05.04.2014
Wie vom Profi im Studio: Mit dem All Light System gelingen professionell manikurte, hochglanzende Nagel auch zu Hause in Eigenregie – in naturlichem Tageslicht oder mit einer UV-Lampe.
UV-Unterlack einmal auftragen und 2 Minuten bei naturlichem Tageslicht trocknen oder fur 90 Sekunden zum Trocknen in eine UV-Lampe halten. Schritt 2: All Light UV Nail PolishUV Nail Polish 2 x auftragen und jeweils 2 Minuten bei naturlichem Tageslicht trocknen oder jeweils 90 Sekunden zum Trocknen in eine UV-Lampe halten.
UV-Uberlack einmal uber den UV-Nagellack auftragen und mindestens 10 Minuten bei naturlichem Tageslicht trocknen oder fur 3-5 Minuten zum Trocknen in eine UV-Lampe halten.
FazitIch habe keinen besonderen Vorteil zwischen Trocknung im UV-Licht oder bei Tageslicht bemerkt.
Die Farbe ist schick – das ist aber auch schon alles… Danke fur das Review, jetzt bin ich froh, dass ich davon gestern nichts mitgenommen habe!
Ich kann deine Erfahrung nicht bestatigen, ich habe die gleiche Farbe gekauft und bei mir war es nach 10 Minuten im Tageslicht fast trocken.
Ich bin auch froh, nicht direkt gekauft zu haben, denn wenn es nicht funktioniert (das Ausharten im Tageslicht ist fur mich Teil davon) dann brauche ich das auch nicht. Ist ja witzig… Gestern abend noch stand ich davor, fand die Farbe sehr schon und wollte den Lack schon mitnehmen.
Den gleichen Eindruck hatte ich leider auch und hatte erst die Befurchtung, irgendetwas falsch gemacht zu haben, bzw. Ich habe mittlerweile soviel negative Testberichte gelesen, dass ich froh bin, mir diesen Kauf erspart zu haben. Ich mag das System auf’s erste Probieren total, im Gegensatz zu dem von Essence, das hatte fur mich gar nicht funktioniert, konnte ich stundenlang einfach abziehen wie Kaugummi.
Hm das dauert schon echt lange, ich bleibe da auch lieber beim normalen Lackieren ?? Machst du eigentlich noch Blogvorstellungen? Also ich hab das System jetzt in den dm Lieblingen gehabt und kann deine Erfahrung nicht bestatigen. Ich finde den Lack bis jetzt gut, mal sehen wie langer ernoch halt und ob das den Mehrpreis rechtfertigt. Nach etwa einer halben Stundne war der Uberlack an beiden Handen trocken, bei Beruhrung und Druck keine Probleme. Nach ca 2 Stunden hab ich die Hande in warmen Wasser gehabt, und ohne besondere Beanspruchung schob sich der Lack an mehreren Fingern zusammen.
Die selbe Erfahrung hab ich bereits beim ersten Versuch gemacht, allerdings hab ich da im spaten Nachmittag lackiert und morgens beim Duschen wurde der Lack weich. Delivering a high light output at an incredible 340° beam angle, the LED Glass Tube range is ideal for use in offices, meeting rooms, schools, hospitals and corridors.
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WiseLED manufactures searchlights , flashlights and dive-torches, and our main service center is located in Gilleleje, Denmark. So if your into your LED lighting and how the different spectrum affect corals then read on. A fantastic article that studies zooxanthallae exposed to varying intensities and colors of LEDs between 365nm (UV-A) and 657nm (red). Zooxanthellae within stony corals (Porites sp.) were exposed to LED-generated light of differing spectral qualities and photosynthetic efficiencies were determined. Advanced technology allows quick determination of a light source’s ability to promote photosynthesis. Determination of efficient (photosynthetically speaking) light sources is important for several reasons. Energy dissipation through various non-photochemical means will be presented, with a discussion on this subject to follow in a future article. Do measurements made by PAR meters really tell us everything we need to know about light intensity? What can we make of reports about successful coral husbandry under very low (but specific) lighting conditions?
Is there a difference in rates of photosynthesis when a coral and its zooxanthellae are exposed to different colored LEDs? Does ultraviolet radiation (UV-A at ~365nm) promote photosynthesis in zooxanthellate corals? Absorbance: The capacity of a substance to absorb radiation, expressed as the common logarithm of the reciprocal of transmittance of the substance. Action Spectrum: The rate of physiological activity (such as oxygen production resulting from photosynthesis) plotted against wavelength of light.
Electron Transport Rate: The rate of electron flow from Photosystem II (PSII) to Photosystem I (PSI), and abbreviated as ETR. Fluorescence: The absorption of light energy and emission of this light energy at a longer wavelength. Monochromator: A laboratory device capable of splitting white light into its components, and delivering light of pure hue. NO: Non-regulated quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence by means other than photosynthesis and NPQ.
NPQ: Non-photochemical quenching of chlorophyll fluorescence, specifically shunting of energy away from photosynthesis by xanthophylls, mostly as a protective measure against excessive light energy.
Photopigments: Organic substances responsible for collecting light energy and hence the promotion of photosynthesis. Saturation, Photosynthetic: Photosynthetic Saturation is reached when an increased amount of light does not increase the rate of photosynthesis. State Transition: A redistribution of collected light energy from one photosystem to another, thus allowing photosynthesis to occur in an efficient manner. Yield: The amount of product produced (such as photosynthesis) by the interaction of two substances (such as light and chlorophyll), generally expressed as a percentage. Symbiodinium dinoflagellates contain three major photopigments – chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, and the carotenoid peridinin. The standard method for determining light requirements for corals’ zooxanthellae has been examination of absorption characteristics of photopigments such as chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c, etc. Another method for estimating light requirements of a coral’s zooxanthellae was developed during preparation of this article.
Using these data, it would seem that we need only to use a light source that mimics action or absorption spectra in order to promote photosynthesis in a most efficient manner. The following sections describe light bandwidths, the light sources used in the procedures (in great detail), and the photosynthetic responses of a Porites coral’s zooxanthellae to these light sources. Since there are gradual transitions between colors in the visible spectrum, it would not be surprising that definitions of color bandwidths vary among sources. This section will describe the light sources used in the experiments, and some caveats that are important to serious hobbyists. Black light, or UV-A radiation, produced by a fluorescent lamp was used to determine if zooxanthellae can utilize these wavelengths in photosynthesis. This figure shows the Yields of energy dissipation pathways when a black light is used as the light source.
Figure 23.Surprisingly, a combination of blue and white light produced by these LEDs yielded low rates of photosynthesis. Results of testing show there are clear differences in the rate of photosynthesis when light sources of different hue (or color) are used. The differences in the rates of photosynthesis can be explained through an examination of things that compete with photosynthesis through absorption of light. There is another xanthophyll reportedly found in stony corals and Tridacnid clams – dinoxanthin. Although we might think of the coral skeleton as perfectly white and a good reflector of all wavelengths, it is not. Results of these experiments suggest that violet, blue, and red light with peaks away from the absorption maxima of carotenoids present in zooxanthellae are most efficient in the promotion of photosynthesis.


LEDs with peaks of 400 and 420nm were more efficient than those with peaks at ~450 and ~480nm. Additionally, pigments in zooxanthellae (MAAs, or mycosporine-like amino acids) protect zooxanthellae against ultraviolet radiation do so only up to about 340 nm.
Although these results were generated through use of LEDs, it is possible that they could be applied to other light sources, such as metal halide and fluorescent lamps, especially those with high kelvin ratings.
Perhaps the real story here is the photo-protective responses (the xanthophyll cycle) of zooxanthellae to different light sources, especially red light.
Light intensity was measured with a Li-Cor BioSciences’ LI-1400 data logger and 2-pi cosine-corrected LI-189 underwater quantum sensor (Li-Cor, Lincoln, Nebraska, USA). Corrections were made to the PPFD measurements of the UV and 420nm LED fixtures since they produce substantial amounts of radiation in the ultraviolet range.
Spectral data were gathered by an Ocean Optics spectrometer and SpectraSuite software (Ocean Optics, Dunedin, Florida, USA). Photosynthesis data were determined through use of a Walz Junior-PAM (Pulse Amplitude Modulated) fluorometer (Walz GmbH, Effeltrich, Germany).
The Junior-PAM fluorometer exploits the relationships between competing processes for light energy. LED fixtures supplied the light in these experiments (except for the black light experiment.) These have the advantages of supplying near-monochromatic light while generating very little heat (a real plus when working with corals in small amounts of water. A small fragment of a Porites corals (tentatively identified as Porites lobata) was placed in a plastic container containing 2 gallons of artificial sea water. The coral was allowed to dark-acclimate overnight before minimum chlorophyll fluorescence (Fo) and maximum fluorescence (Fm – through application of a photosynthetically-saturating pulse of light) were determined. Data were exported from Walz’s WinControl-3 software to Micro Soft Excel for further processing and charting.
Measurements of ultraviolet radiation were made by a UV radiometer (Model UVX, manufactured by UVP, LLC, Upland, California, USA) equipped with a UV-A sensor (recommended for measurements at 365nm, with a sensitivity bandwidth of 335-380nm). Nuestro balastro electronico ofrece una amplia gama de aplicaciones, arranque confiable en frio, factor de alta potencia, larga vida de servicio, y amplio rango de operaciones de voltaje. El balastro electronico se utiliza normalmente en lugares como fabricas, plazas, centros comerciales, patios, estaciones y mas. Fundada en 1992, CNLIGHT es un fabricante con experiencia del Balastro electronico para lamparas no integradas de alta potencia, situado en China.
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Esta bombilla de vela cuenta con la tecnologia de control de flujo constante ultra precisa que ofrece la disipacion de calor 1,5 veces mayor a la de los productos de aluminio LED convencionales. La luz LED es a prueba de humedad y resistente al agua, lo que lo hace adecuando tanto para el uso interior como exterior.
Die Anwendung dauert insgesamt viel zu lang, ich war 30min allein nur mit Auftragen, bestrahlen und warten beschaftigt. Der Lack hat gut gehalten, nur nach 2 Tagen normalem Tragen und danach nochmal 3 Tagen Extremprobe Skiurlaub mit andauernder Sonnencreme und Skischuh auf und zu machen musste er dann ab. Hochstens mal drei Tage insgesamt, wobei die Tipwear mehr oder weniger ab dem ersten Tag beginnt und sich schon am zweiten Tag deutlich zeigt. Der UV-Lampen Hype wird auch genauso schnell wieder bei beiden Marken vergehen, wie er aufgetaucht ist.
Ich hab mir das System letzte Woche gekauft und es dann am Montag bei schonstem Sonnenschein auf dem Balkon ausprobiert, damit auch n bisschen UV-Strahlung auf den Nageln ankommt (wir haben auf Grund gewisser Umstande in der Wohnung UV-reflektierende Fenster, da kommt kaum UV-Strahlung durch, das wurde wohl nicht funktionieren).
Ich hab den dunklen Lack 050 Bad Burgundy erhalten und hatte keinerlei Probleme mit der Trockenzeit.
Ich hab noch etwa eine halbe Stunde langer in der Sonne verbracht, schon die Fingerchen im Sonnenschein gehalten. The collected data sheds light on how different spectra affect photosynthesis and the Xanthophyll Cycle, helping us to better understand how corals use and respond to light.
Economy in the costs of maintaining a coral reef aquarium certainly is a concern, but the health of zooxanthellae and hence their animal host should be of primary importance. Violet light’s bandwidth is defined as those wavelength frequencies between 380nm and 430nm.
If the amount of light absorbed is not measured, the electron flow is reported as the Relative Electron Transport Rate (rETR). PAR (Photosynthetically Active Radiation): That visible light energy between 400 and 700nm. Common photopigments in zooxanthellae are chlorophyll a, chlorophyll c?, peridinin, and -carotene. Sub-saturating light intensity is that seen between zero photosynthesis and just below saturating intensity. Redistribution is known to occur in some zooxanthellae clades, usually from Photosystem II to Photosystem I, and prevents a damaging traffic jam of electrons. Important xanthophylls found in zooxanthellae are diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin – these play an important role in protecting them from excessive light. Peridinin absorbs light into the green portion of the spectrum – this is the reason many corals appear brown. About 28% of this lamp’s output is in the range visible to the average human eye, according to analysis with a spectrometer. The output of a black light lamp is almost entirely in the ultraviolet range, which is invisible to the human eye. Note that about 6% of the output will not be detected by a PAR meter with a cutoff of 400nm and below. Play particular attention to the absorption properties, especially in the blue portion of the spectrum. Two xanthophylls (diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin) play an important role in protecting symbiotic algae and coral hosts from excessive light energy.
These xanthophylls (diadinoxanthin and diatoxanthin) are important photosynthesis regulators in zooxanthellae.
The combination of LEDs producing red light (at 631nm and 657nm) was most efficient with practically none of its output absorbed by carotenoids.
If the energy of UV-A light between 340 nm and 380 nm is absorbed by photopigments, but not used in photosynthesis, how else would it be dissipated?
Why is there little, if any, protective cycling of xanthophylls when strong red light is used? This instrument is among the gold standards for measuring photosynthetically active radiation (PAR). Using information supplied by the Ocean Optics spectrometer (described below), the correction was 6% for the 420nm LEDs, and ~40% for the Ultraviolet LEDs. This sensor slightly underreports violet wavelengths (~400-420nm) and red wavelengths (~690-700nm). The fiber optic patch cord was held at a 45 angle (through use of a jig) to a 99% diffuse reflectance standard (Spectralon, manufactured by Labsphere, North Sutton, New Hampshire, USA).
Measurements were corrected for electrical dark, with a boxcar averaging of 2, and 50 measurements were averaged.
Walz’s WinControl-3 software was programmed to measure the Yield of Photosystem II, and energy dissipation routes including NPQ (non-photosynthetic quenching by the xanthophyll cycle) and NO (quenching by other routes). The energy can be used in photosynthesis, or dissipated as heat in a process called Non-Photochemical Quenching (NPQ) or Other Pathways (collectively called NO).
A specially built jig held the lamps above the container, and light intensity was adjusted through adjusting the height of the fixture above the container, or by a dimmer. The coral was then exposed to light intensities that were incrementally adjusted upwards, and Fm’ (maximum chlorophyll fluorescence while illuminated) measurements were made 15-20 minutes after light intensity was increased. Ultraviolet-B radiation was measured with a sensor made for measurements of radiation at 310nm, with a sensitivity bandwidth of 280-340nm.
La tecnologia completa de encapsulacion se utiliza para garantizar una disipacion rapida, alta fiabilidad, y una operacion segura del balastro. Bei meiner normalen Lackierroutine mit Sally Hansen Hard as Nails Unterlack, 2 Farbschichten und Sally Hansen Insta-Dri bin ich meist nach 10min fertig und es ist beruhrungsfest (nicht ausgehartet!).


Auch bei mir gab es schon am zweiten Tag abgesplitterte Stellen, was bei solch einem langen Prozess meiner Meinung nach nicht sein darf. Begeistert bin ich vom p2 fresh sister-Lack, der jetzt den vierten (!) Tag uberstanden hat.
Die angegebenen Zeiten kamen gut hin, habe insgesamt so 20 Minuten fur alle 3 Schritte gebraucht, dann war es fertig und komplett durchgetrocknet. Da die aber im Timer immer nur 60 Sekunden drin hat, habe ich also Base Coat und Farbschichten jeweils 2 Minuten sowie den Top Coat ingsgesamt 5 Minuten beleuchtet. Das halt bei mir locker 6 Tage und danach lackiere ich spatestens sowieso ab, weil der Abstand zwischen Nagelhaut und Lack dann zu gro? wird. Ich habe das System diese Woche das erte Mal ausprobiert und bei mir hat es super geklappt.
Aesthetic concerns, such as the promotion of coral coloration through expression of fluorescent proteins and non-fluorescent chromoproteins, are of interest to many. Carotenes are made by plants (and not animals) and are usually yellow, orange, or red in color.
It is important to note that photosynthesis does not simply stop at wavelengths below 400nm – violet and some ultraviolet wavelengths can promote photosynthesis!
Dinoxanthin is an accessory pigment that transfers collected energy to dinoflagellates photosystems (with an unknown efficiency) and might act as an antioxidant as well. Using this chart, it would appear that blue light is the most efficient promoter of photosynthesis. This method involves measuring of absorbance with a spectrometer and associated software (in this case, an Ocean Optics fiber optic spec and SpectraSuite software).
Interestingly, ~40% of the LED’s output will not detected by PAR meters with a cutoff of wavelengths below 400nm.
See the Glossary (above) for definitions and the Methods and Materials (below) for further information. Note that PPFD detected by the Li-Cor PAR meter during this procedure was less than 1 µmol·m?·sec. When light energy is sufficient enough to effect pH changes within the photosynthetic apparatus of zooxanthellae, diadinoxanthin is converted to diatoxanthin.
On the other hand, the skeleton absorbs red wavelengths with better efficiency; hence less red light is reflected. Strong doses of red light can regulate zooxanthellae densities even to the point of bleaching (Kinzie et al., 1984). The spectrometer’s signal was corrected for electrical dark, with a boxcar setting of 2, and integration time of 66 milliseconds. Yields of Photochemistry, Non-Photochemical Quenching (of chlorophyll fluorescence) and NO (other energy dissipation pathways) were determined. Emerson enhancement effect and quantum yield of photosynthesis for marine macroalgae in simulated underwater light fields. Tambien, el balastro electronico proporciona pequenas perdidas, estructura compacta, ruido minimo, y facil instalacion. Zwar gibt P2 kein Versprechen zur Haltbarkeit, aber wenn ich mich schon so lang hinsetze und mir meine Nagel mache, erwarte ich dann doch eher eine Woche der Haltbarkeit, als einen Tag.
Und heute sieht es noch genau so aus wie nach dem Auftragen Montag, keine Absplitterungen, nicht mal Tipwear.
Danach waren meine Nagel beruhrungsfest ausserdem habe ich nach 2 Tagen noch keinerlei Tip Wear und meine Nagel sind auch sehr fest. Da hatte P2 fur meinen Geschmack lieber ein paar neue schone Color Victim Farben mehr herausbringen sollen. Ich hab in normalem Tageslicht lackiert und die Trockenzeit auf den Flaschchen kam fur mich hin. Ich habe die Trocknungszeit auch schon von vornherein etwas erhoht, aber danach war der Lack so getrocknet, dass keine Dotscher oder ahnliches mehr passiert sind.
Evidence suggests absorption by carotenoids is responsible for lessened photosynthetic efficiencies at 450 nm and 470 nm. When the Yield of any of these processes is multiplied by the light intensity level (PPFD, or Photosynthetic Photon Flux Density, as determined by a PAR meter), we can arrive at an estimate of the relative electron flow from Photosystem II to Photosystem I. Effects of light of altered spectral composition on coral zooxanthellae associations and on zooxanthellae in vitro. Photosynthetic response of seagrasses to ultraviolet-A radiation and the influence of visible light intensity.
Der Lack trocknete in der UV-Lampe so minimal harter aus, dass man den Unterschied vernachlassigen kann. Die Haltbarkeit war kein Stuck besser als bei normalen Lacken, sondern eher noch schlechter. Lieber diesen Lack stehen lassen und sich dafur einen schonen Essie gonnen, oder ein paar Farben mehr aus der Drogerie – die halten namlich langer als diese Spielerei. Nonst kann ich die Kanten ohne weiteres eindrucken, das ist jetzt, mit dem p2 System, nicht der Fall! Ich mag auch diese neuen quadratischen, klobigen Flaschen nicht, die alle neuen P2-Lackarten haben (diese hier, die Sandlacke, die Glitterlacke, die Satin-Lacke, die Volumen Gloss Lacke), die Color Victim Flaschen wirken viel eleganter und sind platzsparender. Er sieht heute immer noch schon aus und nichts ist abgesplittert oder sonst wie unschon geworden. Spectral characteristics shift slightly according to the extraction solvent used, and photopigments, when combined, also change these characteristics slightly. In any case, the pigment in Caribbean stony corals is about 7% of total photopigment content. Graphical displays (such as Figure 2) were cut and pasted into this Micro Soft Word document.
Temperature and pH were monitored through use of a datalogger (Hach HQ40d multimeter and pH probe). Auf dem Tragebild nach 24h Stunden sieht man bereits Tipp-Wear an den Spitzen, nach 48h musste ich ablackieren. A better way is to examine the action spectrum of zooxanthellae isolated from a stony coral. Note that these xanthophylls both absorb some violet but most strongly blue wavelengths at ~450 – 490nm. Since we did not measure the amount of light actually absorbed by the coral and its symbionts, this is called the Relative ETR, or rETR. Bei mir waren beide lackierten Seiten nach 20min immer noch nicht richtig beruhrungsfest, ich habe bei nur wenig Druck schon eine Macke im Lack gehabt. This is usually done with a monochromator, where a beam of pure color (hue) illuminates a culture of Symbiodinium dinoflagellates and a reaction is determined (such as oxygen evolution). The coral’s zooxanthellae were allowed to acclimate to darkness for 20-30 minutes after each round of testing. Dazu kommt der Preis: 12€ fur ein innovatives System, dass bei mir leider nicht funktioniert hat. Ich interessiere mich ob du den auch mal lackiert hast und dein Ergebnis genauso klar ausfallt.
Light-induced dissociation of antenna complexes in the symbionts of scleractinian corals correlates with sensitivity to coral bleaching. Nach 2 Tagen hat der Lack, auch wieder an beiden Handen gesplittert und ich musste ablackieren. Man braucht den speziellen Unter- und Uberlack nicht zwingend notwendig, aber ich habe es mal gekauft, um zu sehen, ob die Produkte sich gegenseitig unterstutzen.Mich konnte das System leider nicht uberzeugen und ich bleibe bei meinem normalen Lackierprogramm mit Schnelltrockenlack. Zwar halt Nagellack bei mir wirklich katastrophal schlecht, maximal 3 Tage, aber das p2-System hat leider keinen uberzeugenden Effekt fur mich gehabt.




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Comments Uv led light kit nz

  1. AVENGER
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  3. Samira
    Unwanted bluing and overexposure by UV light base coat to your nails.