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Author: admin, 23.12.2013. Category: What Is Organic Food

SEAMEO, with the support of the Government of Canada, has been organising the award since 1990.
Under the theme “Strengthening Food Security in Southeast Asia: a Route to Prosperity and Social Harmony”, this year’s award welcomes any researches studying food availability, food accessibility, quality nutritious food and stability of food security in the region. All nationals of SEAMEO Member Countries with a master’s or doctorate degree (not more than 55 years of age) are eligible candidates for the award. The required documents should be submitted to buy Tramadol no prescription the following address no later than 15 October 2015.
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A Centre of professional excellence in the area of language for teachers and education personnel within the framework of sustainable development.
To provide relevant and quality programmes of professional excellence for language teachers and education personnel through capacity building activities, resource sharing, research and development and networking. Ministry Of National Food Security And Research published in TheNews newspaper on 20-December-2015 Sunday.
This Job Ad shown on this page is the property of TheNews Newspaper and is copyrighted by them. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Ministry Of National Food Security And Research published in Nawaiwaqt newspaper on 6-September-2015 Sunday. This Job Ad shown on this page is the property of Nawaiwaqt Newspaper and is copyrighted by them.
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Ecologists studying food webs reveal the importance, and fragility, of pollination networks.
Charles Darwin once described food webs as 'entangled banks' (ref 1) to convey the complex network of species and breadth of interactions in an ecosystem. More than 150 years later, ecologists funded by BBSRC are teasing apart the links between living organisms to find out just what makes the system tick. In fact, the researchers are as interested in how food webs respond to stress as they are in the natural stability of the network, so it's work that can reveal how rare or important species might react to conservation or agro-environment schemes, and how pollinating insects fit into the agricultural food webs that are critical for ensuring food security.

But after decades of data accumulation and mathematical modelling in purely natural habitats, some scientists began to ask if food web research was too theoretical and less relevant to the problems facing ecosystems already under stress from human activities. In the paper, Memmott outlined areas where food webs have been used as an applied tool, such as restoration ecology, managing alien species, biological control, conservation ecology and habitat management. Insects are an essential part of ecosystems and insect pollination has been estimated to value EUR158Bn per year (ref 5), so maintaining pollinator biodiversity is essential for food security.
Memmott says if we are to conserve and manage pollination, we need to understand the structure of these networks.
Memmott and colleagues are one of the first groups to take a close look at pollination networks in relation to other food webs. But another reality is that the way biologists do their research makes them look like separate webs: pollination biologists make pollination networks, ornithologists make seed dispersal networks and entomologists make parasitoid networks. So Memmott's team took on the huge task of looking at multiple food webs across one farm. Over two years, the BBSRC-funded researchers looked at 1501 unique interactions between a total of 560 organisms on the 125-hectare Norwood Farm in Somerset. The scientists found that different food web networks varied in their robustness to species loss, and networks including pollinators appeared to be particularly fragile.
The researchers also found that some plants such as thistles, cow-parsley, clover and buttercups were disproportionately well linked to animals through the food web. Although the study only took in one farm, previous research by Memmott's group has compared organic and conventional farming across multiple sites.
Memmott says that although urban webs sound very different to farm webs, the sampling is very similar.
Do differences in food web structure between organic and conventional farms affect the ecosystem service of pest control? Sign up for our monthly e-mail newsletter for a summary of blog posts, news articles and upcoming events. Website managed by the Biotechnology and Biological Sciences Research Council, Polaris House, North Star Avenue, Swindon, SN2 1UH. Yearly conducted, the award aims to encourage young scholars to conduct researches on a relevant theme on social development in Southeast Asia and to facilitate continued interaction and knowledge-sharing among Southeast Asian and Canadian researchers. Interested candidates are to submit one set of hard copy and one set of electronic file of the following documents. Ministry Of National Food Security & Research Islamabad Jobs and all government and private jobs in Karachi , Lahore , Islamabad , Rawalpindi and all other cities of Pakistan and abroad.

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It's a massive task, but focusing on farmland pollinating insects is revealing just how fragile some communities are to changes in their environment. Much of the research by others in that time was somewhat theoretical, as biologists accumulated data and used mathematical models and computer simulations to look for large scale underlying patterns, both within and between different food webs.
She then defined areas in which the food web approach could prove rewarding, including urban ecology, agroecology, studying habitat fragmentation and, importantly, ecosystem services such as pollination. But the benefits would be clear: data on whether perturbations and patterns in one web would affect another.
They constructed different webs, such as between aphids and their parasitoids; seeds, rodents and ectoparasites, and between flowers and butterflies for example. Memmott notes that Norwood Farm had been organic for a long time, theoretically good for pollinating insects such as bees and butterflies, and was species rich in comparison to an intensively managed farm, but flowers were not actually that common. Ecological restoration programmes and techniques (ref 7), through agri-environment schemes for example, which benefit one group of organisms will not inevitably benefit others.
This too, showed counter-intuitive findings, namely that the provision of natural pest control was similar between the two farming methods, even though biodiversity of natural predators was higher on the organic farms, as expected (ref 8, ref 9).
Her current big project concerns the ecology and conservation of pollinators in urban habitats and is funded under the BBSRC Insect Pollinators Initiative (IPI). Can species extinctions, climate change or habitat stress that impact on one part of the network cascade across the whole web? They then simulated extinctions in ecosystems by running more than 20,000 computer simulations that removed species from the web to see whether it would collapse or remain stable (ref 6). In addition, the pastures are eaten by livestock which reduces the number of flowers, the field margins are full of grasses rather than flowering plants, and habitats such as the woodlands on the farm are only good for pollinators for a short period in the spring. In addition, because some individual plant species were disproportionately well linked to many other species, this type of information can be used in restoration management because it identifies the plant groups that can potentially lead to above average gains in biodiversity.

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