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In October 2015, a three-day festival entitled “Education in Black and White” was held at the Moonstone Arts Center in Philadelphia.
ICY aimed at countering the prejudice, discrimination, and segregation that these students faced during the 1800s.The Institute opened its doors in 1852 and was established to foster and support the brightest Black students in the city, according to Judith Giesberg, a history professor at Villanova. When the law had banned streetcar segregation in March 1867, the principal of ICY, Caroline Le Count, led by example. Sign up to receive my monthly e-mail newsletter and get a FREE copy of my e-book, Seven Scriptures to Get Through Good Times & Bad Times.
To celebrate Black History Month, Education World presents five lesson plans -- plus links to dozens of other lessons in our archive. Students complete a diagram of the Montgomery bus that carried Rosa Parks into the history books. Charts, graphs, and maps help students learn about the growth of the African-American population throughout history.
Each February, the classroom spotlight shines brightly on the stories and accomplishments of Black Americans past and present. The Last Safe House: A Story of the Underground Railroad (Kids Can Press) opens dramatically, with the midnight arrival of Eliza Jackson. Wakened from a sound sleep by the commotion, young Johanna Reid isn't quite sure what to make of the dark-skinned invader to her home. The story, cut from the American Girl mold, would make a terrific read-aloud in upper elementary and middle school classrooms. The Last Safe House is a veritable "Underground Railroad" curriculum, just waiting for a skilled teacher to adapt it to classroom use! The series will soon include African American Women Writers, African American Musicians, and African American Teachers. Did you know that African Americans were the driving force behind such inventions as the fountain pen, dust pan, clothes dryer, guitar, eggbeater, air conditioner, and ironing board?
Sullivan's bios are bound to motivate students to explore library and Internet resources to learn more about these important men and women, but the stories have great potential for serving an even higher purpose -- for instilling in readers of all backgrounds the importance of discipline, pride, perseverance, and education!
Many blacks fought voluntarily in the Revolution in hopes that they might gain their freedom from Great Britain -- and from slavery. Many white Americans, especially in the South where slavery was more predominant, were against the enlistment of black soldiers. But, in spite of the heroics -- a powerful argument for equality -- slavery continued after the war. Come All You Brave Soldiers would be an excellent read aloud for fifth grade American History studies, or great independent reading at the middle or high school levels. Catherine Clinton has gathered a thrilling collection of poems by African American authors. I, Too, Sing America opens with the first poem ever written by an African American -- the 1746 recounting by a slavewoman, Lucy Terry, of a bloody fight in which two white families were ambushed by Indians in a meadow near Deerfield, Massachusetts.
The collection closes with "Primer," by Rita Dove, who was the winner of the 1987 Pulitzer Prize for poetry (Thomas and Beulah). Rounding out Education World's Black History Month collection is another title from Scholastic Press. The photographs of 12 African American women who have fought injustice are from a series of posters issued by the Bread and Roses Cultural Project of the National Health and Human Service Employees Union (AFL-CIO). Accompanying each dramatic black-and-white photo is an essay by Joyce Hansen, author of three Coretta Scott King Honor Books (Which Way Freedom?, The Captive, and I Thought My Soul Would Rise and Fly).
In 1956, Septima Clark would lose the teaching license she'd held for 40 years, along with her pension, because she refused to give up her membership in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP). The strength of these 12 remarkable women shines through in the photographs and essays in Women of Hope, offering hope to any who have a vision and a conviction.
The Last Safe House: A Story of the Underground Railroad, written by Barbara Greenwood and illustrated by Heather Collins, is published in hardcover and paperback by Kids Can Press, 85 River Rock Drive, Suite 202, Buffalo, NY. I, Too, Sing America: Three Centuries of African American Poetry, written by Catherine Clinton and illustrated by Stephen Alcorn, is published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10003. African American History Month, also called Black History Month, has been observed since the nation's bicentennial in 1976 as a way to recall and commemorate the achievements and history of Americans of African descent. More than half of the African Americans in the labor force in 1970 had less than a high school diploma. There is more to life than work; the American Time Use Survey measures the amount of time devoted each day to various activities.
Some people believe that goldfish can live comfortably in a small bowl because, after three seconds, the fish can't remember where they've been. Three hundred years ago, Molly Bannaky, a white woman living in Maryland, shocked many of her neighbors by marrying a black man. Late in the 17th century, 17-year-old Molly Walsh, an English dairymaid accidentally spilled a bucket of milk and stood trial for stealing it. After serving her sentence, Molly received her freedom, along with "an ox hitched to a cart, a plow, two hoes, a bag of tobacco seeds, a bag of seed corn, clothing, and a gun." She staked a claim to a parcel of land and set out to begin a new life. Eventually, Molly and the slave, whose name was Bannaky, fell in love, got married, and raised four daughters.
Plenty of historical information is tucked into the pages of Molly Bannaky, yet the text is straightforward and easy enough for most students in grade 3 and above. Best of all, Molly Bannaky, the story of an English dairymaid and the grandson of an African king, is true. Through My Eyes, by Ruby Bridges, is also a true story of the fight for racial equality in the United States.
Ruby Bridges entered William Frantz Public School in New Orleans, Louisiana, on November 14, 1960. By December 5, although attendance had risen to 18 -- including some first graders -- Ruby and her teacher remained isolated in a separate classroom.
Through My Eyes, the story of Ruby Bridges's first-grade year and of the events preceding and surrounding it, tells of white parents pulling their children out of school, of a protestor carrying a coffin holding a small black doll, of mobs and violence and threatened lynchings. The book's most moving passages, however, are the ones that reveal the small child in the center of it all. Through My Eyes tells a dramatic story heightened by the matter-of-fact manner in which the author recounts ugly and terrifying events.
The real power of the book, however, is the portrait of school integration from two perspectives.
The books highlighted in this week's Education World BOOKS IN EDUCATION story are available in bookstores everywhere.
Through My Eyes, written by Ruby Bridges, is published by Scholastic Press, 555 Broadway, New York, NY 10012. Celebrate Black History Month with new books based on the lives of three influential African Americans: Harriet Jacobs, Harriet Tubman, and Rosa Parks. Reading about real people in real situations is a great way for kids to understand that history is more than just a study of what happened; it is also the study of who made it happen. In 1861, Incidents in the Life of a Slave Girl caused a sensation when its author, Harriet Jacobs, published it independently.
Born into slavery in 1813 in Edenton, North Carolina, Harriet Jacobs's early life was actually better than that of many other slaves.

Harriet went to live with the family who owned her and took on the role of personal servant to her late mother's mistress, a woman named Margaret Horniblow. As with Harriet's autobiography -- on which it is based -- I Was Born a Slave: The Story of Harriet Jacobs does not shrink from describing the abuses that Harriet endured during her years of slavery. Although I Was Born a Slave: The Story of Harriet Jacobs contains some material that is too disturbing for younger children, Harriet Jacobs's moving story can help put a human face on the subject of slavery for middle school students. Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman (Puffin Books), is set on the Maryland plantation where Harriet Tubman -- the heroic woman who helped hundreds of people escape slavery through the Underground Railroad -- lived as a slave. Tubman -- whose cradle name was Araminta, or Minty for short -- is an intelligent, determined child who longs to escape the life of slavery into which she was born. This award-winning book, recently released in paperback, is full of the small details that make setting and characters come to life: Minty's doll with one foot and cracked buttons for eyes, her mother's soothing ministrations after the whipping. Schroeder's narrative expertly combines action, dialogue, and characterization to create a stirring tale of a strong-willed youngster determined to improve her life.
In I Am Rosa Parks (Puffin Books), written by Rosa Parks with Jim Haskins and illustrated by Wil Clay, the authors simplify Rosa Parks: My Story -- their earlier young-adult autobiography -- making it appropriate for beginning readers. The book, now available in paperback as part of the Puffin Easy-to-Read Series, has four chapters. Subsequent chapters cover Parks's childhood, her marriage, the year-long bus boycott that culminated in the 1956 Supreme Court decision banning segregation on public transportation, and the beginning of the civil rights movement. I Was Born a Slave: The Story of Harriet Jacobs, written by Jennifer Fleischner and illustrated by Melanie K. Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman, written by Alan Schroeder and illustrated by Jerry Pinkney, is published by Puffin Books, a division of Penguin Putnam Books for Young Readers, 345 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10014. I Am Rosa Parks, written by Rosa Parks with Jim Haskins and illustrated by Wil Clay, is published by Puffin Books, a division of Penguin Putnam Books for Young Readers, 345 Hudson Street, New York, NY 10014. Each day features a different influential figure in African American history, from Crispus Attucks, the first man shot in the Boston Massacre, sparking the Revolutionary War, to Madame C. The festival included discussions and presentations about the history of the African American struggle for education in the city. After the driver of a streetcar mocked her, Le Count reacted by showing a copy of the law to a policeman who arrested and the man.
Last week, we highlighted Barry Black, 62nd Chaplain of the United States Senate and the first African American and the first Seventh-day Adventist to hold this office, and Eric Holder, 82nd Attorney General of the United States and first African American to hold the position of U.S.
Two Oxford ministers who share Monroe County, Mississippi roots will exchange pulpits at a traditional African-American and a white church on Feb. Bethany Lutheran Church in Crystal Lake, Illinois Hosts Free Organ Concert Sunday, Feb 23, 4 p.m. The transatlantic slave trade and black migration will be explored through a Black History Month program sponsored by the DuSable Museum of African American History, Trinity United Church of Christ (Chicago, Illinois) and the Amistad Commission. Today, at 5 pm, King Salim Khalfani, executive director of the Virginia State Conference NAACP will be the keynote speaker at 27th Annual Black History Month Program of Union Baptist Church in Waynesboro, Virginia.
These lessons help students put in perspective events such as the bus boycott in Montgomery, Alabama, and school integration in Little Rock, Arkansas. Those are the Latin words for the Olympic motto, which in today's language means "Swifter, Higher, Stronger." The best athletes from around the world exemplify that creed as they compete in the Olympic Games.
Any one of these books -- which run the genre gamut from history to biography to poetry -- would make a worthy read-aloud this month (or any month) in an elementary, middle, or high school class. But as the stories of Eliza's life as a slave on a southern cotton plantation and her daring escape from her slaveholders come to light, Johanna's respect, then love, builds for her peer.
But beside being great read-aloud material, The Last Safe House is a fine teacher resource! Jim Haskins, who has written more than ninety books for young readers (including his collaboration with Rosa Parks on her autobiography, Rosa Parks: My Story), serves as general editor for the series. In African American Inventors, author Otha Richard Sullivan has crafted brief biographies that explore the sources of inspiration for 25 inventors -- some familiar and others unknown -- from backgrounds as diverse as their inventions. Morgan -- who invented such life-saving inventions as the gas mask (used by many firefighters) and the three-colored traffic light. Many other blacks fought involuntarily; they were slaves, and slaveholders often sent their slaves to war in place of themselves. But without the agreement of people in the north and south on this issue the war might well be lost. Some -- such as Crispus Attucks, the first to die in America's fight for independence -- are familiar. The collection's title, I, Too, Sing America, is borrowed from the title of a well-known Langston Hughes poem. And with each poet's work, Clinton provides a brief biography of the poet to help put the work in perspective.
What a tribute to some of America's great poets, and what a perfect -- and essential -- companion to any black history curriculum. In each essay Hansen shares a little background about the subject and conveys a sense for that woman's contribution to the fight for justice.
Still, she traveled the South, designing reading and writing courses, training teachers, and helping thousands of people to exercise their right to vote. The African American labor force is younger than the total labor force; 64 percent of African American labor force participants are under the age of 45, compared with 59 percent of all labor force participants.
Because English law forbade putting to death anyone who could read, Molly was spared the usual penalty for her "crime." She was sentenced instead to labor for seven years on a farm in the British colonies. Their grandson, Benjamin Banneker, was to become a noted scientist and mathematician and one of the planners of the city of Washington, D.C. More-detailed information, which teachers or parents can use to provide background, create extension activities, or stimulate discussion, is included in the historical note at the end of the book. The book, a moving and revealing first-person account of court-ordered school integration, is an excellent classroom resource for introducing elementary youngsters and above to a watershed moment in American history.
Board of Education, the United States Supreme Court ordered the end of "separate but equal" education.
Ruby Bridges had "integrated" William Frantz, but she wasn't allowed to learn or eat or play with other students. It includes photographs of a cross burning, of young children being walked to school by federal marshals, and of schools surrounded by marshals, police officers, and the national guard.
The photographs in the book are powerful: often frightening, sometimes fascinating, and occasionally hopeful. We watch the events through the eyes of a six-year-old child who is largely unaware of their historical significance and see the significance of those events through the same eyes nearly 40 years later.
If you are unable to locate a copy of the book you want, ask your bookseller to order it for you or contact the publisher directly. Soentpiet, is published by Houghton Mifflin Company, 215 Park Avenue South, New York, NY 10003. Although their personal stories differed, all three women played pivotal roles in the ongoing struggle for freedom and equality for all Americans. If you're looking for interesting books for Black History Month -- or for any time -- take a look at this week's books about real people who played important roles in the struggle for freedom and equality. Jacobs's autobiographical account of her harrowing childhood and young adulthood was so detailed in its depiction of the horrors she had endured that many readers thought it must be a work of fiction.

During her first few years, Harriet and her brother lived first with their parents; later they lived with their maternal grandmother, a former slave who had bought her freedom years earlier. Horniblow had treated Harriet's mother well; when Harriet's mother was dying, Horniblow promised to look out for Harriet and Harriet's brother, John.
Fleischner's retelling of the story may be more accessible for schoolchildren than the original autobiography.
Written by Alan Schroeder and illustrated by Jerry Pinkney, Minty is a fictionalized account of what Tubman's childhood might have been like.
When Minty, a house slave, doesn't come quickly enough when called, her mean-tempered owner, Mrs.
Although her family has not taken her dreams of freedom seriously before, after this incident, Minty's father begins to teach her the survival skills she will need if she runs away, such as using the stars to determine the direction in which to travel, swimming, and catching small game. Pinkney's realistic, full-color illustrations help put a human face on the subject of slavery. Given the importance of Parks's role in the civil rights movement and the sheer drama of her life, this is no easy task. The first chapter describes the events leading up to Parks's arrest and subsequent conviction for refusing to yield her seat to a white man on a Montgomery, Alabama, bus. The text has large, clear type and is heavily illustrated with Clay's full-color paintings.
If you are unable to locate the book you're looking for, ask your bookseller to order it for you or contact the publisher directly. All rights reserved.The Anti-Defamation League is a not-for-profit organization recognized as tax-exemptunder Internal Revenue Code section 501(c)(3). Among the topics discussed was the impact that the Institute for Colored Youth (ICY) has had in the city, as well as the need for teachers of color for Black students. Also included are lessons that use census resources to teach about the growth of the African-American population and a rap about a long-ago inventor to inspire student-written raps about famous figures in Black History. Her brave characters, while fictional, put a very real face on this harrowing moment in history. To date, the series includes African American Entrepreneurs and African American Military Heroes, both authored by Haskins; and African American Inventors, written by Otha Richard Sullivan.
The vast majority of books, films, and other resources paint a largely white picture of the American Revolution.
Come All You Brave Soliders (Scholastic Press), written by Clinton Cox, tells the story of all those black soldiers and their largely unnoticed contributions to liberty. Even George Washington must have had strong feelings on the issue because he (a slaveholder himself, mind you!) agreed to ban blacks from service -- even though the Continental Army was desperate for men.
You'll find all the familiar characters -- Washington, Cornwallis, Lafayette -- and all the familiar places and events. In addition, the illustrations are rich and vivid and -- according to the book jacket -- historically correct.
The Court maintained that "in the field of public education the doctrine of 'separate but equal' has no place." Three years later, fewer than 2 percent of southern schools had integrated, and court-ordered school integration began. Now, a new biography, I Was Born a Slave: The Story of Harriet Jacobs (Millbrook Press), written by Jennifer Fleischner and illustrated by Melanie Reim, gives students a look at slavery from the perspective of a woman who not only survived it but also went on to help and support others in the abolitionist movement.
During her lifetime, Horniblow kept her promise, treating Harriet well and even teaching her to read and write. She has added some historical facts to the narrative that would have been unnecessary for Jacobs's readers but are helpful for today's readers.
Minty: A Story of Young Harriet Tubman, although not based on real incidents, does paint a realistic portrait of a youngster raised in slavery. However, Parks and Haskins, in only 48 pages, are able to convey the sense of injustice that Parks carried throughout her life and the power of ordinary people, like herself, to combat it.
Adults may have to clarify some concepts and facts for youngsters, such as important dates; although a few dates are provided in the chapter on Parks's early life, there are none in the chapters covering the bus boycott and the early civil rights movement. Walker, who after years of adversity became the wealthiest black woman in the country, as well as one of the wealthiest black Americans, to Barack Obama, the country's first African-American president. Clarence Lusane, author of The Black History of the White House with a book review following the worship service.
Included: Activities that involve students in creating time lines and graphs, writing biographies of famous Olympians, and much more. Also included is a map showing a handful of Underground Railroad routes and many other illustrations, including one of a southern plantation and one the Reid's home, all sketched in detail by Heather Collins. But, in its inclusion of those whose contributions are seldom recognized, Come All You Brave Soldiers offers a richer -- full-color -- telling of the American Revolution than any other book for young readers does. Accompanying each poet's work are luxurious illustrations by Stephen Alcorn that capture all the passion and emotion of the words.
Among all employed persons in the United States, just over 1 in 5 was in education and health services. Skelly Wright, who continuously blocked the efforts of the segregationists; and the neighbors who stood guard over the Bridges' house at night.
In 1825, Horniblow died, and her sister and brother-in-law took possession of 12-year-old Harriet. An epilogue continues Harriet's story from her first attempts to write her life story until her death in 1897.
One day, when the overseer orders her to check some muskrat traps, Minty sets the animals free.
It may be helpful in introducing the concept of slavery to very young readers and in helping them know the little girl who would become one of her country's greatest heroes.
Such minor omissions don't diminish the usefulness of I Am Rosa Parks for young readers, who will be pleased by the positive note at the end. This is a completely unique look at the importance and influence of African Americans on the history of this country. Others, such as his telling of the horrible winter at Valley Forge, are detailed and gritty tales that make readers shiver in sympathy. We know that Molly was courageous because the book tells us "that a lone woman should stake land was unheard of," and "Molly had broken colonial law by marrying a black man." Yet there's no talk of courage. After the birth of her two children -- by a white lawyer with whom she maintained a long-term, clandestine relationship -- she resolved to obtain her freedom. Students can make lanterns like the ones hung in safe houses along the Underground Railroad, bake gingerbread cookies like those Eliza baked for her white slaveholders back on the plantation, or make a cornhusk doll like the one Eliza's mother made for her (that -- Shh!
Cox also brings to life the heroics of black participants at the Battle of Saratoga and slave James Armistead's double-cross that brought victory to the Continental Army at Yorktown.
In what is perhaps one of the most heartbreaking episodes depicted by Fleishner, Harriet ran away from Dr. With Melanie Reim's full-page, black-and-white woodcuts depicting episodes from the book, this story is sure to spur many classroom discussions.

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