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Author: admin, 09.12.2013. Category: What Is Organic Food

Here you have a list of opinions about Food security and you can also give us your opinion about it.
You will see other people's opinions about Food security and you will find out what the others say about it. Household food security exists when all members, at all times, have access to enough food for an active, healthy life. The 1996 World Summit on Food Security declared that "food should not be used as an instrument for political and economic pressure". In the image below, you can see a graph with the evolution of the times that people look for Food security. Thanks to this graph, we can see the interest Food security has and the evolution of its popularity.
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Website managed by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, Swindon, SN2 1UH. Those of us residing in the United States consider ourselves blessed to be living in a land of plenty — one of the breadbaskets of the world. Van Rijsselberghe is working on other crops in addition to potatoes, including strawberries. As a way to continue engagement with our previous theme year, Food Security, The Humanitarian Centre facilitated a seminar presenting issues surrounding  the subject.
Have a look inside too see how we have developed our concepts for dealing with food insecurity. Scaling, mechanisation and intensification have been key issues inmodern agriculture, that being the post-Second World War period. On 12 May, The Humanitarian Centre hosted a seminar on Sustainable Agriculture Development, led by the TAA (Tropical Agriculture Association), as part of the Global Food Futures Year. The United Nations (UN) predicts that 70% more food will need to be produced by 2050 to feed a global population of 9 billion.
What is the role of biotechnology and genetic modification in ensuring there is enough food for everyone? Many have pointed out that there is in fact enough food for everyone today if we enact more equitable and transparent practices and policies around land and food.
If you missed the Innovation & Development Hackathon in March, and are eager to engage in dialogue and activity around global food security, then we hope the many May and June events of the Global Food Futures Year will give you your fill! Please get in touch with Programmes Manager, Anne Radl, for more information about any of our upcoming events. To ensure food security for all, we should be clear about the definition of the problem, the precise index of measuring impact and the road map to achieve the goal. The proposed Food Security Bill should adopt a three-pronged strategy that constitutes a Universal Public Distribution System for all, low-cost foodgrains to the needy, and convergence in the delivery of nutrition safety net programmes.
According to the International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, failed agriculture market regulation and the lack of anti-dumping mechanisms cause much of the world's food scarcity and malnutrition. And below it, you can see how many pieces of news have been created about Food security in the last years. As the climate continues to change, it is unclear how much arable land there is going to be on which to grow food in the future or how much water will be available to grow crops (just ask California, which just experienced its driest January since records started being kept in 1849). Concerns about the sustainability and resilience of agricultural production systems, especially in light of climate change and environmental degradation, have been dominating debates about global food security. How exactly will we feed over 9 billion people by 2050, when so many people go hungry today?
Based on Article 21 of the Constitution, the Supreme Court has regarded the right to food as a fundamental requirement for the right to life.
There is evidence of granaries being in use over 10,000 years ago, with central authorities in civilizations including Ancient China and Ancient Egypt being known to release food from storage in times of famine. Food insecurity, on the other hand, is a situation of "limited or uncertain availability of nutritionally adequate and safe foods or limited or uncertain ability to acquire acceptable foods in socially acceptable ways", according to the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). People living in poverty can rarely afford to eat meat; therefore, it is no surprise that as people claw their way out poverty and join the middle class they develop a taste for meat. Although the development salt-tolerant crops would go a long ways towards increasing the amount of land that could be made available for growing crops, it is just one of the challenges that remains to be faced.

In fact as we look to increase crop production, we will face further problems that restrict the way we look to live. Many steps have been taken since Independence to adopt Mahatma Gandhi's advice for an antyodaya approach to hunger elimination. At the 1974 World Food Conference the term "food security" was defined with an emphasis on supply. Food security incorporates a measure of resilience to future disruption or unavailability of critical food supply due to various risk factors including droughts, shipping disruptions, fuel shortages, economic instability, and wars. The estimate is that globally there are about one billion people who lack sufficient access to food.
Fortunately, researchers are working hard to solve all of the food security challenges but they can’t succeed alone.
In spite of numerous measures and programmes, the number of undernourished persons has increased from about 210 million in 1990-92 to 252 million in 2004-06. Food security, they said, is the "availability at all times of adequate world food supplies of basic foodstuffs to sustain a steady expansion of food consumption and to offset fluctuations in production and prices". In the years 2011-2013, an estimated 842 million people were suffering from chronic hunger.
With the global population predicted to grow by nearly 50 percent by the end of the century, you can understand why food security remains an important topic. Much of the focus is on developing new cutting edge technology to increase crop and livestock yields and maximise increasingly scarce resources to effectively double food production by 2050.
The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, or FAO, identified the four pillars of food security as availability, access, utilization, and stability. As I have noted in previous articles, there are no silver bullet solutions to food security.
If there is good news in this, it’s the fact that what people really seem to want is the taste of meat not necessarily the meat itself.
Also, there has been a general decline in per capita calorie consumption in recent decades. The final report of the 1996 World Food Summit states that food security "exists when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life".
The United Nations (UN) recognized the Right to food in the Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, and has since noted that it is vital for the enjoyment of all other rights.
A number of different strategies need to be implemented and all stakeholders (from researchers the lab to farmers in the field to diners around the table) need to be involved. That’s why a number of groups are working on plant-based meat substitutes that taste and feel exactly like the real thing.
There are some interesting ongoing experiments exploring how we can better use the sea to address food security. Grain mountains and hungry millions continue to co-exist.Fortunately, we are moving away from a patronage-based to a rights-based approach in areas relating to human development and well-being. The conundrum is that humankind may have to overcome tens of thousands of years of evolution and eating habits to meet the challenge. As Grossman’s headline notes, seaweed may be one of things that contributes to future food security. Acts relating to the Right to Information, Education, Land for Scheduled Tribes and Forest Dwellers, and Rural Employment are examples. The Food Security Bill, when enacted, will become the most important step taken since 1947 in addressing poverty-induced endemic hunger in India. The impact of under-nutrition on health and productivity is well known.Numerous programmes have been introduced by the Government of India from time to time to improve nutritional status. Under the Ministry of Women and Child Development these are Integrated Child Development Services (ICDS), the Kishori Shakti Yojana, the Nutrition Programme for Adolescent Girls, and the Rajiv Gandhi Scheme for Empowerment of Adolescent Girls.
Under the Ministry of Human Resource Development come the Mid-day Meals Programme and the Sarva Siksha Abhiyan.
The Ministry of Health and Family Welfare has the National Rural Health Mission and the National Urban Health Mission. The Ministry of Agriculture has come forward with the Rashtriya Krishi Vikas Yojana, the National Food Security Mission and the National Horticulture Mission.
The Ministry of Rural Development has initiated the Rajiv Gandhi Drinking Water Mission, the Total Sanitation Campaign, the Swarna Jayanthi Gram Swarajgar Yojana, and the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Programme. The Ministry of Food has introduced the Targeted Public Distribution System, the Antyodaya Anna Yojana, and Annapoorna.In spite of such an impressive list, the situation in the field of child nutrition remains bleak.

The percentage of children below five years of age who are underweight is now 42.5 per cent. The percentage of children below three years who are undernourished is 40 per cent.To ensure food security for all, we should be clear about the definition of the problem, the precise index of measuring impact and the road map to achieve the goal. Today, the discussion mainly centres on the definition of poverty and methods to identify the poor. India has the most austerely defined poverty line in the world and the official approach appears to be to restrict support to BPL families.
Food security, as internationally understood, involves physical, economic and social access to a balanced diet, safe drinking water, environmental hygiene and primary health care.
Such a definition will involve concurrent attention to the availability of food in the market, the ability to buy needed food and the capability to absorb and utilise the food in the body. Thus, food and non-food factors (that is, drinking water, environmental hygiene and primary health care) are involved in food security.In addition to the Central government schemes dealing with nutrition support, drinking water, sanitation and health care, most State governments have schemes such as extending support to mothers to feed newborns with mothers' milk for at least the first six months. A life-cycle approach starting with pregnant women and ending with old and infirm persons is lacking in the development and delivery of nutrition-support programmes.
India's unenviable status in the field of nutrition is largely because of the absence of a good governance system that can measure outlay and output in an unbiased manner. Therefore, more than new schemes the governance of existing schemes needs attention.The National Food Security Bill should be so structured that it provides common and differentiated entitlements.
These should include a universal public distribution system, clean drinking water, sanitation, hygienic toilets, and primary healthcare.
The differentiated entitlements could be restricted to those who are economically or physically handicapped.
Such families can be provided with wheat or rice in the quantity decided at Rs.3 a kg, as is being proposed. Even to BPL families, the availability of cheap staple grain will only help address the problem of access to food at an affordable price, but not economic access to a balanced diet. At the prevailing price of pulses, such families will not have access to protein-rich foods.
Similarly, hidden hunger caused by the deficiency of micro-nutrients such as iron, iodine, zinc, vitamin A and Vitamin B12 will persist. Should it enable every child, woman and man to have an opportunity for a healthy and productive life, or just have access to the calories required for existence? The measures include steps to enhance the productivity of small holdings and the consumption capacity of the poor. Emphasis on agricultural production, particularly small-farm productivity, will as a single step make the largest contribution to poverty eradication and hunger elimination.
While universal PDS should be a legal entitlement, the other common entitlements could be indicated in the Bill for the purpose of monitoring and integrated delivery.
The involvement of gram sabhas and nagarpalikas in monitoring delivery systems will improve efficiency and curb corruption.What is desirable should also be implementable.
The greatest challenge in implementing the common and differentiated food entitlements under the Bill will be the production of adequate quantities of staple grain. The untapped production reservoir, even with the technologies now on the shelf, is high in irrigated and rain-fed farming systems. Doubling the production of rice and wheat in eastern India and pulses and oilseeds in rain-fed areas is feasible in this decade. Here, concurrent attention will be given to conservation of soil and water, cultivation of the best available strains, consumption of local grain and commerce at prices that are fair to farmers. National and State efforts should be supported at the local body level to build a community food security system involving seed, grain and water banks.The National Commission on Farmers (2006), in its recommendations on building a sustainable national nutrition security system, calculated that about 60 million tonnes of foodgrains will be needed to sustain a universal PDS. The differentiated entitlements for BPL families for foodgrains at low cost will involve only additional cash expenditure. In fact, food stocks with the government may touch 60 million tonnes by June 2010.For the government to remain at the commanding heights of such a food security system combining universal and unique entitlements, the four-pronged strategy indicated in Mr. Mukherjee's budget speech should be implemented jointly by panchayats, State governments and Union Ministries speedily and earnestly.

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