meters and test strips at pharmacies, they can be ordered online, often at better prices.
AlphaTrak (also available online from Amazon and many of the pet retailers), is an animal-adjusted meters that has been calibrated to more closely approximate a dog's blood sugar.
Regardless of which type of meter you choose, you should have a handful of comparisons done between your metera€™s readings and a lab analyzer. There is considerable variation dog to dog and meter to meter and the readings your meter gives can be anywhere from equal to lab values to slightly different (usually lower) to significantly different (again, usually your meter will give lower readings than the lab).
In Chrisa€™ case, the OneTouch Ultra gave the most accurate readings for the meters we tried. This chart shows comparisons made by testing Chris with different meters on a single sample of blood where the OneTouch Ultra was compared to the animal-adjusted AlphaTrak. Again, it's important to understand that you will have to test your meter with your dog to know how accurate it is for you.
Even if your meter readings are quite a bit different than lab values, a meter tells you one thing that no other testing or monitoring tool can—when your doga€™s blood sugar is low.
Elbow callous – For medium to large dogs with a callous on the elbow, this is a popular place to test. Ear – Vets often suggest the ear for testing but generally ita€™s not the easiest place to obtain a drop of blood from a dog. A less informative way to measure your doga€™s average blood sugar over a few hours at a time is urine testing. Urine testing is most useful as an inexpensive way to monitor a dog whose blood sugar levels are already controlled. The least technical and least detailed way is simply to observe your doga€™s behavior and monitor his weight.
NOTICE: The content on this site is provided for informational and educational purposes only. Cat Owner’s Home Veterinary Handbook, Fully Revised and UpdatedMany veterinary treatments for cats were based on research conducted with dogs because it was wrongly assumed that cats were very similar. I saw a question recently posted on message board where the owner mentioned that an older cat is drinking more water, eating well but losing weight – cat diabetes? All the above illnesses can be treated, so the best advice is to visit your veterinarian to get the cat checked out as routine tests can determine which of the above illnesses are present. Cat diabetes tends to develop over a number of weeks and is sometime difficult to notice as early symptoms can vary from cat to cat.
This is because once the available insulin in the body decreases, glucose in the bloodstream is not broken down into energy. When the body is burning only fat and muscle, this acidity is passed out of the body in urine, and the cat gets very dangerously dehydrated.
Ketoacidosis is a life threatening condition, because as the level of acidity in the blood increases, the body’s dehydration reaches the point where the cat can lapse into a coma. Early signs of ketoacidosis to watch out for are: loss of appetite, vomiting, diarrhea, lethargy, weakness, dehydration, and breathing problems.
Cataracts are opacities within the lens that may affect a small portion of the lens or the entire lens. Heredity, metabolic diseases, senile changes, trauma, nutritional deficiencies, toxins, drugs, radiation therapy and inflammation will cause cataracts in dogs.
Senile — these can be amenable to surgery but it is essential there is early referral for retinal assessment (Generalised Progressive Retinal Atrophy needs to be ruled out as well as any other coexisting retinal diseases). Trauma and inflammation — some of these cases are not amenable to surgical intervention because of intraocular changes such as adhesions and pigment deposition which detracts from an overall successful result. It may be argued that an older sedentary dog with cataract and no vision has a good quality of life. The surgery aims to give a blind animal vision and allow it to live a relatively normal life. It will be found that the dog may have some trouble focusing on near objects at first, but will get better at this with time. The visual improvement in a 12-year-old diabetic dog is noticeable within hours of surgery!
The longer a cataract remains in a dogs’ eye the more likely cataract associated pathology which can cause severe pain or permanent blindness will be seen.
Dislocation or Luxation of the Lens — the longer a cataract remains in an eye the thicker and more contracted the anterior and posterior capsules become.
Posterior Capsular Opacities — these are more likely to form in mature cataracts and will cloud vision when the lens is removed (the posterior capsule is always left intact in cataract surgery to prevent vitreous prolapse). Pigment Deposition — this may follow cataract surgery if there has been a prolonged bout of LIU prior to surgery and effectively cause the same problems as capsular opacities.
Glaucoma — prolonged LIU can cause adhesions which disturbs the flow of aqueous through the pupil or out the angle of filtration, thus producing a secondary glaucoma. Retinal Detachment — in the Bichon Frise there appears to be a high correlation between mature cataract and retinal detachment which results in permanent blindness. In the situation where it is evident that there is progression of the cataract(s) and the animals vision is becoming compromised, early referral is advised so that a full ophthalmic examination can be done with particular reference to the state of the retina.
Currently the cost of cataract surgery in our clinic is in the region of $1700-1900 for one eye to $2700-2900 for both. In a situation where a retinal disease is either suspected or known, and cataract progression has been mainly responsible for the sudden progression of the visual difficulties the dog is having, surgery will allow the utilisation of what retinal function the dog has left.
Retinal Detachment — certainly a factor in the Bichon if cataracts are left in too long.
General Anaesthesia — these days with Isofluorane anaesthesia, fluid support and close monitoring with pulse-oximeter, maintenance and recovery from anaesthesia poses few problems with all cases going home the day of surgery. The owners major input is in transport, paying the bill for the surgery (and hoping for an improvement in relations with the dog if there was a problem prior to surgery-payback time!),instilling drops into the eye pre and post-operatively for up to 6-8 weeks and returning after the surgery for post-operative checks. General anaesthesia – The anaesthesia involves induction with an intravenous drug but maintenance for the duration of the surgery is oxygen and an anaesthetic gas (Isofluorane). Opening the cornea 180 degrees or if phacoemulsification is utilised, then a 3mm incision at 12 o’clock is used.
During the surgery these lens contents are released into the eye will cause an intense inflammatory reaction. 1% Atropine – this keeps the pupil dilated to allow vision and reduce the possibility of adhesions of iris to residual lens capsule, reduces the pain from iris spasm in the eye and reduces the release of debris into the eye which can cause adhesions. Antibiotics – used immediately after surgery but will only be used as a course of treatment in diabetic animals because of their greater risk of infection.
The stitches in the cornea will dissolve in 6-8 weeks and they may cause a mild reaction in the cornea so that a low dose of eye drops may be needed. The assessment of whether vision has been returned is best left for at least 2 weeks to allow debris within the eye to clear, although some vision may be attained within hours to several days. These problems can be minimised by meticulous surgical technique, attendance to medicating the eye post operatively but even when everything seems right technically, restoration of vision may not eventuate.
My policy is not to charge for the first post operative visit as I would like to check on the progress of the eye for several months even years post operatively. After Craig graduated with Distinction from Massey University in 1970 he took up an internship at Melbourne University followed by a further two years in private practice in South Australia.
Since 1973 Craig has operated his companion animal practice in Palmerston North, Craig is a Registered Specialist in Veterinary Ophthalmology and he conducts Eye Referral Clinics throughout New Zealand. He currently serves on the Companion Animal Society Editorial Board and the New Zealand Kennel Club Hereditary Disorders Committee. This article is subject to copyright and cannot be replicated in any form without prior permission click here to contact us. Think of it as an egg which has become hard-boiled-the only solution is to remove the lens which is very effective and restores good vision.
The accumulation of plague like substance in the arteries that carry blood to vital organs will cause peripheral artery disease (PAD).
The major cause of PAD is atherosclerosis which is a condition of fat deposits or building of plague in arteries, stopping blood flow. Dogs can have allergic reactions to grooming products, food, and environmental irritants, such as pollen or insect bites. Superficial bacterial folliculitis is an infection that causes sores, bumps, and scabs on the skin. Changes in a dog's skin color or coat texture can be a warning sign of several common metabolic or hormone problems. Also called acral lick dermatitis, this is a frustrating skin condition caused by compulsive, relentless licking of a single area -- most often on the front of the lower leg.
If you notice a hard lump on your dog's skin, point it out to your vet as soon as possible.
Hot spots, also called acute moist dermatitis, are small areas that appear red, irritated, and inflamed. In rare cases, skin lesions or infections that won’t heal can indicate an immune disorder in your dog. Bacterial Canine Urinary InfectionBacteria can told hold anywhere in the urinary tract and cause a dog urinary infection.
A histiocytoma is a benign skin tumor, usually seen in young dogs, that often spontaneously regresses without treatment.
Sudden Onset of Vomiting in Dogs It is not uncommon for dogs and cats to vomit from time to time. In addition to checking your doga€™s blood sugar when you are concerned about it, you can complete blood glucose curves at home to assess how well balanced your doga€™s food and insulin are. You can use the same meters to test your dog, with some comparisons and possibly adjustments to the readings to account for some differences between the blood cells of dogs and people.
You can have your vet draw blood and put a drop of that blood on a strip in your meter or you can test your doga€™s blood sugar with your meter during the vet visit. In his case, the OneTouch Ultra is a reliable average of 30 points lower than lab values, with the range of individual values being between 15 and 45.

If your dog is trembling, stumbling, or antsy, for example—some common signs of a dog with low blood sugar—you can test to find out for sure. You can shave a small patch of skin so that the fur wona€™t interrupt the bead of blood and a very thin layer of Vaseline on the skin will allow the blood to bead nicely.
Usually the skin will be too thick to use a lancing pen so you will probably have to use the lance freehand.
It works well with cats, which have a strong supply of blood vessels in the margin of the ear. Also, there isna€™t a direct correlation between the reading on the strip and your doga€™s blood sugar at the moment. If you doga€™s diabetes is well controlled so that the blood sugar is nearly always below that threshold, he will always have a negative urine test. The excessive thirst and resulting need to urinate that characterize uncontrolled diabetes subsides once you start giving insulin and, when the insulin dose is adequate, your dog will be able to maintain a stable weight and look and feel healthy. While we make every effort to present information that is accurate and reliable, the views expressed here are not meant to be a substitute for the advice provided by a licensed veterinarian. At first the cat’s appetite may be fine, but eventually the appetite diminishes and they begin to lose weight.
Your veterinarian will then be able to discuss the various treatment options that are available. Some cats become almost obsessive about water, lurking around taps,  hosepipes and garden fountains. To get that needed energy, the body instead burns up (metabolizes)  fat and protein from the muscles.
These metabolic changes cause another complication – a condition known as ketoacidosis.
These opacities vary from an incipient form (barely discernible ie retina easily seen), to a mature (retina not seen) to a hypermature or Morganian cataract (parts of retina seen as lens cortex or the “egg-white clears”). The pupil will appear more cloudy rather than dark and there will be subtle changes in the animals ability to see eg walking into objects, inability or clumsiness when fetching. In most cases these cataract-related disorders could be avoided by early surgical cataract removal. We are suspicious this is happening when one is presented with an eye with a mature cataract and a ‘red eye’. The equipment used for this procedure expensive with phacoemulsification units currently costing $50-$80000 and the consumables such as sutures and instruments are costly. It is important to warn the owner that the surgery will not halt the progression of the retinal disease. The overriding feeling amongst most of the owners I see who present their animals for assessment, is the emotional upset of seeing their companion trying to cope with blindness. The administration of drops is most frequent in the first week after surgery then tapers off considerably.
The frequent drug therapy before and after surgery is designed to suppress this reaction but treatment may be necessary for several months afterward. The success rate in my hands is high as we have the equipment and the experience to do this type of surgery. I am very happy for you to ring if you have any problems or are unsure of what may be happening and cannot contact me at the clinic -a lot of time, effort and expense has gone into this surgery so I want to ensure its success. The excess of fat will get collected in the form of plague inside artery which then mixes with tissue fiber and calcium to block the arterial blood flow. Some of them would experience muscular pain and cramps or stiffening of legs while waking but it will soon disappear. Sometime, it can be caused due to inflammation of blood vessels and accidental injury to legs.
Medical treatment is given in the form of cholesterol lowering drugs and medicines for controlling high blood pressure.
Humans’ seasonal environmental allergies are typically identified by sneezing, running nose, and red irritated watery eyes but when a dog is affected by seasonal environmental allergies the typical symptoms are much different. The disease typically results in excessive itching and  it predisposes dogs to the development of secondary skin infections in the irritated areas. Dogs with allergies may scratch relentlessly, and if you peek at the skin it often reveals a rash.
In some cases, it's a genetic disease that begins when a dog is young and lasts a lifetime. The term "ring" comes from the circular patches that can form anywhere, but are often found on a dog's head, paws, ears, and forelegs. Sarcoptic mange, also known as canine scabies, spreads easily among dogs and can also be transmitted to people, but the parasites don't survive on humans.
You may not see the tiny insects themselves, but flea droppings or eggs are usually visible in a dog's coat. The area is unable to heal, and the resulting pain and itching can lead the dog to keep licking the same spot. They are most commonly found on a dog's head, hips, or chest, and often feel hot to the touch. It can indicate the presence of infection (bacterial skin infection or fungal) or be a neoplasm, which is uncontrolled cell growth.
This type of dog skin disorder could indicate an infection (bacterial or fungal) or auto-immune problem (when the body responds to a substance that it shouldn't respond to).
However, they also like to chew on their toys and, as a result, sometimes swallow harmful objects that can affect their health. They might have eaten something that upset their stomachs, or just have sensitive digestive systems. Then check the blood sugar again every hour or two hours until the next meal and injection, longer if possible. We have been using this meter since 2004 with excellent results and have performed all of his curves since we began home testing. Actually, dogs have very few nerves in that area and they generally have no problem with being tested there.
For this spot, you may need to use a lance freehand rather than in a pen-type lancing device. The bladder collects excess sugar from the blood over however many hours it has been since your dog last emptied her bladder. Please consult your veterinarian for specific advice concerning the medical condition or treatment of your dog and before administering any medication or pursuing any course of treatment that you may read about on this site.
It could be but not necessarily as there a number of illnesses that could lead to these symptoms.
Another sign of diabetes that the back legs are weakened, causing the cat to become very wobbly when walking. So in answer to the question of an older cat is drinking more water, eating well but losing weight – cat diabetes? Many cases get referred because a veterinarian may notice a change during routine health examination.
This cost structure will also include several post-operative checks in Palmerston North or in any of the other clinics I visit in New Zealand. I have seen cases where there has been noticeable benefits for the animal in this situation. For peace of mind there may be a requirement for an earlier post-operative check than previously planned.
This condition is called as atherosclerosis and when enough oxygenated blood is not supplied to head, heart and other organs it can affect the part seriously. Diabetic patients and adults who are above 50 should monitor the changes and pain in legs to eliminate PAD. In longhaired dogs, the most obvious symptoms may be a dull coat and shedding with scaly skin underneath. But most dogs with seborrhea develop the scaling as a complication of another medical problem, such as allergies or hormonal abnormalities. But sometimes stress, poor nutrition, or illness can cause a dog to lose more hair than usual.
To properly remove a tick, grasp the tick with tweezers close to the dog’s skin, and gently pull it straight out. Treatment includes discouraging the dog from licking, either by using a bad-tasting topical solution or an Elizabethan collar.
Hot spots can result from a wide range of conditions, including infections, allergies, insect bites, or excessive licking and chewing. Bacteria usually enters the body from the area where your dog urinates.Urine is your dog's first defense against infection. It may be the only eye disease present, or may be associated with other diseases or eye problems.
It can be caused by inflamed skin (granuloma), infection (bacterial, fungal), calcium deposit or uncontrolled cell growth (neoplasm). However, it becomes acute when the vomiting does not stop and when there is nothing left in the stomach to throw up except bile (a yellow fluid). However, since your dog may not fit the average and these meters are much more expensive to purchase and use, we recommend starting home blood glucose testing with a regular meter set for humans. Chris is tested on the inside upper lip on both sides of his nose, usually about a half an inch in from the edge of the lip around the vicinity of the canine tooth. You then can collect a little urine (a soup ladle works well for this and you dona€™t need very much at all; in fact, you can insert the test strip directly into the stream of urine if your dog is cooperative) and test it with the strip, checking the color change that indicates how much glucose is in your doga€™s urine. Plus there is lag time between high levels of blood sugar and that sugar being flushed into the urine.
So you have no way of knowing if your doga€™s blood sugar is going too low using strictly urine testing. Diabetes does cause cats to drink more water, urinate more frequently and lose weight despite eating well. Many breeds have a greater propensity to develop cataracts so there is a greater awareness by breeders and owners of these breeds.
PAD normally is found in the arteries of the legs but it can also affect arteries which supplies blood to head, kidneys and arms.
Others who experience symptoms will have numbness in legs, sores on feet, mild change in color of legs, hair loss, weakened pulse rate in legs and erectile dysfunction for men. Folliculitis often occurs in conjunction with other skin problems, such as mange, allergies, or injury.

Puppies less than a year old are the most susceptible, and the infection can spread quickly between dogs in a kennel or to pet owners at home. If abnormal or excessive shedding persists for more than a week, or you notice patches of missing fur, check with your veterinarian.
Twisting or pulling too hard may cause the head to remain lodged in your dog’s skin, which can lead to infection. Severe flea infestations can cause blood loss and anemia, and even expose your dog to other parasites, such as tapeworms. A gastrointestinal foreign body refers to any material other than food that is eaten and that results in serious digestive problems. But these symptoms could also be related to kidney disease, hyperactive thyroid or liver disease. Like in humans, old age can bring on a multitude of illnesses and some times symptoms are not always clear cut in defining illnesses. There are some special considerations both surgically and post operatively with regard to anti-inflammatory treatment one must consider in these cases, but overall the results are extremely gratifying.
Place the tick in a jar with some alcohol for a couple of days and dispose of it once it is dead.
Demodectic mange can cause bald spots, scabbing, and sores, but it is not contagious between animals or people.
While vomiting may have a simple, straightforward cause, it may be an indicator of something far more serious. The test strips, which are the long-term cost of home testing, are much less expensive for the meters people use. This location is most often used with medium to large dogs but can also be used with small dogs.
I am no longer surprised at the commitment many owners have for their animals and take great delight in restoring very useful vision to most of the cases I see.
The data is the most current available and descriptions can be matched easily with what you find in grocery stores around the country. In addition to causing blood loss and anemia, ticks can transmit Lyme disease and other potentially serious bacterial infections.
A skin growth or mass may be a malignant or benign tumor, an abscess, a cyst, a hematoma (blood-filled mass) or a reaction by the skin to an allergen (hives). It is also problematic because it can have a wide range of causes, and determining the correct one may be quite complicated. Once you are proficient at home testing, you can always transition to an animal-adjusted meter if you are not satisfied with your results using a regular one.
This allows you to get more PRECISE results since a key step is to actually buy the food which conforms to your diet, weight loss, or nutrition plan. If you live in an area where ticks are common, talk to your veterinarian about tick control products. Urinalysis, the name for the test, will show if bacteria is present and if there is a large concentration of crystals, the building blocks of bladder stones.There are several types of bacteria that can cause the problem. In fact, any household object your dog chews on can become a foreign body problem.Dogs of any age are susceptible to developing foreign body problems but this is most commonly seen in young dogs less than 2 years of age.
X-rays or ultrasound may be used if the formation of a stone is suspected in the upper tract.
To view the lower tract an endoscopy, a video camera that is at the end of a thin tube is used. A stone is a collection of crystals that formed into an object that can get large enough to block a urinary passage. Frequently, while playing and chewing on these items, the dog may unintentionally ingest some or all of the material. Bile, on the other hand, indicates an inflammatory bowel disease or inflammation of the pancreas (pancreatitis).
The program is easy, fun, and quick to work with, and you use it with any diet, weight loss, or nutrition plan.
Although some smaller foreign bodies can pass through the gut without getting stuck and causing a problem, the larger pieces can result in serious gastrointestinal complications. In cases where there is canine cardiovascular diseases, heart congestion, hematological problems (related with blood), heart worm infestation, pulmonary blockage may cause pressure on the oxygen and nutrient supply to every cell of the body. You analyze the nutrients to find the highest or lowest value for a nutrient via the sort function; then also you quickly compare other nutrient columns to make sure that you have not found a low value for one nutrient at the expense of a high nutrient value in another column. Your veterinarian will try and determine if the problem is in the lower or upper urinary tract.To treat a canine urinary infection your veterinarian will rely on antibiotics for a period up to 14 days and then test 7 days later to see if the infection is gone.
What to Watch ForDogs that have ingested a foreign object usually show signs of gastrointestinal upset.
In such cases, a neurological response in the brain initiates a pressurized respiratory response, i.e. If your dog refuses to eat, begins vomiting, drooling or has abnormal bowel movements, contact your veterinarian. If your dog gets more than 3 infections in a year, that more aggressive treatment may be needed using a process called antimicrobial therapy.You can help your dog avoid bacterial infections by using some home remedies. In some instances, you may notice a foreign object, such as a string, protruding from the rectum. DiagnosisYour veterinarian will begin by obtaining a complete and thorough medical history, including recent chewing on foreign material. Dogs will increase the amount they urinate and feel they need to drink just by being outside.
Symptoms of Abnormal Dog Panting: Canine panting after exercise, running, in hot weather and in certain breeds is considered normal. However,in dogs which pant consistently and show signs of stress, discomfort, cough, difficult breathing and visible distress should be referred to a veterinarian for detailed examination. Most foreign objects can be confirmed on plain x-rays but a few elusive ones may require a dye material like barium in order for diagnosis. Clinically, dog panting can never be a confirmatory sign for any possible health problem, but other signs such as anemia, darkened skin and mucus, weight loss, lethargy, intolerance, cough, fatigue, thirst and dehydration can suggest the possible degree of severity of the condition. One product made for this purpose and is worth considering is UTI Free.Fungal Dog Urinary InfectionIn rare cases, a fungus will be the cause of your dog's problem, usually in the lower urinary tract. Since removal of most foreign bodies requires surgery, once a gastrointestinal foreign body is diagnosed, your veterinarian may order blood tests to assess the general health of your dog. Clinical examination initiated due to signs of excessive panting in dogs may lead to reveal an underlying respiratory, cardiovascular and other systemic diseases, therefore dog owners are always directed to monitor the breathing pattern, panting behavior and stress level of their pets, which if appear abnormal could be an indicator of a serious underlying systemic disease. TreatmentMost dogs with a gastrointestinal foreign body obstruction have been vomiting or not eating for a period of time.
Unlike bacteria which enters from outside the body, fungus usually comes from the kidneys into the urinary system.Other problems are often present including diabetes mellitus. Sometimes, the early removal of a cancerous mass can prevent the spread of cancer to other places in the body. Once the dog panting is confirmed as abnormal as part of a clinical examination or any other symptoms or underlying causes are suspected, a veterinarian may use additional examination tools and laboratory diagnosis. The problem could have also been caused by recent medical procedures such as the insertion of a catheter into the urinary tract. Your veterinarian will most likely want to hospitalize your dog and administer intravenous fluids prior to anesthesia.
Along with the dogs history and physical examination, detailed laboratory tests including blood examination, dog blood count, hematology, chest X-Rays, urinalysis, and biochemical profiling is done initially.
This can be followed by more specific tests as Endocrine examination, heartworm tests, cardiovascular examinations and Thoracentesis (also known as pleural fluid analysis, thoracentesis is a procedure that removes fluid or air from the chest through a needle or tube) to confirm the possible underlying cause of abnormal canine panting. Your veterinarian will also closely examine the lower urinary tract.Diagnosis of the dog urinary infection is done with a simple yeast test. Often if the underlying problem is correct such as treatment for diabetes or the end of therapy with antibiotics, the problem will resolve itself. Your veterinarian will make an incision along the center of the abdomen and will examine the stomach and intestines for foreign material or obstructions. Other drug choices are ketoconazole and itraconazole, although these might not be as effective. In severe obstructions, he may have to make multiple and if portions of the intestine have been damaged, he may also need to remove sections of the intestine. A new medication called amphotericin B is showing promise in people and may become common for canine care.Treatment for dog urinary infection lasts for 2 to 4 weeks.
Your dog will continue to receive intravenous fluids until he is able to eat and drink without vomiting. Your veterinarian may prescribe medication for pain such as butorphanol as well as antibiotics to prevent infection. Based on the severity of intestinal damage, your dog may be hospitalized for 2-5 days.Surgical removal of foreign objects is a common procedure in veterinary medicine. During the surgery the intestines, as well as other abdominal organs, can be examined for damage or illness.
Unfortunately, every surgery has negative aspects such as post-operative pain, potentially long hospital stays and possible infection. Surgery is the only treatment for intestinal obstruction so your veterinarian will take steps to either treat for or prevent some of the surgical complications. Home CareOnce your dog is able to eat and drink without vomiting, he'll be able to come home. Be sure to give all medication as prescribed by your veterinarian and periodically check the incision. Until then, do not allow your dog to lick or chew at the sutures – an Elizabethan collar may be necessary. Your dog will need to be fed a bland diet for 2-3 days and gradually return to a normal diet.
Contact your veterinarian if your dog refuses to eat or begins vomiting.Preventative CareThe best way to prevent your dog from ingesting foreign bodies is to prevent access to objects that could be swallowed.
Keep dangerous objects away from your dog and allow him to chew only on toys that cannot be swallowed. Never let him play with string or clothing.If you suspect that your dog may have ingested something that may not pass through his intestinal tract, contact your veterinarian.

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