Organic waste in zambia,garden organic green manure,plant vs zombies garden games - Test Out

Author: admin, 04.02.2014. Category: What Is Organic Food

Young Mexican entrepreneurs have developed a bio-digestion plant capable of generating electricity from organic waste in the market of the Nopal Collection Center in Mexico City. The company SUEMA, Sustainability in Energy and Environment, created by Jahir Mojica HernA?ndez, Carlos Apipilhuasco Gonzalez MejA­a and Nelly Rodriguez, designed a system for waste treatment and decided to implement it in the market sector due to the amount of waste they generate. The plant will be located in Milpa Alta, a delegation in the south of Mexico City, and process three to five tons of waste per day operating 24 hours to generate its own electricity and illuminate the market, thus benefiting from 65 tons of organic waste per month. Having an on-site plant will avoid transporting organic waste to the Bordo Poniente, the city's wasteland, an extra expenditure of up to 640 pesos per tonne per day. The soil improver, which is equivalent to a mixture of nutrients up to 600 kilograms per day, generates higher quality produce, making the development attractive for traders, which will help in growing and marketing. SUEMA decided to use the Nopal Collection Center in Milpa Alta as host for the natural energy production plant, because the delegation has the first place in the waste separation program of the city; however, it is the one that receives less budget for infrastructure. Another achievement of the company is the construction of an innovation research center, with three research areas: soil improvement, thermal use of solar energy and bioenergy.
Garden products company Richgro is using Western Australian food waste to power their operations in a new zero-waste system. Poland has decided to refuse a toxic waste shipment from El Salvador that was to be destroyed at an incineration plant in a southern town, environment officials said Monday, after the local community raised concerns. A pilot plant capable of converting toxic olive oil waste into heat and electricity has been built at an olive farm in AndalucA­a. It takes some cooking, but turning farm waste into biofuels is now possible and makes economic sense, according to preliminary research from the University of Guelph. A final report by independent researchers shows the radiation leak from the federal government's underground nuclear waste repository in southern New Mexico was small and localized. Cornell University biological engineers have deciphered the cellular strategy to make the biofuel ethanol, using an anaerobic microbe feeding on carbon monoxide - a common industrial waste gas. Lithium-air batteries are considered highly promising technologies for electric cars and portable electronic devices because of their potential for delivering a high energy output in proportion to their weight. 3-D movies immerse us in new worlds and allow us to see places and things in ways that we otherwise couldn't. The International Training Course on Organics Management took place last 13-14 October in Donosti (Basque Country, Spain) and it was an excellent opportunity to address the management of the organic fractions of waste, including collection and treatment. Three trainers Dr Marco Ricci, Dr Enzo Favoino and Dr Alberto Confalonieri, from the Scuola Agraria del Parco di Monza provided relevant knowledge and illustrative examples of separate collection and treatment of biowaste in Italy and Europe. Enzo Favoino showed that a specific collection and treatment of biowaste is a must to move towards zero waste: “With packaging recycling we only go halfway”, he argued.
Organic waste is one of the most challenging waste streams due to its polluting capacity when mixed with other waste streams. The main advantages of treating biowaste that are mostly linked to climate change: GHG emission reduction as a result of less landfilling or incinerating biowaste, the possibility of sequestrating carbon in the soil and of preventing the degradation of the soil. One of the current best practices in Europe is found in the Contarina district in Northern Italy, the European champion of separate collection and residual waste reduction. Dr Marco Ricci-Jurgensen’s session dealt with the elements to be considered when designing separate collection schemes: the main elements to be taken into account and the pros and the cons of each of them, including different collection systems and policy instruments to implement biowaste collection.
Among these instruments, the door-to-door collection system was argued to be the most efficient because it raises the share of separate collection and reduces significantly the presence of contaminant elements in the different fractions. Community composting is usually a parallel element to public management, but it may be also a very good substitute to collection in isolated or remote areas, as it has no cost of collection and treatment. The group also had a chance to visit the Zero Waste Best Practices of Hernani, one of the forefront towns in the Zero Waste movement in Gipuzkoa.
The site visit to Hernani was a useful opportunity to see the successful implementation of a door-to-door collection system with special emphasis on domestic and community composting facilities. The following sessions got down to the nitty-gritty elements of composting, covering the biological process of transforming biowaste into compost and the main technologies for composting, as well as the options for treating odours. Again, it was stressed that the best technique is the one defined for a precise situation and specific needs.
Dr Enzo Favoino talked about the use of compost as a natural fertilizer, explaining the positive effects of compost both for the soil and for the vegetables produced.
The afternoon we visited the Lapatx centralised composting facility, in the Aizpeitia municipality. This training course was the first of its kind within the Zero Waste Europe and it proved to be a perfect opportunity to learn the rationale behind separation of organic waste at source, and the logistics and economics of separate collection of biowaste systems. Compostory.org is a non-profit platform featuring online video courses dedicated to source separation of organics, composting and anaerobic digestion, accessible at no cost and on-demand.
Camille Duran is the Executive Director of Compostory and we have interviewed him so that he can tell us more about the details of this fascinating training tool. Earlier this year, I gained an interest in the circular economy and more particularly in the way communities adapt their waste management practices to move towards Zero Waste.
As you know, more an more communities can show great results on source separation, and proper treatment of organic waste via composting or anaerobic digestion.
I guess we were looking for a platform which would give us a well-structured, easy-to-digest overview of all we need to know in order to build a vision on source-separation of organics. Today we need to focus our distribution efforts so we are mostly targeting local governments.
According to Eurostat, in Europe today only 15% of all municipal solid waste is composted and most of it is still being landfilled or incinerated.
I would defer to the experts on the regulatory context, the incentives in place, and some other forces preventing communities from moving faster. The recovery of organic material is a topic of high interest nowadays and many communities in Europe are still following “the old models of managing waste”.
Compostory.org just launched a database of companies who can support communities with their resource recovery programs.
The tool was created to help our audience find support with their resource recovery projects. Enter your email address to subscribe to our blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Organics are the largest contributor to landfills in Washington State, accounting for 27.2% of the disposed waste stream in 2009.
There are multiple ways to improve odor issues and compost quality when composting food scraps.
As an extension of the Participatory Waste Management (PSWM) project, research is being carried out in Diadema (a peripheral city in the metropolitan area of Sao Paulo, Brazil) regarding the potential for collecting organic waste on a door-to-door basis. Context: Diadema is an exclusively urban municipality within the metropolitan region of Sao Paulo. Complementing municipal initiatives is the drive of the communities in Diadema to improve their livelihoods and socio-ecological environment.
Aims and Objectives: Theobjectiveof the project was to carry out a feasibility study for the collection, processing and distribution of organic waste for use on community gardens.


Qualitative and participatory research processes (including households surveys, interviews, presentations, consulation with local residents, and participant observation) were carried out in the selected pilot project area in order to reveal the waste disposal habits of households, their knowledge of the potential and hazards of separating organic waste, as well as their knowledge and receptivity to using organic waste on community gardens.
Post-pilot evaluation included the distribution of surveys among participating households, semi-structured interviews, and summative meetings with stakeholders.
Essential to health and vital for food production, economic growth & environmental protection, water is a precious natural resource - a resource that is continually depleting with its increasing demand. Municipal solid waste derived from household, commercial, institutional and industrial establishments contain bulk volumes of organic waste. These hydrogen-carbon bonds can be divided into two major types- the first type includes single-bonded alkanes, double bonded alkenes and triple bonded alkynes (gases or liquids), and the second type includes aromatic hydrocarbons, which contain ring structures (liquids or solids) and are more reactive than the former.
This category of organic waste is very dangerous because it accumulates in fat tissues of lower animals, eventually entering the food chain. This class of organic waste generated from domestic as well as industrial settings is highly hazardous to health.
As biodegradable organic waste or contaminants usually do not require pH control of their effluent, they can be easily treated using aerobic methods like Aerated Lagoons. With the capture of harmful greenhouse gases, energy will be generated and a soil improver will be produced, which will be delivered to the farmers. It is intended to get people more interested in going to the market instead of a convenience store," said the CEO of the company, Jahir Mojica. Department of Energy has formalized a plan for cleaning up the federal government's troubled nuclear waste dump in southeastern New Mexico.
But behind every 3-D experience is something that is uniformly despised: those goofy glasses. The course intended to empower policy makers, waste managers and activists by providing them with relevant tools and knowledge on biowaste management. Besides, the course included a site-visit to Hernani, and one to a centralised compost site.
Biowaste still makes a significant part of the total municipal solid waste and, so ambitious zero waste plans cannot be reached by collecting and treating only dry waste. Yet it offers a great potential to become a solution to climate change and soil degradation if separated, collected and treated properly. At the same time, treating biowaste specifically was shown to be the best way to meet EU objectives of landfill diversion, while proves that incineration is not needed. On the contrary, the case of Majorca, claiming to have the biggest incineration facility of Southern Europe, showed the implications of having an incinerator that needs to be fed. Other policy instruments underlined were the pay-as-you-throw schemes (PAYT), permitting to establish a direct link between waste production and the cost of the service.
The city with 1,5 million inhabitants and densely inhabited, has recently introduced door-to-door collection of biowaste and has reached its objectives after 6 weeks. The session led by Dr Favoino focused on home and community composting and the reality of these systems across Europe. However, the fact of changing the ownership of the discards may challenge the existing legislation. Hernani decided in 2010 to implement a door-to-door collection system with specific collection of biowaste, but it was not until 2013 when the community composting in urban areas was launched.
The presence of organic matter reduces the soil loss by one third, while increases substantially the presence of earthworms. The director of the plant along with the director of the provincial waste consortium in charge of it presented the different problems they had with the plant. However, in the near future, two new facilities will be opened in Gipuzkoa with the duty of complementing Lapatx. The site-visits allowed the direct observation of how a zero waste system can work, with full details of the main challenges and opportunities. Compostory offers you the possibility to learn the basics so that you can skip first steps and jump straight into the implementation of Zero Waste strategy. At the time, I was setting up our social enterprise Green White Space  and was looking to contribute to the Zero Waste story that I find fascinating. There are success stories on six continents and a lot of research has already been done on the various aspects of source separation and the opportunities it represents for our communities and environment. Many influencers of waste management systems on our planet such as a local governments, farm managers etc. But we are starting to look at the agricultural sector and we will engage with any major producer of organic waste. This year, we are focusing on delivering a turnkey learning program that communities can follow for free and on-demand. What is the thinking behind this tool and how do you see the resource recovery sector evolving?
Many are still talking about “waste management” services but as communities start to understand what true resource recovery is, the old fashioned waste management companies will adjust their offerings and message overtime. Process changes (physical chemical, operational, infrastructural, and biological) are one important class of strategies. The PSWM project is a collaborative venture between Diadema residents, government representatives, and research institutions (Universidade de Sao Paulo (USP) and the University of Victoria (U Vic)).
Of the households that participated in the survey, 90.9% were interested in separating organic waste for Vida Limpa to collect.
The organic waste was transported using a collection cart provided by Departemento de Limpeza Urabana, and was weighed using scales provided by Departemento de Abastecimentos. In order to evaluate the transferability of the project, the same household survey as initially undertaken in the pilot area was carried out in another neighbourhood whereVida Limpa regularly collects solid recyclable material. These contaminants are biodegradable, and often enter the environment with specific health hazards. This water treatment method efficiently treats nontoxic wastewater generated by industries like the pulp and paper mills. The study included identifying the types of waste, quantity, source and how it is currently managed. The course counted with participation of waste or other environmental NGO activists, representatives of local authorities and policy makers from the Basque country, the rest of Spain, France, Italy, South Africa and China.
Other bad examples arose from the public, such as that of Tenerife or South Africa, where incineration plants are planned. The session concluded that on the light of the different implementation options, seems clear that the simpler, the better it tends to work.
Another different and interesting example was Castelbuono, an old town with medieval structure in Sicily, where the logistics of collecting biowaste were complicated and they started collecting biowaste with donkeys. For instance, in Bulgaria they have adapted their legislation and included community composting as “decentralized composting” with no need of administrative approval, as long as it does not exceed 10m3 annual compost.
According to the civil servant in charge of waste, the system is working and they have succeeded in reducing residual waste by 60%.


For example, weather conditions or the fact of being a rural or an urban area may affect the decision of having an open or a closed systems or a dynamic or a static one.
It was an excellent way of applying the concepts learned in the morning to the decision-making process and to see why the facility was not properly designed. The participants were very satisfied of this experience and look forward to further training programmes. I  teamed up with Linnea Hulten (who was also involved in investigative activities on the topic) and we started researching why so many communities on our planet are still landfilling (or burning) organic waste. But like in many other sectors, there is a strong disproportion between the efforts put into research and those put into making results actionable and widely available. The course we offer is designed for a beginner-level so it is also very well suited for students or any individual with an interest in the topic. Getting communities excited about source separation, composting or biogas generation is key and in my view, there are still massive efforts to be made on brand building in these areas. This industry directory will develop overtime into a more advanced platform but is already a very good way for consulting firms and equipment companies to showcase their products and expertise. Like with any industry disruption, the transition will take some time and some companies will get stuck on the side of the road if they don’t start adapting soon. If we can truly influence what is happening on the field and keep pushing the boundaries, then I guess we would call it success.
Most of the recently established food scrap diversion programs, including the successful programs established in King County and the City of Seattle, send food scraps to existing compost yards. The products from the garden are distributed among the waste collectors, gardeners, and participants in the local community. The low-income households in these areas spend 50 – 80% of their disposable income on food and still do not meet their daily dietary requirements. In Diadema, the PSWM project helped to establish Vida Limpa, which is a well-organised door-to-door waste collection association. The three areas of concern were addressed through participatory and qualitative research processes. The garden in Diadema Centro, at Fundacao Casa, was singled out by the Vida Limparepresentative, due to its proximity to both posto central (the recycling collection depot in central Diadema) and a collection round neighbourhood. Information brochures were also distributed to households to enhnce environmental education; to inform them of the project, the value of re-using organic waste, and what could and could not be included for collection. Mostly, industries engaged in processing and formulation of pesticides, pharmaceuticals, paints and dyes, petro-chemicals, detergents, plastics, etc., generate a wide variety of organic waste, which if not properly treated and reused may pose several environmental threats.
After all, it was proven that no matter what challenges are faced by any given municipality, there is always a feasible way to collect biowaste. They are still committed to keep on improving and they are looking for the ways of overcoming the 90% separate collection. At the same time, the use of compost as natural fertilizer reduces the percentage of vegetables with diseases at their roots. In this sense, while they were supposed to cover the demand of the whole province, the former government expected to collect a small amount of organic waste because they intended to build an incineration facility. They are facing a large amount of information which they need to aggregate, sort out and evaluate. We work very hard on access and distribution of the content we produce, on reaching new communities every day to create large scale communication channels. Also, it allows us to stay independant from industry in the way we help our audience which is very important for our brand equity. It‘s a marathon, not a sprint, but fortunately there are a lot of small victories along the way.
In some cases this is placing pressure on existing organics processing infrastructure and contributing to issues with odor release. This population also faces a multitude of health problems, such as the contamination of land and water supplies by untreated waste. For the purposes of the pilot project, it was decided that this garden provided the best opportunity. Knowledge-building activities were also undertaken with the recycler’s at posto central and the gardeners atFundacao Casa.
The non-degradable organics present in the influent water or generated as oxidation bye-products are extremely toxic and hazardous to aquatic life. The system in Hernani has proved to be successful and has today 14 employees, when it had 3 in 2010.
With half of Europe suffering from a situation of pre-desertification in terms of the presence of organic matter in the soil, the use of compost is a very good way to close the loop and tackle this situation. However, the change of government stopped the incinerator and required of adapting the Lapatx composting centre to allocate larger amounts of biowaste. It is very difficult for them to be proactive in this context and the ones who can afford expertise and guidance need to invest time and money before even having a clear roadmap and understanding of potential gains. I have personally been involved for a while with online media and education and I am still fascinated by how the digital age is disrupting knowledge platforms and improving access to information, data and networks.
There is currently a lot of noise around waste management but things are definitely moving and we need to acknowledge the tremendous work that many organizations like yours are doing in the field. However, the combined commitment of the residents and the municipality of Diadema has stimulated a facilitative political environment for tackling poverty, inequality, and environmental degradation. Thus, Diadema possesses great potential for implementing planned organic waste collection and processing for local food production. Of the 40 households that agreed to separate their organic waste for Vida Limpa, 32 (80%) participated at least once. Dr Favoino underlined other benefits of compost, such as its slow-release of Nitrogen, which permits to avoid Nitrogen losses during heavy rainfalls and that an eventually excess derives into nitrates.
We need to be better at leveraging  the tools available today – and not only in the field of organics recycling!
We are having a lot of fun building this platform and have a lot of exciting news coming up. Municipal initiatives include CONSEAD (the Municipal Council on Food Security), theLand and Citizenship project to resurrect the culture of agriculture, the Hortas Comunitarias project to establish community gardens, a people’s restaurant (Restaurant Popular), and a food bank project (Banco Municipal de Alimentos). Sometimes, anaerobic processes are also employed before aerobic processes for the treatment of high-strength, readily degradable wastewater as they produce low sludge and methane. Constant consultation was also upheld with members ofVida Limpa posto central, to ensure that the pilot was being carried out within their capacity and was not harming other operations.



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