The very BASIC principle is to have 1 inch of NARROW bodied fish per WELL FILTERED actual gallon of water is a starting point, but not very accurate. Goldfish have a higher impact on the bio load with more body mass per inch (being grazers they ounce per ounce produce more waste), so I would triple this with them, in fact for long term goldfish health, one goldfish per 8-10 gallons is best (One goldfish per 30 liters). For instance, you cannot compare a heavy bodied cichlid for instance to a narrow bodied tetra of similar length. Filtration, a properly filtered aquarium (good bio filtration, good mechanical filtration, and good circulation) with multiple filters is important.
Well maintained water chemistry, including GH (mineral ions), KH and Redox not just low ammonia, nitrites, and nitrates.
After proper feeding, good cleaning routines (20% water changes with a gravel vacuum once per week or two), proper feeding routines, good filtrations; If after all these are checked off and you still have nitrates that struggle to stay below 40-50 ppm, you probably have an over stocked aquarium (especially if there are live plants!).
Finally as to tank size; this is often a controversial subject among aquarist, especially well intentioned advanced aquarists.
For hospital, breeding, or heavily populated temporary holding tanks; no sand or gravel is best. You want to make sure and rinse your sponge or cartridge out in used aquarium water to maintain your beneficial bacteria for bio filtration. Care: Rinse with de-chlorinated water (or used aquarium water) every two to six weeks depending upon flow through media. A common mistake with basic aquarium set ups this simple single cartridge only filters (especially the simple single cartridge filter kits sold at Walmart, PetsMart, etc.), is to throw way the cartridge during routine maintenance. Carbon is often not 100% necessary in established aquariums especially tanks with regular water changes and plants. Care: Change the carbon every 4-6 weeks depending upon water parameters carbon is being used to improve. If your temperature fluctuates between night and day, even though you have the correct wattage heater, you may have an “Automatic” heater vs. Usually the cheaper clip on the back are automatic heaters; these respond to a setting (two contacts that are tightened for more heat), not by temperature. The best heater will have a separate temperature probe such as most Digital Titanium heaters. Cooling; Sometimes cooling a tank in the warm summer months can be an issue, and most freshwater aquarists cannot afford an expensive chiller (which can cost $500 +). In fact the wet towel method was provided by an old timer in the hobby quite some time ago after I mentioned I was using fans with an open top and he stated that the use of a wet towel greatly increases the efficiency of the fan, especially if it is not viable to leave the top open. Other options can simply be to add a small room air conditioner and set it at a high setting of 78 F.
Products such as SeaChem Replenish or AAP Regular Wonder Shells are recommended in the reservoir water used for toping off. To start your biological filtration, there are many cycling products available, many such as “Cycle” by Hagen are made with Heterotrophic Bacteria instead of the proper Autotrophic nitrifying bacteria. Another method is fishless cycling include adding fish food to bring your ammonia to about 4-5 ppm or the use of un-scented ammonia where it is added into the aquarium (3-5 drops per gallon pure ammonia) so as to bring your ammonia level to 4-5 ppm. If you have plants in your aquarium many will directly consume the ammonia (especially hornwort), thus rendering the NO2 (nitrite) part of the nitrogen cycle null. As well KH along with GH are often more important than many aquarium keepers realize (KH affects pH stability).
With the above method of using RO (or DI) water in a blend with tap water and peat, I have still been able to maintain a a low but still healthy KH and GH level. The 5 in 1 Test Strips provide 5 key aquarium parameters including the important yet often missed KH and GH test.
As well for ammonia, I MUCH PREFER the SeaChem Ammonia Alert since it tests ONLY for toxic NH3 versus both NH# and non toxic NH4 as with 95% of all other aquarium tests. For the average freshwater aquarium, lighting is not as important a consideration as it is for a planted freshwater aquarium or reef aquarium. Ultraviolet (UV) light is part of the electromagnetic spectrum between visible light and X-rays.
I'm wondering if theres a way for me to buy a replacement UV sterilizer bulb and create a DIY UV sterilizer that I could just drop into my sump. Discount pond and water garden supplies at guaranteed lowest prices plus free shipping nationwide.
The UVA, UVB, and UVC bands can be further divided into subtypes that denote specific applications and identify the principal absorber of the radiation. In addition to type, the Engineering360 SpecSearch database allows industrial buyers to search for UV light systems by configuration, application, specifications, and features. Curing chambers are used for the curing or hardening of "dry" inks, coatings, and adhesives. UV conveyors or continuous systems consist of a belt conveying unit, power supply and UV light source, as well as an enclosure that is open on both ends, which allows products or sheets to pass through the system. Hand held or portable UV devices are useful for repair and testing in field, laboratory, plant floor, and other settings where transportation of large systems is impractical.

Spot or wand systems are benchtop units that provide a UV beam with a small spot size for selective curing applications.
Wallorceiling-mounted UV systems disinfect anair stream as UV light irradiates theair circulating through the room. Counterfeit detection, surgery suites sterilization, room disinfector, forensics, water purifier, material processing and identification, dentist procedures. Fast curing of UV adhesives, coatings, and inks, industrial applications including UV bonding, sealing, and encapsulating, automotive, electronic, optical, and medical device assembly industries.
Curing of inks, adhesives, varnishes, coatings and electronic potting resins: Certain inks, coatings and adhesives are formulated with photoinitiators and resins, which polymerize when exposed to the correct energy and irradiance.
Security: Sensitive documents such as credit cards, driver's licenses and passports may include a UV watermark.
Biology and Chemistry: Fluorescent dyes are used in biochemistry and forensics as genetic markers for research. Air and water purification: UV light is an effective tool used to change irritating pathogens, pollens, and mold spores into inert byproducts by destroying their DNA and breaking down the organic material found in indoor air.
Analyzing and Authentication: Minerals, gems, art work, collectibles, and currency can be analyzed and authenticated using UV lamps due to their fluorescent properties.
Sanitary compliance and sterilization: The DNA of microorganisms can be altered when exposed to UV radiation. Solar Cell Testing: Research is underway on converting UV radiation from the sun into energy and can be used as substitute for conventional window glass. Filters can be integrated or optional and are used in analyzing and authentication applications. Multi-direction exposure UV systems can expose a product or material to light from multiple directions. Pulsed UV light systems and products that use light emitting diodes (LEDs) as a light source. UV curing systems use ultraviolet radiation to initiate reactions and cure adhesives, coatings and other UV curable resin products. This item will be sent through the Global Shipping Programme and includes international tracking. If for some reason you are not satisfied with your purchase please email us within 14 days of receiving for an exchange or a return. Most purchases from business sellers are protected by the Consumer Contract Regulations 2013 which give you the right to cancel the purchase within 14 days after the day you receive the item.
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The bigger an aquarium you can afford, maintain and have space for, the better for many good reasons, BUT I have kept MANY aquariums under a variety of conditions and monitored them in controlled experiments and often a small aquarium can work for what many might consider over crowded conditions, provided excellent filtration, cleaning maintenance, circulation, feeding procedures (and quality food), chemistry, etc.
Another note about the HOB filter is that they are far more efficient as bio filters if used with a sponge pre filter such a filter max. These heaters generally turn on and off at the same rate whether it is summer or winter (which is why they need seasonal adjustments).
Generally RO or DI water (not home water softener water) is excellent for this use in these more specific systems. This range is absorbed by DNA and RNA (genetic molecules) in micro-organisms and leads to their inactivation (‘killing’) by inhibiting their ability to replicate. It is called “vacuum UV” since UV light in this range is strongly absorbed by water or oxygen in air and can thus only exist in vacuum. Canister filters are a good way to add powerful A UV sterilizer is a water filter that uses ultraviolet light to kill bacteria and algae.
Please be patient while watching this Video and bear some mistakes in commentary and subtitles. You should however remember that you should not rely solely on the UV unit to get rid of algae in the The Advantage 2000 2000+ UV Sterilizers are the premium choices for the water sterilization for a 50 gallon saltwater tank. I've been doing my research and looking at different ways to fix the problem, one of which is using the uv sterilizer. It is a form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength shorter (100 - 400 nanometers) than that of visible light (400- 780nanometers), meaning that UV light is more energetic.
Excitation occurs when radiation is excited by the motion of the atoms or molecules, or causes an electron to jump from an occupied orbital into an empty, higher-energy orbital.
Ionizing radiation is used for X-rays, medical, biological and sterilization applications and is a by-product of nuclear power.
The following chart provides an abridged view of the electromagnetic spectrum and divides UV light into these spectral subcategories. Also known as black light, UVA rays comprise 98% of the ultraviolet in sunlight at the Earth's surface.
UVC rays have the highest energy per photon, and thus are more dangerous than UVA and UVB radiation. They consist of a power supply, light source, and enclosure or chamber that provides a work surface and shields the operator from radiation.

Process or line-mounted UV systems include a power supply, light source and flange, cartridge mounting or fitting, web system, coating line, and conveyor lines or tanks that transport chemicals, plastic film, or other transparent media for processing. Currencies for many countries also include an image and multicolored fibers that are visible under ultraviolet light. Papyruses and manuscripts can be read using UV light to distinguish ink from paper on the surface. Phototherapy is a treatment available for skin conditions like psoriasis and eczema, as well as vitamin D deficiency and certain fungal growths.
The light causes chemical reactions to occur in the photoresist material to create a pattern on a sample.
When used in conjunction with other sterilization techniques, UV light is an effective tool to sterilize laboratory workbenches and medical facilities. Shortwave bulbs emphasize UVB and UVC while longwave bulbs are used from UVA and visible light.
Intensity decreases as the object's distance from the light increases and when curing through substrates that transmit less than 100% of the light used for curing. This is important if the bond-to material is not transparent and shadows the adhesive from an overhead beam. If the item comes direct from a manufacturer, it may be delivered in non-retail packaging, such as a plain or unprinted box or plastic bag. If returning item(s) must be in original condition (unused in any way) and with all original packaging, manuals, and accessories. Find out more about your rights as a buyer - opens in a new window or tab and exceptions - opens in a new window or tab.
All payment has to be received within 7 working days after bid is placed, we will then mail the items to the address registered in PAYPAL. Many high capacity bio-filters such as the TMC Fluidized Sand Filter actually are rated by weight of the bio load with the #1500 model rated for 30 lbs. The down side to larger gravel is that it will allow for more waste particle or eaten food to accumulate. Personal Care UV Disinfection; UV Room Air Purifiers Aqua Ultraviolet UV Sterilizers, Viper UV, Ultima Filters at guaranteed lowest prices plus free shipping nationwide. I was just wondering if there's any fish fanatics here that might be able to help me out.
DIY UV sterilizer – Ok i have been working in the Automobile industry now for 12 years repairing cars and trucks.I work on refridgerant systems, as well as Pond UV Sterilizers at Discount Prices! They rays are completely absorbed by the ozone layer, but can pose a serious threat if looked at for an extended period of time. They prevent the cured item from being exposed to dust and contaminates in the air during drying.
The reaction is very fast and is used in glass and plastic bonding, optical fiber coatings, dental fillings and finger nail gels.
UV lamps are also used to detect organic mineral and biological deposits that remain on surfaces, such as restrooms and bedding. If you reside in an EU member state besides UK, import VAT on this purchase is not recoverable.
There's something called a U.V (ultra violet) sterilizer that What is an aquarium UV Sterilizer? As the following diagram shows, the energy of the wave increases as the wavelengths become shorter. The loss of an electron can change the chemical structure and cause cell damage by mutating its genetic code. UVA can cause damage to collagen by destroying vitamin A and causing damage to keratinocytes. They damage the skin's superficial epidermis layers and play a key role in the development of skin cancer. UV curing has been shown to increase production speed, reduce reject rates, improve scratch and solvent resistance, and facilitate superior bonding. UV traps can also be used to eliminate small flying insects that are attracted to the light. An Ultra Violet (UV) Sterilizer is a water filtration device that uses an ultraviolet light bulb. Despite its link to skin cancer, UVA rays are frequently used in tanning booths and sun lamps.

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Comments Ultraviolet lamp water treatment 7000

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