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The Adobe Flash Player is required for video playback.Get the latest Flash Player or Watch this video on YouTube. Rather than sticking with entirely classical fire-starting methods, Rob adapts them to fit the materials and tools available modern day. Part of the appeal of these videos are the host’s ability to turn what can sometimes be a pretty dry subject into an entertaining one, and Rob is a lot of fun to learn from. About UsAt Team AR-15 our mission is to be the best AR-15 blog providing a vast array of knowledge, tactics, & skills in being a bad ass operator, to any and all who wish to become more prepared for whatever may come.
Our goal is to be the ultimate one stop destination for anyone that has an interest in or questions regarding AR-15's. There’s nothing like camping around a campfire, drinking great beer and eating great food with your friends or telling campfire stories to your children.
You’d think something like this would be pretty easy to learn from reading a book or a website. The keys to building a fire are allowing for proper airflow and building the fire in stages with the right fuel. Unfortunately, I see a lot of information on the web about how to build a fire but almost all of it is just regurgitated crap from sites that stole the information right out of a Boy Scout or Army manual.
A lot of the more detailed ones go into the Fire Triangle (Fuel, Air, Heat or similar) or something like the Fire Tetrahedron (Fuel, Oxygen, Heat, Chemical Reaction).
This is about how to prepare and place what you’re going to burn so that it gets started quicker and burns more easily.
The more air you can get to be able to be pulled through the insides of a fire, the better it’ll burn. Before you can start a fire, you really need to build something that will take and hold a fire well.
A proper fire will be built in layers of dry material with different surface areas and have lots of airflow. On the other extreme would be a large, smooth log – especially a large, smooth, wet log. The thing you use to start a fire, like a spark from a magnesium fire starter (Ignition Source), usually catches Tinder on fire (especially if you’re using something like this for tinder).
Tinder is an arbitrary designation for something like dry grass or leaves that catch fire easily to burn Kindling. There are a lot of ways to build a fire, from using a home-built or purchased rocket stove, a Dakota Fire Hole, to making a traditional campfire. If you have a steady breeze from one direction, such as in a small valley, you know which direction the smoke will be going.
You especially want the fire to keep you warm if you’re using it at night to keep from freezing. Once you’ve selected a spot and have the right stuff on the bottom, putting large rocks around the fire will not only keep it a little tidier, the rocks will store and give off the heat, keeping you warm longer. Once you have a nice pile of red coals going, you can lay down your smaller Fuel Wood if you don’t already have it on the pile.
You’ll have to check to see if this is still available by the time you read this but check out the Everstrike Match.
My goal is to help families to understand how to intelligently protect their family and their way of life against real threats, without all the end-of-the-world doomsday crap. Former Counterintelligence Special Agent, US Army Chief Warrant Officer, and Combat Veteran.
99 freakin’ awesome ideas for your bug out bagLots of articles tell you the basics of what you need in your bug out bag. My personal go bag contentsThere are a lot of different things you can put on your bug out bag list and there’s not really one list of contents that you should follow.
How to communicate when the world goes silentSo if cell phones stopped working, how would you communicate? What you need in your bug out bag – a comprehensive lookA bug out bag is critical but what do you put in it? Top 10 best selling prepper gear you should considerOccasionally, I want to let you know which prepper and survival gear is selling better than the rest. If you would like to include a short snapshot of my article (the preview paragraph) by way of RSS feed with a link to the rest of the article, please feel free to do so, and I thank you if you do. When Grady is separated form his partner, he must use the navigation skills he learned as a Green Beret to traverse the Columbian Jungle. Exhausted from a lack of oxygen, Grady makes a horn that will get people's attention and save him energy. High up in the Peruvian Andes, Josh James is struggling with the symptoms of altitude sickness. Grady and Josh are stranded in the freezing Bulgaria wilderness and need to make a fire quickly. When in a survival situation the first priority is adequate shelter, but often that isn’t enough. Before we get into the fire kit, lets first talk about a crucial companion to it- a good knife.
These can be purchased commercially and have extremely long burn times (upward of 8-10 minutes).
AnonymousJanuary 16, 2014 at 9:51 PMDo you have a link to the pouch you use or at least the model, brand and dimensions?
In a survival situation being able to start a fire can mean the difference between life and death. By being able to make fires quickly and effectively in any weather conditions, you will be better prepared for emergency situations. Start by procuring a flat piece of hardwood at least a couple of inches thick to use as your baseboard. To cause enough friction to generate sufficient heat to ignite a fire, we will now rub the two crafted parts together. Applying continuous force, rub the stick through the groove in the wood, starting at one end and going toward the other. This will require a bit of strength in order to create the friction necessary to form a spark.
The friction you are causing will create heat and tiny embers, which will ignite the wood shavings.
Have your kindling ready and, as before, gently blow on the sparks within the tinder to ignite a flame. The fire plough method of primitive fire making is simplistic in design, allowing it the versatility to be applied in virtually any location.
Nonetheless, it does require quite a bit of physical force and energy to create the spark, someone who is weakened by starvation or exposure may have difficulty getting the fire plough to work. A hand drill is a bushcraft technique that is simpler to build than the bow drill, but it will require greater energy, patience, and skill to implement. In the same way as the bow drill’s drill was constructed, find a softwood stick and carve one side to a rounded point.
Cut a v-shaped notch connecting the hole and the edge of the board, with the point of the v connecting with the hole. As with the bow drill once the embers start to make the tinder smolder gently blow to develop a flame. Start by finding a piece of hardwood, rock, or bone that contains a divot or shallow depression. Cut a triangular notch connecting the hole to the side of the board, with the point of the triangle connecting to the hole in the board. Although a bow drill is more difficult to build than a fire plough it should create fire faster and with less effort. The pump fire drill is the most difficult to construct of all the primitive fire starting tools. Drill a hole through a rock at the same width of the stick, and push the stick through the hole, with the arrow resting about one to two inches below the rock. Find a slightly curved piece of hardwood and drill a hole through the center, the same width as the stick. Insert the curved piece of wood onto the stick, an inch above the rock, so the bow in the wood is facing upward. Etch two notches on the ends of each side of the bowed wood so that a string can be tied around easily. This bushcraft fire starting technique requires almost no effort to create a fire and is great for people of smaller stature and strength. The fire piston is a primitive fire starting technique that is a bit more complicated to make, requiring the use of hardware to build. Take a 10-millimeter thick wooden piston and cut it so that it is a couple of centimeters longer than the tube. Do this repeatedly until the charcloth ignites, then transfer the ignited charcloth to your tinder. While the fire piston method does require some effort to build, creating a fire with it is incredibly easy. In an ideal world we could just go out and master all of these 6 techniques and be ready to build a fire no matter the circumstances. Lawyers are being graduated from our law schools by the thousands who have little knowledge of the Constitution. The main thing to focus on is to avoid reach­ing, and instead focus on mov­ing the legs, hips and torso to keep your shoul­ders in a pro­tected posi­tion. Sit­ting in a kayak for long hours will stretch the ham­strings and com­press the hip flex­ors. As we age, we lose flex­i­bil­ity and resiliency— I have to stretch much more reli­giously and slowly than I did when I was younger. When plan­ning for a win­ter climb, hav­ing essen­tial hot foods like tea, broth, and soup help the body stay warm, but also pack foods that have high calo­rie and fat burn­ing prop­er­ties to stay com­fort­able over what’s sure to be a long time. One of the most frus­trat­ing feel­ings is to get to the trail­head and real­ize that snow­shoes, cram­pons, or an ice axe are absolutely needed. Those who are will­ing to try this hands-on approach to fish­ing, and hike higher and far­ther than their fel­low anglers, will be rewarded with pris­tine fish­ing, jaw-dropping scenery, and none of the crowds one might find at a more acces­si­ble spot.
Sit­u­ated in the Wenaha-Tucannon Wilder­ness, the waters of this river in East­ern Ore­gon even­tu­ally flow into the Colum­bia River and out to the Pacific Ocean. The Wind River Range of west­ern Wyoming is a revered des­ti­na­tion for high alpine fly fish­ing. Think quickly and clearly—you’re stranded in the middle of nowhere with darkness falling and no help in sight. First thing you need to do is to look for a suitable campsite and as much as possible you have to stay high and dry. There are only two kinds of water you can find in the wild—the potable one that you can drink and water that can actually kill you. These are just some of the things to keep in mind when you’re in a survival situation.  For suggestions, please send us an email or leave your comments below. Experts also suggest to be prepared at all times and to be more self sufficient by learning how to live off the land. According to recent reports, developers and manufacturers are working together to further improve and modify the features of emergency solar powered items including solar power battery chargers, emergency solar generators, and solar powered kits. Solar panel can also be utilized for many various purposes and developers are consistently making improvements so that anyone can use this technology for their homes and businesses. You will never know when accidents may happen, but you can always be prepared with these unfortunate events, such as fire.


Having the right equipment like smoke alarms, sledge hammer, emergency staircase, and fire extinguisher is essential to every home.
Simple house rules like checking the stove and power cords for your appliances can help promote safety around your home.
There’s no better way to kick off weekend than by taking a river trip with your family and friends. Never rely on your smart phone—not only will the signal can get flaky, but your phone will also run out of batteries.
Yup, nothing summons up the American “mythos” of a river trip quite like the old Stars and Stripes.
Rang­ing from embar­rass­ing to seri­ously threat­en­ing, here are some mis­takes to avoid while camp­ing on wild coast­lines out of a small boat. I remember not so long ago, we were on a trip to the west coast of San Diego, one moment I was sitting on a beach log eating breakfast.
I’m sure every seasoned sea kayaker knows the importance of checking the condition of the boats before and during the trip. In this post, we will provide some of the basic survival tips to get you prepared—just in case. Before you set off for the next trip, make sure to inform someone where and when you’re going.
The first thing you need to do is to make a detailed plan with a family member or a friend. The first most common place where the search and rescue team may check is the vehicle you left at the trailhead.
Although he does use a lot of old methods, and is excellent with a bow drill, the best videos seem to come when he just randomly grabs materials from around the house and yard.
FourPen Gun That’ll Shoot Matchsticks – Step by Step Tutorial June 19, 2015 Have you ever wanted to shoot a match?
We will take a logical, no nonsense, team approach to the knowledge, tactics, & skills without bias in hopes of dispelling the myth that anyone who owns an AR-15 is crazy or paranoid. We strive to maintain a truthful and unbiased compendium of knowledge, both in original content, product reviews and tips, as well as curated articles from other top AR-15 websites. It was a beautiful night, and finally down to a temperature cool enough to be able to enjoy a fire.
You actually can, to a point, but to really learn it, you need to learn from an instructor or do a lot of trial and error – and actually do it.
Those are great for people who have a basic knowledge already but what about the rest who never grew up in the woods or ever had military training? There are as many ways to do that as there are different types of wood and cultures in the world.
This means that for the same amount of that fuel, it will burn hotter and light easier but in most cases, will burn out quicker. It doesn’t do much good to go through all the trouble of getting a little coal started if you then have to go gather wood and pile it up. A spark hitting it wouldn’t have a lot to keep it combusting so it just burns out on the surface. You can consider an accelerant, such as gasoline or lighter fluid, as either part of the Ignition Source or the Tinder, depending on what you’re trying to catch fire with it.
Ok, it might not be wood but it’s the big amount of whatever that will keep going without you having to keep messing with it. Because of this, you don’t want to start a fire on top of a cold rock or wet ground if you can avoid it. If there’s a chance of water flowing down into it, you may want to elevate it a bit with a few larger rocks.
The easiest way is to lay down a row of twigs on your Tinder, and then lay another row across that row – making a grid.
You can even stack a few layers of it like a little log cabin (sans roof) to block the wind and make it part of the fire. I grew up in the woods and spent a lifetime in various environments from deserts to jungles to politically-sensitive urban environments, and I'm here to tell you what I know. Each item in your kit will depend on your skill set and what you’re trying to prepare for.
When considering disaster preparedness, keep in mind that what survival gear and emergency supplies you add to your bug out bag and then pack for your survival kit can mean the difference between life and death, or at least affect your level of comfort if SHTF and you had to get outta dodge. All content on this site is subject to copyright law and cannot be reproduced in part or in its entirety without express permission from the original author.
Disclosure: This is a professional review site that sometimes receives free merchandise from the companies whose products we review and recommend. It can provide warmth, disinfect water, kill stomach churning bacteria in meat, provide illumination, make other tools, and so on. Your survival knife will help you process fuel down to the appropriate sizes before getting your first flame started. It requires the least amount of physical strength and energy to perform and can be done with only two items. Use your bushcraft knife to carve the end of the stick to a rounded point, with the tip being small enough to fit into the groove on your board. As with all primitive fire starting methods it is essential to practice in order to perfect the technique. Cut a tiny hole into the board, about one inch from the side, barely big enough for the tip of the drill to rest in. Loop the bowstring around the drill and place the point of the drill into the hole in the fireboard.
Using sinew, cordage, or paracord attach a sharp rock or arrow to the end of a hardwood stick. Tie a piece of sinew, cordage, or paracord to connect the edge of each side of the bowed wood to the tip of the stick, in the direction away from the arrow. However, the pump fire drill itself will take some time to build so it should be practiced or built ahead of time and then brought out when needed. Run a file on the end of the piston, a couple of millimeters from the end and run the drill until the file carves a smooth indented line around the piston. Drill a 10-millimeter hole into a cylindrical wooden knob and glue the bare end of the piston into the knob.
When organizations seek a lawyer to instruct them on the Constitution, they find it nearly impossible to secure one competent. As we age and become less flex­i­ble, sit­ting for long hours in the kayak­ing posi­tion gets harder, and we have less flex­i­bil­ity to rotate.
Instruc­tors use a vari­ety of tech­niques to get pad­dlers to keep their shoul­ders intact, rang­ing from the “paddler’s box” to teach­ing stu­dents to roll hold­ing a sponge between the elbow and the torso. Phys­i­cal ther­a­pists and med­ical pro­fes­sion­als can help you develop strength in the small mus­cles that sta­bi­lize the shoul­ders. Know how to read cloud pat­terns, know how fast you’re mov­ing and where your posi­tion is in rela­tion to incom­ing weather, and make a plan to be off the moun­tain if need be.
Foods with high fat con­tent burn slower, includ­ing dry salamis, sausages, and beef jerky.
A gen­tle trail through the for­est could be an avalanche zone when nearby peaks are snow-loaded.
Pack with the most extreme con­di­tions in mind, safety gear or climb­ing equip­ment that may be of use, even for just a few moments, are bet­ter in the pack than at home. Head to the dock of your local lake­side camp­ground, and you’ll likely see at least a few lines in the water. The fish will be smaller, espe­cially in higher alpine lakes and streams, but they are also more likely to be wild.
This means that, unlike some of the other areas on this list, the Wenaha offers fish­er­men the chance to fight good-sized steel­head and salmon. There are more than 1,000 lakes in the area, which is part of the Bridger-Teton National For­est.
But, if the goal of a fish­ing trip is to catch this endan­gered species, head to the Sier­ras. This only means you need to build or find a well-insulated shelter in a prolonged survival situation.
As we all know, energy bills are increasing every day– this why many people are doing the best they can to save on utility bills. The report also shows that more and more households are now utilizing these kits because they are efficient and convenient in generating the needed power from sunlight.
And because of the vast technological advancement, there are more affordable options for those who want to install solar power to supply their energy needs. This is to make sure the layout and design of your home is safe from different weather conditions and other man-made disasters.
So, to help you out, here’s a list of the stuff you should bring when going for a river trip. Beyond our crazy and hectic schedule in this fast-paced world, we usually take things for granted.
I have always wanted to take an exotic animals hunting trip but living in Texas that can be a challenge. Keep in mind that whatever you’ve got can be your most prized possessions and could save your life. According to reports, nine out of ten hikers who were rescued in the trail could have been prevented the injuries and casualties with just a little bit of pre-planning and preparation. Generally, concerned residents and other hikers will report a vehicle that has been left for a long period of time.
In the 31 videos that have been published since Rob began the series he shows off everything from extremely practical methods to absolutely ridiculous ones.
Check out this video, where Rob gets a blazing fire going with just an empty butane lighter and a bit of wax from his ears.
He's an avid forager who never misses a morel season, as well as being an accomplished campfire cook. Even with this perfect combination of stuff to make a roaring beast of an inferno that would impress Dante himself, the fire kept going out even after 20 minutes unless he kept dowsing it with that flammable liquid. That’s when it really dawned on me that something that is pretty common-sense for someone who grew up in the woods and used a wood stove to heat their house like we did.
There are lots of places to learn such as reading this pdf on how to use a bowdrill, this crazy expensive Intro to Combustion book, or actually going to a real-life school to really learn it like the one my friend Travis teaches at the  Northwest Survival School. It’s just the combination of two chemicals that trade electrons, which leaves over some extra energy it gets rid of. If you leave a piece of wood in the air and nothing else is added to it or changed, it doesn’t automatically catch fire. If wood is wet, the energy that could have been used to keep the chemical reaction going is spent making steam. For example, you can have a cow fire that was ignited by a lightning bolt from Zeus and extinguished after it fell off a parking structure onto the cold marble floor of a yuppie mall. This is related to the Surface Area part of the equation since the air in a campfire is part of the chemical reaction. The energy that is expended from the reaction doesn’t catch easily to the surrounding wood. I’m just gonna go over a traditional campfire because the theory is easier to understand.
Especially if you don’t have any choice but to put a fire where water may pool up or run right through.


If you have a way to get air up underneath the fire such as in the case of the Dakota Fire Hole, even better. What this will do is pull the air from the front, through the fire, and up the side of that rock. You don’t want the Kindling to smoosh your Tinder down too much though so sometimes it helps to lay a couple of sticks or small logs on to opposite sides of the Tinder and lay the first row on top of that.
This is currently the list of the top 10 best-selling prepper and survival gear items, along with an explanation for each.
It acts as a heater, a way to cook food, and even a companion to keep the noises of the night at bay. A good survival knife is a must for any situation but understand that its just as important (if not more important) than your fire making devices.
The paracord lanyard is for securing the flint and steel to my belt loop so that I don't lose it. One is a Piezo Electric and works even after being submerged in water (watch our video on this HERE).
I also included some of the Coghlans version that are really saturated and have a little longer of a burn time. Grab your socket from step 1, and place the depression in the socket on top of the drill to hold it firmly in place. For every friend who is pad­dling well past retire­ment age—and I even have a friend who’s pad­dled water­falls in his 80s—and I have another who is com­plain­ing about how pad­dling is now tough on his back, shoul­ders, or some other joint. That means mak­ing sure you’re doing a good job warm­ing up, stretch­ing, and head­ing to the gym to restore lost flex­i­bil­ity early and often.
Find com­pli­men­tary stretches and work­outs that off­set the mus­cle imbal­ances that can come from too much time in that position. Get on the trail with the men­tal­ity to con­tinue on until cir­cum­stances no longer allow safe pas­sage. This is espe­cially cru­cial before tuck­ing in for the night, let­ting calo­ries and fat burn while sleep­ing. A thin, rocky ridge that’s cau­tiously crossed in the warmer months is sud­denly severely cor­niced to the point where snow can cre­ate the illu­sion of being much more sta­ble than it really is.
If faced with knee-deep pow­der, bring snow­shoes and skis, with cram­pons for ascend­ing steep, icy trails. And increas­ingly, thanks to improve­ments in light­weight mate­ri­als and tech­nol­ogy, back­pack­ing and fish­ing go hand in hand.
Nearly 300 of these high alpine lakes were stocked with fish in the 1930’s, mak­ing Wind River a mecca for the trout-addicted. The Pacific Crest Trail passes through a por­tion of this aptly-named wilder­ness area, as do another 400 miles of barely touched trails. Look for areas free from natural dangers like insect nests and widow makers—dead branches that may crash down in the middle of the night as well as heavy rocks.
To make it easier for you, look for a downed tree resting at an angle, or set a large branch securely against a standing tree. To do this, you need to connect the negative and positive terminals with a wire, foil, or steel wool to build a spark and drive onto your tinder bundle. Some of the many advantages of using this technology include lower utility bills, resolving energy and fuel concerns, and allowing you to live a more self sufficient lifestyle. This technology is not only designed to capture the sun’s energy, but also to store the energy as well. Check every fixture of the house including electrical wiring, gas pipelines, and ventilation.
When purchasing new or used appliances, like discount ice makers, make sure that they are from reliable dealers and are fully functioning without error before making the purchase. As mentioned above, planning ahead of time gives you more chance of survival in case disasters like these would happen.
Rivers like the Colorado, Rogue, or Salmon all have their own river guides printed on waterproof paper. Try looking for handheld parade-wavers’ flag—the one that is stapled onto a thin wooden dowel. It’s all fair game: the mys­tery bird singing in the trees, the day-moon ris­ing over the canyon wall, that bikini, or the hori­zon line down­stream froth­ing a cloud of mist.
If you’re looking for a new adventure with your family and friends, this can be a good idea. Of course, I was able to retrieve it, but if I hadn’t, with a strong wind blowing parallel to the coastline, I’d probably been stranded on an island. According to experts, plastic kayaks are more durable to loaded impact, but if you paddle a fibreglass kayak, it is advisable that you know how at least some of the basic repairs. Just like almost losing your boat, it’s a common mistake or carelessness, but completely avoidable. The “little” things like having a purified bottle of water when we are thirsty or the push of a button to light a fire. At times like this, optimisms can go a long way; and in a survival situation, everything starts with you—your attitude and how you handle the current situation.
By doing so, someone can respond immediately in case your group failed to return home at the agreed upon time. Leaving an extra cop of your plan in the vehicle is a good idea so the rescue teams would know exactly where they should be looking and who they are looking for. Aaron has been writing about wilderness survival and the outdoors for nearly a decade, his interest kindled in part because of an early start on the trail with the Boy Scouts of America. Grinding or chopping things up gives it more surface area, or even using some kind of liquid. If the wood gets starved of oxygen because another piece near it is burning it up, it’ll starve.
The problem is that it doesn’t have a lot material to begin with so you run out of it pretty quickly.
The magnesium helps start even wet tinder and the striker is so that I don't have to use my knife.
Make sure you put them in something like a bag in hot climates, so they don't mess up your entire kit.
Tinder Quik tabs are small cotton tabs that have been impregnated with something to make them waterproof and long burning. A shorter pad­dle reduces the lever­age on your soft tis­sues, espe­cially if you’re using a large blade with a stiff mate­r­ial like car­bon fiber.
Expect the sum­mit to only be the halfway point, and take into con­sid­er­a­tion how an exhausted party might han­dle the return part of the trip if weather con­di­tions go awry. Under­stand what a wind slab is and know how cru­cial it is to stay off snow that feels chalky and overly loose.
Keep an ice axe packed for zones where self-arrest may be nec­es­sary, and a short length of rope if a crevasse needs to be crossed.
Rods are lighter, stronger, and more com­pact than ever before; mak­ing fish­ing pos­si­ble on even the longest back­pack­ing adventures. The fish pop­u­la­tions in the area are now self-sustaining, thanks in no small part to the remote­ness of the Wind River Range and the effort needed to reach the lakes. This is the orig­i­nal habi­tat of the golden trout, and as any angler can attest, there’s a cer­tain added ful­fill­ment that comes with catch­ing a native species of fish. Ideally, you need to be closer to resources like running water, dry wood and rocky walls or formations that can you can use as a shield from natural dangers. During sunny weather, energy from the sun is converted into electricity and the energy not consumed will be stored. Imagine floating for days, where you can discover new terrain and hear white noise downstream. These maps also provide a dash of local history, natural history, and accurate river mileage. As they say, one rod per boat should suffice, and in the slackwater, you can push your luck catching the big fish! I remember waking up at night and just realized that the tides were actually higher than we though and moved the boats again.
As a result, my cousins and I ended up paddling two doubles with bow paddlers using halves of a break-down kayak paddle like canoe paddles. Read reviews and join forums to learn more about the specific areas and to know what to expect. A wet log will also not burn as well as it does burn so you’ll get more smoke and less heat and light.
Pile that together on something that will keep it from falling through or blow away, put some tinder right next to it, and throw some sparks against it or some focused light with a magnifying glass.
BTW, you also don’t want to use smooth, round rocks in your fire that could have been part of a riverbed because any trapped water can expand as it turns to steam and explode into your face. When we can’t rotate far enough on our strokes, we tend to com­pen­sate by reach­ing with our arms, and that will not help you. Climb­ing a peak in win­ter is a unique wilder­ness expe­ri­ence, one des­o­late and void of crowds, but also one that can turn even the tamest of trails into snowy cornice-laden traps that catch unsus­pect­ing hik­ers off guard. Pack hot liq­uids, soup, or jerky to pro­vide warm essen­tials for a sus­tained energy supply. The Wenaha River Trail itself runs par­al­lel to the river, leav­ing plenty of oppor­tu­ni­ties to stop and make a few casts. Make sure to insulate yourself from the cold ground—maybe you could layer 4 to six inches of debris to lie on to keep your body warm.
Yes, I didn’t know how we lost those paddles, but needless to say, it is always better to bring a spare. While we had a nice lodge and all of the necessities, it did make you think about what it would have been like before all these modern conveniences. So tell your family and friends about your plans so they can call the authorities in case you don’t return on time. First, you need to keep a realistic outlook so you can start a plan to keep you yourself in the best possible physical and mental state.
In a survival situation the clothes on your back, combines with what you bring in the trail will be your main source of shelter and protection. It’s more of an art than a science but if you understand a little about the science, you can wing the art. The big thing here is to put the Kindling directly above the Tinder but leave room for a lot of airflow. You can also use it to make a bird nest to be used with primitive techniques like the bow drill method (watch video HERE).
Whether it’s a four­teener in Col­orado, or a win­tery jagged ridge in the north­ern Cas­cades, climb­ing in the cold months presents unique chal­lenges and haz­ards. A trail that may have been suc­cess­ful for one group of climbers could poten­tially change within hours, expos­ing crevasses, break­ing snow bridges, and load­ing unsta­ble snow from the slopes above. This means you need to double check everything you bring and make sure all the items you bring are functional.
Charred materials are also not affected by wind but actually benefited by a hotter burning effect. Jot down some notes in the margins and use it as your guide as you go on to your river adventures.



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