Enzymes and digestion of food end,digestive enzyme supplements in pregnancy,do probiotics help with menstrual cycle normal,take probiotics on a full or empty stomach effects - Step 1

The diagram to the left is of the alimentary canal also known as the digestive tract and also shows other organs of the digestive system like the liver. After being swallowed, the food travels down the Oesophagus or esophagus, this is continually being damaged by the friction of food, so the epithelium is a few cells thick and secretes mucas to lubricate the food's passage.
The next place it enters is the stomach this is a temporary store, mixes the contents up and also is the site for a bit of digestion. Enzymes are sensitive to temperature and pH, these must be at an optimum level so they work best. Below is a digram of the human gut wall, on the right are labelled the different layers that exist. The first actual layer is the mucosa, it has a layer of epithelium, made of epithelial cells, which have projections called villi. Below this is a muscle layer, known scientifically as the muscularis externa, it is reponsible for peristalsis which moves food through the digestive tract. In the diagram you should also notice the capillaries, part of the blood network which takes absorbed food away. By the time everything reaches here, the food has been digested into small enough particles that it can pass through the alimentary tract lining and be absorbed into the blood.
The food products pass into the blood stream through villi: these are small foldings of the small intestine that cover on its internal surface.
The villi on their own increase the surface area, but the cells which make up the surface of the villus have their own small projections called microvilli (see diagram) these further increase the surface area which means that the digestion products can be absorbed more quickly.


The villus has a supply of blood vessels this means substances absorbed can be transported to where they are needed more directly. Triglycerides are a type of lipid; here you will learn how the body breaks down this molecule. Digestion begins in the duodenum where bile enters from the liver, bile salts make the big blobs of fat into small micelle droplets which massively increases the surface area and makes digestion much easier. Also in the duodenum, pancreatic lipase this breaks the triglyceride into fatty acid and glycerol. These resynthesised lipids make proteins called chylomicrons, these enter the lacteals and travel through the lymphatic system, making it milky. Once food is cooked at a high heat, the food loses its enzymes making it hard to breakdown (this is why it is very important you chew your food thoroughly). However, since most of us are not ready to dive into this lifestyle quite yet, then it is important you get good enzymes into your diet.
Bromelain breaks down protein and can be used for pain and swelling, sinus infections, and colitis. Cellulase breaks down fiber and can be used for lowering your blood sugar and cholesterol as well as intestinal tract detoxification. Lactase breaks down lactose (milk sugar) and is good for people who are lactose intolerant. Lipase breaks down fat and can benefit celiac and Crohn’s disease, indigestion and IBS.


Other dietary sugars such as sucrose and lactose (both disaccharides) are broken down further by different carbohydrase enzymes. NOTE: Ita€™s important you recall the main digestive enzymes, the food types they break down and where they are produced.
All raw fruits and vegetables are loaded with enzymes which is why so many people are switching to a raw food diet. Proteins are long chains of amino acids, and protease enzymes break them into peptides (smaller chains of amino acids molecules) and eventually into individual amino acids, which are small and easily absorbed in the small intestine. It digests complex fat (or lipid) molecules into simple, soluble fatty acid and glycerol molecules. The liver –Largest gland in the body –Cirrhosis is scar tissue that can form when the liver is diseased or killed by exposure to alcohol. In fact, if you combine digestion, stress, and lack of water intake, you could sum up most of the reasons why people get sick. Even if you are not ready to go 100% raw its good to mix up your diet with some of these foods as it can help ease your digestion.



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Comments to “Enzymes and digestion of food end”

  1. NELLY:
    They also break otherwise indigestible.
  2. ANAR_666:
    Includes an N-terminal signal peptide and a C-terminal LPxTG motif (L.)???often found bacteria.
  3. fidos:
    Foods are some of the very same bacteria that populate the others in well-nourished children.