Food security problem in egypt,gardens by the bay gift shop,garden fairy,organic root stimulator blue island il - Reviews

Author: admin, 28.05.2016. Category: Garden Soil

The developmental repercussions of this situation are dramatic, not only for individuals who suffer numerous health issues resulting from malnutrition, but also for the economy at large. The last great famine in India occurred in 1943, and served as a case study for Amartya Sen, the Nobel Prize winning Indian economist, in his groundbreaking work Poverty and Famines, in which he showed that famine was rarely the result of a lack of food, but rather the result of intervening economic factors, such as unemployment, declining wages, and, as is often the case in India, poor food distribution systems.
High prices for the consumer, as well as limited quantity and quality, all resulting from supply chain inefficiency, are sustaining increased malnutrition amongst the poor population. The current Congress Party-led government is attempting to rectify the problem of malnutrition with its National Food Security Bill, which was introduced late last year.
Despite complaints from all political parties regarding the bill, the Congress Party pushed the legislation through, as much to prove legislative power as anything else after an embarrassing bout of policy paralysis during the uproar over amendments to rules regarding foreign direct investment (FDI) in the retail sector. The result of allowing increased FDI would have been to move firms such as Wal-Mart and Carrefour into the Indian market.
It’s likely that continued government subsidies as contained in the food bill will only lead to further market distortions. A new study using information from FAO since 1961 to now, has demonstrated that the world has around 3 billion hectares of land not in competition with food. Population and income growth determine increasing demand for agricultural products, especially food products; and agricultural production requires land.
The article was presented as a discussion paper at the University of Pacifico (Lima, Peru).
Dr.Maletta analyses historical trends in growth of agricultural production (total and per capita, at world level and for major regions) during the half century since 1961, and the relative contributions to such growth coming from additional land and from increased land productivity, and summarises the latest studies on availability of extra suitable land. The author found that farmland has increased very little (at the world scale) since 1961, expanding by just 10% in half a century, with almost all the increase occurring up to 1993, whereas agricultural output more than trebled in the same period. The above refers to total agricultural output (crops and livestock) and total agricultural land (arable, permanent crops, and permanent meadows and pastures). Contribution of additional cropland and higher gross crop output per cropland hectare to world crop output growth, 1961 to 2011, in billion AgPPP dollars at 2004-06 prices.
Increasing physical yields of the various crops (more tonnes per harvested hectare) are the main factor behind increased cropland productivity.


The world produces more than enough food relative to the needs of the world’s population, and is very far from running out of land to sustain agricultural growth in the future, even if progress in productivity should slow down in the coming decades.
Follow us Subscribe to our RSSSustainable agriculture to combat the effects of El Nino in the Dry Corridor of Central AmericaBiomass storage: 5 methods compared for willow chipsHow to protect the arable land against desertification? It demonstrates the chronic, global problems with food supply, and provides the context for all famine stories.
According to the International Food Policy Research Institute’s 2011 Global Hunger Index, the upshot of this perennial problem is that about 60 million children in India are underweight and malnourished, while 21 percent of the population as a whole general is malnourished. Malnutrition results in a loss of productivity, indirect losses from impaired cognitive development, and losses from increased longterm healthcare costs.
For example, inefficiency in the tomato business, according to the editor of the Wall Street Journal Asia, results in as much as 20 percent of tomatoes rotting in transit, while the price for consumers is marked up by as much as 60 percent.
Sadly, though, the bill does little to alleviate the root cause, instead addressing only the symptoms – and in the most expensive and inefficient manner possible.
Even more disappointing than the politicized nature of the National Food Security Bill is the fact that revisions to FDI rules are exactly the type of legislative changes necessary to start rapid improvement in the food supply chain, negating the need for the bill in the first place. These Western big-box retailers would have brought with them expertise in supply chain management.
Absent legislative progress and further market liberalization, market distortions, along with vested interests by middlemen in perpetuating the existing lengthy supply chains, will continue to plague the population of India for some time. Foreign Citizenship Brought Into QuestionVisa authorities are demanding Canadians of Chinese descent apply as Chinese nationals when traveling to China. Preoccupation about how to feed an increasing population, and concern about possible scarcity of suitable land, are frequently expressed in the context of food security. When looking at the map covering 197 countries you will notice that the food security of Somalia and the Democratic Republic of Congo as lowest, whilst countries in the drought stricken Horn of Africa are also at extreme risk.
Thus the growth of agricultural output should be explained mostly by increases in productivity. The same general conclusion may obtain if the analysis is limited to crop output and cropland.


Sustainable management is an option with right policy and short rotation forestry should be always considered as well as perennial grasses for biomass.
On the other hand, land suitable for rain-fed crop production that is not forested, not built-up, not otherwise protected, and not yet cropped, is quite abundant. Hunger regrettably exists, albeit with decreasing prevalence, but it is not due to insufficient production of food or to scarcity of agricultural land. Unfortunately, this problem is unlikely to change anytime soon, with the recent introduction of the National Food Security Bill threatening to continue market inefficiencies in food supply and extend the problem of malnutrition far into the future. Rather than correct supply chain issues, which would increase availability of food while reducing costs, the government has chosen to subsidize grain purchases. The influx of desperately needed fresh thinking and innovation into the agricultural and food supply business would have expedited changes downstream, helping alleviate malnutrition. The result of this sad situation will surely be a continuation of the ongoing malnutrition epidemic, which will continue to handicap an already slowing economy. Farmland productivity, in relation to total agricultural production, is here defined as the ratio of farm output value (crops and livestock products valued at constant and uniform prices) to total farmland (i.e. This estimate is based on gross output, including amounts used as animal feed (and also amounts used as seed, but these are very minor compared to feed).
Projections of future agricultural growth under very conservative hypotheses do not envisage much increa­se in the use of extra land anyway. In addition, the government is doing this at a time when it can ill afford the expense associated with underwriting grain purchases for almost two thirds of the country’s population. Rather than an increased government intervention into the food economy, an influx of FDI and foreign expertise in supply chain modernization would be a surer route to freedom from malnutrition.



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