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Variations on the Efficacy of Probiotics in PoultryLuciana Kazue Otutumi1, Marcelo Biondaro Gois1, Elis Regina de Moraes Garcia2 and Maria Marta Loddi3[1] Universidade Paranaense,, Brazil[2] Universidade Estadual do Mato Grosso do Sul,, Brazil[3] Universidade Estadual de Ponta Grossa,, Brazil1.
From there, several studies have been made and continue being developed with the use of probiotics. News Corp is a network of leading companies in the worlds of diversified media, news, education, and information services.
Probiotics are found in products ranging from yogurt and ice cream to snacks and supplements. To be sure, some regular foods contain healthy bacteria, from common yogurt to naturally fermented pickles.
Foods are no longer judged only in terms of taste and immediate nutritional needs, but also in terms of their ability to improve the health and well-being of consumers. Prebiotics have been characterized as a group of carbohydrates that resist digestion and absorption in gastrointestinal tract. SlideShare verwendet Cookies, um die Funktionalitat und Leistungsfahigkeit der Webseite zu verbessern und Ihnen relevante Werbung bereitzustellen. Proposed interactions between competitive exclusion products, probiotics or immunostimulants, and avian intestinal immunity. IntroductionIn face of the current debate about the use of antibiotics as growth promoters, due to the probable relationship with resistance to antibiotics used in human medicine, the presence of antibiotic residues in products of animal origin intended for human consumption and the emergent demand from consumer market for products free from additive residues, it was necessary to search for alternative products that could replace antibiotics used as promoters, without causing losses to productivity or product quality.
Inconsistent results from the use of probiotics in animal production have been a constraint for the promotion of their use.
Many medical experts believe that consuming healthy bacteria, called probiotics, improves the body's overall balance of good versus bad micro-organisms, boosting general health. There is now increasing scientific evidence to support the hypothesis that some foods and food components have beneficial physiological and psychological effects over and above the provision of the basic nutrients. They come in a variety of bright colours such as yellow, red, purple, and orange, and are necessary for photosynthesis in plants. Wenn Sie diese Webseite weiter besuchen, erklaren Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf dieser Seite einverstanden. Schematic representation of the crosstalk between probiotic bacteria and the intestinal mucosa. Effectiveness of probiotics in the prevention of Salmonella colonization in broiler chicken. An alternative is the use of probiotics, which are products made from living micro-organisms or their L-forms (without cell wall).


Variations in the efficacy of probiotics can be due to the difference in microbial species or micro-organism strains used, or with the additive preparation methods (Jin et al., 1998a). But nutritionists warn that not all the probiotic-containing products found on store shelves provide the health benefits they claim.
The recent boom in probiotic products reflects an effort to re-introduce bacteria believed to promote good health. The research focus has shifted more to the identification of biologically active components in foods that have the potential to optimize physical and mental well-being and which may also reduce the risk of disease. The prebiotics consumption may enhance immune function, improve colonic integrity, decrease both incidence and duration of intestinal infections, down-regulate allergenic response and improve digestion and elimination.
Several hundred kinds of carotenoids have been found in plants, among which, about 50 types are present in edible fruits and vegetables.
The micro-organisms included as probiotics are usually assumed to be non-pathogenic components of the normal microflora, such as the lactic acid bacteria.
However, other factors can justify the variations in the results of probiotic use in poultry, such as origin species, probiotic preparation method, survival of colonizing micro-organisms to the gastrointestinal tract conditions, environment where the birds are raised, management (including the application time and application route of the probiotic), the immunologic status of the animals, the lineage of the poultry evaluated, as well as age and concomitant use or not of antibiotics. Companies have sought to attract health-conscious consumers in recent years by putting probiotics in products as diverse as yogurt, juices, muffins and even pizza, as well as in dietary supplements. Probiotics are generally considered safe to eat, but scientists say people with immune deficiencies should consult their doctor first. Probiotics boost the intestinal perform and are successful in dealing with a number of illnesses. There is scientific evidence that prebiotics can also improve uptake of calcium, iron, and zinc, and significantly decrease colon cancer, the level of triglycerides and cholesterol. A phenolic acid is a type of phytochemical called a polyphenol, such as caffeic acid and ferulic acid. Probiotic bacteria can also enhance intestinal barrier function by (5) increasing mucus production (Adapted Ng et al., 2009). However, there is good evidence that non-pathogenic variants of pathogenic species can operate in much the same way as traditional probiotics. Thus, the aim of this review is to discuss the use of probiotics in poultry, with emphasis on the type of probiotic and micro-organisms used, action mechanism and its relation with the variations on the results of poultry survey.2.
Last year, 231 new probiotic-containing products hit grocery and pharmacy shelves, up from just 34 in 2005, according to market-research firm Datamonitor PLC. Companies that sell products with added probiotics claim they offer a range of health benefits, from helping with digestion to boosting the immune system and preventing cavities. Functional food is considered as those foods which are intended to be consumed as part of the normal diet and that contain biologically active components which offer the potential of enhanced health or reduced risk of disease.


Probiotics reduce lactose intolerance, they can treat irritable bowel syndrome, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), allergic reactions, autoimmune disorders (for example, ulcerative colitis, Crohn’s disease, and rheumatoid arthritis), and infections (for example, infectious diarrhea, Helicobacter pylori, skin infections, and vaginal infections).
Many vegetable, root and tuber crops as well as some fruit crops are the best-known sources of prebiotics, while the prebiotic-rich grain crops include barley, chickpea, lentil, lupin, and wheat.
Most studied carotenoids, include lycopene, beta-carotene, lutein and zeaxanthin, promotes eye health and reduce the risk of cancer since they possess antioxidant properties. Phenolic acids are found in a variety of plant-based foods; the seeds and skins of fruits (apples, pears, citrus fruits, some vegetables) and the leaves of vegetables contain the highest concentrations. For example, avirulent mutants of Escherichia coli, Clostridium difficile, and Salmonella Typhimurium can also protect against infection by the respective virulent parent strain (Fuller, 1995). Type of probiotic and micro-organisms usedThere are several types of probiotics available in the market to be used in poultry, with a range of micro-organisms present and, therefore, with different metabolic activities and action modes.
Take a lot of prebiotics, allowing your probiotics to thrive so you can avoid illness and enjoy good health. Beta-Carotene is a pre-cursor to vitamin A, which maintains a strong immune system, strong hair and smooth skin. Phenolic acids are easily absorbed through the walls of your intestinal tract, and they may be beneficial to your health because they work as antioxidants that prevent cellular damage due to free-radical oxidation reactions. Also, they present variations as to the capacity of colonizing the intestine or not, which justifies variations on the results of their use.Bacillus, Bifidobacterium, Enterococcus, E. Here is a list of top 10 functional food components with superpower to optimize your health and well-being.
Lutein and zeaxanthin reduce the risk of age-related macular degeneration of the eyes, which may cause loss of vision.
They may also bolsters cellular antioxidant defenses; supports maintenance of eye and heart health. In their experiments, the authors observed that the intestinal contents of normal adult birds, orally administered to chicks with one day of age, altered their sensitivity to infection by Salmonella spp. Keep up with us since we will continue writing about health benefits, functional foods available to you, and food composition and comparison of these functional components.
However, even those belonging to the same species can have different strains and even these different strains from the same species can have different metabolic activities.



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