Fao food outlook november 2011,food quality assurance job victoria,food network oven fried chicken paula deen - Step 1

Author: admin, 11.11.2015. Category: Healthy Foods

HUNGRY FOR PROFIT: The Agribusiness Threat to Farmers, Food, and the Environment edited by Fred Magdoff, John Bellamy Foster, and Frederick H. International prices of most agricultural commodities have increased in recent months, some sharply. The pressure on prices to rise was first felt in the cereal market, most notably for wheat and barley, in August. On the back of sustained economic recovery and rising freight costs, particularly in the latter half of the year, non-cereals are expected to account for almost all the annual growth in global food bills, with values foreseen to surpass the record levels registered in 2008.
The composition of the imported food basket, by and large, mirrors a return to economic growth in many countries, with large increases expected for the high-value products.
Prices of dairy products began to decline in mid-2011, as supplies to the international market improved. With publically financed inventories at minimal levels in the EU and the United States, the market is particularly sensitive to sudden changes in milk production and the availability of milk products. SlideShare verwendet Cookies, um die Funktionalitat und Leistungsfahigkeit der Webseite zu verbessern und Ihnen relevante Werbung bereitzustellen. International dairy products prices have declined from their April peak, but still remain at historically high levels.
World milk production in 2013 is forecast to grow by 1.9 percent to 780 million tonnes – a similar rate to that in previous years. Internationally, dairy product prices have fallen back somewhat from their peak in April, but still remain at elevated levels, substantially above a year earlier. With the Index currently hovering around the 250 mark, as New Zealand recovers from the brusque closure of the previous season, dairy prices are anticipated to move lower - in particular for WMP and SMP, which were most affected by the spike in the early months of the year. World milk production in 2013 is forecast to grow by 1.9 percent to 780 million tonnes – a similar rate to in recent years.
Asia is expected to account for most of the increase, with output in India, the world’s largest milk producing country, set to grow by 5.3 million tonnes to 141 million tonnes. In Africa, a moderate increase in milk output is anticipated for 2013, assisted by generally favourable weather conditions.
Rising incomes and ?rm regional and international demand have favoured dairy production growth in several countries in Latin America and the Caribbean.
In Europe, EU milk production is forecast to remain unchanged in 2013 at 156 million tonnes – following a slow start to the year due to exceptionally cold, wet weather, output recovered.
In Oceania, sustained high prices for dairy products on the international market and associated levels of pro?tability have stimulated the dairy sector. Trade in dairy products is projected to decline by 0.9 percent, to stand at 53 million tonnes of milk equivalent.
In 2013, additional demand is expected from China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Singapore and Pakistan.
The FAO Cereal Index averaged 284 in April 2008, up 20 percent since January and 92 percent more than in April 2007.
The FAO Dairy Index averaged 266 in April 2008, down 12 percent from its peak in November 2007. The FAO Meat Index increased since the start of 2008 with the preliminary estimate for April 2008 at a high of 136, surpassing its previous peak in 2005.
The FAO Sugar Index in the first four months of 2008 averaged 164, which is 20 percent above the corresponding value in 2007.
ROME, Italy - Agricultural commodities are going through a period of lower and less volatile prices, according to the FAO Food Outlook released today. After several dramatic upward price spikes from 2007 through early 2011, most cereal and vegetable oil prices are on a trajectory that is both steady and declining, the Outlook reports in a special feature.
Among the reasons are high inventory levels, sharply lower oil prices and the renewed strength of the U.S. The FAO Food Price Index, a trade-weighted index tracking international market prices for five major food commodity groups, fell to a six-year low in August.
The price path of the past few years, and the prospective path ahead, are not the same for all food groups. Staple grains are at the core of the declining price trend, as a result of several years of robust harvests around the world as well as stockpiling that has taken reserves to record highs. Lower food prices "seem to be a boon to food security" and are indeed just that for households who spend a large share of their income on food purchases, the authors note. However, the authors warn that calculating overall benefits also requires considering that lower prices reduce farmers' incomes.


Slimmer margins for rural farmers are likely to reduce on-farm investments, whose past inadequacy was largely blamed for the sharp price hikes of the last decade.
The downward trend is driven by wheat, mostly due to lower imports in Asia - especially the Islamic Republic of Iran - and North Africa, and by coarse grains, where demand from Asia is lower, even though Africa and Europe are both expected to increase their imports. Trade in cassava, meanwhile, is poised to grow by 19 percent and to hit a record high, due mostly to demand from China for a cheaper raw material for its animal feed, energy and industrial sectors. At the same time, import demand remains strong, keeping prices well above recent historical averages. In April, after a favourable outcome of the milk-producing season in the Southern Hemisphere and an equally positive opening of the season in the Northern Hemisphere, prices registered a further fall. Nonetheless, the positive supply outlook for the rest of 2012 is likely to translate into further downward pressure on prices.
Asia is expected to account for most of the increase, but higher output is anticipated in most regions. Demand remains firm, with imports anticipated to reach 52.7 million tonnes of milk equivalent.
Wenn Sie diese Webseite weiter besuchen, erklaren Sie sich mit der Verwendung von Cookies auf dieser Seite einverstanden. This latter event illustrates the extent to which the international market is exposed to sudden changes in milk production and availability of milk products, in particular, as publicly ?nanced inventories are at minimal levels in the EU and the United States, and almost non-existent elsewhere. Rising disposable incomes and population growth are the two main dynamics behind the increase in India’s production.
Expansion in output is anticipated for Algeria, Morocco and Uganda, where government policies in support of dairy development and an expansion of processing capacity have contributed to the increase.
Additionally, most South American countries have enjoyed good pasture conditions during 2013. According to 2013 EU census data, the number of dairy cattle increased for the ?rst time in many years. However, both Australia and New Zealand experienced prolonged hot, dry weather at the start of 2013, which led to a sharp fall-off in milk production.
Elsewhere in Asia, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand remain important markets, but the level of their imports may not change markedly and in some cases could decrease.
Prices of most food commodities started to show some declines after reaching their peaks in March; but rice prices kept rising also in April. While wheat prices have demonstrated some signs of weakness in recent weeks, in the maize market, prices have received support from strong demand and concerns about this year’s crop in the United States.
In terms of products, it is the prices of milk proteins which have fallen the most, as skim milk powder prices dropped 32 percent since their peak in July 2007; butter prices have declined the least since their high in November 2007. Nevertheless, meat and livestock markets have not yet experienced a price hike comparable to that for grains and dairy products, but sustained increases in production costs, notably feed, in major producing countries, which are affecting the profit margins of meat producers, suggests that meat retail prices could still rise further. Constant expansion in the demand for vegetable oils and fats, for food uses but also as biofuel feedstock, combined with a slowdown in production growth has resulted in a gradual tightening of global supplies, leading to a surge in prices. Rice prices tend to move independently from other grains, while sugar prices have always been volatile, having lost and gained over half their value more than 12 times since 1990. Such precautionary reserves are now being slowly unwound, and global cereal stocks will likely close the 2016 season at 638 million tonnes, down four million tonnes from their opening levels, according to new forecasts in FAO's latest Cereal Supply and Demand Brief.
That drop, to which cereals, dairy products, meat and sugar all contributed substantially, was also encouraged by declining freight rates. Low returns may also require more incentives for more investments in agriculture and rural economic services ranging from credit, to roads and warehouse facilities. Currency movements cast a heavy shadow over this sector, as a strong dollar has made the U.S.
The price slide reflected a rise in export availability but also a fall in the value of the euro against the US dollar. Asia will continue to be the main market, followed by North Africa, the Middle East, and Latin America and the Caribbean.
Expansion in herd size, as well as improved productivity, is an important engine in the expansion. Overall, sub-regional milk production is foreseen to expand by 2.9 percent in 2013, a rate similar to 2012, to 70 million tonnes.
Production in Canada is set to remain stable at 8.5 million tonnes, within the limits set by the milk quota system. In recent months, EU producers have bene?tted from rising milk prices and a fall in the cost of concentrate feed.


The two principal exporters, New Zealand and the European Union, which together account for 55 percent of world trade, and also Australia, are all anticipated to see a fall in sales.
With early prospects for most basic foods pointing to generally larger production in 2008, food prices, as measured in terms of average international prices of basic food commodities, seems to be declining further in May. International rice prices have increased sharply in recent months mainly as a result of export restrictions by key rice exporters. Tight supplies from traditional exporters, strong import demand, and the exhaustion of public stocks caused an unprecedented eruption of dairy product export prices in late 2006 which has lasted through 2007.
In 2007, the index averaged 129, a 32 percent drop over 2006, reflecting a recovery in sugar production in traditional importing countries.
Meat and dairy products fit the broad trend but, as more perishable commodities, they often do so with a time lag. Yet, in spite of the recent drop, international prices for dairy products remain well above historical averages. Growing world import demand is expected to be met mainly through pasture-based milk supplies from Oceania and South America. Signi?cant additional demand is expected from China, the Islamic Republic of Iran, Singapore and Pakistan. Increased output is also anticipated in China, Pakistan and Turkey, spurred by steady growth in consumer demand. For Kenya, outbreaks of foot-and-mouth disease  in central and northern parts of the country have had a negative impact on production.
Milk production in 2013 in the Russian Federation is anticipated to decrease somewhat as its feed supplies were limited during the ?rst part of the year, affecting pro?tability and leading to contraction in the dairy herd.
To a degree, this will be compensated for by growth in exports by the United States, India and Belarus.
The principal importers that may be affected include Algeria, Nigeria, Libya, Morocco and South Africa.
4 Cereals Price Index: This index is compiled using the grains and rice price indices weighted by their average trade share for 1998-2000.
Still, overall fish production is forecast to grow by 2.6 percent this year, driven by aquaculture expanding at nearly twice that rate.
Elsewhere in Asia, Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Indonesia, Japan, the Philippines, Malaysia, Vietnam and Thailand remain important markets, but their import levels are not expected to change markedly and in some cases may decrease. The Republic of Korea is slowly recovering from the 2011 foot-and-mouth disease outbreak which required the slaughter of 8 percent of its dairy herd and led to a corresponding drop in production. The overall positive outlook has stimulated investment in new technology and improved animal genetics. In neighbouring Ukraine, production is on an upward trend, assisted by government incentives which promote farm-level ef?ciency and the use of modern technology. A number of signi?cant milk powder importing countries in Latin America and the Caribbean, including Venezuela, Cuba, Colombia, Brazil and Peru, may also see purchases constrained by high prices.
The grains Price Index consists of International Grains Council (IGC) wheat price index, itself average of nine different wheat price quotations, and one maize export quotation; after expressing the maize price into its index form and converting the base of the IGC index to 1998-2000. In Argentina, production is expected to decrease in the face of falling domestic demand and limitations on exports.
For the current season, while milk prices have improved, cool weather in most parts of the country has limited output. The Rice Price Index consists of three components containing average prices of 16 rice quotations: the components are Indica, Japonica and Aromatic rice varieties and the weights for combining the three components are assumed (fixed) trade shares of the three varieties. For Central America, milk output in Mexico, the largest producer in the subregion, has been constrained by chronically dry to drought conditions in many parts of the country, leading to herd reduction and the withdrawal of a number of small-scale producers from the industry. 5 Oil and Fat Price Index: Consists of an average of 11 different oils (including animal and fish oils) weighted with average export trade shares of each oil product for 1998-2000. In Latin America and the Caribbean, a number of signi?cant milk powder importing countries, including Venezuela, Cuba, Colombia, Brazil and Peru, may also see purchases constrained by high prices. By contrast, imports by the Russian Federation are anticipated to increase, stimulated by strong demand for butter and SMP.



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