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New research from psychological scientists Geoff Cole and Arnold Wilkins of the University of Essex suggests that trypophobia may occur as a result of a specific visual feature also found among various poisonous animals.
Trypophobia is widely documented by sufferers on the Internet and, in one study, Cole and Wilkins found that about 16% of participants reported trypophobic reactions. Cole and Wilkins, both vision scientists, wondered whether there might be a specific visual feature common to trypophobic objects. They compared 76 images of trypophobic objects (obtained from a trypophobia website) with 76 control images of holes not associated with trypophobia.
He and Wilkins analyzed images of various poisonous animals—including the blue-ringed octopus, deathstalker scorpion, king cobra snake, and other poisonous snakes and spiders—and found that they, too, tended to have relatively high contrast at midrange spatial frequencies.
In light of this, the researchers speculate that trypophobia may have an evolutionary basis—clusters of holes may be aversive because they happen to share a visual feature with animals that humans have learned to avoid as a matter of survival. In studies currently under way, Cole and Wilkins are exploring whether manipulating the spectral characteristics of images of everyday objects, like watches, leads people to prefer one object over another.
Replicating human behaviour in robots has long been a central objective of scientists working in the field of information and communication technologies (ICT). A team of researchers with members from several institutions in Spain and Italy has found via experiments with volunteers that a large percentage of people faced with social conflict are motivated by competition. Schizophrenic psychoses are a frequently occurring group of psychiatric disorders caused by a combination of biological, social and environmental factors.
Dating shows, dating apps - they all strive to make sure none of us end up uncoupled forever. A strong focus on reward combined with a lack of self-control appears to be linked to the tendency to commit an offence.
While binge eating affects about 10 percent of adults in the United States, the neurobiological basis of the disease is unclear. A new study by two Florida State University researchers found that when husbands and wives get more sleep than on an average night, they are more satisfied with their marriages, at least the following day. Instead of boarding the usual Blue Line that faithfully treks up to Science Hill’s research laboratories, future chemistry, biology, and physics majors at Yale may find themselves boarding trains heading toward Yale’s newest research complex: West Campus. The 136-acre purchase, costing approximately $100 million, promises to expand Yale’s research opportunities by offering over 550,000 square feet of laboratory space as well as unprecedented access to state-of-the art research facilities. The space is intended to catalyze the already prolific research conducted by members of Yale’s science faculty. Additionally, in a time of aggressive initiatives to expand the sciences, West Campus provides Yale with a considerable bargaining tool when attempting to attract distinguished researchers.
This influx of faculty ultimately translates to incredible research opportunities for undergraduates. For centuries, Yale’s world renowned status stemmed primarily from the reputation of its arts and humanities departments. The trend was exacerbated during World War II when brilliant German scientists such as Albert Einstein and Otto Meyerhof snubbed Yale for Princeton and University of Pennsylvania respectively because of the overwhelming tenor of anti-Semitism in New Haven.
Yale’s failure to attract distinguished scientific minds in a crucial transitions time for research limited Yale’s reputation in the sciences for nearly 50 years. During the 1990s, numerous universities across the country became increasingly aware of the importance of a strong science curriculum. Universities began aggressively expanding their science faculty and facilities to attract science-minded students, and Yale was no exception. His plan called for the construction and renovation of science facilities on Science Hill, as well as at the Yale School of Medicine. In 2000, Levin boldly announced an ambitious plan to invest $500 million in the development of the sciences at Yale. The $500 million pledge was geared toward constructing several state-of-the-art research complexes at both Science Hill and the Yale Medical School.
The new buildings on campus include The Class of 1954 Chemistry Research Building, The Malone Center, and The Anlyan Center at the Medical School. The Chemistry Research Building offers over 100,000 square feet of chemical laboratories for hood intensive research. The creation of these new research complexes also provided numerous research opportunities for undergraduates, along with expanded programs such as Perspectives on Science, STARS, and Dean’s Research Fellowships.
Never before could Yale’s science undergraduates choose from so many ground breaking and innovative research opportunities.
In a matter of half a decade, Yale rose among the ranks of elite universities to boast amenities in the sciences that few other urban universities can offer.
The university began attracting distinguished leaders to instruct and research at the College as well as the School of Medicine.
Shortly after President Levin’s initial $500 million pledge, he announced that the University was going to invest yet another $500 million to the sciences. In the summer of 2008, Yale’s already exponential growth in the sciences received an unexpected and unprecedented burst when President Levin announced the purchase of the Bayer Complex in the summer of 2008.


The new complex, located on 136 acres between Orange and West Haven, boasts over 550,000 square feet of laboratory space spread over several interconnected buildings – three of which were constructed within the past decade. All of the laboratory space is fully operational and in fact many of the research benches and hoods have never been used.
The West Campus purchase expand Yale’s scientific infrastructure by more than fifty percent, including bench space and specialized scientific equipment. This added level of convenience gives researchers opportunities to produce data at a significantly quicker pace.
In addition to plans for creating specialized facilities, Yale also plans to utilize the West Campus space to establish four interdisciplinary institutes, all aimed at fostering collaboration among the members of Yale’s science faculty.
One example of how an interdisciplinary group might work is the recently named Sackler Institute for Biological, Physical, and Engineering Sciences. While the exact names and subject matter of the West Campus institutes have yet to be determined, Donoghue noted that Yale wants to forcefully expand in the areas of chemical biology, microbial diversity, cell biology, cancer biology, and systems biology. These various institutes would allow Yale scientists to engage in large scale collaborative projects. Under the current research set-up at Yale such multidisciplinary work does not explicitly exist.
While West Campus offers numerous amenities that certainly bolster Yale’s reputation in the sciences, the location of the complex raises concerns about how often they may be used by members of the undergraduate community.
Donoghue admits that, “integration is going take time to develop,” but realistically, “it is going to occur in waves.” He plans to create an efficient transportation system that could transport students to West Campus. For now, the only way to get to West Campus without a car is to call for a shuttle, preferably 24 hours in advance.
It seems that regardless of what transportation method the University elects, they want to make West Campus as accessible as Bass Library is to students and faculty. The former Bayer complex also includes several acres of designated green space where many native Connecticut animal and plant species can flourish. With nearly 136 acres of land, Yale has a considerable amount of room to construct buildings that can accommodate an even wider variety of research activity. Even after West Campus develops, Donoghue confirmed that there has been no discussion about moving undergraduate course out to West Campus. In a matter of a few years, Levin has poured hundreds of millions of dollars into the Yale sciences.
The author wishes to thank Michael Donoghue, Vice-President for West Campus Planning and Program Development; G.
Downloadable Test Bank for Auditing: A Risk-Based Approach to Conducting a Quality Audit, 9th Edition, Karla Johnstone, Audrey Gramling, Larry E. Downloadable Test Bank for Essentials of Modern Business Statistics with Microsoft® Excel®, 5th Edition, David R. David Barash, a University of Washington psychology professor, is an evolutionary biologist, unapologetic atheist, and self-described Jewbu. Q: Most people in the West think of karma as a sort of Golden Rule, in that how you behave affects how you will be treated.
A: Both Buddhism and biology (and also existentialism) teach that there is no inherent meaning to life. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. They may seem innocuous, even pleasant, but each of these items is a trigger for people who report suffering from trypophobia, or the fear of holes.
The findings are published in Psychological Science, a journal of the Association for Psychological Science. After standardizing various features of the images, the researchers found that the trypophobic objects had relatively high contrast energy at midrange spatial frequencies in comparison to the control images. One trypophobia sufferer provided Cole with a clue: He had seen an animal that caused him to experience a trypophobic reaction.
They believe these experiments will shed light on just how ingrained trypophobic tendencies might be. Alternatively, building such facilities on Yale’s central campus would cost a minimum of $360 million and over a decade of construction time. The potential exists for Yale to bring leaders in any of the fields of science to West Campus to conduct research. For the first time in the University’s history, undergraduates will be able to elect from a seemingly infinite amount of foundation-laying research in any area of the basic sciences. Despite having produced numerous revolutionary scientific minds, such as Josiah Gibbs 1858 GRD 1863, Ernest Lawrence GRD 1925, and John Fenn GRD 1940, few would deny that Yale was simply not known as a rigorous scientific institution. A clear trend toward emphasizing the role of basic and applied science in a modern world was evident. Shortly after taking office, Levin outlined an ambitious plan to bolster Yale’s reputation in the physical sciences and life sciences.


Levin realized that if Yale was to remain attractive to bright students in the future, it needed to rigorously engage science and humanities students alike. The unprecedented monetary commitment signaled Yale’s efforts to raise Yale’s science departments to the same status enjoyed by its humanities and social science departments. In addition, a significant portion of the money was designated for renovating many of the dilapidated research buildings.
These complexes provided extensive modern research laboratories, which allowed members of the faculty to conduct an unprecedented amount of innovative research, no longer constrained by limited laboratory space or insufficient in-house resources and instruments.
In addition, the Malone Center is equipped with instruments and facilities to conduct revolutionary biomedical engineering work. The resulting combination of excellence in both the sciences and the humanities shifted Yale’s image among members of academia.
Recent examples include world-renowned chemical and cell biologist James Rothman from Columbia University to chair the Department of Cell Biology, and T. He hoped that more research centers could be constructed, and more undergraduate teaching facilities could be built and remodeled. Leaders in pathology, chemistry, biology, and physics could easily launch a complicated and novel project in a centralized location. Undergraduates conducting research at any of the West Campus institutes could potentially learn a variety of sophisticated techniques from an array of disciplines.
While many researchers collaborate on projects, many investigators conduct experiments in parts and only meet to interpret the data together. Yale is proposing the construction of a train station at West Campus which would allow students and faculty to travel quickly from Union Station in New Haven to West Campus. Currently, minor renovations will begin, and in a few years major construction may be undertaken to expand West Campus.
However, new specialized courses may be offered which can take advantage of some of West Campus’s extensive facilities. The 550,000 square feet of laboratory space is not expected to accommodate a lot of current faculty. We are not aiming at relocating professors, but rather we are expecting to add new professors,” remarked Donoghue.
West Campus marks the beginning of a new trend towards establishing a solid science reputation at a school historically oriented to arts and humanities.
He is a molecular biophysics and biochemistry major with a research interest in Toll-like Receptors and Mitochondrial Signaling Pathways.
Evelyn Hutchinson Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology for his assistance in explaining the major developmental projects occurring at Yale’s West Campus. A Test Bank is collection of test questions tailored to the contents of an individual text book. The sad truth is that for the most part, science and religion do not get along very well – especially because religion keeps making various “truth claims” that are simply untrue! Moreover, in a deep evolutionary sense, every living thing – including ourselves – is a karmic result of what our ancestors did in the past.
That is, I don’t believe that that each of us is going to be reborn in the future as some creature or other, or that our current situation is somehow a result of what we did in a prior life. Science and religion are ways to understand our world and perhaps get at the age-old question, “What is the meaning of life?” So, what is your take on the meaning of life? For trypophobes, the sight of clusters of holes in various formations can cause intensely unpleasant visceral reactions. The Anylan Center is home to numerous laboratories in immunobiology, genetics, and experimental pathology.
Kyle Vanderlick, recruited from Princeton University to be the first female Dean of the School of Engineering. This planned facility will allow researchers and undergraduates alike to conduct technologically advanced experiments at Yale instead of outsourcing them to various agencies.
Lynn Regan, a professor in both Chemistry and Molecular Biophysics & Biochemistry, has been appointed the first director, overseeing everything from recruiting visiting scholars to a new PhD program in Physical and Engineering Biology. This is key to natural selection: the differential survival of competing genes, which literally give rise – at least in part – to who and what we are.
Therefore, if we want to make our lives meaningful, we should not look to some outside deity, but rather to our own actions. In my book, I discuss Buddhism as a philosophy and perspective on life, without the abracadabra, and show how it has a number of fascinating convergences with biology, especially ecology, evolution, genetics and development. Anitya has parallels with evolution, in that not only is every individual organism’s time on earth temporary but also organisms ebb and flow across time.



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