Ok to use garden soil in pots,nature's variety raw dog food,food poisoning treatment and symptoms - And More

Author: admin, 27.10.2015. Category: Healthy Foods

Is it safe to use cinder blocks in a raised bed, or might chemicals from the concrete blocks leach out of the blocks to contaminate your soil and food plants you grow there?
John Farfaglia, extension educator with Cornell Cooperative Extension in Niagara County, responded to my questions on soil safety. I have seen warnings on the Internet that cinder blocks or concrete blocks used in a garden might leach harmful chemicals into the soil and ultimately into your food plants. He found universities recommending the use of concrete blocks in container gardens or raised beds. The concern cited in many warnings is specifically fly ash, the residue you get from burning coal, that might have been used in older cinder blocks, but he doubts whether that is commonly used anymore. However, one thing you should take into consideration when using old bricks, old concrete blocks or other recycled material is where those materials came from, he said.
As added protection, when growing food in a raised bed, you can line the bed with plastic to act as a barrier from any chemicals that might leach into the soil from the building materials. Awhile back, we told you about one local gardener who plants herbs in her hellstrip, the area between the road and sidewalk, but a reader commented that he would be wary of eating food planted there.
That area can contain residues from salt and other chemicals used on the road, and there may be a higher concentration of lead still there from auto exhaust. You should also be wary of beds near the foundation of an older home that may be contaminated with lead from paint that flaked off and accumulated in the soil, he noted. If your soil is contaminated, rinsing your herbs or vegetables might not be enough to get rid of the contamination.
If you’re concerned about your soil being contaminated, you can get your soil tested at the Cornell Nutrient Analysis Laboratory.
This entry was posted on September 29, 2015 at 2:02 pm and is filed under Garden tips, Uncategorized. If you line with plastic they will dry out very fast – I did not line mine and they draw water from underneath themselves.
This entry was posted in Topsoil in OKC and tagged Buy Topsoil in Norman OK, dirt supply okc, Oklahoma topsoil supply, top soil delivery. Zinc, the main ingredient in the galvanizing “bath” used to prolong the life of steel, is an essential micronutrient that occurs naturally in North American soils at an average background level of 0.07 milligrams of zinc per gram of soil.
While studies of zinc levels in the soil next to galvanized structures have found increased amounts of the element, those levels often are comparable to background levels and within EPA guidelines, says Dan Barlow, a corrosion engineer with the American Galvanizers Association. The health of beneficial soil microorganisms that are exposed to galvanized metal is another consideration.
I bought this Iceberg Rose breed from Whitfill and noticed in the sea of white and green, there were pink buds!
We also have the sweet lavender elsewhere in our garden which does fantastic in the dessert and is much stronger of a scent.
Did you know a single teaspoon of it will supply all the nutrients for a plant about 6″ tall for two months? I thought I learned once that if citrus, when picked, comes off with leaves, it wasn’t ready to be picked yet…?
I get excited with showers ;) My kind of weather – are you in the clear and heading towards spring? Sharing the love of home, simple style and efficient living solutions and products, with camera in hand.
Mulch Lasagna Gardening: Get great garden soil without tilling or hoeing, and using almost nothing but trash. The Official Website of A Distant Soil, the legendary graphic novel series from Image Comics.
Even if your yard is nothing but clay, you can create healthy garden soil by using this method, and it will cost you very little or nothing.
If you do not have enough organic matter to build up a thick layer, then build up what you can, then get potting soil and poke holes in your leafy mulch. What you are doing with this method is recreating the rich, loamy surface of the forest floor. If you have to buy manure, it’s pretty cheap, and shouldn’t cost more than $5 for a 40lb bag.


For more tips and alternative methods for mulch lasagna gardening, there are plenty of online resources. There are a number of variations to mulch lasagna gardening, and you can customize the mix of clippings, leaves and compost to match the needs of exactly what you want to plant. Check out SUBVERSIVE URBAN VEGETABLE GARDENING for tips on growing veggies where city planners don’t want you to. It seems a shame that people treat their lawn waste like trash, because it’s food for plants! Another gardener I know who does not use this technique spent 15 years trying to get his soil up to snuff. We used to get our manure for free from the mailman who had a local farm, but he’s retired. How big the risk is depends on many factors, including how high the concentration of the contaminant is, how often you eat the food and how you cook it. If you push the plastic up against the sides but leave the bottom open, you could create a barrier against any leaching and still have good drainage. It contains asphalt, which is a by-product of petroleum refining and, therefore, potentially toxic.
No reproduction, transmission or display is permitted without the written permissions of Rodale Inc. Over time, compounds used in the galvanizing process will leach from galvanized metal into surrounding soil. For the sake of comparison, the Daily Value (an approximation of our dietary need) for zinc established by the FDA for adults is 8 to 11 milligrams.
Zinc does not migrate readily through soil, so elevated zinc levels tend to be found only in the immediate area of a galvanized container or structure. The best time to start is in the fall, so get to it now, and plant in the spring in your rich, loamy garden beds! The composting action of the decaying leaves and grass will create heat and help to decompose and sterilize the area, as well as kill any grass seeds.
Never use waste from your own animals, unless you are a farmer and know exactly what you are doing. Ideally, you want to let the area sit and compost down for some weeks or months, BUT if you want to plant right away, there are many online resources that have simple details for doing that. In my opinion, the whole point of this method is to save money and recycle, not spend dough on stuff you have to buy at the garden center. I do not go to that trouble myself, but if you want more information, these are really good books for reference. Usually though, planting the lasanga bed right away isn’t an issue because the beds are easiest to do in the fall when leaves are available. Before that I dug and hauled and hoed and tilled, and worked myself to death and still had crappy clay soil! If you’re going to use bricks for pathways, pressure washing the materials should be sufficient. The risk of using new treated lumber is low, but he still recommends using natural wood such as cedar to be safe.
Climate and soil conditions such as moisture and salinity affect the rate and the amount of leaching. Soil pH, organic matter content, and other soil characteristics affect zinc’s ability to be taken up by plant roots. Because galvanized metal corrodes faster as pH decreases, Van Genderen says it’s probably not the best container material for plants that require acidic conditions.
I heard it from Benjamin who grew up on a farm and told me that pretty much is what farmers refer to as the best soil ever. But there are some cautions you should take when making and using compost.There are all kinds of residents in your compost pile.
Get them from your neighbors if you don’t have enough (offer to take their leaves to the dump or mow their lawns yourself to get them). For you city slickers, you may have to buy this, but we use kitchen scraps which have been composted about 6 months in a bin.


In each box where I did not use this method, some of the boxes were completely choked with weeds by the end of the season.
Basically, you put potting soil on the surface layer and put your seeds on that layer OR you gently open an area in your leafy compost, add some soil, and place your plant in it. I do not use vermiculite at all, and prefer to not use peat moss because of the damage caused to the environment. I work as a gardener and I find people almost always undervalue autumn leaves as a mulch material. If you’re putting in rhubarb or artichokes to overwinter, a pocket of soil big enough to contain the roots is advisable.
If you’re using materials for a vegetable garden, you would want to be more cautious. If you are attempting to waterproof your boxes, try painting the interiors with melted beeswax. While the by-products of corrosion are unlikely to occur in amounts that pose any risk to human or plant health, gardeners who are considering growing in galvanized containers or metal-framed beds should be aware of the potential for zinc and other materials to transfer into the soil. Never use clippings or leaves on which pesticide or weed killer has been sprayed, even if the label on the bottle says it is safe. Daily would be better.What about Ants?Ants, especially the tiny ones, seem to be everywhere in the garden. But there are other critters you don’t want to welcome.Mice and RatsIf you have rodents in or near your yard, sooner or later they are going to find your compost pile. Most don’t do any harm to your plants, although they will bite you if you disturb their nest. Since they can spread disease, not to mention ruin the balance of your pile, you certainly don’t want them using your compost as a diner. If you would prefer they didn’t set up housekeeping in your compost, keep it moist in their. The only way to keep them out is to set your composter or pile on a sheet of hardware cloth or some other wire mesh with openings no larger than 1 in. You will also need to wrap the fencing around the outside of the bin or pile.WaspsWasps have an uncanny ability to find sheltered spots to build their nests. Whether it’s fruit flies honing in on your watermelon rinds or true flies that don’t discriminate when it comes to food, the best thing to do is cover the food scraps with plant material. A layer of brown leaves or even a topping of grass clippings will help mask the goodies underneath.More Serious Concerns - Fungus and MoldCompost is decomposing organic matter, so some fungus and mold is to be expected. Some molds are more likely to occur if you add things like bread and meat to your pile, which is one of the reasons we are advised not to.Leaf mold can produce Aspergillus fungus and some people are especially sensitive to inhaling the spores. A British gardener died from contact with the spores, in 2008, but this is a very rare occurance.
But droppings and bedding from small pets on plant-based diets, like gerbils, hamsters, and rabbits, are considered fine to compost.NewspaperMost newspapers now use soy based inks that are acceptable for composting. They are used to this question and will be happy to tell you.Newspaper is safe to compost, but it takes a long time to biodegrade. If you’ve ever used several layers of newspaper to smother weeds under mulch, you already know how long it remains intact under there. This is because newspaper is a plant product and it contains lignin, a substance from the plant’s woody cell walls. Individual sheets and newspaper that is torn will decompose faster than a sack of newspapers.Cooked FoodThe main reason meats and oils are not recommend for composting is because they are open invitations for rodents and other pests. The old Native American technique of burying fish heads in the garden is a much better way to compost seafood.Cooking vegetables starts the breakdown of their cells, which means they will start to rot, and to smell, quickly. If you really want to add them to the pile, try to make the odor by covering the vegetables with plant matter.Rhubarb LeavesWe’re always cautioned not to eat the leaves of rhubarb or even the stems, once the plant has been hit by frost. Rhubarb leaves do contain levels of oxalic acid that can be toxic to humans, but adding a few leaves at a time to your compost won’t pose a threat.



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