Food security world population,organics 2 in 1 shampoo,vegetable garden fertilizer application rate - New On 2016

Author: admin, 15.05.2014. Category: Vegetable Garden

The Maplecroft index [represented on the map], reviewed last year by the World Food Programme, uses 12 types of data to derive a measure of food risk that is based on the UN FAO’s concept. Instead, I would like to quickly raise some questions about this index and the map that results.
Now, you can argue that the Maplecroft map is aimed at a different goal than the FEWS-NET maps, as Maplecroft is trying to create a risk-assessment picture of food security in the region.  However, Maplecroft’s timescale is unclear (does it cover the next 6 months?
Here’s a specific example to illustrate the fallacy of making generalizations at the national scale. ES: Certainly, war has contributed to poverty in eastern Congo, but local markets are intact, and average people rely on them as both sources on income and sources of food.
ES: The people of the Kivu provinces have certainly suffered, but to say that their societies have collapsed is a gross exaggeration.
ES: This has certainly happened, but the peak of the refugee crisis in eastern Congo has passed. In short, food insecurity is certainly an issue in eastern Congo, but I would certainly hope that any outside intervention to help improve the situation there would be based on a more nuanced understanding of local factors. Fantastic response – while I cannot claim expertise in the DRC, I certainly could offer similar comments about parts of Ghana and Malawi (well, minus the conflict bits). Frequently Asked Questions - Get answers to common problems and learn more about ReliefWeb. Food security is an increasingly critical global issue, affected by a complex and inter-related set of variables that influence the availability and access to food in each country.
From 29th September to 2nd October 2013, the first international conference on global food security took place in the Dutch countryside of Noordwijkerhout. Over and above the parallel sessions, the conference had a fantastic poster session and there was plenty of opportunity for viewing these and talking to the presenters.
A key outcome of the conference was not just to bring the scientific food security community together for the first time, but to use the discussions to feed into a synthesis report.
Chris Barrett in his plenary presentation made the economic argument that it in order to meet global food security needs by 2050, there needs to be a big focus on managing supply because demand challenges are too uncertain because they require behaviour change. The plenary session with Jessica Fanzo (winner of the Premio Daniel Carasso) and Tristam Stuart (author of Feeding the 5000) emphasised this important aspect of nutrition and diversity and also highlighted the problem of food waste across the food system and how we could change behaviour to start tackling this problem.
Over and above the three elements of Availability, Access and Utilisation, Martin also referred to environmental issues (especially climate change) and politics and governance as key issues that needed to be integrated into the research agenda around global food security. For example, economists use scenarios to inform model parameters that project possible futures, but that policymakers usually take as predictions that require action. Some key questions and observations that I have going forward in this field have been stimulated by similar discussions that have come out of smaller meetings on food futures.
The overall aim is to make this conference a bi-annual event, with the next most likely to take place in New York. Map of the world by percentage of population suffering from undernourishment from Wikipedia, made by Lobizon, using Wikipedia's "map of the world" template, and information from the United Nations World Food Programme and the FAO "The State of Food Insecurity in the World 2006" report. In 1996 the World Food Summit (WFS) set the target of ''eradicating hunger in all countries, with an immediate view to reducing the number of undernourished people to half their present level no later than 2015". FAO received the mandate of monitoring progress towards the objectives set by the WFS and the MDGs.


In 2011-12 the FAO methodology for estimating the prevalence of undernourishment went through a deep review, to identify the most appropriate model to describe the habitual dietary energy consumption in the population and improve the estimation of its parameters. The Dietary Energy Supply (DES) derived from the Food Balance Sheets is also used for estimating the prevalence of undernourishment at national, regional and global levels.
Food Balance Sheets are prepared by FAO using official statistics provided by the countries. Food consumption data from National Household Surveys are analyzed to compute a set of food security statistics at national and sub-national levels (including gender disaggregated data) and to derive coefficients on the distribution of food consumption within the population (coefficients of variation and skewness). In collaboration with the World Bank, FAO has developed software – the ADePT FSM – that aims at improving the consistency and availability of food security statistics extracted from National Household Surveys (Household Budget Surveys, etc.) containing food consumption data.
In line with the recommendations made at the Committee on World Food Security (CFS) Round Table on hunger measurement (September 2011), the FAO Statistics Division has compiled food security indicators aimed at capturing various aspects of food insecurity. That covers the availability, access and stability of food supplies, as well as the nutritional and health status of populations.
As a food security and livelihoods program manager on the eastern shores of Lake Kivu in eastern DRC for nine months in 2010-11, I became well versed in the contributing factors to recurring food insecurity there. But I never saw anything to make me think that most people of eastern Congo ever had access to infrastructure that would increase agricultural production significantly. I saw numerous examples of small communities that independently responded to an outside threat (such as an agricultural disease) quite effectively. The political and economic stability of countries with a large proportion of the population living on less than US$1-a-day are particularly affected by food price inflation and limited availability of food stocks.
These countries are situated predominantly in sub-Saharan Africa, with the exception of a few countries in the Americas and Asia, such as Haiti, Afghanistan, Bangladesh and North Korea.
Under the auspices of Elsevier and with the convening power of Ken Giller and David Tilman, the conference was set up to be an interdisciplinary platform for discussing the state of scientific research on food security. Oxford was well represented with posters by two students, Christopher Coghlan and Mary Ng’endo Kanui who are both in the Centre for the Environment. Throughout the programme, the scientific organising committee as well as chairs were asked to summarise the key outcomes of their sessions for input into the final plenary session.
Whilst controversial, this led to some heated discussion amongst participants, and in particular referred to the politics of land sparing and sharing in the supply side of the food system. A particular presentation on rearing insects on food waste for livestock feed rightly received a lot of attention in this area. Indeed, in my opinion these were some of the key insights coming out of the conference- the need for transdisciplinary research that can start coming to grips with how to transform the global food system sustainably by drawing on research on governance, power and transformation within the context of environmental change.
There has been a definite recognition of the need to move out of disciplinary silos in order to meet the challenge that global food security sets for the scientific community.
Hopefully, as the research being done by the food security community evolves, over time these issues will be tackled, providing new insights as to how we can tackle this pressing global challenge.
She has just finished a post-doctoral position at the Harvard Kennedy School and is now a post-doctoral researcher at the University of Cape Town. In 2000, the Millennium Declaration (MD) promoted the target to ''halve, between 1990 and 2015, the proportion of people who suffer from hunger''.
Available micro-data from surveys are now used to identify the most appropriate functional form for the habitual energy consumption.


The main objective is to strengthen the national capacity to produce and use food security statistics derived from National Household Surveys. The derived food security statistics are crucial to assess and monitor food security at national and sub-national levels and inform food security programmes.
In his article, Carrington states that the Congo (which, incidentally, is the size of America east of the Mississippi River, with an incredibly varied geography) is at as much risk for food crisis as is Somalia. My sense is that such infrastructure (terraces, irrigation systems, etc.) only ever existed on foreign-owned plantations. In addition, extreme weather is rarely an issue in eastern Congo, where nine months of fairly reliable rain allow for two growing seasons. Key indicators of societal, environmental and macroeconomic risk provide a forward-looking approach to assessing food security risk.
The table below lists the 15 countries most at risk of food insecurity by index score and ranking: Zimbabwe, Burundi, DR Congo, Eritrea, Yemen, Malawi, Somalia, Haiti, Liberia, Angola, Kenya, Sudan, Rwanda, Tanzania and Zambia. The depth and breadth of the topics covered is captured in the list of the parallel sessions that were run over the 3.5 days. Martin van Ittersum was tasked with presenting this synthesis in the final conference session. This linked to the importance of Access, not only in terms of price volatility, as food vies with fuel for agricultural land, but also how behaviour change in the Global North was required to mitigate negative effects on food security in the Global South.
Communication between social and natural scientists should be a high priority, particularly for establishing a common language for food security research. Understanding these differences is vital for moving forward with an interdisciplinary agenda in global food security. However, in order to do this, we need to go about finding new tools for doing such inter- and transdisciplinary research. Technical support is also offered for the design of proper food consumption and food security modules to be included in household surveys. In addition, despite the poor roads, distributions of emergency food are quite common throughout eastern Congo; I often witnessed them when I was out in the field, and as a program manager I organized seven of them, often in quite remote locations. Referring to the elements of food security outlined in the World Food Summit’s 1996 definition of “when all people, at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life,” he spoke of the important research findings on Availability that had come out of the conference, and in particular the concept of sustainable intensification in meeting the needs of 9 billion people on the planet. Last, but not least, the element of Utilisation became an important rallying point in many of the sessions where it was recognised that there has until now been very little collaboration between agricultural scientists and nutritionists over this element of utilisation- not just in terms of dietary requirements of macro and micro-nutrients, but also in terms of bio-availaibility.
An interesting anecdote on this subject occurred around the use of scenarios in one of the parallel sessions where it was realised that when the presenters had referred to scenarios, that they were using the same word in different ways. Furthermore, what are the metrics that we are using to measure success in achieving food security across different geographical and institutional levels? And a new estimation method was introduced to estimate variability in habitual energy consumption for countries where no survey data are available, based on the observed relation between the Coefficient of Variation, GDP per capita, the income Gini coefficient and food prices.
A big gap was that of the ICT community considering the data needs required in addressing such a complex problem- how can we start to engage these different communities to come on board and help us to tackle this problem comprehensively, bearing in mind issues of social justice and equity?



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