Kenya food security report,organic meal delivery melbourne,new orleans garden district youtube - How to DIY

Author: admin, 25.02.2015. Category: Organic Food

Rangeland conditions did not seasonally recover in pastoral and agropastoral areas during the March to May long rains this year.
In the Southeastern Marginal Mixed Farming livelihood zone, the below-average long rains resulted in crops not fully developing. Frequently Asked Questions - Get answers to common problems and learn more about ReliefWeb. The 2006 short-rains season held promise for most of the drought-affected pastoral and marginal agricultural households, after rains began on time. The Ministry of Health and the World Health Organization (WHO) confirmed an outbreak of RVF after samples taken from Garissa District tested positive for the disease in late December. The ALRMP has also reported that the RVF outbreak in the eastern pastoral districts has worsened food insecurity among pastoralists already suffering from severe drought over the last three years and the impacts of severe floods between October and December 2006. Cross-border trade has also been affected by the ban on livestock movement, further disrupting supplies and distorting prices in both Somalia and Kenya.
While the response to the situation has been hampered by poor road access, especially in Ijara District, the multi-agency response team has started a range of interventions in all affected districts, covering health and nutrition, water and sanitation, livestock health, food needs and infrastructure.
The outbreak of the RVF comes at a time when pastoral households were beginning to show marked improvements in their food security: livestock prices were on a distinct upward trend and were 20-30 percent higher than their respective long-term means in Marsabit, Kajiado, Tana River, Wajir, Garissa, Laikipia, Samburu, Mandera and Turkana districts.
An estimated 2.4 million persons, including 541,000 school children, are covered by the drought emergency operation (EMOP) from September 2006 through February 2007, based on recommendations from the long rains assessments of August 2006. An additional 260,000 people received food aid in the flood affected areas, including areas not covered by the EMOP, such as Ijara District and Kipini division in Tana River District.
The SO is a joint operation with WFP-Somalia, which was forced to withdraw their emergency supplies.
The 2006 short rains continued through December and extended uncharacteristically into the first week of January. While the heavy rains have brought substantial benefits, especially to the short rains cropping areas in the central highlands, southeastern and coastal lowlands as well as in the southern and northwestern rangelands, they have had a markedly negative impact on some coastal, lakeshore and northeastern eastern pastoral areas.
The Kenya Meteorological Department has indicated that rains should begin to relent from mid-January, after heavier-than-normal rainfall during the first week of January.
The Ministry of Agriculture estimates that total national output for the July 2006-June 2007 marketing year is expected to be close to just over 3 million MT, a 15 percent increase over both last year and the long-term average.
Maize prices remained fairly stable during December across most markets in the country, with few exceptions. While food security has improved significantly in most of the country, households in the eastern pastoral and parts of the coastal and lakeshore districts have been affected by flooding and in some districts, an outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF). The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily reflect the views of the United States Agency for International Development or the United States Government. In pastoral areas, rangeland resources have continued to become less available during the dry season, leading to the seasonal decline in livestock productivity, which seasonally reduces household incomes and food consumption. During the forecast above-average October to December short rains, flash floods, river flooding, and lakeside flooding are likely.
In the southeastern marginal agricultural areas, there are few agricultural labor opportunities at this time of year, so households are relying on petty trading, construction labor, and other forms of non-agricultural labor to purchase food. The long rains harvest and cross-border imports have increased food supply in markets, and maize supply is likely to continue increasing as the harvest starts in the northern Rift Valley in October. These households were concentrated in pastoral areas in Turkana, Marsabit, Mandera, Samburu, Isiolo, and Baringo. Poor livestock health has reduced livestock prices and associated incomes, constraining food access. Over the next several months, the food insecure population is expected to increase to over 1.5 million people. This is likely to result in a far below average harvest, and an increase in the number of people who are food insecure.
Rangeland conditions are expected to deteriorate faster than normal during the January to March short dry season.
Since then, excessive rains have mitigated the anticipated improvements in food security, especially in the eastern pastoral areas where the adverse impacts of flooding include displacement of households, upsurge in water and vector borne diseases, limited access to markets, impassable roads and loss of life. Garissa District is the epicenter of the outbreak, but the disease has spread to adjacent pastoral districts including Wajir, Ijara, Tana River and Kilifi (see Figure 2). Due to the impacts of floods, households have been displaced, livestock lost and access to markets and basic services have been severely impeded. However, current political tensions in neighboring Somalia could result in movement of pastoralists and livestock in and out of the country in spite of the ban, spreading RVF and other diseases beyond Kenya.
Specific interventions include the provision of food, mosquito nets, drugs and medical kits and protective clothing and an awareness creation campaign.
Rates of child malnutrition had declined by 10-20 percent in Baringo, Garissa, Marsabit, Wajir, Kajiado, Mandera and Turkana districts, as milk and livestock products became more readily available. The delivery of food to the drought-affected districts continues, and in most areas covered by the EMOP, December distributions have been completed on schedule.
These supplies are now available to the Kenya operation until the security situation improves in Somalia.


Since the beginning of the season in October, the short rains have been consistently heavier than normal in most areas of the country. Unverified estimates from various organizations suggest that about 500,000 people in the pastoral, coastal and lake regions have in some way been affected by floods, and response interventions are ongoing. The cessation of rains is critical to limit the extent of pre- and post-harvest losses of the long rains maize and the short rains bean crops.
The long rains season in the key producing areas was good, and prospects for the short-rains season, expected to end in early March, are favorable. However, much of the short rains crop is still at a critical stage of development, and drastic changes in the weather could still affect projections.
While a significant decline in maize prices was anticipated in December, heavy rains during most of the month in key growing areas interrupted the harvest. Flooding and RVF have interrupted the start of recovery among pastoralists, especially in the northeast, accentuating their already poor food security.
Most households remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), except in parts of eastern Isiolo and western Wajir, which remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3) due to drier than normal conditions in these areas. Flooding is likely to displace households, increase the incidence of water- and vector-borne diseases, limit access to markets due to submerged or damaged roads, and lead to the loss of life. Overall, national food availability is normal, and most areas of western and central Kenya are likely to remain in Minimal (IPC Phase 1).
Many households remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), though some households in parts of Turkana, Marsabit, Samburu, Mandera, Wajir, Baringo, and West Pokot have moved into Crisis (IPC Phase 3). The majority of households will remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), but the areas that had the least rainfall are likely between now and March to remain in Crisis (IPC Phase 3), including Sericho and Merti Sub-counties in Isiolo, Daadab and Balambala Sub-counties in Garissa, and Hadado and Sebule Sub-counties in Wajir. The recent outbreak of Rift Valley Fever (RVF) has resulted in the closure of key livestock markets as well as a ban on movement and slaughter of animals, accentuating the precarious status of pastoralists' welfare that almost exclusively depends on livestock as the principal source of food and income. A multi-agency surveillance and response team including the Ministry of Health, the Veterinary Department, the Arid Lands Resource Management Project (ALMRP), the National Operations Center, WHO, UNICEF, United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) have established that at least 88 people have died from the disease, about 54 from Garissa District, 10 from Ijara, 12 from Wajir, 6 from Tana River and 6 from Kilifi districts.
Livestock movements have been further constrained by restrictions put in place to control the RVF outbreak, and a ban on slaughtering livestock has been imposed. The multi-agency team concluded that there are about 3,000 households situated in the high risk areas of the eastern pastoral districts. Food prices in key growing areas were also expected to fall on pastoral markets once the roads opened up. Beneficiaries received a full monthly basket of cereals, vegetable oil and corn soya blend. Operations were also affected by the festive season, which reduced the availability of primary transport to deliver food to districts and partners' capacity in the field to distribute food to the beneficiaries. In several instances, total cumulative rainfall exceeded respective long term averages many times over. Most of the flood-affected population is already covered by the ongoing drought emergency intervention. The end of short rains would also help to improve access to many critical roads in the pastoral areas that are currently unreachable or washed out. While the long-rains season is the most important national season, contributing over 80 percent to total annual output, the short-rains season is the most reliable season in the drought prone southeastern and parts of the coastal lowlands. Additional supplies of maize, beans and rice are routinely imported from Tanzania and Uganda to cover the country's structural deficit. In addition, the National Cereals and Produce Board (NCPB), has set its purchase price at Ksh 1,300 per 90 kg, ostensibly to provide support to key producers.
Although a significant vaccination campaign for livestock and other prevention activities are ongoing in all affected districts, trade prospects are limited after a ban was imposed on livestock movement and slaughter.
As the availability of rangeland resources increases during the forecast above-average October to December short rains, livestock productivity, household incomes, and food consumption will increase.
Many households are likely to move to None (IPC Phase 1) by December, after the short rains start in October. However, the forecast above-average October to December short rains are expected to fall in areas that are typically dry during the harvest. Food security is likely to remain Stressed (IPC Phase 2), but localized areas in Kitui North where there were almost no short rains crops in March are likely to move into Crisis (IPC Phase 3) by September. The ALRMP has reported that the outbreak is causing considerable pressure on medical facilities already grappling with an upsurge in malaria, diarrhea and typhoid following the recent flooding, particularly in Isiolo, Wajir, Tana River and Wajir districts. As a result, pastoral households face a substantial reduction in income and food access due to the ban on trade and slaughter of livestock. Estimates by the team indicate that initially, about 500,000 sheep and goats and about 600,000 cattle in all five districts need to be vaccinated to stop the spread of the disease.
At the moment, most of Ijara District is inaccessible as are critical sections of the Wajir-Moyale road and the northern part of Tana River District. The World Food Programme (WFP) delivered 7,800 MT of food by road and an additional 1,210 MT through airlifts and airdrops to communities that are cut off in the flood-affected districts. In response to the flooding and inaccessibility of roads, WFP established a Special Operation (SO), mobilizing airdrops, airlifts and trucks to deliver commodities to those areas that are otherwise unreachable.


The emphasis at the beginning of the crisis was on non-food items such as medicine, shelter and mosquito nets rather than on food.
However, the most recent flooding in the lake region occurred in areas not covered by the emergency operation. Traditionally, the short-rains season accounts for close to 70 percent of annual output in the drought-affected southeastern marginal agricultural areas. The NCPB is a key player in the market, and its activities invariably affect maize prices in key producing areas and by extension most other areas of the country that are supplied by these 'grain-basket' areas.
However, roads are beginning to open up as rains subside, and access to areas that were cut off has improved.
Even in eastern Isiolo and western Wajir, most households will be Stressed (IPC Phase 2) by December, and some pastoral households will move into None (IPC Phase 1). Agricultural labor demand will increase, leading to higher wage rates and household incomes. These rains may lead to water damage both of crops in the fields and recently harvested crops while those crops are being dried and processed. In other pastoral areas of the northwest and the south, food security conditions have greatly improved, and recovery from previous droughts is likely to start, should the 2007 long-rains season be normal. Even more worrisome is a cholera outbreak in Kwale, Mombasa and Moyale that has claimed 14 lives, as reported by the MoH. At the same time, pastoral households face high food prices, especially in local markets where floods have disrupted the supply of food commodities.
The expanded vaccination campaign will target an estimated 2.5 million animals in several more neighboring districts, contingent upon availability of vaccines and personnel. Thus, despite good water and pasture availability in Kenya's eastern pastoral districts, food insecurity will persist until the RVF is eliminated. The SO currently has four operational helicopters based in Wajir, Garissa and Garsen and an Antonov airplane for the airdrops. Most notable are the exceptional rainfall deviations reported in the pastoral Turkana and Ijara districts.
In these areas, an estimated 4,000 people in Nyando, Migori, Rachuonyo, Kisumu, Busia and Siaya were displaced. A favorable short rains season would have a significant positive impact on the food security of these households that have had to grapple with debilitating drought over several seasons during the past three years. However, the NCPB has purchased little maize so far and is holding an estimated 225,000 MT of maize for the GoK's Strategic Grain Reserve.
The improved access should facilitate the control of the disease and improve supplies of food commodities to markets, moderating the upward pressure on food prices. By December, some short-cycle crops like pulses will be mature and supplement market purchases. In addition, national crop output is expected to be significantly higher than normal due to two consecutive favorable cropping seasons. Substantial doses of the vaccines have been provided by the GoK and the United States Centers for Disease Control. Approximately 1.5 million beneficiaries were reached in December, but that number is likely to be adjusted upward when the final tally is received. An additional plane was available for most of December for delivery of mainly non-food items.
However, rainfall anomalies are more pronounced in the pastoral areas because the short rains normally tail off in these areas during December. Figure 4 compares maize prices in December in key reference markets and indicates that prices in most markets were close to their 6-year averages during December 2006, with the exception of Garissa market that lies adjacent to the severely flooded areas. Unfortunately, food insecurity has deepened for pastoralists in the northeast and is expected to persist until the RVF is verifiably eradicated.
Food prices, now close to the five year average, are expected to decline even further, benefiting market-dependent, deficit-producing households that have been affected by several seasons of drought over the past three years. WFP helicopters have been able to provide a crucial air service to transport medical staff, equipment and medicine to areas reporting an outbreak of RVF. The Office of the President has provided food to the affected population in the lake region, while rehabilitation of infrastructure has started in some areas impacted by floods. Prices in other deficit markets in pastoral and marginal agricultural areas are also above average. Prices are likely to assume a downward trend from this point forward, since harvesting of the long rains crop should be completed in January, and the short rains harvest is expected to begin in February.



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