A typical foundation type installed on expansive soils prior to the 1960’s was the pier and beam design. As an alternative, it has been prescribed that the depth of the piles or piers ought to be 1.5 times the depth where the stress compensates for the overburden pressure.
Most frameworks developed today are developed with numerous designs using post-tensioned slab on grade or steel reinforced floor covering, especially in areas of expansive soils such as discovered in Oklahoma, Texas and Kansas and parts of Missouri. Repairing pier and beam structures is a difficulty to the structure repair firm since each situation should be evaluated separately and a case certain option have to be created. In many cases, additional shimming can be added to existing columns by making using of a short-term jack to raise the girder to include the shims; the jack is then eliminated.
The specialists at Foundation Repair Pros Oklahoma City have years of experience in dealing with pier and beam structure concerns.
Reducing thermal bridges through studs and rails when used in a two-layer system, the Celotex timber frame wall lining solution provides reliable long term energy savings for buildings. So, Wales have released the details of their own version of Part L – The Conservation of Fuel and Power. Depending on the size, you can prevent someone from seeing or accessing your yard–with solid wood panel design and strong, secure hardware.
This guide will walk you through the most basic processes that go into designing and building a tall gate or doorway into your private yard.
Simply by following some of these absolutely fundamental rules will ensure that your gate works properly and stays secure for years to come. One of the most crucial parts of a gate’s design is the cross-brace, which starts from the top corner opposite the hinges (the free-swinging side of the gate), pointing down to the lower hinged side of the gate. A cross-brace will usually be constructed of a 2 x 4 material and acts as a compression load that keeps the gate nice and square. Also of importance is that an angle less  than 45 degrees will render your cross-brace totally ineffective, and the weight of the gate will place undue stress on the hinges.
An interesting factor that you might not have thought about before installing the posts is to check your area’s typical depth of frost. If frost isn’t a factor where you live, a depth of 30 inches should be enough to support your gate.
To begin installing your posts, you’ll need to dig a hole between 30 to 36 inches deep (or below your frost level). After the hole has been dug, pour a few inches of gravel in the hole to help with drainage.
To ensure your cross-brace’s angle stays greater than 45 degrees, the height of your door has to be greater than the width. In many regions, you have two choices for lumber: pressure-treated lumber (PT) and non-pressure treated (NPT).
When you choose a NPT lumber, you’ll want to select a wood that has natural resistances to rot and bugs.

Even when using NPT lumber, ACQ fasteners are still highly recommended, due to the higher lifespan.
When you start selecting the lumber for your gate, look for the straightest possible pieces.
When looking at PT lumber, the wood will often be freshly cut, so it will have a high moisture content. You’ll also want to look for lumber with small knots to help control the warping issues even more.
A properly built gate will swing back and forth for years to come, so you’ll want it to stand up to some harsh conditions, like windy days, the occasionally bumps and scrapes by wheel barrels and lawnmowers, or even kids kicking soccer balls at it! As a gate swings closed behind you, the latch is under a lot of pressure, and in time, may work its way loose or even bend. I’m sure Ann’s Dad is looking down laughing at all of our excessive uses of rope over the past year, but not as hard as I was laughing when I took this picture of Ann poking out from behind a cinder block. Our Structural Insulated Roof panel is the best way to improve your screen room or Sunroom.  It helps reduce condensation and insulated with 3+ inches of foam insulation and only requires minimal maintenance.
The fundamental principle is to build the piers such that they are placed below the depth of seasonal moisture variations. Grade beams and the structural floor systems that are above of the ground are assisted by the piers. Typical troubles of expansive soils damage feature inadequate pier length, excessive pier size, absent or inadequate pier reinforcement, excess concrete on the best of the piers, and a lack or inadequate air void room listed below the grade beams.
When a crawl space is developed, block or block columns are located throughout the crawl space to assist the weight of the house over. The damaged joists and girders are incapable to assist the weight over and the floors come to be bouncy, soft and begin to sag. Unsteady, expansive dirts can cause alreadying existing columns in the crawl space to sink or clear up, commonly producing a void in between the top of the column and all-time low of the girder it was assisting.
Most of the problems with pier and beam building can be attended to with therapeutic techniques. After the footings treat, concrete blocks are stacked on top and shims are placed in between the uppermost cinder block and the girder. If your cross-brace is at an angle greater than 45 degrees from the base of the gate, your door will support itself and last a lot longer. Depending on where you live, you’ll want to ensure that your posts are set into concrete well below the indicated frost level for your area. You might choose a decorative beam with scrolled ends, a curve in the center, or a trellis-style header.
When the gate is mounted to the hinge-post, a header prevents the structure from leaning or warping. If you want a wider opening, and a double-door gate isn’t sufficient, do some research into stronger metal brackets.

The real difference is that pressure treating adds chemical preservatives to the wood that help it resist rot and bugs. An ideal piece is a kiln-dried wood, which has much of the moisture content lowered, reducing the risk of warping or twisting.
Keeping all of these factors in mind will ensure your gate warps minimally after you’ve built it. If your budget allows, consider using stainless steel hardware, since a lighter metal might not hold up to abuse.
You can install a doorstop on the gate that will prevent the bumps that cause damage to the latch. Using an effective cross-brace, properly framing the posts, and using quality lumber and hardware will ensure that your gate functions perfectly.
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If the columns are room too much apart, the beam or girder can come to be overloaded and droop.
A higher durability, galvanized steel pillar is chopped to the ideal elevation and linked to the girder.
You may want a purely decorative gate, perhaps to act as an arbor framing your walkway, or a more secure gate that provides access to the yard through a fence. The concrete provides you with a solid anchor into the ground, so your gate or fence won’t wobble.
Both options are readily available, although the species may change depending on availability in your area. PT lumber tends to be cheaper than most NPT, and and has a lower natural resistance to rot or bugs, hence, why it is treated with chemicals that give it those properties.
A doorstop can just be a small piece of wood that extends from the gate, catching the post when it shuts.
Now that you’ve been armed with the basics of gate construction, we hope you’ll create your own gate with a design that matches your individual style! It is available with Fan beams between the laminated panels and can be shingled if your Home Owners Association requires. The girder and floor joists are maintained with the jack system and by raising the floorings and wall surfaces back to level.

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