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This item will be shipped through the Global Shipping Program and includes international tracking. Will usually ship within 2 business days of receiving cleared payment - opens in a new window or tab. By submitting your bid, you are committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder.
By clicking Confirm, you are committing to buy this item from the seller if you are the winning bidder and have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Your bid is the same as or more than the Buy It Now price.You can save time and money by buying it now. If you own a boat and your seats have cushions, it is highly likely those cushions are made of vinyl. When people sit, stand and move around on your boat seats, the dirt and oils on the surface act like a fine sand paper.
Tree sap is one of the most common causes of damage to vinyl boat seats.  It can get on vinyl seats while the boat is uncovered or if a small portion of the cover comes loose, exposing the vinyl. The real problem with tree sap is that it melts easily into the seats in the sun or hot weather, making it next to impossible to clean off.  It is best to take preventative measures to keep tree sap off your boat whenever possible and to clean it off quickly if it does become a problem.
It is best to use a citrus-based cleaner without bleach to clean tree sap off your vinyl seats.  If that isn’t working, and you need something stronger, try using methyl hydrate. After an outing, try to let your boat dry out before you cover it.  It is a good idea to let it sit with the storage compartments open to dry well before covering for extended periods of time. If mold is allowed to grow it will also penetrate the vinyl and over time it will not be able to be removed, the only thing left to do is to re-dye or replace. You should use a mold and mildew killer and cleaner to stop mildew in its tracks and prevent it from continuing to grow.  You can buy these at any gardening store and most marine suppliers.
Boat seats are fundamental add-ons for any kind of boat, whether it is a fishing boat, a pontoon, a motor of sailing yacht, or even for commercial boats like ferries and ships. Boat seats are parts that insure not only the well-being of your fellow mariners, but also serve to convey your personality onto your boat. Seating is a very prominent and visible part of any boat and its quality and looks will not only determine how the boat is perceived in relation to the personality of the owner, but also its apparent value, witch would be an important consideration if you are trying to sell a boat. If you are choosing and buying new boat seats, you will find that there is no want of choice. You will not be stuck with lack of choice, and the great variety of sellers is actually of help when it comes to getting a good deal, so make sure that you shop around and compare. Impossible to be overlooked or ignored by the enterprising boat owner, fisherman or skipper, boat seats can be both purposeful and pleasing to the eye.
When looking for seating arrangements for yourself, for your crewmen and for any passengers you may take along, you should definitely check out the wide variety of cushions and boat seating arrangements available. It’s pleasant to travel on a boat with people along a river or on the sea in a watercraft.
Boat seats are important parts of any boat, which should not be neglected under any circumstances. POWDER POST BEETLES - CONTENTS: Old House Borer Damage Photographs - How to spot powder post beetle damage and determine its activity. This article provides powder post beetle & old house borer insect & rot damage photographs, inspection advice, and lists additional articles that discuss the inspection, detection, prevention, and repair of structural damage from insects (termites, carpenter ants, carpenter bees, powder post beetles, and other wood destroying insects), indoor mold, rot and building leaks or water entry. Our page top photo shows our client holding a screwdriver that penetrated a powder-post-beetle-damaged beam fully to the hilt of the tool - indicating severe structural damage to a beam damaged by powder post beetles. In our powder post beetle photos above, while there was significant beam damage, the infestation did not appear active.
For this reason, strategic probing is important to assess the depth of damage to the wood and thus to the wood structure.
We look for the presence of fine wood powder around the insect exit holes or on the ground below the damaged infected member as indications of recent insect activity.
Below are two more photographs of old house borer or powder post beetle damage in a floor support beam.
Watch out: it's often the case that this insect pest can appear dormant for a very long time, years, but activity may renew when conditions such as moisture level or temperature change. Some pest control operators (PCOs) also spray paint the wood surfaces in order to make it easier to spot a renewal of insect activity in the future. An anonymous reader posted a claim that powder post beetles can be treated by microwave - the comment was deleted as it was basically an advertisement.
However experiments with microwave treatments for powder post beetles have indeed been conducted: wood is heated to 50C (or higher) for 30 minutes. Watch out: the effectiveness of this treatment varies depending on wood species, moisture content, and other variables, and it may not be cost feasible for some structures or where invasion is extensive. Clearly the ground-off ice pick wood probe (far left) is finding less-severe damage than the "to the hilt" stab of my dad's screwdriver demonstrated by our client (close left). Watch out: while we advise against unwarranted cosmetic damage at a building interior, strategic probing of wood sills, rim joists, or floor structures (or other wood members) can disclose severe structural damage that was otherwise not evident. We recently discovered the emergence of hundreds of, what looks like, Old House Borers from firewood that was stacked in our garage. IF the firewood were stored for many months against wood framing, indeed that framing could become infected too - you'd expect to see the small borer openings such as those we show in the article above.
If you see such infection (which is unlikely given the history you cite) send me some photos and I can comment further and of course a local pest control operator can apply a topical pesticide. If the home has an accessible basement or crawl area that's the place to start inspecting with care.
Continue reading at COMPARE TERMITE DAMAGE to POWDER POST BEETLE or select a topic from the More Reading links or topic ARTICLE INDEX shown below. Try the search box below or CONTACT US by email if you cannot find the answer you need at InspectApedia. Thanks for your comment about where powder post beetle damage is most likely to be found in homes - it will help other readers. InspectAPedia is an independent publisher of building, environmental, and forensic inspection, diagnosis, and repair information for the public - we have no business nor financial connection with any manufacturer or service provider discussed at our website. We are dedicated to making our information as accurate, complete, useful, and unbiased as possible: we very much welcome critique, questions, or content suggestions for our web articles. I purchased a house and knew about termites and there were none, but the main support beam is riddled with those little holes and the beam is soft. Typically the contractor adds temporary support under sound sections of the structure, then removes and replaces the bad beam. Rather than risk a dangerous floor collapse you should ask advice from an expert, probably a structural engineer. I don't know for sure about your situation, but here are some pointers: the agent, hopefully one formulated specifically for these insects, can probably be applied any time, but unless the pesticide has a residual effect that lasts until warm weather it may be ineffective if applied when the insects are inactive.
Pat you are asking a reasonable question but not one that any building professional with an ounce of sense would attempt to answer when she or he has not a shred of information about the condition of the building. Yes it may be old damage Tim, but keep in mind that powder post beetles can be hard to exterminate and that their activity can be dormant for some time. The Forensic Building Pathology division provides evidence in report form to government agencies, consultancy firms, lawyers and others, when truly independent analysis based on comprehensive testing is required.

The in-situ Timber Assessment division provides a service whereby technicians use state-of-the-art timber resistance drill technology to profile variations in timber density associated with timber decay. This technology is objective and evidential in nature and provides assessment as to whether wood is significantly decayed, suspect or suitable for retention. Abstract The principle of this method is extracting triangular specimens (about 5 mm equal-sides triangle) along the length of the member.
Timber has been a structural material for bridges for centuries and numerous examples throughout the world demonstrate its durability. Pilodyn is an easy-to-use wood testing instrument which is suitable for trees, railway ties and utility poles.
Pilodyn, available from Hylec Controls , was developed to determine the density and strength of dead and living wood.
The research presented in this report was conducted to evaluate the accuracy and reliability of a commercially available micro-drilling resistance device, the IML RESI F300-S (Instrument Mechanic Labor, Inc., Kennesaw, Georgia), in locating deteriorated areas in timber bridge members.
One drawback is that multiple, time-consuming drilling would be required to map the area and extent of the decay in the other plane. It is crucial to use this or any nondestructive testing tool or device as part of a comprehensive condition assessment. Steven Bliss served as editorial director and co-publisher of The Journal of Light Construction for 16 years and previously as building technology editor for Progressive Builder and Solar Age magazines. A professional reference designed to assist surveyors, engineers, architects and contractors in diagnosing existing problems and avoiding them in new buildings. ASHI cert # 249089, HUD cert# H-145, is a professional home inspector who contributes on various topics including structural matters. Truly Nolen [has] over 80 offices located in Arizona, California, Florida, Nevada, New Mexico, Texas and Utah. Termite Damage Case Study#2 - very limited visual access inside a building made this inspection for structural damage tough.
Our recommended books about building & mechanical systems design, inspection, problem diagnosis, and repair, and about indoor environment and IAQ testing, diagnosis, and cleanup are at the InspectAPedia Bookstore. Replace the seats on your old bar stool with these brand new upholstered bar stool replacement seats.
Dubai furniture has wide range of high quality Leather fabrics to choose from for personal or professional use. We serve clients all across dubai, sharjah, al ain, abu dhabi,Ajman, Um Al Quwain and Ras Al Khaimah. CONTACT INFOFeel free to contact us for any query, and we would be happy to assist you with a quick response. ABOUT USDubai Furniture is well known for it's utmost service in Interior Designing and Interior decorative products.
If the item comes direct from a manufacturer, it may be delivered in non-retail packaging, such as a plain or unprinted box or plastic bag. Find out more about your rights as a buyer - opens in a new window or tab and exceptions - opens in a new window or tab. You've read and agree to the Global Shipping Programme terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase your maximum bid amount. Packaging should be the same as what is found in a retail store, unless the item is handmade or was packaged by the manufacturer in non-retail packaging, such as an unprinted box or plastic bag. Contact the seller- opens in a new window or tab and request a shipping method to your location. You have read and agree to the Global Shipping Program terms and conditions - opens in a new window or tab. Import charges previously quoted are subject to change if you increase you maximum bid amount. Vinyl is an ideal material for boat seats because it is not easily damaged by water and holds up well in most any weather. Those particles wear down the surface, making vinyl more susceptible to cracking, fading and staining. Very often a recent owner of a new or used vessel finds that the existing seating is not sufficient for the purposes the boat was bought for, or is in need of modification often implying a complete replacement. Investing in new seats or upholstery is probably the best thing you can do to increase a boat’s value before putting it onto the market for sale. There are most assuredly dozens and dozens of types and variations of boat seats available at boating supply stores near you, and also through Internet boat suppliers, online catalogs and specialist retailers.
Boat seats are very important, not only for the boat’s value and for what is says about you, as noted above, as well as for the comfort of your passengers.
There is no lack of different options for boat seats, so knowing which ones to choose is crucial so that you will have the right equipment for your craft.Lounge boat seats are very common, especially on motor yachts or other non-sailing vessels, such as skiffs. When powder post beetles are active you may see light dusting of fine wood powde around some of these holes as well as on surfaces below. Below left we are probing to determine the depth of insect damage into the beam; at below right is powder post beetle damage in a hand hewn beam. We probe the structural member to find the depth of insect damage as a step in deciding if structural repair, reinforcement, or replacement are needed. The research is focused on lab and production line treatment of wood, not in-situ treatment in buildings. I would not be too nervous about seeing a few beetles or larvae that needed to be cleaned up on a garage floor.
If a bad center girder supports a load bearing partition above, extra support is likely to be needed, including on the floor above. You may need an onsite expert inspection to address the question of whether or not the scope of repair was adequate as well as its execution. There is one stud at the right rear corner of the tub I suspect is powderpost beetle damaged. Moisture and temperature variations as well as time of year can cause a still-active infestation to appear dormant.
IncodoA arguably has the largest, most up-to-date and comprehensive range of building investigation equipment available and has developed unique methodologies particularly in the field of non-destructive testing for leaking structures. Being biodegradable, hygroscopic and non-isotropic, it presents special challenges when assessing its integrity in structures. Small-kerf circular saw with a fixture attached to the surface of the member is used to extract the specimens. But timber is biodegradable and hygroscopic and regular inspections are recommended to determine the condition of the structure.
An Overview of the Wood in Transportation Program in the United States, In Proceedings 5th World Conference on Timber Engineering, Montreux, Switzerland, 1998.
Invisible soft rot can be detected rapidly and objectively in an easy non-destructiveway and the reduction in strength associated with it can be determined. The damage is so little that the tree suffers no harm and the testing method is regarded as non-destructive.
The device records drilling resistance as a function of drilling depth, which allows the operator to assess the location of deterioration in the member cross section. The tool can precisely locate an internal defect (decay pocket, check, or split) within the membera€™s cross section. Another possible drawback is the potential to spread the decay to sound areas within a timber or to sound timbers by multiple use of a contaminated drill bit. Such an assessment should incorporate an in-depth visual inspection, knowledge of prior use of the structure, and a working knowledge of fundamental engineering properties of structural wood products.
Many of the examples especially near the end are good practice for the California PE Special Seismic Exam design questions.
Fully revised and updated, this edition, in new clearer format, covers developments in building defects, and problems such as sick building syndrome.
The company services more than 150,000 customers and employs about 1,100 partners, with almost 50 percent service technicians. Dubai Furniture offers you a range of fabric silk, cotton, linen, leather, faux leather, vinyl, microfiber, textured cotton, cotton polyester, and nylon fabric. We provide services all across United Arab Emirates,Gulf Region and we even export our products Internationally.We sell in both retail & Whole Sale. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable. These tiny bits of grime can get down into the vinyl once it begins to wear down, causing it to look old.

They are intended to carry several passengers in a comfortable, not too sporty environment. The older the powder post beetle (or old house borer beetle) damage is, the deeper into the wood the damage will extend. With the absence of fresh fine sawdust powde around the exit holes in these beams one might infer that the insects were not active at the time of inspection. I removed all sheetrock in the house, replaced what wood was necessary and treated the wood with Shell Guard RTU made by perma chenk.
Both floors have been replaced and the girdle.I would like to know whether or not the floor or house will collapse after having this replacement and having the house treated for powder puff beetle.
In my experience key in deciding if the fellows are active in the wood is the presence of fresh light-coloured very fine sawdust around their exit holes in the wood.
The presented paper outlines the major issues related to in-situ evaluation of structural timber and summarizes the work of the RILEM Technical Committee 215-AST a€?In-situ assessment of structural timbera€?.
This paper reports on the structural health monitoring of timber bridges in general and the long term moisture measurement inside block-laminated timber elements of several traffic bridges in specific. In Proceedings of the Nondestructive Evaluation of Aging Bridges and Highways, Ed by S.
Comparative Evaluation of Drill resistance Profiles and X-Ray Density Charts of Different Wood Species. This can be of vital importance in the case of wooden playground structures,climbing frames and telephone masts. The depth of penetrationcan be read straightaway in mm on the scale mounted on the tester. Bridge components containing different levels of natural decay were used as test specimens in this study. Routine cleaning of drill bits, or replacement with a new one, would greatly reduce this potential drawback. This technique, when used in concert with visual and ultrasound techniques, would provide a very accurate description of the condition of timbers.
It gives a good grasp of how seismic forces move through a building and how to calculate those forces at various locations.
Ed Seaquist was among the first speakers invited to a series of educational conferences organized by D Friedman for ASHI, the American Society of Home Inspectors, where the topic of inspecting the in-service condition of building structures was first addressed. Well liked for its mixture of theory and practice the new edition will complement Hinks and Cook's student textbook on defects at the practitioner level.
Our team helps in selecting the right fabric according to your requirement.Leather fabric is a good quality of fabric also supplies by Dubai furniture in wide range. If you want your vinyl seats to last, you need to clean them regularly – and not just with water. They can be found both below deck and on deck, and come in a variety of fittings.These boat seats are usually fixed to the ship, and if intended for outside use, are also weatherproofed.
The committee was established in 2005 to bring together leading scientists and practitioners in the field of evaluation of timber in existing structures.
The method gives direct values of tensile modulus of elasticity and strength for clear wood. Presently there is no reported scientific information available on the long-term moisture behaviour and the resulting moisture induced stresses and dimensional changes of block-laminated timber elements. Cleaning well with appropriate cleaners will remove the dirt and oil on the surface of vinyl seats, keeping grime from damaging your seats in the long run. Instead of spending the full retail amount, you can often get away with paying only half the sum.Purchasing cheap boat seats is an important concept. Marine plywood is also an alternative, but it needs to be pressure-treated and waterproofed.Boat seat upholstery is not always present on all kinds of marine seating.
This to avoid that they soak up with water, which would make then useless.On bigger boats, lounge seats are often attached together by twos on the backrests. If it were my project I'd replace the stud now while it's easy, and I'd look into causes and prevention.
Timber structures have been investigated for decades using numerous techniques that have been either developed specifically for the material or were transferred from other fields of investigation. The paper reports on the monitoring of the moisture content of a block-laminated timber bridge. The specimens were then sawn along their length into slabs to expose their interior condition. Reflects the most recent provisions of the 2003 International Building Code and 2001 National Design Specification for Wood Construction. Thanks to Alan Carson and Bob Dunlop, for permission for InspectAPedia to use text excerpts from The Home Reference Book & illustrations from The Illustrated Home. This arrangement is known as a back-to-back seat, and can concern two single seats or whole rows of seating for large decks. A state-of-the-art report describing existing and emerging technologies and methods was prepared by the RILEM committee. The interior faces of these slabs were inspected visually and with a stress-wave probe to confirm if deterioration was present.
Continuing the sterling standard set by earlier editions, this indispensable reference clearly explains the best wood design techniques for the safe handling of gravity and lateral loads. Whether the boat seats you are after are fitted with cushions or non-removable upholstery, please note that the available range of fabrics and colors is usually much bigger for indoors seats than for on-deck seats.For outdoor use, fabrics that will stand up to sunlight and to infiltrations of salty water are a must. These are often alternated with tables, as this provides for a space-saving arrangement for ten passengers or more.Benches are also popular as seats on many boats, and especially so on smaller ones. The report describes the principles, the applications and the limitations of major evaluation techniques for in-situ assessment of timber. On the basis of these tests, we conclude that this micro-drilling device accurately determines if deterioration is present at the point at which the test is performed. Carefully revised and updated to include the new 2003 International Building Code, ASCE 7-02 Minimum Design Loads for Buildings and Other Structures, the 2001 National Design Specification for Wood Construction, and the most recent Allowable Stress Design. If you have a lot of people who are eager to purchase marine seats, you can make an introduction with the retailer for bulk discount.
The most common material is marine grade vinyl, although it is not necessary the more comfortable one.Heavy duty waterproof fabrics, nylon and leather can be viable alternatives, especially on high end boats.
A brief discussion of codes standards and future research needs shows that much needs to be done in this area. If you are not satisfied with models you see you can also get discounts, even if you buy different models.Of course, internet is a great source for us to gather information on seat models, pricing, and availability. In the cabin of a boat, fabrics and leather are more common.When shopping for the right boat seats, you need to make sure that the materials durable and long lasting. In this way, they are often employed to add passenger seating in a pinch, and folded down or put away when not in use so that circulation of passengers is made easier.The most minimalist kind of boat seat is probably the leaning post.
As a present activity, harmonized test procedure recommendations are being prepared that will provide the engineering community with valuable guidance when evaluating timber structures.
We can not only gather information but also purchase those seats through on-line shopping.Cheap boat seats may be classified into different types, as follows. With your input and the above information, local boat parts manufacturer or supplier will be able to determine which fabrics are suitable for your boat seats and which are not. This may strike you as a surprise, but these posts can be fitted with small benches, strategically placed padding, or other solutions to make sure that they can be used to rest a weary bottom.These posts are most often used for center console boats, to give passengers some more stability when moving around. Classic back to back boat seats, Attwood seats, back to back boat seats, bucket seats, fishing boat seats, pontoon boat seats, jump seats and so on.
The text is intended as a reference guide to help building owners operate and maintain their home effectively.
Special Offer: For a 10% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference Book purchased as a single order. You have to simply lift the side of the seat to access the interior of the base.Seats are generally constructed with tough and good looking frames.
Special Offer: For a 5% discount on any number of copies of the Home Reference eBook purchased as a single order. Pontoon seats are available in attracting colors like red, blue etc., durable lounge seats offers a convenient storage compartment under the seat cushion.

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