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Author: admin, 16.06.2015. Category: Organic Food Delivery

Milk undergoes food processing to remove harmful bacteria through the pasteurization process.
Food engineering is a comprehensive food technology field involving the various disciplines of food science, agriculture, microbiology, chemistry, and engineering. In genetic food engineering, genetically cultivated produce is used to manufacture food products of certain required characteristics. Producing safe and nutritious food for human and animal consumption is one of the principal aims of food engineering. The entire food processing process takes place under sanitary conditions to minimize risks of contamination and other food hazards.
A good deal of waste is generated as a result of the various processes in food engineering. Comment on Volunteer to Pilot NGSS Test by Mary LordComment on Volunteer to Pilot NGSS Test by Mary MelnickComment on Digest This!
Recent headlines about listeria-tainted cantaloupe serve as grim reminders that food is not always as safe as it looks or tastes. The lab, run by the departments of Food Science and Technology and Food, Agricultural, and Biological Engineering, is part of an emerging, multidisciplinary field known as food-safety engineering.  Years before terrorism concerns and highly publicized outbreaks involving tainted spinach, eggs, and peanut butter spurred Congress to pass the Food Safety Modernization Act last December, engineering educators across the country were working with microbiologists, chemists, food scientists, and other faculty on innovative technologies to protect and follow foods. Humans have sought trustworthy methods of preparing and preserving food since hunter-gatherer days.
These traditional techniques all alter the appearance, taste, and texture of food, however. The lab where Ohio State’s Balasubramaniam and fellow food-safety engineers are working with industry to perfect HPP resembles a mix of high-tech NASA design shop, commercial food plant, and Julia Child’s kitchen. As the need to safeguard food expands, so does the range of expertise demanded of engineers and educators in this exciting new specialty.
Preparing students for careers in food-safety engineering may require academic adjustments. Will food-safety engineering join bioengineering as an interdisciplinary field in its own right? This article by Beryl Lieff Benderly appears in longer form in the October, 2011 edition of ASEE’s Prism magazine. The program also offers graduate study leading to master degrees for those who graduated from other related engineering disciplines, such as chemical engineering, environmental and agriculture engineering, and interdisciplinary programmes such as biotechnology and bioengineering, material engineering etc.
European Credit Transfer and Accumulation System (ECTS) which was introduced by the European Council in 1989, within the framework of Erasmus, now part of the Life Long Learning Programme, is a student-centered credit system based on the student workload required to achieve the objectives of a programme specified in terms of learning outcomes and competences to be acquired.
Shopping at your local supermarket is a different experience today than it was even 50 years ago.
Choose one of the foods from the list and explain how it is produced, from the planting and harvesting of raw material to being ready to eat. Honorable Mention entries will not receive a cash award but will be published on the EngineerGirl!
Essays will be judged on the basis of design content, research, expression, and originality.

All essays must be the original work of the author submitting the entry and must not have been published anywhere else. Management, employees and families of the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) are prohibited from winning any prizes offered by EngineerGirl!
Entry in the contest grants the NAE non-exclusive rights to publish winning essays in full or in part on the EngineerGirl! If you have a question about the contest rules, please see our Contest Questions and Answers Page.
This year's contest is made possible by the generous support of Lockheed Martin Corporation. Using careful research methods, high-tech equipment and sophisticated processes, food process engineering covers the entire gamut from procuring raw food materials to processing them into food products to preserving, packaging and delivering the food products to the consumer market.
A good example would be using vitamin-enriched, genetically engineered tomatoes for tomato-based foods.
High-quality raw materials are handled and processed by special, computerized equipment in food processing plants.
The processed food may undergo thermal heat treatment or a freezing process in order to preserve it for a longer shelf life once it reaches the market. The management of this waste in an efficient and environmentally friendly way is also an important aspect of food engineering.
But the problem is that food has been changed before it even hits the factory door. I read in a food engineering magazine how so much food is genetically modified before it is even processed at a food plant (frozen, dried, canned, etc).
Still, Jaimie Oliver and other health-eating evangelists would feel right at home at facilities like Ohio State University’s High Pressure Food Processing (HPP) Lab, with its commercial-grade equipment, specialized fryers, and high-tech prep area. Their method: apply engineering principles to address microbiological and chemical food-safety challenges and develop unconventional solutions to imminent problems. Hoisting food samples as large as 5 liters into a pressure vessel, researchers study the effect of applying anywhere from zero to more than 100,000 pounds per square inch of pressure on both microbes and foods. A food-safety engineer must be “quite knowledgeable in engineering fundamentals and at the same time needs to answer or address how [foods] are safe microbiologically,” notes Ohio State’s Balasubramaniam. Food science and food engineering typically have resided in schools of agriculture, not engineering. Carmen Moraru, a food-safety engineering professor at Cornell Univerisity,  says the increasing public and industry interest in food safety ultimately “may be the common denominator” that creates a signature dish from today’s disparate academic specialty ingredients. Graduate students receive in-depth training in the core disciplines of food chemistry, food microbiology, food engineering and processing. The implementation of ECTS has, since its introduction, has been found wide acceptance in the higher education systems across the European Countries and become a credit system and an indispensable tool supporting major aims of the Bologna Process and, thus, of European Higher Education Area as it makes teaching and learning in higher education more transparent across Europe and facilitates the recognition of all studies.
Today the food we eat comes from around the world and is often already prepared in a wonderful variety of ways. Choose a technology critical to one or more steps in that process and explain how it works.
The engineering of food, particularly in the form of genetic food engineering, is a huge enterprise needed to feed growing world populations, and this means there will be a steep increase in these jobs in the coming years.

Such engineering may be the answer to providing world populations with adequate levels of nutrition, but there is quite a bit on controversy about the long-term health implications of genetic foods. The processing includes extracting, separating and remixing food ingredients to manufacture different food products. Other concerns related to this field are the pharmaceutical and health-care industries.As in the case of creating nutritious food products, researchers keep busy here perfecting pharmaceutical and health-related products that will eventually benefit the consumers.
They’d also savor its mission: engineering recipes for ridding food of bacteria that sicken more than 1 in 6 Americans each year. And because HPP does not cause changes in texture or taste, it is appropriate for foods easily ruined by heat, such as guacamole, raw oysters, salsa, smoothies, and a host of ready-to-eat meals.
A specially programmed computer allows them to control pressure, temperature, and other parameters, while specialized devices provide such information as the reaction of bacterial spores and microbes to various pressure and heat conditions. Moreover, most offer subfields in food engineering, food chemistry, or food technology rather than a full menu of courses.
The system allows for the transfer of learning experiences between different institutions, greater student mobility and more flexible routes to gain degrees. The issue may be alleviated to an extent if genetic engineered foods are clearly labeled as such and consumers are allowed to know exactly what they are purchasing. A variety of packaging is usually used, depending on whether the food products are solid or liquid. Now, researchers in the emerging field of food-safety engineering are developing innovative new methods to protect what we eat, from farm to table.  Call it the Food Safety Network.
The 19th and 20th centuries brought two more-advanced thermal methods: canning and freezing. A nearby kitchen also stocks familiar tools for preparing foods to study, with other university facilities providing professional-grade devices that can peel, chop, freeze, fry, extrude, homogenize, and package foods. Some universities, such as IIT, offer graduate degrees or programs with “food safety engineering” in the title. It also offers a systematic approach to curriculum design as well as quality assessment and improvement and, thus, quality assurance. The former, invented to feed an army during the first years of the Napoleonic wars, produces some of “the safest food you can have,” says biology Prof. However, at this point, it’s more of an area of research within the broader area of food science.
Robert Brackett, director of the Institute for Food Safety and Health at the Illinois Institute of Technology.

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