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The digestive system is composed of the digestive or alimentary tube and accessory digestive organs.
Each of the organs shown above contributes to the digestive process in several unique ways. Mouth: Foodstuffs are broken down mechanically by chewing and saliva is added as a lubricant. Esophagus: A simple conduit between the mouth and stomach - clearly important but only marginally interesting compared to other regions of the tube.
Stomach: Where the real action begins - enzymatic digestion of proteins initiated and foodstuffs reduced to liquid form. Liver: The center of metabolic activity in the body - its major role in the digestive process is to provide bile salts to the small intestine, which are critical for digestion and absorption of fats. Pancreas: Important roles as both an endocrine and exocrine organ - provides a potent mixture of digestive enzymes to the small intestine which are critical for digestion of fats, carbohydrates and protein. Small Intestine: The most exciting place to be in the entire digestive system - this is where the final stages of chemical enzymatic digestion occur and where almost almost all nutrients are absorbed.
Large Intestine: Major differences among species in extent and importance - in all animals water is absorbed, bacterial fermentation takes place and feces are formed. Introduction: What is a Tiger?The tiger is a mammal that belongs to the Family Felidae, being the largest one of all the cat species with a body weight than can reach 870lb (aprox. Enteroendocrine cells include G-cells, which produce gastrin, enterochromaffin-like cells (ECLs), which produce histamine, and others that produce somatostatin and serotonin. Mucous neck cells produce a thin, watery, acidic mucus, the purpose of which is an ongoing area of investigation. The plicae circulares are circular folds of mucosa and submucosa that impart a spiral movement to chyme, allowing more mixing with intestinal secretions and greater absorption.
Microvilli (the brush border) are projections from the apical surface of each epithelial cell which further increase the surface area for absorption and also contain enzymes (brush border enzymes) that complete digestion of nutrients.


The submucosa contains Peyer's patches, aggregated lymph nodules (MALT), which increase in number along the length of the small intestine (there are more in the large intestine).
The submucosa also contains duodenal glands (Brunner's glands), which secrete alkaline mucus to raise the pH and protect the wall of the duodenum. There are no modifications for absorption like in the small intestine and no cells that produce digestive enzymes. Haustral contractions are slow contractions that occur about every 30 minutes and last approximately 1 minute. Mass movements are long, slow moving, powerful contractions that move over the colon 3 or 4 times per day, typically after meals.
In addition to these movements some segmentation occurs in the descending and sigmoid colon to increase water absorption before mass movements propel the feces into the rectum. The villi have capillaries and lacteals in the lamina propria for nutrient absorption (most dietary fat is absorbed by the lacteals, specialized lymphatic capillaries). Paneth cells deep in the crypts secrete lysozyme, an enzyme that degrades bacterial cell walls.
Distension or irritation of the mucosa by hypotonic or acidic chyme stimulates the release of intestinal juice, around 1 - 2 liters per day. Bacteria also produce biotin and vitamin K, which are absorbed through the intestinal wall. This gastrocolic reflex accompanies the gastroileal reflex stimulated by gastrin release when the stomach recieves food. The usual method of killing is to ambush the animal from behind and bite its neck; this usually breaks the prey's spinal cord, killing it. The anal epithelium hangs in long folds (anal columns) in the superior portion of the anus.
In carnivores, the digestive system (especially the intestines) are much more shorter than in herbivorous.


The anal sinuses are the recesses between the anal columns; they secrete mucus when compressed by feces, which aids passage of feces out of the anus.
They found that, tiger's and other feline genomes have similar composition and is easy to see the synteny. One tiger can eat as much as 40 pounds of meat in one time, after hunt, according to the Save the Tigers Fund, which means that one meal will be enough to satisfy tiger's hunger for a few days.
Here we have a list of the most important organs that contribute to the digestive process:MOUTH - The tigers jaw contains incisors, canines and molar teeth in both jaws. The molars are ridged and the movement of the jaw goes up and down, which indicates that they are used for tearing or crushing to brake down the foodstuffs.
Its function is to break up large globules of fat into smaller ones so the fat splitting enzymes can gain access the fat molecules. Is kind of small compared to the tigers size but is enough for a carnivore due that their diet is based in meat and fat (dense nutrients) which digestion can take hours.
It also subject the food to concentrated solution of hydrochloric acid, which dissolves the food. Pancreas and liver supply and deliver the enzymes needed to break down the fats and proteins into their component fatty acids and amino acids (only way to pass through the gut wall into the bloodstream). The large intestine allows water to escape and so the colon extracts the water and compacts the rest of the waste material from what is left of the chyme into a small compact mass, where it is stored in the rectum until it is finally expelled through the anus.



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