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Author: admin, 31.08.2015. Category: Organic Fertilizer

National Food Security Bill,proposed by National Advisory Council (NAC) and Ministry of Rural Development(MoRD), has been introduced to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. General households to have a monthly entitlement of 20kgs (for eg- 4kgs per person) at a price not exceeding 50% of the current Minimum Support Price for millets,  rice and wheat. The minimum coverage, entitlement and price to remain unchanged until the end of the XII five year plan.
Government of India to specify the criteria for categorization of population into priority and general households.
In the First Phase, food entitlement to be extended to 72% of the population .In the Final Phase which is expected to be completed before March 31, 2014, full coverage of food entitlement , to 75% of the population, to be ensured. What are the subsidy implications for both the phases and can these be sustained in the future?
Arriving at a clear definition of priority by general households and the methodology of identification of these households especially the feasibility of involving the registrar general of India and the Census Commissioner in this task. The Expert Committee also recommended that the entitled population may be defined as the percentage of population below the official poverty line + 10% of the BPL population and using the Tendulkar poverty line, it was estimated to be 46% rural population and 28% urban population , same as that has been categorized by the NAC as the priority households. According to Global Hunger Index , 22% of the total population of India is undernourished while on the other hand as per National Family Health Survey 2005-06, 40% of children below the age of 3yrs are underweight, 78.9%  of children aged between 6 to 35 months are anaemic and 33% of the women (15-49yrs) have a body mass index below normal.
Therefore , the National Food Security Bill is perhaps the most significant effort to deal with these deficiencies which are yet to be addressed. Hence the ordinance on Food security has been signed by the President last week to guarantee 5 kg of rice, wheat and coarse cereals per month per person at a fixed price of Rs. The other provisions of the Ordinance include providing central funds to states in case of short supply of food grains in case of natural calamity. However, about 2.43 crore poorest of the poor families covered under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) scheme under PDS (Public Distribution System) would continue to get 35 kg of food grains per family per month but with legal entitlement. The ordinance seeks to confer the right to food to a larger section of population, ensure allocation of sufficient food grains on regulator basis under PDS and enable state governments to handle unforeseen situation caused by drought and other natural calamities. Most importantly, the state and district level redressal mechanism will be set up to ensure transparency and accountability. The Food Security programme will be the biggest in the world with the government spending estimated at Rs 125,000 crore annually on supply of about 62 million tonnes of rice, wheat and coarse cereals to 67 per cent of the population. The Chairman of Commission for Agriculture Costs and Prices (CACP) feels that at present the ordinance can be a blessing in disguise as there is huge foodgrains stock with the government but how far it will remain sustainable unless PDS is fixed, production is stabilised and investment is made in storage and transportation are issue that needs to be factored in.

For there is but one essential justice which cements society, and one law which establishes this justice. The National Food Security Bill 2013 assures food and nutritional security by supplying quality food at affordable prices. If government is not able to provide meal or grains then equivalent amount will be paid as allowance. This bill will cover almost 70% people from rural India while about 50% people from urban India. Proper administration, distribution and grievance redress systems will be placed by each state as per central government guidelines. Eligible households shall be entitled to foodgrains under section 3 at the subsidized price not exceeding rupees 3 per kg for rice, rupees 2 per kg for wheat and rupee 1 per kg for coarse grains for a period of three years from the date of commencement of this Act.
Aries (Mar 21 - Apr 20)It is good to be optimistic but don’t be deluded by grand plans and impracticable ideas. With no political consensus on UPA’s National Food Security Bill in sight, the government is reportedly working towards bringing an ordinance to implement the Bill. Although at first glance, the Bill seeks to promote an inclusive development for India’s poor, it fails to provide for the distribution of the very resources it talks about! It is pertinent to note that the power to promulgate an Ordinance is an emergency power, to be used as and when immediate action is necessary at a time when the Legislature is not in session. Live Law is a comprehensive legal news portal and is set to redefine the standards of legal journalism in India. Accordingly, on the order of the PM an Expert Committee was set up under the chairmanship of  Dr. 6,000 as maternity benefit and home ration or hot cooked food for children in the age group of 6 months to 14 years.
If not available, the eldest male member will then be the head of the household for these purposes. The Centre would also provide assistance to states towards cost of transportation, handling of food grains and FPS dealers’ margin.
A penalty will be imposed on public servants or authority, if found guilty of failing to comply with the relief recommended by the District Grievance Redressal Officer.
Free meals to children up to 6 years ,pregnant women and lactating women through Anganwadi i.e.
5kg food grains per person for priority households and 35kg food grains for households under Antyodaya Anna Yojana per month from central pool maintained for distribution.

Pregnant women will get minimum of Rs 6000 as maternity benefit from government if she is not employed or getting such benefit from anywhere else. If family has women elder than 18 years then she will be head of family in ration card and will be responsible for getting the benefit. The Food Bill aims to supply subsidized food to India’s 67 per cent of the underprivileged population. While it does legislate for specific amounts of food grains to be distributed to needy families, it fails to give detail on how it plans to ensure this allocation. Although, in general the motive behind issuing an Ordinance cannot be called in question, at the same time the Courts cannot allow it to be ‘perverted for political ends’.  The Supreme Court once famously observed, “The Ordinance making power of the executive…which though adverse to democratic ideals, was conjured up to tide over any emergent situation. Harsh Mander, a member of the Campaign and also a Special Commissioner to the Supreme Court, has reportedly said that “The Bill provides extremely limited food entitlements, is piecemeal and is nowhere close to providing food security.
Our endeavour is to bring in more transparency in legal reporting without lowering the supremacy of law. Every pregnant woman and lactating mother shall be entitled to meal free of charge during pregnancy and six months after the child birth. Primarily, the Bill seeks to provide a uniform monthly legal entitlement to 5 kg food grains per person at Rs. The Right to Food Campaign – an umbrella of NGOs- has asked the government to discuss the Food Security Bill in Parliament instead of opting for an Ordinance. It has been used over the decades satisfying the purpose for which it was meant and also misused at times, for it is not possible in a democratic order to insulate completely the domain of law from that of politics.” It will be interesting to see which category the Food Bill will fall under. Rangarajan to examine the implications of the proposal and thereby to make necessary recommendations.
The Bill, which was hastily approved by the Union Cabinet, was tabled by the Government in the Parliament on May 6 amid “an unprecedented din”.

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