Bulk deer food plot seed,foods to improve kidney function,grow garden show - Test Out

Author: admin, 18.05.2016. Category: Garden Soil

This deer conservation guide is one in a series developed jointly by MU Extension and the Missouri Department of Conservation. Landowners who are managing their land for white-tailed deer may consider planting food plots to provide a supplemental food source (Figure 1). Deer are selective browsers; therefore, a variety of foods make up their diet, including broad-leaved herbaceous plants (forbs), woody plants, grasses, mast (acorns, fruits and berries) and mushrooms. In most cases, managing existing native vegetation is a more practical and cost-effective way to increase the quantity and nutritional quality of available forage, as establishing and maintaining food plots can be expensive. The expense of managing a food plot from year to year will vary based on its size, annual fertility needs, weed control and the seed planted. Areas where deer travel and areas near habitats that provide protective cover are ideal locations for food plots. Because of the possibility of increased poaching or deer-vehicle accidents, a food plot should not be located next to a public road. Topography and the surrounding habitat will dictate the type and amount of acreage that should be planted to a food plot.
The size of a food plot may also be determined by access, size of equipment or location on the property. Selecting the right combination of forages or plant mixtures to use in a food plot is important. Planting a variety of cool- and warm-season forages will offer a diversity of foods that will be used at various times of the year. Short-lived perennial that tolerates wet, heavy soils and flooding better that other legumes. Plant on a well-drained seedbed in late August to early September, 8–10 weeks before a frost.
Alfalfa produces and persists poorly on shallow or poorly drained soils and should not be planted on such sites. Planting a variety of cool-season forages will ensure that adequate nutrition is available during the early fall when warm-season forages may be lacking and through late winter when green browse is at a premium.
Warm-season forages are typically planted in the spring (late April through May) after the threat of frost has passed and before the drier summer months. A variety of native forbs and legumes typically make up a large percentage of a deer’s diet during the warm, summer growing season. Chicory seed produces a perennial herb with a deep taproot that when planted in food plots, produces abundant spring and summer forage that deer love.
Hand-held roto-tillers and rakes can help aerate soils and ensure better root growth for new plants.
A little sweat, the right seeds, a few hand tools, and some smart use of small openings can create food plots deer can’t resist. Whether you own 20 acres or 200 acres, you might not have the time, money and equipment needed to develop and maintain large food plots on your hunting property. Even so, we wouldn’t mind dabbling in a food plot or two, as long as we can do it cheaply. Although we might admire those who can talk intelligently about pH levels, a warehouse of seed varieties, and the intricacies of every farm implement, our interest in food plots can be satisfied by one or two magazine articles, not a library of in-depth books.
Also realize that every food plot, no matter its size, requires sweat, sore muscles, and a few dollars for seed and fertilizer. A poor man’s food plot usually covers a half-acre or less, which is 21,780 square feet.
Making small food plots attractive doesn’t require the same planning that must go into large, long-term food plots. All of the seeds in this mix are perfect for attracting varieties of deer, turkey, quail, duck, dove, rabbit, pheasant, snipe, hogs and all other varieties of wild game.
On some properties, establishing and maintaining food plots can provide supplemental food and nutrition for deer, but food plots should never be considered a substitute for managing the native vegetation to provide quality food sources.

No one food dominates a deer’s diet throughout the year because deer select foods based on plant availability, palatability and nutritional content, all of which vary throughout the year. During the spring and summer, pregnant and lactating does and antler-growing bucks need more protein in their diets. However, if food plots are warranted, the first step is to determine the objectives for the food plots, as the objectives will guide all of the establishment and management decisions. Depending on the objectives, establishing a food plot can cost up to $200 an acre in seed, herbicide, fertilizer and lime, in addition to the costs for equipment, labor and fuel. If properly managed, some food plots may provide supplemental nutrition for over three years.
Cost-saving possibilities include partnering with nonprofit wildlife organizations that may provide seeds for planting, buying seed in bulk as a group of landowners or a cooperative, or working with a neighboring landowner and sharing equipment that can be used in establishing the plots. Food plots can also be established in woodland openings or adjacent to forest edges, idle areas or open fields.
These areas can be made even more attractive to deer and other wildlife through the development of a transition zone or field border with edge feathering or shrubs (Figure 3). Also, to prevent unnecessary issues with neighboring landowners and hunters, avoid planting a food plot along a property boundary. However, evenly distributing food plots over 2 to 5 percent of a property, using a combination of warm- and cool-season forages is generally recommended. For example, small isolated fields may be available, but poor access limits the size of equipment that can reach them. Food plots can be rectangular, square or irregular, and the border can have edges that are wavy or straight.
Consider what equipment and implements are available when planning a food plot, as they can affect the plant species that can be successfully planted, as well as the size and location of a food plot. Plots can be planted with a grain crop and a cool-season forage such as winter wheat and clover. Various combinations of warm-season and cool-season forages that are either annuals or perennials can be considered (Table 1). Select forages that are palatable and that provide nutrition during stress periods for deer. Both corn and grain sorghum produce grains that are high in carbohydrates and fat for energy and are very attractive to deer in the fall and winter.
Thus, warm-season plots can also be planted that contain a variety of high-quality legumes and other forbs to supplement naturally occurring vegetation.
One benefit is nutritional, as mixtures provide diverse nutrients and potentially lengthen the availability of forage. Perennial clovers and many other legume species are a preferred food for deer and provide excellent nutrition. Increased potassium, calcium, magnesium, sulfur, zinc and sodium make Chicory leaves irresistible to whitetail deer. If pressed to explain ourselves, we would say we just want a couple of food plots that might bring a deer or three past our tree stand this fall, and make them pause long enough for a good shot.
To better visualize that space, consider a rectangle that measures 100 by 220 feet, or about 33 by 75 yards.
In situations where food plots would contribute to deer management objectives, the plots need to be established and maintained properly. During the fall and winter, deer have greater energy demands and therefore need more carbohydrates. In addition to providing supplemental nutrition during stress periods, food plots can be established to to improve hunting or viewing opportunities, or to alter deer movement patterns. Other possible food plot locations include along rights of way, logging decks, fire lines and woodland roads (Figure 2). Smaller food plots can be useful but tend to produce less forage due to browsing pressure and shading.

Smaller equipment, such as an all-terrain or utility-terrain vehicle (ATV or UTV), might be the only means of maintaining a food plot in these isolated areas (Figure 5).
A hub-and-spoke design, where several food plots are established as lanes beside areas of early successional vegetation, can also be used to increase hunting opportunities (Figure 6).
Perennial plants germinate, grow, flower and produce seeds on a continual basis over multiple years. Soybeans are a warm-season crop that is heavily consumed as green forage in the summer and whose beans are used throughout the winter.
Species such as crimson clover, red clover and ladino white clover are commonly planted in mixtures with winter wheat, oats or both to provide a nutritious source of protein through the winter months.
Don’t be surprised if deer eat them into the ground within two weeks of drawing their interest. A productive food plot is like building a house: The soil is the foundation, the product you choose is the walls, and the maintenance you do along the way is the roof. If that’s the case, consider this idea from Neil Dougherty, a wildlife consultant in western New York.
Food plots can be planted to provide supplemental nutrition during times of stress, such as when does are pregnant or lactating and when bucks are growing antlers. Food plots larger than 5 acres can be designed with corridors or hedgerows of trees planted at 50-yard intervals to create visual breaks and provide screening cover (Figure 4).
Large rectangular or square food plots could be established in areas of high deer density to reduce browsing pressure and increase the chance of forage establishment (Figure 7).
Warm-season forages can supply supplemental nutrition that is important for lactation, fawn growth and antler development.
Also, the grain crop often protects the legume from drought or overgrazing, while the legume provides needed nitrogen for the grain. After all, you can lay out solid ideas for a poor man’s food plot, but only you can decide if the results are satisfying. But if you plant these food plots in a secluded spot close to a bedding area, you choose plants and planting dates to ensure they won’t reach peak palatability until autumn, and your schedule allows you to hunt these sites when deer are most likely using them, you just might create a high-odds hotspot that outperforms every site now on your property. Stress periods often coincide with times of the year when native vegetation is lacking or poor in quality, typically from late summer to early fall and from mid- to late winter. Plants such as red clover have a biennial life span and generally live two years, growing roots, stems and leaves the first year, and flowering and then dying the second year.
They help bucks recover from the stress associated with breeding season and can increase hunting opportunities on the property. This relationship between the plants increases the chances of planting success and decreases the need for fertilizer.
If managed properly, Chicory has a nutritional value higher than alfalfa and a food plot of chicory can last up to seven years. Because its their nature, some deer hunters never stop seeking bigger and better in all aspects of life, and food plots are no exception. Refer to MU Extension publication G9487, Nutritional Requirements of White-tailed Deer in Missouri, for more complete information on deer nutrition.
Annual grains such as winter wheat or oats planted alone or with various clover varieties will provide a source of nutritious foods during the late fall and winter (Figure 8). Protein content of young plants can be as high as 32% and the leaves are between 90% and 95% digestible.
Withstands browsing pressure well and is especially attractive when planted in a mixture with other crops.

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