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There are many triggers to pitting edema, sometimes it can be just a few bad choices in your diet. As mentioned before, a simple pitting edema treatment would be just to make some changes in your diet. Eating foods that contain B-complex vitamins is another type of food that will help a person to remove any build up of fluid from the body and can be used as part of the pitting edema treatment. Ask your doctor before increasing protein, since your doctor may restrict your protein intake if you have certain types of kidney disease. For those who have any type of kidney disease, too much fluid may not be wise so please consult your doctor before adjusting your normal fluid intake. Edema is a swelling of the tissues that occurs when excess fluid is retained within the body.
Foods with less than 140 milligrams of sodium per serving are considered low-sodium foods, while high-sodium foods contain more than 400 milligrams per serving, reports the U.S. Following a low sodium diet means not only increasing low-sodium foods in your diet but decreasing intake of high-sodium foods.
To treat edema, focus on a balanced diet high in foods that are naturally low in sodium, and avoid foods high in sodium. HOLIDAY NOTICE: The herbs factory will be closed from Thursday, December 24, 2015 to Friday, January 1, 2016 for the holidays. In every week, a famous experienced renal medicine specialist will be invited to help diagnose and evaluate inpatient's disease condition, offering detailed therapeutic schedule. Since renal anemia is caused by serious kidney damage, the best treatment is to repair damaged kidneys. Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy is a thorough and advanced system to kidney disease treatment. For Kidney Disease patients with creatinine 6.8, swollen feet and legs, their kidneys have been seriously damaged. Creatinine level is pretty high as the toxic substances cannot be discharged from the body. Go to Irritant Contact Dermatitis, Allergic Contact Dermatitis, and Protein Contact Dermatitis for complete information on these topics. Dry, fissured, pruritic eczema is frequently the result of excessive washing and very low humidity in cold climates. Nickel is the most frequent contact allergen in females older than 8 years, and allergy occurs in as many as 25% of females 14 years or older. Allergic reactions to rubber products are usually caused by antioxidants and accelerators added in the manufacturing process, rather than the rubber itself.
The typical eruption from poison ivy includes erythema, edema, papules, vesicles, and bullae. Prolonged use of moderate- to high-potency topical steroids may cause skin atrophy or steroid acne.
This purpuric reaction was noted after application of eutectic mixture of local anesthetics (EMLA) for 1 hour.
In the adolescent age group, females have significantly higher rates of allergic contact dermatitis on the face. A comprehensive review of the topic of contact dermatitis is beyond the scope of this article. Irritant contact dermatitis consists of a spectrum of disease that ranges from a mild dryness, redness, or chapping to various types of eczematous dermatitis or an acute caustic burn. Allergic contact dermatitis is a type IV (ie, delayed) hypersensitivity reaction that affects previously sensitized individuals only.
During the induction phase, an allergen, or hapten, penetrates the epidermis, where it is picked up and processed by an antigen-presenting cell. The processed antigen is presented to T lymphocytes, which undergo blastogenesis in the regional lymph nodes.
The elicitation phase occurs when the sensitized individual again is exposed to the antigen. The processed antigen is presented to the circulating effector T lymphocytes that, in turn, produce lymphokines. Data on the role of atopy in the development of allergic contact dermatitis are mixed but favor a true association in more severe disease. With photo contact dermatitis, irradiation of certain substances by light results in the transformation of the substance into an allergen (photoallergic) or an irritant (phototoxic). Contact urticaria may be defined as a wheal-and-flare reaction that occurs after topical exposure to an agent.[6, 7] It may be immunologic, nonimmunologic, or of unknown mechanism. Contact reactions occur to pharmacologically active agents in some plants, most commonly plants in the family Urticaceae. Irritant contact dermatitis is a direct local cytotoxic effect of an irritant on the cells of the epidermis, with a subsequent inflammatory response in the dermis. Irritant dermatitis from plants usually occurs after exposure to a particular part of the plant. The spurge plant family includes the most plants capable of producing irritant contact dermatitis and includes the poinsettia, crown-of-thorns, candelabra cactus, and pencil tree. Calcium oxalate is an irritant found in a number of plants, including Dieffenbachia, daffodils, hyacinths, and pineapples. This type of dermatitis is an acquired type IV hypersensitivity response generated after exposure to an allergen. Henna extract has long been used as a stain or dye that produces a temporary tattoo when applied to the skin.
In almost all studies, nickel is the most common allergen and is even more common in females.
As mentioned above, harsh soaps most commonly cause an irritant reaction, but allergic reactions to perfumes, dyes, lanolin, deodorants, or antiperspirants can occur. The family Anacardiaceae, which includes poison ivy, probably accounts for more cases of than all other plant families combined. The plant family Anacardiaceae contains other species that also contain urushiol and cross-react with poison ivy. Symptoms occur as a result of direct exposure of skin to a photosensitizing agent followed by direct sun exposure.
Contact reactions to pharmacologically active agents primarily involve plants in the family Urticaceae (eg, stinging nettles). Contact dermatitis is exceedingly common, accounting for 4-7% of all dermatologic consultations, and is consistently among the top 10 causes for patient visits in primary care clinics. The incidence of contact dermatitis in the pediatric age group is debated, but allergic contact dermatitis affects approximately 20% of all children at some time.
Among worker's compensation claims for dermatologic conditions, 90% are due to contact dermatitis. The most common environmental allergens appear to be the same in Europe and the United States. Adolescents are more likely to develop irritant reactions from excessive exposure to soaps and allergic reactions to nickel and to preservatives in creams and lotions.
The prognosis in patients with contact dermatitis depends on the cause and the possibility of avoiding repeated or continued exposure to the causal allergen or irritant.
New sensitivities to topical medications or other substances may develop during the course of dermatitis. Contact dermatitis of the hands is generally of mixed origin, caused by alternating or simultaneous exposure to allergens and irritants. Relapses or chronicity is due not only to reexposure to allergens and irritants, but also to other contributory mechanisms.
Inappropriate treatment with irritants or allergens, such as overzealous use of cleansers and antiseptics, use of various popular or herbal remedies, or both, may prolong the course.
Extensively counsel patients with documented contact dermatitis on possible sources of future exposure.
Patch testing can be extremely important in diagnosing the cause of allergic contact dermatitis; however, patients forget more than 40% of identified allergens.
Provide instructions for reduction of further contact, identification of sources of contactant, barrier protection, good skin care, and hygiene.
Following significant episodes of dermatitis, the area of involved skin may be especially sensitive to recurrences for several months.
If rhus dermatitis is a problem, patients must learn to recognize the plants and have them removed from areas where children are likely to play.
Wearing a long-sleeved shirt, pants, gloves, and boots when in areas infested with poison ivy and bathing as soon as possible after exposure are effective methods for reducing rhus dermatitis. Occupational contact dermatitis is a major problem.[12] Patients may need assistance with positively identifying irritants or allergens in the work place.
For patient education information, see Skin, Hair, and Nails Center, as well as Contact Dermatitis and Eczema. American Academy of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology; American College of Allergy, Asthma and Immunology. Medscape's clinical reference is the most authoritative and accessible point-of-care medical reference for physicians and healthcare professionals, available online and via all major mobile devices.
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All material on this website is protected by copyright, Copyright © 1994-2016 by WebMD LLC. Before you try your own pitting edema treatment, speak with your doctor first to make sure it is not diabetes or lymphedema which are the underlying causes. And because excess fluid is the cause of edema, cutting back on salt may help reduce fluid build up in the body. But to be more effective, cutting right back on the amount of processed foods would be much better. You should be looking for foods  such as bell peppers, blueberries, cherries, squash and tomatoes.
She holds bachelor's degrees in both health education and dietetics, and completed her dietetic residency at Mayo Clinic in Florida.
When there is an excess of this essential mineral in the body, the tissues will hold onto water to balance the fluid-sodium ratio. One way to do this is to cut back on salt, as just 1 teaspoon of salt contains 2,325 milligrams of sodium. Individuals experiencing edema, regardless of the cause, will benefit from eating fewer highly processed and prepackaged foods with added salt, preservatives and seasonings and focusing on a diet of fresh or frozen fruits and vegetables, fresh meat, fish, poultry, minimally processed grains, nuts, legumes and beans. Any orders placed on Kirstin's Counter Store during this time will be shipped out on Monday, January 4, 2016.
Renal anemia is a kind of clinical symptoms when chronic kidney disease (CKD) has developed for a period of time. As a lot of toxins exist in the patients with kidney diseases, the lifetime of erythrocyte is shortened, which causes the renal anemia.
It uses the traditional Chinese medicine which having more than 5,000 years’ history as its main method. The reason for symptoms like swollen feet and legs is that water can not be discharged from the body and then osmose to the body.
After 10-15 days, the high creatinine level will start to decrease, and the urine volume will increase. The list of ingredients on this bottle is not uncommon, and most of these agents are capable of causing allergic contact dermatitis. Moist compresses are soothing, have a mild antipruritic effect, reduce serous drainage, and gently debride the wound. Agents can produce urticaria by immunologic reactions, by nonimmunologic reactions, or by unknown mechanisms. This patient used a moderate-strength steroid, triamcinolone 0.1%, in this area for several weeks. It occurs less frequently in the first few months of life and increases in prevalence with increasing age. However, morbidity from contact dermatitis depends on its cause and the possibility of avoiding repeated or continued exposure. An irritant is any agent capable of producing cell damage in any individual if applied for sufficient time and in sufficient concentration. Irritants cause damage by breaking or removing the protective layers of the upper epidermis. The severity of dermatitis produced by an irritant depends on the type of exposure, vehicle, and individual propensity. With severe irritant contact dermatitis, symptoms may develop within seconds or minutes following exposure. A common example of allergic contact dermatitis is rhus dermatitis, the allergic reaction to plants such as poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac.
Most allergens in contact dermatitis are of low molecular weight and require minimal processing. One subset of these T cells differentiates into memory cells, whereas others become effector T lymphocytes that are released into the blood stream. The antigen penetrates the epidermis and is picked up and processed by an antigen-presenting cell. These lymphokines mediate the inflammatory response that is characteristic of an allergic contact dermatitis. The degree of sensitivity may decline unless boosted by repeated exposure, but with a high initial level of sensitivity, it may remain demonstrable throughout life.
Although some studies suggest an increased incidence of allergic contact dermatitis exists in atopic patients, most recent studies suggest that the incidence of allergic contact dermatitis in atopic patients is similar to that of patients experiencing other conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis. Nonimmunologic contact urticaria is the most common and is caused by agents that directly stimulate the release of vasoactive substances from mast cells (eg, bee venom). The items listed below are some of the more common causes and may help expand the list of possible etiologies, which might need to be researched. Long-term exposure may cause pruritus, folliculitis, calcifications, or acneiform eruptions. The degree of toxicity may vary with the season, type of exposure, stage of maturity of the plant, and locality.
These plants contain a highly irritating white milky sap that may cause erythema, desquamation, and bulla formation. As with any topical therapy, it may initially be soothing, but if the eczema continues to worsen, the patient may have developed a sensitivity to the active ingredient or a preservative.
Slight molecular variations in catechols may result in large variations in the degree of antigenicity.
The plant must be injured or bruised before the oleoresin containing the urushiol can contact the skin. Mango contact dermatitis develops most commonly in the perioral region and on the hands and results from exposure to the peel, not the juice.
These include the citrus family (eg, limes), the mulberry family (eg, figs), and the Umbelliferae family (eg, parsnip, celery). Each year, 10-50 million people in the United States develop an allergic rash after contact with poison ivy, poison sumac, or poison oak. Approximately 20-35% of healthy children react to one or more allergens on standard patch tests.
Children of parents who experience contact dermatitis are 60% more likely to have positive patch test results.
Some allergens come and go, and the perceived incidence of sensitivity to an individual substance depends on many variables.
The recent trend of piercing ears in infants and body piercing by adolescents can be expected to lower the average age at which nickel allergy occurs.
Most contact dermatitis resolves without intervention in 4-6 weeks if further exposure is prevented. Although an alert patient can reduce contact, some ubiquitous allergens, such as rubber or nickel, are impossible to totally avoid. Half of patients with hand dermatitis have had symptoms of dermatitis for more than 5 years.[11] When followed up after 6-22 months, one quarter of the patients heal completely, half of the patients improve, and one quarter of the patients are unchanged or worse.
The barrier function of the skin is impaired for months or even years after an episode of dermatitis. Antigens such as latex rarely produce an immunoglobulin E (IgE)a€“mediated immediate hypersensitivity reaction that results in anaphylactic shock.
If the contact dermatitis is resistant to appropriate therapy or suddenly worsens for no particular reason, secondary bacterial infection should be considered.
The American Academy of Dermatology has handouts with color photographs available for purchase or viewing on their web site.
Prevalence of contact allergy in children suffering from atopic dermatitis, seborrhoeic dermatitis and in healthy controls. Prevalence of and risk factors for the development of atopic dermatitis in schoolchildren aged 12-14 in northwest Croatia.
Hand dermatitis: a review of clinical features, therapeutic options, and long-term outcomes. Topics are richly illustrated with more than 40,000 clinical photos, videos, diagrams, and radiographic images. The articles assist in the understanding of the anatomy involved in treating specific conditions and performing procedures. Check mild interactions to serious contraindications for up to 30 drugs, herbals, and supplements at a time. Plus, more than 600 drug monographs in our drug reference include integrated dosing calculators. Natural diuretics will help a person to remove any excess fluid from the body.  Look for asparagus, beets, cranberry, grapes, green beans, leafy greens, pineapple, pumpkin, watermelon and onions. Good sources of protein include chicken breasts, lean meat, fish and other meats with low fat content. This amount can stave of dehydration in warmer weather and also helps the body to function correctly by keeping its fluids at the right levels.
Regardless of the cause, the primary dietary method for reducing edema is to limit intake of sodium.
That is to say, the more damaged kidney cells, the more severe of the renal anemia becomes. When the quantity of the erythrocyte in the blood is less than the normal value, renal anemia occurs. The Plasma protein concentration decreases, because of the the lose of the protein in urine. When kidney disease develops to some extent, it will lead to a series of bleeding such as gingival bleeding, gastrointestinal bleeding, etc.


It is an effective therapy, famous for its special treatment and significant therapeutic effects. According to the traditional Chinese medicine, it has the functions like adjusting body’s immune system, enhancing human immunity and activating the damaged kidney tissues. After the whole course of holistic treatment, the elevated creatinine level will be normal. Functions of this therapy include improving the blood circulation, relieving the symptoms like swollen feet and legs and high creatinine, restoring the kidney function and regulating the overall immune system.
In this patient, frequent handwashing and use of soap is the cause of damage to the protective layers of the upper epidermis. Exposure can be reduced with careful instruction, but occult exposures may produce chronic or recurrent symptoms. Exposure to rubber in gloves, shoes, undergarments, tires, heavy-duty rubber goods, and sport goggles is common.
Initial yellow crusts are dried serum from ruptured bullous lesions and not evidence of infection.
Patch testing with dilute concentrations of the individual ingredients can be used to identify the agent that is a problem for any particular patient. Steroid acne, also called steroid rosacea, has a classic appearance with monomorphic erythematous papules. Unless the diagnosis of contact dermatitis is considered and appropriate history is obtained, a correct diagnosis is rarely made.
One of the more comprehensive textbooks on this subject is Fisher's Contact Dermatitis.[3] It contains over 1100 pages discussing contact dermatitis associated with numerous products, occupations, hobbies, and other environmental sources. Normal, dry, or thick skin is more resistant to irritant effects than moist, macerated, or thin skin. Patients with allergic contact dermatitis usually report itching, and, following exposure to an antigen, symptoms require several hours to develop. The 2 distinct phases in a type IV hypersensitivity reaction are the induction (ie, sensitization) phase and the elicitation phase. However, many have a complicated structure and are significantly altered by the antigen-presenting cell. The elicitation phase requires several hours to develop, and, as a result, symptoms of allergic contact dermatitis usually develop hours to days following exposure.
Dermatitis may develop following exposure to only ultraviolet A (UV-A), UV-B, or white light.
Items identified in the history can be further researched either in the medical literature or in one of the extensive textbooks on contact dermatitis. In patients suspected of having corticosteroid allergy, patch testing is required to confirm the diagnosis.
Poison ivy and poison oak sap contains a near maximal percentage of the most allergenic catechols. Poison sumac is highly antigenic, resulting in severe contact dermatitis in sensitized patients.
However, each country has a small number of locally unique topical medications, which are a source of allergens.
Obviously, long-term success in treatment is poor if the correct diagnosis and offending agent are not identified.
Recovery can be prevented by exposure to irritants or allergens in concentrations that may be tolerated by normal skin.
Although listing every potential source of exposure is impossible, provide the patient with the name of the contactant and related chemical compounds. Conversely, patients with irritant dermatitis may develop an undetected secondary allergy to an ingredient of creams or rubber gloves being used to treat the initial dermatitis.
Results from the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology (IVDK) and the German Contact Dermatitis Research Group (DKG). Customize your Medscape account with the health plans you accept, so that the information you need is saved and ready every time you look up a drug on our site or in the Medscape app.
On the other hand, most fruit, vegetable and other natural foods have very low sodium levels. Also, adding spices such as ginger, garlic, fenugreek to food will help as these spices also contain diuretic qualities. Be wary of the sauces the meat or fish is cooked in or what it is served with as some dressings and sauces may contain high levels of sodium.
Antioxidants are known to  fight and eliminate  free radicals, harmful molecules formed from toxins that can damage DNA in cells.
The first step in achieving this is to identify which foods are high in sodium and which foods are low in sodium. For healthy people, maintaining a moderate sodium intake will reduce or prevent fluid retention.
Fresh or frozen fruits or vegetables are naturally low in sodium, and certain dairy products, such as milk and yogurt, may be considered low-sodium.
According to the FDA, only 11 percent of sodium in the diet comes from adding salt to foods during preparation or at the table, while 77 percent comes from eating prepackaged and prepared foods.
Micro-Chinese Medicine Osmotherapy can primarily repair the kidney damage and increase kidney function.
With the progression of kidney disease, more symptoms such as loss of appetite, nausea and vomiting, skin itching, dizziness, difficult breathing, etc. Patients with Kidney Disease can live a normal life after certain period of home treatment. Patients should be educated about the cause of the dermatitis and instructed in methods of skin protection and care with emollients. Oleoresin (urushiol), which exudes from damaged areas of poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac, turns black after exposure to air. Cumulative irritant dermatitis most commonly affects thin exposed skin, such as the backs of the hands, the webspaces of the fingers, or the face and eyelids. Pressure on the bladderlike base injects fluid containing histamine, acetylcholine, and serotonin into the skin.
PPD in the black henna tattoo mixture is at a significantly higher concentration than is found in commercial hair dye preparations and can induce severe sensitivity to PPD and severe allergic reactions. All parts of the plant are antigenic, and under controlled conditions, more than 70% of the population in the United States reacts to the urushiol in poison ivy and oak. In one report, 18 out of 20 children aged 1-4 years developed perioral contact urticaria after smearing a salad dressing around their mouths.[9] This was traced to sorbic acid and benzoic acid in the dressing. Rhus dermatitis is extremely common in the United States but virtually nonexistent in Europe.
Toddlers and older children become increasingly exposed to poison ivy, poison oak, and poison sumac. Some allergens probably are still unknown, and the significance of others may not be fully realized yet. During a long course of relapsing dermatitis, sensitivity to various allergens may accumulate, increasing the risk of recurrence. Failure to do so may result in the patient experiencing unnecessary exposure and dermatitis. Easily compare tier status for drugs in the same class when considering an alternative drug for your patient. To put a figure on it, a person should try to keep the sodium intake to less than 1500mg per day.
Increasing the low-sodium foods will not help your edema if you continue to eat other foods that are high in sodium. For those with severe edema resulting from chronic conditions such as heart, kidney or liver failure, reducing sodium will aid the body in releasing some of the stored up fluids.
One cup of milk has 120 milligrams of sodium, and 1 cup of plain yogurt has 150 milligrams. Repaired kidneys can secrete enough erythropoietin so as to treat renal anemia successfully.
This is an example of cold urticaria produced by application of an ice cube to the dorsum of the arm. Patients must understand that symptoms worsen before they improve, and several weeks or months are required to taper off this steroid.
Patch test results in these patients with the individual ingredients of EMLA cream, EMLA cream itself, placebo cream, and Tegaderm are negative.
The result is a typical triple response (ie, erythema, flare, and wheal formation) with itching noted in seconds and pruritus that lasts a few hours.
Sun exposure of this lime juice produces linear streaks of dermatitis or hyperpigmentation. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends that people with severe or chronic edema restrict sodium intake to 2,000 milligrams or less per day. Beware of cheese and cottage cheese, however, as these tend to have more sodium due to processing. So while reducing the salt shaker habit will decrease sodium intake, it is important to limit eating processed foods as well. Following moist compress applications for 5-10 minutes, affected sites should be gently cleared of loose crusts and a thin coat of Vaseline or antibacterial ointment should be applied.
Apparently, the purpuric reaction is not of an allergic nature, but the cream may have a toxic effect on the capillary endothelium. Grains such as rice, oats and pasta are naturally low in sodium, but many higher-processed grain products such as bread, bagels, cereal or pancakes tend to be higher in sodium. Flavor your food with herbs and spices instead of salt, and avoid foods that come prepared with seasonings or sauces, such as seasoned pasta or rice in a box. Fresh meats, fish and poultry are also naturally low in sodium, but avoid those that have had salt added through seasonings, marinades or injected solutions.



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