National food security bill 2013 features,best organic raw honey brands,food revolution forbes - Review

Author: admin, 20.11.2015. Category: Healthy Foods

Aries (Mar 21 - Apr 20)It is good to be optimistic but don’t be deluded by grand plans and impracticable ideas.
National Food Security Bill,proposed by National Advisory Council (NAC) and Ministry of Rural Development(MoRD), has been introduced to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. General households to have a monthly entitlement of 20kgs (for eg- 4kgs per person) at a price not exceeding 50% of the current Minimum Support Price for millets,  rice and wheat.
The minimum coverage, entitlement and price to remain unchanged until the end of the XII five year plan. Government of India to specify the criteria for categorization of population into priority and general households. In the First Phase, food entitlement to be extended to 72% of the population .In the Final Phase which is expected to be completed before March 31, 2014, full coverage of food entitlement , to 75% of the population, to be ensured.
What are the subsidy implications for both the phases and can these be sustained in the future?
Arriving at a clear definition of priority by general households and the methodology of identification of these households especially the feasibility of involving the registrar general of India and the Census Commissioner in this task. The Expert Committee also recommended that the entitled population may be defined as the percentage of population below the official poverty line + 10% of the BPL population and using the Tendulkar poverty line, it was estimated to be 46% rural population and 28% urban population , same as that has been categorized by the NAC as the priority households.
According to Global Hunger Index , 22% of the total population of India is undernourished while on the other hand as per National Family Health Survey 2005-06, 40% of children below the age of 3yrs are underweight, 78.9%  of children aged between 6 to 35 months are anaemic and 33% of the women (15-49yrs) have a body mass index below normal.
Therefore , the National Food Security Bill is perhaps the most significant effort to deal with these deficiencies which are yet to be addressed. Hence the ordinance on Food security has been signed by the President last week to guarantee 5 kg of rice, wheat and coarse cereals per month per person at a fixed price of Rs. The other provisions of the Ordinance include providing central funds to states in case of short supply of food grains in case of natural calamity. However, about 2.43 crore poorest of the poor families covered under the Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) scheme under PDS (Public Distribution System) would continue to get 35 kg of food grains per family per month but with legal entitlement.
The ordinance seeks to confer the right to food to a larger section of population, ensure allocation of sufficient food grains on regulator basis under PDS and enable state governments to handle unforeseen situation caused by drought and other natural calamities. Most importantly, the state and district level redressal mechanism will be set up to ensure transparency and accountability. The Food Security programme will be the biggest in the world with the government spending estimated at Rs 125,000 crore annually on supply of about 62 million tonnes of rice, wheat and coarse cereals to 67 per cent of the population.
The Chairman of Commission for Agriculture Costs and Prices (CACP) feels that at present the ordinance can be a blessing in disguise as there is huge foodgrains stock with the government but how far it will remain sustainable unless PDS is fixed, production is stabilised and investment is made in storage and transportation are issue that needs to be factored in. For there is but one essential justice which cements society, and one law which establishes this justice. The revised Bill along with Food Ministrya€™s 81 amendments will be tabled for approval at the Union Cabinet meeting.
Ignoring concerns expressed by allies and civil society groups, the United Progressive Alliance government is all set to push for an ordinance on the Food Security Bill. The government has justified an ordinance on the ground that the Opposition had thwarted all its attempts to bring the Bill in Parliament (although the revised Bill was brought on the last day of the budget session) and that the rollout would take at least six months.
There is also a view that in case the principal Opposition party, the Bharatiya Janata Party, does not allow Parliament to function and the ordinance cannot be ratified by Parliament, then the UPA will go to the polls with the claim that the BJP did not allow a rights-based bill to be passed. On its part, the BJP wants to show its support for the Bill by seeking an early monsoon session or a special session to debate it. However, it appears that the UPA, particularly the Congress, wants to go it alone, this being an election promise. Getting the food bill going through an ordinance on the eve of a possible early election will be considered by many as a form of bribery for getting votes for the UPA besides, as the article says, there wiill be many problems in administering the public distribution system.
A very disparate move by Congress to catch the rural votes and hide behind all the scams and corruption charges. From the simulated battlefield with arms mounted on warriors, models of furniture, ceremonial coaches, photographs and memorabilia to paintings of the 19th Century a€“ all this and more is up for public display at the new Rashtrapati Bhavan Museum. An Act to provide for food and nutritional security in human life cycle approach, by ensuring access to adequate quantity of quality food at affordable prices to people to live a life with dignity and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto. Provided further that if annual allocation of foodgrains to any State under the Act is less than the average annual offtake of foodgrains for last three years under normal Targeted Public Distribution System, the same shall be protected at prices as may be determined by the Central Government and the State shall be allocated foodgrains as specified in Schedule IV.
Provided that in urban areas facilities of centralised kitchens for cooking meals may be used, wherever required, as per the guidelines issued by the Central Government. Provided further that the State Government shall continue to receive the allocation of foodgrains from the Central Government under the existing Targeted Public Distribution System, till the identification of such households is complete. Publication and display of list of eligible households.Reforms in Targeted Public Distribution System. Women of eighteen years of age or above to be head of household for purpose of issue of ration cards. Provided further that there shall be one person belonging to the Scheduled Castes and one person belonging to the Scheduled Tribes, whether Chairperson, Member or Member-Secretary.
Provided that no person shall hold office as the Chairperson or other Member after he has attained the age of sixty-five years. Salary and allowances of Chairperson, Member, Member- Secretary and other staff of State Commission.
Central Government to allocate required quantity of foodgrains from central pool to State Governments. Provided that the public servant or the public authority, as the case may be, shall be given a reasonable opportunity of being heard before any penalty is imposed. Provided that anything done or any action taken under the said schemes, guidelines, orders and food standard, grievance redressal mechanism, or by vigilance committees shall be deemed to have been done or taken under the corresponding provisions of this Act and shall continue to be in force accordingly unless and until superseded by anything done or by any action taken under this Act. Provided that no order shall be made under this section after the expiry of two years from the date of commencement of this Act. Provided that the Central Government may, in consultation with the Planning Commission, declare whether or not any such situation affecting the regular supply of foodgrains or meals to such person has arisen or exists.
India after 66th year of independence has not only seen development and progress but also becoming one of the fastest growing economies in the world.

The existence of this problem is not merely confined to rural areas but also extend to urban region. The disappointment in the failure of this programme can mainly be attributed to the prevalence of inequality among the society, unsuccessful delivery of public services, pathetic liability system and infringement in the implementation of pro-poor policies.
The International food policy research institute (IFPR) classified the status of hunger into five category-low, moderate, serious, alarming and extremely alarming. Further studies have indicated that consumption and expenditure on food grain have decrease up to a certain level due to increase in food prices and enlargement in the consumption of non-food item. This fact is also supported by the London based organisation "Action Aid" which in their report highlighted that our per capita income almost triples during 1990-2005 but during the same period 5.3 crore more hungry population was added to our population. The nutritional status of children in terms of weight-for-height is also deteriorating both in urban and rural areas.
Poverty line has declined remarkably in terms of percentage from over 60% during 1951 to about 26% in 2011 but there is no significant improvement in malnutrition especially among the deprived and marginalised children. NSFA gives legal rights to subsidised food grain to 67% of our population and covers 75% of rural and 50% of the urban population.
The act aims to address basic issues that need immediate attention and no one can question the noble intention behind it.
The ultimate question is with so much flaws and scam occurring within PDS, will it benefit the poor people and remove hunger. The prevailing situation in the contemporary farming community needs serious attention in order to produce 61.2 million tonnes of food grain.
Secondly, the raising price in the inputs likes fertilizers, pesticides and cost of mechanical cultivation has made agricultural production very expensive. In recent years, with the increase of income and changes in the dietary pattern, the middle class families have been spending more on horticulture and livestock product as it provides more nutrients. Considering this, there is a possibility that the production of horticulture or livestock production may increase tremendously but the whole purpose of food security will be useless as this product are costly and poor people will not be able to afford it.
Another critical issue which need to be focused for food security is the diversion of cultivated land towards wood farming. Accordingly, on the order of the PM an Expert Committee was set up under the chairmanship of  Dr. 6,000 as maternity benefit and home ration or hot cooked food for children in the age group of 6 months to 14 years. If not available, the eldest male member will then be the head of the household for these purposes.
The Centre would also provide assistance to states towards cost of transportation, handling of food grains and FPS dealers’ margin.
A penalty will be imposed on public servants or authority, if found guilty of failing to comply with the relief recommended by the District Grievance Redressal Officer.
The revised Bill along with Food Ministry’s 81 amendments will be tabled for approval in the Union Cabinet meeting on Thursday. Thomas and key ally and NCP chief Sharad Pawar are known to have expressed concern over taking the ordinance route. Thomas met Congress president Sonia Gandhi last week after which he spoke to UPA allies, including Mr. Pawar stated recently that he was not against the Bill, indicating his willingness to go along with whatever the Cabinet decides. Already some of the States have enacted rights-based food Bill and several others are providing foodgrain through the public distribution system. It now depends on the Opposition how to make voter understand that Congress will throw some crumbs to grab the flesh for their leaders after coming to power.
The State Government shall, through the local anganwadi, identify and provide meals, free of charge, to children who suffer from malnutrition, so as to meet the nutritional standards specified in Schedule II.
The State Governments shall implement schemes covering entitlements under sections 4, 5 and section 6 in accordance with the guidelines, including cost sharing, between the Central Government and the State Governments in such manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government. In case of non-supply of the entitled quantities of foodgrains or meals to entitled persons under Chapter II, such persons shall be entitled to receive such food security allowance from the concerned State Government to be paid to each person, within such time and manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government. The percentage coverage under the Targeted Public Distribution System in rural and urban areas for each State shall, subject to sub-section (2) of section 3, be determined by the Central Government and the total number of persons to be covered in such rural and urban areas of the State shall be calculated on the basis of the population estimates as per the census of which the relevant figures have been published.
The State Government shall place the list of the identified eligible households in the public domain and display it prominently. Every State Government shall put in place an internal grievance redressal mechanism which may include call centres, help lines, designation of nodal officers, or such other mechanism as may be prescribed. The State Government shall provide for salary and allowances of Chairperson, other Members, Member-Secretary, support staff, and other administrative expenses required for proper functioning of the State Commission.
The State Government may, if considers it necessary, by notification, designate any statutory commission or a body to exercise the powers and perform the functions of the State Commission referred to in section 16. Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1) of section 16, two or more States may have a Joint State Food Commission for the purposes of this Act with the approval of the Central Government. In case of short supply of foodgrains from the central pool to a State, the Central Government shall provide funds to the extent of short supply to the State Government for meeting obligations under Chapter II in such manner as may be prescribed by the Central Government. In implementing different schemes of the Ministries and Departments of the Central Government and the State Governments, prepared to implement provisions of this Act, the local authorities shall be responsible for discharging such duties and responsibilities as may be assigned to them, by notification, by the respective State Governments. The Central Government and the State Governments shall, while implementing the provisions of this Act and the schemes for meeting specified entitlements, give special focus to the needs of the vulnerable groups especially in remote areas and other areas which are difficult to access, hilly and tribal areas for ensuring their food security. The Central Government, the State Governments and local authorities shall, for the purpose of advancing food and nutritional security, strive to progressively realise the objectives specified in Schedule III.
The provisions of this Act or the schemes made thereunder shall have effect notwithstanding anything inconsistent therewith contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any instrument having effect by virtue of such law. The Central Government may, from time to time, give such directions, as it may consider necessary, to the State Governments for the effective implementation of the provisions of this Act and the State Governments shall comply with such directions.
The services of authorities to be appointed or constituted under sections 15 and 16 may be utilised in the implementation of other schemes or programmes of the Central Government or the State Governments, as may be prescribed by the State Government. This accomplishment takes a shattering twist when one looks at the hunger problem booming within it.

To combat this perennial problem, Government did introduce some major programme such as Public food distribution system (PDS), the Integrated Child Development System (ICDS), Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGS), Antyodaya Anna Yojana (AAY) etc. In this backdrop, the National Advisory Council (NAC) drafted a new "Food Security Bill" in 2010, the bill which is considered as the biggest ever experiment in the world for distributing highly subsidized food for any government through a "rights based" approach .
Malnutrition in India accounts for 50% of the child death and if seen globally, in context of child mortality under the age of five, India contributes 21.6% of total death in the world.
Economically malnutrition, according to World Bank report, brings down 3% of the country GDP annually. The National Family Health Survey report in 2005-2006 states that the number of anaemic women and children has increased tremendously both in rural and urban areas. But in order to make this act successful, an estimate of 61.2 million tonnes of food grain is required (including the grains of other welfare scheme) and a huge amount of money.
So, in order to have a comprehensive idea about the authenticity of NFSA, it is necessary to look into the problem occurring within the farmer community in the production of food grain, availability and capacity of storage facilities, working of the PDS and its fiscal implication. Food and non- food prices have increased significantly in recent years and it's becoming unaffordable for the poor families to cope with the rising price. And on the other hand the poor farmers whose income remains more or less stagnant see this as means to earn more income.
High GDP growth is leading to the increase consumption of wood and wood products like furniture, timber, pulp and paper.
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Some of the allies have also let it be known that the proposal for an ordinance was moved during the previous Cabinet meeting without prior consultation. Pawar, Rashtriya Lok Dal chief Ajit Singh and Farooq Abdullah of the National Conference to get them on board. The Trinamool Congress, Biju Janata Dal and All-India Anna Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam will also move amendments.
Out of the estimate 1.27 billion population, a total of 77% are considered poor and vulnerable, and millions of people fail to get two square meals a day. This major programme fails to penetrate in every section of the society and hunger continues to thrive among the poor people.
The National Food Security Bill after much debate and analysis was passed and became a law on 12th September 2013. The most important aspect contributing to this development is the non availability of basic requirement of food. HUNGaMA report published by Nandi Foundation in 2011 found that 42% of the children under the age of five are underweight and 59% are stunted. It is also expected that in rural India more than 1.5 million children are at the risk of becoming malnourished because of increase in the global food price.
By 2015, it is expected that around 900 million people will fall into extreme poverty and India is likely to handle more than 300 million people. The brunt of anaemic is shattering, in pregnant women it contribute 20% of the child mortality.
According to this act, it guarantees to provide five kilogram of food grains per month at Rs3, Rs2, and Rs1 per kg for rice, wheat and coarse grain, respectively. It is to be seen whether the farmers will be able to provide the huge quantity of food grains required by the government and if so, will there be enough storage facilities to store the food grains.
The expenditure on cultivation has increased extensively but the agricultural income has not increased in proportion with its input. Not only it will reduce the area under cultivation but it will also increase the demand for feed grain and subsequently increasing the cereal prices, affecting the poor household. The cultivation of poplar tree in some states of northern India has turned out to be more remunerative than crop cultivation. Rangarajan to examine the implications of the proposal and thereby to make necessary recommendations.
1 per kg per month to 67 per cent of the population to be identified by the State governments.
It has been observed that the consumption of food, in terms of nutrition and quantity, is lacking far behind.
Above this, a study conducted by Food and Agricultural Organisation found that 225 million people i.e. The poorest of the poor continue to be covered under AAY and get 35kg of food grain per month. The food grains procured by the government are to be provided to the beneficiaries through Public Distribution System (PDS). In recent years, real wages in agriculture has increased much faster than the real growth in gross value added in agriculture.
Each beneficiary will be entitled to 5 kg per month as against 35 kg per household at present. 23% of our population are undernourished and 260 million people falls under the category of above the poverty line (APL). Firstly, the rise in the price of petroleum product motivates the government and the corporate sector to go for producing bio-fuel.
The increase in the number of APL household is supposed to decrease the number of undernourished people but it is happening the other way round. The policy for production of bio diesel from Jatropha plant and ethanol from molasses has already been initiated.
This will seriously reduced the land area under cultivation for the production of food grain.

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