Livelihoods and food security programme zimbabwe,thai food near 92115,organic steak restaurant london,more food 1.7.10 mod - Videos Download

Author: admin, 27.02.2016. Category: Gardening

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The South Asia Regional programme covers the countries of India, Nepal, Bangladesh and Sri Lanka. The initiatives under the South Asia Regional Office draws its strength from its overall goal that is to secure better livelihood opportunities. Welthungerhilfe, in South Asia, supports initiatives that help disadvantaged groups to assume their rights as citizens in order to benefit from economic growth and the overall positive development framework. Welthungerhilfe is a part of several networks that advocate on issues pertaining to Food and Nutrition Security, Education, Agriculture and Sustainable Farming.
The Sustainable Integrated Farming Systems (SIFS) Programme supports farmer groups in the dry areas of central and eastern India, hilly areas in Chitagong Hilla Tracts of Bangladesh, and Hilly Terraing region of Chitwan in Nepal to transform their farms into more productive and sustainable systems. In particular, the SIFS programme aims to capacitate farmers to adopt diversified farming systems including multiple livelihood options based on natural resources to get more benefit from their produce through better integration of various subsystems, post-harvest management, value-addition and marketing. The SIFS approach moves away from individual crop performance to increased system productivity. Nutrition is an integral component of SIFS and farm planning also includes designing homesteads, gardens, pathways and water bodies to ensure year round healthy organic food for the household. In some areas, farmer groups are federated to establish a Common Facility Centre to semi-process and market their produce.
They commonly have less than USD250 to invest per acre by borrowing and do not earn any significant profit, they are thus trapped between subsistence farming and meeting market demands. However, before the shift towards a market-driven agricultural system, a less energy-intensive, more eco-friendly production system was in place.
To tackle these issues the concept of Sustainable Integrated Farming Systems (SIFS) for small and marginal farmers has emerged as an improved version of mixed cropping. Ensure food and nutritional securities of the farm families and reduce stress periods in the farm : Additional food security of at least one month has been achieved for 85% of the families.
Increased cash flows in the farm families by linking it with the market: 60% farmers recorded increased net income (42% has doubled theier net income). Capacity building process through peer learning – For scaling up the successes of IFS, it is very important to change the mindset of the farmers from crop dominated, market oriented focus to holistic production, planning the entire production system carefully – which can be best done by a farmer who has practiced the similar approach. Cooperative marketing and market appropriation – It has been tried out to bring the control of market to the small holder producing sector through cooperative marketing to attain a marketable quantum, value chain improvement through sorting, grading, weighing at every stage and packaging, creating market shed and zero energy cool chamber to increase the shelf life of perishable item. Deoghar district, in the western portion of Santhal Paraganas contains several clusters of rocky hills covered with forest.
Kedar Singh, with no other option, was attracted to the orientation and campaign of Integrated Farming Systems and became a member of Navajagriti Farmer’s club.
Basulia village has no approach road … like many other villages of Devipur block, which is the poorest block of the district, not only in terms of poor access to inputs, resources and facilities from the mainstream; but also from the perspective of availability of water, harsh condition of the soil.
Basulia, like many other village, does not suffer with land constraint, rather it has huge land which remains fallow being an open playfield for soil erosion. With a new motivation, Govind planned for soil water conservation through farm bunding, water channel repair in his fields for soil water conservation after this. For the first time in Ravi 2012, he ploughed his so far barren land for Wheat, Potato, Brinjal, Onion, Chili, Cauliflower, Cabbage, Mustard, Pigeon peas, Beans etc along with vegetable cultivation in a mixed manner in his homestead land. After the initial orientation of integrated system which discussed about integrating and livestock into the whole farm production, Govind also shown interest to initiate poultry farming and he was supported with 200 chicks and one cycle of feed, where he built the shed on his own. At home, Govind does not waste dung from one buffalo and one ox by dumping it in open as he used to do earlier.
His overall income is now 3000 INR per month on an average from poultry farm and 1500 INR per month as cash income from farm fields apart from household consumption. Govind likes to experiment with his farm and planning to introduce intercropping of Maize, Pigeon Pea and Roselle.
He planned to start with his 1 bigha of upland which remained fallow so far, where, in the rainy season of 2012, he introduced soil-water conservation measures and planted local varieties of Roselle, Maize and Pigeon pea in rows and some leguminous vegetables in between. With 3 cows, he had considerable amount of cow dung, which he was using occasionally only through farm yard manure or directly. A quick look into his farm economics during 2013 reveals that within 2 years of intervention, the subsistence need and farm input need of Dulal is met from his small but diversified asset profile – which was only possible because he recycled all the agro-waste (read byproducts) efficiently and linked various components carefully. The Maha 2014 drought seriously damaged agricultural production and is threatening to significantly limit the upcoming yala harvest. FAO’s emergency programme to support farmers affected by severe flooding in northern Benin includes creating resilience among communities in order to avert further threats to their livelihoods and food security. 10 Nov 2013 FAO’s emergency programme to support farmers affected by severe flooding in northern Benin includes creating resilience among communities in order to avert further threats to their livelihoods and food security. Farming families in northern Benin lost crops, livestock and fishing grounds when the Niger River overran its banks in August, just as many villagers were trying to recover from previous floods in 2012.
FAO Director-General José Graziano da Silva formally activated funding for assistance to the villages of Malanville and Karimama on 3 November, as part of the emergency programme, during an official visit to Benin.
Benin was among countries recognized by FAO earlier this year for early achievement of targets set by Millennium Development Goal 1, namely to halve the proportion of hungry people by 2015. To restore the livelihoods of small-scale coconut farmers in a sustainable manner and improve food security and nutrition at the household and community level through intercropping, climate-resilient coconut-based farming systems, livestock integration and the promotion of community-based processing and value-adding enterprises. Department of Agriculture, Department of Agrarian Reform, Philippine Coconut Authority and Local Government Units (LGUs). Distributed 3 915 bags of certified rice seeds with fertilizers to 3 915 households, 1 446 bags of corn seeds with fertilizers to 2 525 households.
Distributed 219 carabaos, 189 cattle, 938 goats and 964 piglets (along with pig feed) among 1 846 households, and provided 21 LGUs with veterinary kits. Provided planting materials to 1 383 households, with some being planted on the established Sloping Agricultural Land Technology (SALT) sites, and fertilizers to 7 029 households (some of which also received planting materials).

Established ten nurseries and 33 contour farming sites using SALT, and provided beneficiaries in these sites with inputs (seeds, planting materials, tools) to initiate production.
Provided animal-drawn implements, large farm machinery and small farming tools to 321 households and 125 CBOs. Provided all beneficiaries (11 000 households) with post-harvest materials and basic household production packages (vegetable seeds and fertilizer).
Contributed to restoring agricultural production by providing alternative coconut-based farming livelihoods. Enabled greater crop intensification and diversification through the intercropping of several vegetables, root crops, corn and fruit trees. Increased beneficiaries’ awareness of potential hazards in their communities, and increased preparedness for future disasters by equipping them with the skills necessary to prevent losses and reduce risks. Frequently Asked Questions - Get answers to common problems and learn more about ReliefWeb. Based on agro-ecological zones, combinations of crops, horticulture, afro-forestry, livestock and aquaculture are integrated into an interactive relationship. In each of the selected locations, SIFS models are designed by farmer groups locally and in collaboration with identified grassroot experts and facilitators on the basis of available local natural resources, knowledge and skill.
The approach also integrates the smallholder farmer with the market by building up capacities of value chain analysis and business development. The programme mobilizes existing government programmes, such as IPM (Nepal), NREGA, NABARD, and ATMA (India), to provide support on farm and community level soil and water conservation measures, sustainable agricultural practices, agro-forestry, common land regeneration and livestock management.
Now markets dictate what food to grow and sell, the income from which is then used to buy food from the market.
SIFS imitates nature by not only utilizing crops for production, but also varied types of plants, animals, bird, fish, as well as other aquatic flora and fauna. All farmers shown at least 20% increase in the total farm production over baseline, which is also due to the fact that the project has transformed 609 ha of barren fallow land to cultivable land, and 802 ha of single crop land to double crop land this year. For all the families, 65% of the food requirement in a family is now coming from the own production.
For all the farms, About 30 % of the cash need is coming by selling farm products after meeting the subsistence need. As we know, peer learning is an important methodology, especially for the skill based livelihood like farming. Some of the rolling uplands are cultivated by highland crops during rainy season – most of them remain fallow in other seasons, except some patches of alluvium collected by large number of tributaries of River Ajay.
Through this, he got training on multi-cropping systems, SRI method of rice cultivation, using cowdung and other agro-wastes for composting and vermicomposting etc. For homestead, he brought back Madua, a long forgotten millet along with Maize, ladies finger, ridge gourd, leafy vegetables and pigeon pea.
But these interventions helped him to be in a better position than other conventional farms in the village. In the homestead Kedar cultivated Brinjal, chili, Spinach and other vegetables for home consumption. Soon he diversified total number of crops in his field from 2~3 to 19 during Kharif 2012 including Paddy, Okra, Maize, Finger Millet etc.
The cycle is discontinued for four month period during May to August, due to summer and less market demand, even though Govind has found his way to maintain a balance between production and market demand. But now he has started making compost in a pit and is using as an important source of nutrition. He also has a plan to try out the idea of using sunflower plantation on the field bund during Ravi and Marigold and Coriander for pest control that he gathered from other villages.
Bankura, where he lives, is a dry district with a moderately undulated terrain with high quantum of top-soil run off. He started doing high temperature heap and pit compost to get better quality manure by mixing with both dried and green crop waste along with chicken shit; and also introduce earthworms to produce vermicompost in a pit.
His livestock and hens are now getting better fodder from various types of crop residues – which was not much earlier. And most importantly, the quality of production, in terms of diversity and time span has improved significantly to impact his nutrition intake and market linkages.
He has plans of integrating missing components of trees for food, fodder and mulching material; increasing the number of livestock so that the cash income increases. Use of external inputs is minimized by enhancing the recycling of materials within the farm system.
Credit and market linkages are provided and small farmers organized for enhanced competitiveness. The soil condition of their land is usually poor and they practise continuous monocropping. These are combined in such a way and proportion that each element helps the other; the waste of one is recycled as resource for the other.
Apart from the quantitative aspect quality of the products have also changes more diversified production as 54% farms grows 2 crops and 29% grows 3 crops and 4% grows more that more than 3 crops in the cropland compared to 77% mono-cropping follower in the baseline. 95% of the farms shown atleast one month of extra cropping period, among them about 13 % shows 3 months’ and 5% shows 6 months’ additional cropping month.
Though 32% farmers have specifically involved in the value chain improvement, it was not measured so far that especially due to value chain, how much income has increased, as this is the beginning of the value chain initiative. The area receives average annual rainfall of 1200 – 1300 mm but 80% of the total rainfall occurs in the monsoon which creates problem of surface runoff and high soil erosion.
As a new crop, Sweet potato was tried in the 0.5 acre of his upland area and slightly modified SRI with 2-3 seedling per heel due to erratic monsoon in the 1 acre of the main farm. This increased the crop diversity and yield of the crop and he harvested approximately 3.0 quintal of maize, 35 kg of ladies finger, 50 kg of ridge gourd and 5 kg of red leafy vegetable – mostly used for consumption in the family, with a little bit sold in the market.

In 50 decimal of upland he cultivated wheat in SWI method and produced 4 quintal wheat and 1.5 quintal of straw. With time, the life became miserable for them since the forest were losing diversity and production from own farm lands was minimum. A lift irrigation which supported lifting water from the nearby stream to the fallow upland, created a magic for the 35 farmers having 50 acres of land altogether, where Govind has a share of 2 acres. To overcome this challenge Govind has come out with appropriate solution of buying older stock from nearby market, rear the ready stock in shed during this period and sale it at a higher price even in this season. He also has a low cost rooftop water harvesting to support his demand for livestock in summer. Vermicomposting and planting nitrogen fixing trees for fodder and soil health is also in his future plans. Till 2011, from his 4 bigha of low land he was barely managing to produce 15 quintals of paddy (1 Q = 100 Kgs, from 100 kgs of paddy you get 70 kg of rice) in a year during rainy season only – for that he needed 1200 INR per bigha for chemical fertilizer. During 2013 rainy season, he switched over to completely organic methods of paddy cultivation with single stick.
Animal shelter was also an initiative which was ignored earlier, which helped him to collect cow urine.
SIFS activities are built around selected, inter-dependent, inter-related and often inter-linking production systems based on crops, animals, and related subsidiary professions. The time concept relates to increasing crop intensification by mixing crops, inert cropping and relay cropping.
Whereas 72% farms are stabilized to 5~7 types of vegetables during winter Season in the homestead land. He had been practicing rain fed monocropped farming traditionally for a long time in his land without planning. He used partially digested compost in his field and decoction of Neem leaf and Sindwar (vitex nigundo) on ladies finger and ridge gourd for the protection from insects attack. He also cultivated mustered in 40 decimal of land to produce 2.5 quintal of mustered – which he partially kept for producing cooking oil. Major part of their homestead land remained fallow and people use to migrate in search of their livelihood.
Despite of having a 1 acre of paddy field that remained mostly fallow, his 5 member family strived to ensure food throughout the year. Farmers contributed in developing the field bunds in the command area of lift on their plots and the earthwork in trench filling for lift.
The biogas is now providing energy for cooking and helping in saving 300 kg of firewood per month (equivalent to INR 1800). The contest challenged photographers from all around the world to capture images that showed how trees connect to food security and what does REDD+ look like. He was cultivating maize and ridge gourd in his 0.5 acre of homestead land and paddy in the upland during Kharif (Rainy Season) and wheat and potato during Rabi (Winter) season in low land.
From 3 kg of sweet potato seed in 10 decimal of upland, he got 4 quintal of potato which are also sold in the market.
Other uplands in the village, where he has 3.5 acre of share, remain almost untouched due to lack of irrigation water. Food produced in his entire farm could sustain him and his family only for 6~7 months, rest he had to manage by earning as wage labour. Two or more crops with varying field duration are combined as intercrops by suitably modifying the planting method. Kharif paddy, which has been the major source of income, has not been successful due to often delayed and often less monsoon and also falling productivity of land and increasing cost of cultivation. He was not sure about the success of the method of SRI, so he tried rice in his lowland by conventional methods – which yield half of the entire production from SRI field. Summer 2013, being the most difficult season of the year in Deoghar district – he could produce pumpkin and ridged gourd – which is first time in his life. A part of maize grown in his field and its residue is utilized as feed for the chicken, which reduces the cost of production significantly.
So the same amount of cow dung is now producing energy; it is also being used as vermifeed to produce vermicompost and finally being used as manure – this multiple usage is making the whole system more efficient and cost effective as he is getting maximum benefits out of it. He also tried to introduce sacks inside the paddy field for growing vegetables in them to serve the needs of his family. When the monsoon was delayed, the Rabi crop in the low land was also suffering due to low moisture in the soil. In the 1st season itself, his self esteem boosted, when after consumption in the household he was able to sell of amount 25,000 INR. During winter season, for the first time in 2012, in 4 bighas of land he divided his plot to sow mustard, wheat separately and potato, leafy vegetables and onions together – all organic. Even after being self-sufficient in farm manure, he could sell an amount of 5Q vermicompost and few hundred vermin to other farmers.
ABOUT THE WINNER Lani Holmberg is an emerging documentary photographer and writer based in Sydney. She has a passion for storytelling and believes in contributing her skills to projects facilitating sustainable change in the developing world. Her warm, almost cinematic style reflects her desire to tell positive stories that challenge stereotypes and celebrate human strength and achievement.
The contest harnessed photo talents from around the world in order to illustrate and convey the many linkages between REDD+ and Food.

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