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Author: admin, 23.04.2014. Category: Vegetable Garden

In the summer of 2009, a particularly nasty strain of the bacterium Escherichia coli, known as O157:H7, infected at least 74 people across 32 US states. Such detective work is common for those charged with safeguarding the food supply from biological and chemical contaminants. As food imports from around the globe increase, more personnel will be needed to ensure their safety — and government scientists are often the first line of defence. Closely related strains of some microorganisms, such as Salmonella, can't be differentiated using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis.
Also in demand are researchers with expertise in analytical instrument development, food microbiology and mass spectrometry.
Food-safety research at the FDA will get a boost if Congress and President Barack Obama approve the Food Safety Modernization Bill, which the US House of Representatives passed in 2009.
In general, funding for food-safety research waxes and wanes with public concern over disease outbreaks.
To avoid such scenarios, industry scientists conduct routine testing of products, perform environmental monitoring at factories, and work to develop more efficient detection methodologies.
Food companies typically have more resources than universities for training researchers in specific skills, and provide ample opportunities for career advancement. But when every food-industry executive's worst nightmare — a suspected outbreak of food poisoning — does occur, scientists from all sectors work together.
For all those public health and industry types who are reluctant to go public in the absence of definitive data, Dalhart, Texas, says, you suck. My High Plains reports that Coon Memorial Hospital tells us three cases of salmonella in Dalhart were reported to the state last week. At this point, how those people contracted the illness is unknown, and the cases are under investigation. We spoke with nurses from the high school, junior high and elementary school in Dalhart, and they tell us they’ve seen no cases of salmonella at their schools.
We also heard from the state health department and a nurse from Coon Memorial Hospital who tells us cases of salmonella are fairly common. This entry was posted in Food Safety Policy, Salmonella and tagged dalhart, food safety, Going Public, salmonella, Texas by Doug Powell. The rule is the sixth proposed FSMA rule and will require domestic and foreign food facilities to address hazards that may be intentionally introduced by acts of terrorism. Don Kraemer, a senior advisor with FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN), said that the agency is particularly interested in hearing comments regarding how the proposed rule could be modified to better focus it, whether it would be feasible and consistent with the statutory charge to require measures to protect against intentional adulteration only in the event of a “credible threat,” and what the appropriate level of public health protection is with respect to intentional adulteration.
The rule focuses on acts intended to cause massive harm to public health rather than economically motivated adulteration and acts of disgruntled employees, consumers, or competitors. CFSAN economist Richard Bruns noted that the intentional adulteration rule does not fit into a typical cost-benefit analysis because “in most years, the economic benefit of this rule will be zero.” FDA doesn’t anticipate that there will be a massive attack on the food system every year.
But, Bruns said, the benefits from it will be larger than the costs if the rule prevents a catastrophic attack every 350 years. Questions and comments raised by the public included requests for information on how the rule will be enforced within foreign plants, clarification of certain language, whether food defense plans would be subject to Freedom of Information Act (FOIA) requests, and why economically motivated adulteration and acts of disgruntled employees, consumers, or competitors were not also addressed by the rule.
Huntsville Botanical Garden - will have a free class open to the public tomorrow night featuring food safety tips.
The aim of the Level 2 Award in Food Safety in Catering qualification is to provide candidates with knowledge of the basic food safety practices that is essential in the catering industry.
The achievement of the Level 2 Award in Food Safety in Catering qualification will enable learners to identify how to make changes to catering practices in order to improve the safety of catering services.
About PROSECPROSEC Consultancy Ltd management team comprises of Ex Military personnel who have developed their Security, Surveillance and Training knowledge through years of 'in the field' experience in specialised units, and are constantly updating their skills and knowledge to ensure you are provided with the most up to date information, techniques, equipment and services in this diverse industry. The Public Health Accreditation Board (PHAB) awarded five-year accreditation status earlier this week to nine public health departments across the country.

A total of 31 state and local public health departments have achieved the accreditation status.
PHAB-accredited health departments range in size from small health departments serving communities of 37,000 to those serving large metropolitan areas of millions.
The national accreditation program sets standards against which the nation’s more than 3,000 public health departments can continuously work to improve the quality of their services and performance. They had painful abdominal cramps and diarrhoea, and about half of those affected were ill enough to need hospitalization. At each step along the chain from farm to table, researchers are needed to quickly detect and respond to problems when they arise.
Inspectors employed by the US Department of Agriculture (USDA), the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) or private companies visit factories, slaughterhouses, restaurants and ports. Inspectors must swab a food sample onto a Petri dish and culture it for at least six hours before laboratory analysis.
In the United States, physicians report suspected food-borne illnesses to state public-health departments, where scientists culture microorganisms from patients' stool samples and analyse pathogen DNA with pulsed-field gel electrophoresis. So the CFSAN Office of Regulatory Science employs about 130 scientists who work closely with biotech companies to develop techniques for fingerprinting food-borne pathogens, including whole-genome sequencing, proteomic analysis and mass spectrometry. Musser says that the number of new research positions available in 2011 will depend on the level of FDA funding in the federal budget. Michael Peck, programme leader at the Institute of Food Research in Norwich, UK, says that much of his time is spent working with industry and food-safety regulators to apply his research findings on the physiology and molecular biology of Clostridium botulinum, the food-borne pathogen responsible for botulism. A food recall can cost a company tens of millions of dollars in lost profits and liability lawsuits and even force them out of business, as demonstrated by the 2008–09 Salmonella outbreak at the now-defunct Peanut Corporation of America. Technicians may not need even a bachelor's degree for entry, whereas team leaders typically have PhDs in areas such as food science, chemistry, microbiology or chemical engineering. Scott Hood, senior manger for microbiology and thermal processing at General Mills in Minneapolis, Minnesota, says that at a large global food company such as his, it is common to spend a couple of years in the lab, then maybe a year or two at a plant seeing the daily challenges of the production environment, before coming back to headquarters to work on food safety and quality at the corporate level.
The company's food scientists work overtime with government agencies to trace the source of the outbreak to a specific plant and production run.
Several presenters at the meeting explained that the focus is on a “sophisticated insider” – someone with legitimate access to the food system.
The projected costs of complying with the rule are $180 million for domestic firms and $370 million in total annualized costs, but the benefit is saving $130 billion per prevented catastrophic attack. 27 and in Anaheim, CA, on March 13 will also address the intentional adulteration rule, as well as the sanitary transportation rule.
This includes the hazards and risks to food safety presented by food operations and personnel together with cost-effective, practical control measures. Cookies are small text files that are stored on your computer to save your preferences, and in some cases allow this website to function correctly.
Hundreds of health departments are currently preparing to seek national accreditation through the program, which launched in September 2011 after more than a decade in development. To receive national accreditation, a health department must undergo a rigorous, multi-faceted, peer-reviewed assessment process to ensure it meets or exceeds a set of public health quality standards and measures.
Initial attempts to trace the outbreak to a particular food product left epidemiologist Karen Neil perplexed.
But according to questionnaires filled out by the patients, not everyone had eaten the usual suspects in the days before their illness. Scientists such as Neil work on the front lines of outbreak response, whereas others focus on prevention or detection strategies or on understanding how food-borne pathogens make people sick. There they examine sanitary conditions and manufacturing processes, ensure proper food labelling and collect samples for laboratory testing.
According to Steven Musser, director of the Office of Regulatory Science at the CFSAN, his office has a high demand for scientists with experience in developing tools to detect food contaminants, especially portable devices that work more quickly.

They report genetic signatures of detected pathogens to a CDC database that links the PulseNet national network of public-health labs and is used to identify clusters of outbreaks that may be linked to a common source. If lawmakers can work out discrepancies, the legislation could be signed into law later this year.
At the same time, US federal funding for food safety increased by more than 60%, spurred by a deadly 1993 outbreak of E. In Europe, scientists at universities in the Netherlands collaborate with industry researchers through the Top Institute of Food and Nutrition based in Wageningen, a public–private partnership funded by the Dutch government that fosters industrially relevant innovations in food quality and safety. Similarly, researchers at the University of Georgia Center for Food Safety in Griffin collaborate closely with scientists at the nearby CDC.
Before joining the staff at the CDC in June 2010, Neil was a postdoctoral fellow in the CDC's Epidemic Intelligence Service, a two-year training programme for health professionals interested in applied epidemiology.
Food and Drug Administration held its first public meeting last week on its proposed rule on intentional adulteration under the Food Safety Modernization Act (FSMA).
Issues Allergy Alert on Undeclared Treenuts - Pecans In GFS Honey Roasted Peanuts Received From Supplier Trophy Nut Co.
So Neil conducted in-depth interviews with five patients, and revealed a common factor: all had eaten the same brand of refrigerated cookie dough. Employers seek expertise in areas ranging from public health and epidemiology to microbiology and behavioural sciences. The USDA, for example, employs more than 7,500 food inspectors nationwide, with entry-level positions requiring a bachelor's degree or one year of job-related experience in the food industry. The Senate version of the bill calls for increased surveillance and testing of foods by the FDA and includes provisions for at least 4,000 new field staff at the CFSAN and the FDA Center for Veterinary Medicine in Rockville, Maryland, in 2011, with further yearly increases until 2014. In January 2011, the Top Institute will announce vacancies for graduate students and postdocs in 20 new research projects at member institutes, says Marcel Zwietering, a professor of food microbiology at Wageningen University, a participant in the partnership that has an internationally renowned programme in food-safety research. Zwietering notes that in the Netherlands, although the number of students interested in food and agriculture has dropped, the demand from industry remains unchanged. CDCVoluntary Recall for 30 Bakery ProductsAllergen Alert: Kitchen Cravings Strawberry and Mixed Berry Parfaits with trace peanutsStarway Inc. Although federal funding for food-safety research in the United States has remained mostly flat since a spike after the terrorist attacks on 11 September 2001, the breadth of the field means that there is a consistent demand for researchers in government, academia and industry. The FDA's Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition (CFSAN) in College Park, Maryland, shares monitoring duties with the USDA. The bill also appropriates US$825 million for food-safety work at these centres in the first fiscal year.
With the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, funding priorities shifted to food security. The CDC works with both agencies, as well as with state governments, to investigate outbreaks of infectious disease.
More recently, much-publicized outbreaks of Salmonella in peanut products and eggs seem to have refocused public attention on food safety, as reflected by the pending legislation. USDAHouse of Smoke Recalls Products Due To Nitrite Levels in Excess of Regulatory LimitKapowsin Meats Inc. Recalls Siluriformes Fish Products Due To Possible Adulteration OTHERHouse of Smoke Recalls Products Due To Nitrite Levels in Excess of Regulatory LimitKapowsin Meats Inc.

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